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Recording Campaigns on All Fronts and Collateral Events
September 11, 1916
CAMPAIGN IN WESTERN EUROPE Aug. 12–French capture German trenches
north of the Somme from Hardecourt to.
Buscourt and win a foothold in Maurepas. Aug. 13-16-French and British Co-operate
north of the Somme and carry German
positions east of Maurepas-Clery road. Aug. 18-British close in on Ginchy and
Guillemont; French gain new grip on
Maurepas ; Germans driven out of Fleury. Aug. 19-British advance along eleven-mile
front on the Somme, capturing a ridge overlooking Thiepval and half a mile of
trenches west of High Wood. Aug. 22–British advance north of Bazentin;
French reach outskirts of Clery. Aug. 23–British capture 200 yards of
trenches south of Thiepval; French lose
ground south of Estrees. Aug. 24-French take all of Maurepas and
continue advance; British tighten grip on
Thiepval. Aug. 27- British capture 200 yards of German
trenches north of Bazentin-le-Petit; Germans again attack at St. Mihiel salient
and in Lorraine, but are repulsed. Aug. 31–French gain near Estrees and the
Soyecourt Wood. Sept. 3-Allies occupy Guillemont, Forest, and
Clery. Sept. French take Soyecourt and Chilly. Sept. 5-British gain foothold in Leuze Wood;
French capture the Hospital Farm Rainnette Wood and part of Marrière Wood
and take Ommiecourt. Sept. - British win Leuze Wood: French
push to outskirts of Chauines and to
(haulnes-Roye Railway. Sept. 7-French reach Roye-Peronne Rail
road and capture German trenches
Verdun front in Vaux-Chenois region. Sept. British gain on three-mile front be
tween High Wood and Leuze Wood; French in Verdun region capture trenches
east of Fleury. Sept 11-German assaults from Berny to
south of Chaulnes repulsed. CAMPAIGN IN EASTERN EUROPE Aug. 12–Russians cross the Koropiec at sey
eral points north of the Dniester and cap
ture Nadworna. Aug. 13–Russiang in Galicia seize Mary
arnpol. Agg. 14-Russians force their way across the
Zlota Lipa and capture the village of Tustobaby.
Aug. 15-Russians capture Jablonitza, reoc
cupy two villages south of the town, and
capture Zborow further north, Aug. 16-17-Teutons launch counterattacks
against Russians in region of Zlana River; Russians seize heights west ol Vorochta and Ardzemay, in the Carpa
thians. Aug 19–Russians break through Teuton
line on the Stokhod River and seize a
village sixty miles northwest of Kovel. Aug. 21-Russians advance in the Stokhod
region and press through two Carpa
thian passes toward Hungary. Aug. 23-27-Germans resume offensive south
of Brody ; Russians capture heights north and south of Koverla Mountain, on Hun
garian frontier. Aug. 28–Fighting begins
frontier of Transylvania as Rumania declares war
against Austria-Hungary. Aug. 30-Austrians driven out of Kronstadt
by Rumanians. Aug. 31–Rumanians seize Vulcan Pass; Aus
trians fall back west of Csik Szereda. Sept. 1-Rumanians occupy Petroseny ; Teul
tons in Galicia give way near Halicz. Sept. 2-Rumanians occupy Orsova and take
Hermannstadt. Sept. 3-Russians capture fortified positions
south of Rafailov, in the Carpathians and
in the region of Dornawatra. Sept, 4-Russians cross the Theniovka River,
in the Brzezany region; Rumanians occupy Borszek and Sz-Lelek, in Eastern
Transylvania. Sept. 7-Russians bombard Halicz, after seiz
ing the railroad lines. Sept. 8-Austrians abandon positions six
miles west of Csik Czereda, in Transylvania; Russians in Galicia drive Austro
Germans across the Gnita Lipa, Sept. 11-Rumanians occupy Helimbar.
