The Disability Rights Movement: From Charity to Confrontation

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Temple University Press, 2012 - 311 страница
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Based on interviews with almost a hundred activists, this book provides a detailed history of the struggle for disability rights in the United States. It is a complex story of shifts in consciousness and shifts in policy, of changing focuses on particular disabilities such as blindness, deafness, polio, quadriplegia, psychiatric and developmental disabilities, chronic conditions (for example, cancer and heart disease), and AIDS, and of activism and policymaking across disabilities.
Referring to the Americans with Disabilities Act as "every American''s insurance policy," the authors recount the genesis of this civil rights approach to disability, from the almost forgotten disability activism of the 1930s to the independent living movement of the 1970s to the call for disability pride of the 1990s. Like other civil rights struggles, the disability rights movement took place in the streets and in the courts as activists fought for change in the schools, the workplace, and in the legal system. They continue to fight for effective access to the necessities of everyday life -- to telephones, buses, planes, public buildings, restaurants, and toilets.
The history of disability rights mirrors the history of the country. Both World Wars sparked changes in disability policy and changes in medical technology as veterans without without limbs and with other disabilities return home. The empowerment of people with disabilities has become another chapter in the struggles over identity politics that began in the 1960s. Today, with the expanding ability of people with disabilities to enter the workforce, and a growing elderly population increasingly significant at a time when HMOs are trying to contain healthcare expenditures.
 

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The disability rights movement: from charity to confrontation

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Fleischer (humanities and social sciences, New Jersey Inst. of Technology) and disability rights activist Zames (emeritus, mathematics, New Jersey Inst. of Technology) conducted close to 100 ... Прочитајте целу рецензију

Садржај

Wheelchair Bound and The Poster Child
1
League of the Physically Handicapped
5
The March of Dimes
7
ParentInitiated Childhood Disability Organizations
8
The Poster Child and the Telethon
10
Changing Views of Disability in the United States
11
Seeing by Touch Hearing by Sign
14
Sign Language and Oralism
15
Employment of People with Psychiatric Disabilities
114
The Criminalization of People with Psychiatric Disabilities
117
Different Approaches to Psychiatric Disabilities
118
Mangled Care
121
People with Special Needs in Managed Care
123
An Arbitrary Patchwork
124
Children with Special Health Needs
126
LongTerm Care in the Community
127

Braille and Talking Books
18
Sheltered Workshops
19
The Lighthouse
20
Jacobus tenBroek and the National Federation of the Blind
21
A Controversy in the Blind Community
22
Trailblazer for Sections 504 and 501
24
Different Approaches to Blindness
25
Deafness as Culture
26
American Sign Language
27
The Gallaudet University Uprising
28
Black Deaf Advocates
29
Education of Deaf Children
30
Helen Keller the Social Reformer
31
Deinstitutionalization and Independent Living
33
Early Accessibility Efforts in the Colleges
36
Ed Roberts and the Independent Living Movement
37
Proliferation of the Independent Living Concept
43
Characteristics of Independent Living Centers
45
Independent Living as an Extension of Rehabilitation
46
Evaluation of the Independent Living Movement
47
Groundbreaking Disability Rights Legislation Section 504
49
The Cherry Lawsuit for the Section 504 Regulations
50
Section 504 as a Spur to Political Organizing
51
ACCD Propelling Section 504
52
The Section 504 Demonstrations
53
The Transbus Controversy
56
Accessible Transit and New York City
57
Bay Area Rapid Transit BART
63
California Accessible Buses
64
Mainstreaming Public Transit
65
The Civil Rights Significance of Accessible Transportation
69
The Struggle for Change In the Streets and in the Courts
71
New York Lawyers for the Public Interest
76
Recognizing Disability as a Civil Rights Issue
77
The Need for Disability Rights Attorneys
79
ADAPT
82
Justice For All
85
The Americans with Disabilities Act
88
Enacting the ADA
89
The ADA and Section 504
93
Employment
95
Public Services State and Local Government
98
Public Transportation
101
The Supreme Court and the ADA
102
The Myth of The Disability Lobby
105
Backlash
106
Every Americans Insurance Policy
109
Access to Jobs and Health Care
110
Affirmative Action
111
Disability Employment in Corporate America
112
Employment of People with Developmental Disabilities
113
Health Policy Reforms
128
The Nexus between Jobs and Health Care
129
Not Dead Yet and PhysicianAssisted Suicide
132
The Supreme Court
133
AIDS Activists
134
Pain Management
135
A Pernicious Message
137
The Eugenics Movement and Euthanasia
138
The Politics of PhysicianAssisted Suicide
140
Netherlands Slippery Slope vs US Political Strategy
141
FirstYear Report on PhysicianAssisted Suicide in Oregon
142
Dangers of an Inflexible Law
143
A Better Solution
144
The Distinction between Severe Disability and Terminal Illness
145
Disability and Technology
149
Accessible Taxis
152
A Clash of Cultures
153
Wheelchair Ingenuity
154
Accessible Classrooms and Laboratories
155
The Computer as an Accommodation
156
Psychopharmacology
158
Bioethical Dilemmas
159
The Internet and a Miracle Baby
162
Medical and Genetic Information
163
Slash Burn and Poison
165
AIDS Activism
166
Three Queries
168
Disabled Veterans Claim Their Rights
170
The Man Not the Wound
172
Paralyzed Veterans of America
173
Opening New Vistas
174
The Pattern of Denial
176
Atomic and Chemical Guinea Pigs
179
Holding a Nation Accountable
181
Education Integration in the Least Restrictive Environment
184
Early Efforts
185
Least Restrictive Environment
187
An Appropriate Identity
188
The IDEA in the Courts
189
The Special Education Controversy
193
Somnolent Samantha
197
A Microcosm of the Real World
199
Identity and Culture
200
Celebrating Difference
201
Changing Perceptions and the Media
207
Assessment of the Movement
211
A Stealth Movement
215
Notes
217
Index
265
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