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be abandoned. The roof is crushed in,

the glass is shattered from the windows, the rooms are full of débris. Through the little window of a basement, however, come childish voices, singing " Il était une bergère," and in a setting which recalls the old schools of 1830 you see a soldier or a nun surrounded by a group of children. Sometimes it happens that the song is interrupted by the screech of a shell, and then everybody descends to the cellar, where the boys avenge themselves for having felt the wind of fear by singing the “ Marseillaise."

The school life is so closely mingled with the military life that the teachers, no matter what their station, feel like soldiers. And so do the pupils. Most of them have adopted the French uniform, not without fantasy and variety. One might say that every army corps, all arms, and all ranks are represented in each class. Very often the schoolhouse itself is divided between the children and the soldiers. In the corridors or the court the urchins and poilus rub elbows and have grown very fond of each other. The little boys already have very decided ideas as to the regiment or army which they will choose when the time comes for them to serve France. The little girls devote themselves to caring for the graves of soldiers who have fallen for their country.

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ily, returning from school, is serving as interpreter between the parents and the soldiers lodged in the house.

The installation of the schools is very picturesque. It has been necessary to open temporary classes in cellars, barns, tents, or even in forest glades. In several villages the schoolhouse has had to

The Death Plunge of a Zeppelin

A Night Episode Near London THIRTEE THIRTEEN Zeppelin airships took it in an aeroplane and sent it flaming to

part in a raid over the eastern earth with its doomed German crew of counties of England on the night of

sixteen men. As London's millions saw Saturday, Sept. 2, the most formidable it fall, it was a historic night for that aerial attack thus far recorded in his city. One eyewitness thus describes the tory. Three of the great airships

event: reached the outskirts of London, where “I was awakened about 2:30 o'clock their bombs killed a man and a woman, Sunday morning by the information and injured eleven other persons, includ that gunfire was going on. Looking ing two children. The dramatic and from my windows I saw the flashes of spectacular feature of the episode was the guns in all directions. In a certain the destruction of one of these three in direction especially there was a great vaders high in air by a British youth of display of searchlights. Suddenly there 21, Lieutenant Robinson, who got above appeared a glow in the sky which in

creased in intensity until it became raider. A resident of the farm on which, something like a great star. This clear it fell says it came down like a huge ly assumed the shape of a Zeppelin at a incandescent mantle with an orange cengreat height. It looked like a mass of tre of flame. It fell headlong with a molten metal such as one sees falling out terrible, tearing sound, and struck the of a furnace pipe, or a bar of polished ground with a crash that could be heard steel about the thickness of an engine for miles around. piston. rod. It seemed to remain motion

When daylight came sixteen charred less and undecided which way to go while

bodies were taken out of the debris and the guns peppered it without cessation.

laid in a row on the grass, where 100,000 “ Shells burst around it, in front and

people from London came flocking to see behind, above and below, and it made a

them. The crowds went out afoot, in turn as if to go in the direction of the

taxicabs, motor cars, charabancs, pony coast, but a shell burst ominously near

carts—anything to reach the picturesque its nose and caused it to swing around

country spot where lay the mangled airin the opposite direction.

ship. A never-ceasing string of motor “ Then away up there in the centre of

cars, dashing along the fifteen-mile run the ball of light something happened. It

from London to Cuffley, aroused memoseemed as if a black shadow passed be

ries of the days when the cup races used tween our vision and the brilliant light.

to be run. So thick were the motor cars In the sky when we looked again the air

that at many spots along the way they ship had gone. Firing ceased and the

became choked in the roads so that travel searchlights, splitting

their focused

was badly clogged. rays, shot backward and forward across the firmament, but the Zeppelin was

On the morning after the event it was gone. Under cover of a cloud of smoke

discovered that the Zeppelin had been she had made a wild dash upward beyond

brought to earth, not by the anti-aircraft the ray of light and through the ring of

guns below, but by an intrepid boy in a bursting shells.