ITALIAN CAMPAIGN Aug. 12-Italians capture Oppacchiasella, on
the Carso Plateau. Aug. 15-Austrian fleet sails from Trieste as
Italians advance to within thirteen miles of the port; Italians reach suburbs of
Tolmino, which are in flames. Aug. 16—Report that Germany is sending
troops to defend Trieste; Italians capture
trenches on Monte Pecinka. Aug. 27-Italian forces in the Carnic Alps
take Austrian positions on Cita Vallone. Aug. 28-- Austrians shell Gorizia. Aug. 29–Italian Alpini take Monte Caurlol,
Sept. 5-Italians take several commanding
positions of the Austrians on Punta del
Forane, in the Upper Bovi. Sept. 8Austrians repulsed at Civaron, in the Sugana Valley.
BALKAN CAMPAIGN Aug. 16-Allied forces on the Saloniki front
have captured the railroad station at Doiran and four villages at other points and are attacking the Bulgars on the
Serbian-Greek frontier. Aug. 18—Bulgars capture the Greek town of
Florina from the Serbs. Aug. 19---Bulgars seize two Greek forts on
the Struma and push patrols toward the port of Kavala ; Allies advance in centre
of line; British occupy Dolzzeli. Aug. 21-Anglo-French forces cross the
Struma and attack Bulgarian defenses
northeast of Seres. Aug. 22-Allies capture a series of heights
west of the Vardar River and halt the
Germans and Bulgarians on the Struma. Aug. 23-Bulgars wipe out Greek garrisons
of Starchista and Phea Petra; Seres bombarded; Greek volunteers flock to resist invasion; British and French repel attacks on the Struma line, while the Serbs capture 150 yards of Bulgarian trenches
near Kaimakcalam. Aug. 24–Russians concentrate troops on the
Bessarabian-Rumanian frontier and on the Russian Danube; Rumanians mass on the lower Danube and the Pruth; Serbs retake positions northwest of Ostrovo
Lake, on the Saloniki line. Aug. 27-Bulgars in Kavala shelled by Brit
ish warships; all but one of the Kavala forts taken; Bulgars enter Albania and
occupy Malik. Aug. 28--Serbians in Macedonia drive Byl
gars back near Vetrenik and in the Os
trovo region. Aug. 29-French advance toward the Ljum
nica River and Serbs advance toward
Vetrenik. Aug. 30-Bulgars seize Drama after a battle
with the Greek garrison. Sept. 1-Greek forces which left Seres to
resist Bulgar invasion of Macedonia captured by the Bulgars; Italians begin an offensive southeast of Aviona in Albania
and fight to join the Serbs, Sept. 3-German and Bulgarian troops cross
the Dobrudja frontier. Sept. 4-Rumanians repulse Teuton-Bulgar
attacks on the fortified town of Barsardjik; Italians in Albania make a raid
across the Voyusa River, near Avlona. Sept. 7 - Bulgar-German forces capture
Tutrakan fortress: Sept. 9-Bulgar-Teuton forces driven out
of Dobric; Serbs drive Bulgars from a
height west of Lake Ostrovo. Sept. 10 – Bulgar-Teuton forces capture
Silistra. Sept. 11-British cross the Struma and take
four villages; Serbs advance southward from Lake Ostrovo.
ASIA MINOR AND EGYPT Aug. 12-Turks occupy Kighli in Armenia
and pursue the Russians on the Bitlis
Mush line. Aug. 21-Turks advance in Persia ; Russians
withdraw toward Sandshoulak and
l'nshu. Aug. 23— Turkish offensive along the Ar
menian Black Sea stopped by the Rus
sians with the aid of the fleet. Aug. 24-Russians reoccupy Mush in Ar
menia. Au?. 2. Russians recover Bitlis. Sept. 1-2-Turkish offensive west of Gumush
khane and Erzingan checked by Rs.
sians. Sept. 11-Russians take Bana in Persia.