biplane-Lieutenant Leete Robinson of “ Suddenly, away further to the north,

the Royal Flying Corps who has since a ball of fire in the sky riveted our at

received the Victoria Cross. tention. The ball spread in size, and

This was the first Zeppelin brought there was a great explosion. The whole down on English soil, (one was destroyed of London, north, south, east, and west,

off the mouth of the Thames à few was illuminated by the one flash. The months ago,) hence Lieutenant Robinson dome of St. Paul's and the towers at

received cash rewards aggregating $3,000 Westminster, hitherto obscured, stood out

which had been offered by private indiwith remarkable clearness, and for a

viduals for this achievement. brief second it looked as if a panorama The bodies of the German youths who of the whole of London had been thrown had given up their lives on this dangerupon a screen in a darkened hall.

ous expedition were buried on Sept. 6 “ There was no need now to speculate in the little country cemetery amid the as to the fate of the invader. Persons hayfields about Cuffley, with simple who came out into the streets raised Church of England services, followed by cheer after cheer and sang the national the sounding of taps, as arranged by the anthem. The burning Zeppelin could Royal Flying Corps. The bodies of the now be seen falling nose downward to fifteen privates were laid in one largo the earth like a huge blazing caldron grave, while that of the commander was from which poured a spray of sparks.” buried separately in a coffin whose in

The airship fell near the hamlet of scription revealed the number of the air. Cuffley, fifteen miles from London and ship: not far from Enfield, where the rifles of “An unknown German officer killed that name are made, and where the fac while commanding the L-21, Sept. 3. tory was undoubtedly the objective of the 1916."

French Territory

The French Government has issued a White Book addressed to neutral nations, in which it protests against certain illegal acts of the German military authorities toward the civilian population in the French departments occupied by the enemy. During the days just before and after Easter, 1916, about 25,000 French subjects, ranging from young girls of 16 to men of 50 years, without distinction of social condition, were torn from their homes and families at Roubaix, Tourcoing, and Lille, and leported to the Aisne and Ardennes districts, where they were compelled by force or threats to work in the fields. Germany defends the act on the ground that it was necessary because of food scarcity. The Allies denounce it as slavery. It has aroused indignation throughout France and England and added a new note of bitterNess to the conflict. The more important documents on the subject are presented below.

F

Statement by M. Briand jecting our population of the north to all ROM time to time the Govern series of vexations, have just inflicted ment of the Republic has had

upon them the most iniquitous of treatoccasion to advise the neutral

ments. In contempt of the most univerpowers of the means, contrary

sally recognized rules and of their most to treaties, employed by the German

positive promise not to harass the civil military authority toward the popula- population, they have torn women and tions of the French territory temporarily

young girls from their families, and, occupied by Germany. The Government

mingling them with men, have shipped of the Republic finds itself today com

them for unknown destinations and unpelled to place before the foreign Gov

known labors. ernments documents which will furnish “In the first days of April posters the proof that our enemies have adopted offered to unemployed families to settle new measures which are still more in them in the country in the departments human.

of the north to work in the fields or to Upon the order of General von Graeve chop down trees. This endeavor having nitz and with the assistance of Infantry met with poor success, the Germans deRegiment 64, sent by the German Gen cided to resort to force. Beginning April eral Headquarters, about 25,000 French, 9, they are found carrying on wholesale young girls from 16 to 20 years old, arrests in the streets and in homes, caryoung women and men up to the age of rying away pell-mell men 55 years, without distinction of social girls and shipping them no one knows condition, were torn from their homes where. at Roubaix, Tourcoing, and Lille, piti

“ The measure

soon to become lessly separated from their families, and general and to be used in more methodical forced to do agricultural work in the fashion. A General and numerous troops Departments of the Aisne and Ardennes. arrived at Lille, among others the Sixty

Better than any comments the posters fourth Regiment, coming from Verdun; of the German authorities, the painful

on April 29 and 30 a notice to the populaprotests of the Mayor and Bishop of tion was posted in which it was requested Lille, and the extracts from letters which to hold itself ready for a forced evacuahave come from these localities, and

tion. Immediately the Mayor protested, which are annexed to this statement, will the Bishop sought the commander of the ilhastrate this new deed of the German place, the Elders sent indignant letters; Imperial Government.

nothing availed. Here is the recital of the facts as “ On Saturday of Holy Week at 3 given us by the Minister of War on o'clock in the morning methodical wholeJune 30, 1916:

sale arrests began at Lille, starting with * The Germans, not content with sub the Fives quarter, Tourcoing, starting

and young

was

*

with the Marlière quarter, and at Rou days of Holy Week. These facts surbaix. After an interruption for Easter pass in inhumanity those which had ocSunday the operation was resumed dur curred previously. ing the whole week, ending at Lille in the The German military authority, in St. Maurice quarter. Toward 3 o'clock in orders posted at Lille, has seen fit to the morning the streets were barred byjustify the wholesale exiles carried out troops with fixed bayonets and a ma at Lille and Roubaix as being the counchine gun set up across the sidewalk terpart of the attitude of England in against unarmed people. The soldiers en rendering the feeding of populations tered the houses, and officers designated more and more difficult. Nothing can the persons who were to go, and half an justify a measure so barbarous; the seizhour later every one was carried away ure of contraband, the stoppage of enemy pell-mell to a nearby factory, and from commerce are acts of war; the deportathere to the railroad station for depart tion of population without military ure. Mothers with children under 14 necessity is not one. Besides, in order to years were spared; young girls below 20 do justice to this pretended justification, years old were carried away only with a it suffices to establish that not only has person of their family, but this does not Germany profited through depriving lessen the barbarity of the measure. Sol the occupied territories of all products diers of the Landsturm were visibly em which would have assured the support barrassed to find themselves employed of the inhabitants, but further has orfor such work.

ganized to its profit before all stoppage “ The victims of this brutal deed

of enemy commerce the exploitation of showed the greatest courage. They were

the labor of French civilians. heard crying ‘Long live France!' and

Article 52 of the rule annexed to the singing 'La Marseillaise' in the cattle Fourth Hague Convention authorizes the cars which carried them away.

requisitioning in kind and in service for “ It is said that the men are employed

the needs of the army of occupation. at farming, road work, munitions making,

There is no question in the depositions and digging trenches. The women are

obtained of any regular form of requisirequired to cook and wash for the soldiers

tion. Services sometimes of the most and to take the places of officers' order

repulsive character were imposed by conlies.

straint upon the entire civilian popula“ Hence for these hard tasks servants,

tion, without distinction of sex, age, or

social condition. These unfortunates had domestics, and working girls were taken

to do the labor imposed upon them by in preference. In the Rue Royale at Lille there are no servant girls left, but young

night or day in places the most diverse

and most distant from their residences, girls of courage were found in the middle class who did not wish to see only the

sometimes even under the fire of artil

lery, without remuneration of any sort in young girls of the working class go. It is mentioned that the Misses B. and de

most cases, for some crusts of bread in

others. The German military authority B. insisted upon accompanying the girls of their neighborhood.

has never had any consideration for the

population whose provisional administraThese unfortunates, thus requisi-. tion has been secured to it by war. The tioned, were dispersed from Seclin and fruits of the forced labor of this popuTempleuve to the Ardennes. Their num lation have been shipped to Germany, ber is estimated at 25,000 for the cities despite the absolute destitution of the of Lille, Roubaix, and Tourcoing. The workers. Place quarter of Lille, the townships of Finally, it may be noticed in the fol Loos, Haubordin, Madeleine, and Lam

lowing depositions that the German au bersart are said to have been spared." thorities did not hesitate to compel thes

Nothing can equal the emotion felt by populations to take part in war opera. the populations of the north of France tions against their country, even to th without distinction of class during these extent of taking part in the looting a

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