GERMAN EAST AFRICA Aug. 15_- Military coastal station of Baga
mojo captured by British naval forces, Aug. 18Belgians capture Karema. Aug. 22—British take Kilossa. Aug. 20—British Occu' y Mrogoro, the seat of the German Provisional Government.
AERONAUTICS Zeppelins raided England on the night of
Aug. 23, and again on the 24th. In the second raid eight persons were killed and thirty-six injured in the outskirts of London, On the night of Sept. 2, thirteen Zeppelins dropped bombs on the eastern counties, killing two persons and injuring thirteen. One machine Was brought down near London.
NAVAL RECORD Twenty-two vessels, belligerent and neutral,
have been sunk by submarines in the war
zone, and six in the Mediterranean Sea. The British Destroyer Lassoo was destroyed
by a German submarine in the English
('hannel. Two British light cruisers, the Nottingham
and the Falmouth, were sunk by German
the same day Rumania declared War
and a herence to the Bucharest treaty. The Allies seized seven Teuton ships in
the harbor of Piraeus and made demands on the Greek Government for control of posts and telegraphs, including the wireless system, and the expulsion of Teuton agents. Greece complied. A serious revolution occurred in Macedonia as
result of the Bulgar invasion and martial law was proclaimed in several cities,
Entered as second class matter at the Post Office Department, Canada.
HUMAN DOCUMENTS OF THE WAR:
By an Eyewitness. TOMMY ATKINS'S VOCABULARY
259 THE DEVIL'S OWN AND God's Own . 263 By Maurice Dekobra.
By British Trade Unionists. SILHOUETTES FROM THE FRONT
261 FLIGHT ON A BLAZING AEROPLANE 277 By Baroness Stiernstedt.
By a British Officer.
By Dr. Adolf von Harnack 265
DOES WAR LOWER THE BIRTH RATE? 272 REGARDING BELGIUM
By Giuseppe Sergi.
273 By Gellio Cassi.
By A. Grau-Wandmayer. RUSSIAN DEMOCRACY AND THE WAR 270 WAR AND INSANITY
276 By Vladimir Burtzeff.
By Dr. William Graham. GERMAN RED CROSS IN THE WORLD WAR
By Gen, Kurt W. von Pfuel 278
By Maurice Barres 280
EMIGRATION AFTER THE WAR... 294
By A. Bonar Law.
295 NO INTERFERENCE FROM NEUTRALS 286
By President Poincaré. By David Lloyd George.
AMERICA'S TREATMENT OF GERMANY 297 THIS WAR OF ANNIHILATION
By the German Crown Prince. By Dr. Bethmann Hollweg.
PLEDGE AGAINST A TRADE WAR
By Lord Robert Cecil.
By Premier Asquith.
By Thomas G. Frothingham 301 THE WAR IN GERMAN EAST AFRICA
By James B. Macdonald 308 THE WAR AND RELIGION
By the Rev. Sidney M. Berry 315 NEW ZEALAND IN A NEW PHASE
By Spencer Brodney
318 LORD BRYCE'S REPORT ON TURKISH ATROCITIES IN ARMENIA
321 Protest of German Teachers Against Massacres of Armenians
335 The Total of Armenian and Syrian Dead
By Dr. W. W. Rockwell 337 AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN ATROCITIES IN SERBIA Report by Professor Reiss 339 PRISONERS OF WAR AND THEIR TREATMENT
345 2,658,283 Prisoners Held by the Central Powers
344 Civilians Interned in England
By a London Journalist 349 Underfed Prisoners at Ruhleben
Report by Dr. Taylor 351 A SPANIARD'S LIFE IN GERMAN PRISONS
By Valentin Torras y Closa 355 THE EUROPEAN WAR AS SEEN BY CARTOONISTS 26 Cartoons, All Nations 363 PROGRESS OF THE WAR
Chronology to October 11 383