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Recording Campaigns on All Fronts and Collateral Events From September 12 Up to and Including
October 11, 1916
CAMPAIGN IN EASTERN EUROPE Sept. 12-Russians near the Bukowina border
drive Teutons from several heights in the
Bialy-Cheremosh region. Sept. 15-Rumanians in Transylvania com
mence an advance across the Aluta River ; Teutons recapture positions lost west of
Kapul in the Carpathians. Sept. 16-Russians resume closing-in move
ment on Halicz; Teutons dislodged from positions south of Brzezany; Rumanians
in Transylvania occupy Fogaras. Sept. 17-19-Germans recover territory lost
near Halicz and drive back Russians on the Vladimir-Volynski and Sereth River
fronts. Sept. 20-Austrians recapture Szurduk Pass
in Transylvania. Sept. 21-Teutons in Transylvania occupy
heights on both sides of Vulcan Pass; Germans in Volhynia assault Russian Stokhod
positions near the Kovel-Rovno railroad. Sept. 22–Russians occupy the summit of
Smotrec in the Carpathians but are re
pulsed on the Stokhod. Sept. 26-Rumanians again occupy the heights
on both sides of Szurduk and Vulcan
Passes. Sept. 28-30—Germans win three-day battle
at Hermannstadt, driving the Rumanian
troops into the mountains. Oct. 1-Russians begin another strong offen
sive north and south of Lemberg. Oct. 3-Germans take offensive south of
Dvinsk, attacking the Russians near Novo
Alexandrovsk. Oct. --Rumanians carry Parajd in Transyl
vania after three days' fighting. Oct. 6-Rumanians withdraw from the region
of Fogaras, in Transylvania, and are forced back over the Alt and Homorod
Rivers. Oct 8-Austro-Germans recapture Kronstadt
and force entire Rumanian line to retreat
in Transylvania. Oct. 9-Teutons continue advance in Transyl
vania, capturing the town of Toerzvar and
an island in the Danube. Oct. 10-Rumanians in Transylvania driven
from passes in the Hargitta and Carole
Mountains. Oct. 11--Invasion of Rumania begun by Aus
tro-German troops; Rumanians defeated
in the Alt Valley. CAMPAIGN IN WESTERN EUROPE Sept. 12-13-French on
the Somme carry trenches from Béthune to Peronne and close in on Combles.
Sept. 15–British pierce German lines on six
teen-mile front, taking the towns of Flers, Martinpuich, and Courcelette ; French take positions east of Combles and reach the
outskirts of Rancourt. Sept. 17-French smash German lines south
of the Somme and take Vermandovillers
and Berny ; British take Mouquet Farmi. Sept. 18-British take heavily fortified work
between Ginchy and Bouleux Wood;
French take Deniecourt. Sept. 25—British on the Somme take the
fortified villages of Morval and Les
Boeufs. Sept. 26–Allies take Combles, Thiepval, and
Gueudecourt. Sept. 28-British capture the greater part of a
German redoubt north of Thiepval; Germans repulsed at Verdun in attack on
Thiaumont-Fleury line. Oct. 4-British troops north of the Somme
complete the capture of Eaucourt l'Ab
baye. Oct. 7-British break the German line from
the Bapaume Road southeast for ten miles; French advance northeast
Morval. Oct. 8 Allies beat off German attacks nea.
Les Boeufs and west of Sailly. Oct. 10-French seize strong positions north of Chaulnes.
BALKAN CAMPAIGN Sept. 12-French capture two miles of Bulgar
trenches on the Macedonian front. Sept. 13-French and Serbs drive Bulgars out
of Sorovitz, near Florina. Sept. 15-Serbs rout Bulgars
at the Cerna; French pierce thei of the Vardar and Brit
" river take the town of 1
sians and Rumanians res!? :1 Sept. 17–Serbs continue adyanı
Bulgars west of Lake Ostrov
feat them near Kaimakcalan. Sept. 18—Russian and French forces ocu
Florina. Sept. 19-Serbs fight on their own soil, cap
ture Krushegrad and Neokazi, north of Florina, and take the highest summit of the Kaimakcalan Range north of Lake Ostrovo; Teutons pierce new Rumanian
line in Dobrudja. Sept. 20—Bulgars evacuate Viglista and fall
back on Svesda to defend Monastir; Ru
manians check the Teutons in Dobrudja. Sept. 21-Rumanians resume the offensive in
Dobrudja and drive Teuton and Bulgar forces back toward the Bulgarian frontier.
Sept. 22-Serbs on the Brod River advance Oct. 10–Italians storm Austrian positions on to Urbani.
the slopes of Monte Pasubio and advance Sept. 24-British occupy Jenmita on the west
toward Rovereto. bank of the Struma and attack Kara Oct. 11-Italians break Austrian lines north Dzakovbala ; Serbs begin attack at Star of the Vepacco River and advance in the kovgrob.
Trentino south of Rovereto to the southOct. 1-British break Bulgarian line on the ern slopes of Mount Roite. Struma south of Orljak and take two
ASIA MINOR AND EGYPT fortified villages. Oct. 2-Rumanian troops cross the Danube
Sept. 12-Turks check Russian offensive in and invade Bulgaria between the fortress the Ognott sector of Turkish Armenia. of Rustchuk and Tutrakan, flanking Mac Oct. Russians suddenly resume their kensen's army; Serbs occupy the village offensive west of Trebizond and capture of Kotchovie, north of Kaimakcalan.
a strongly fortified position in the River Oct. 3--Bulgars abandon their line along the Kara Burnu region.
Brod River and in the region of Star Oct. 7- Russians capture fortifications of kovgrob and are retreating northward.
Petra Kala on the Black Sea coast, fortyOct. 4-Rumanians that flanked Jackensen
five miles west of Trebizond. forced by encircling attack to retreat back
Oct. 11-Russians in the Caucasus dislodge into Rumania; Serbs cross the Cerna
Turks from mountain slopes and gain the River and reach the Monastir Railroad.
right bank of the River Karshutdarasi. Oct. in Allies occupy two more villages on the way to Monastir; British gain the
AERIAL RECORD whole of Yenikeui.
In two days of unusual activity on the Oct. 6-British occupy village of Vevolyen.
western front, Sept. 23 and 24, fifty-two Oct. 7-French troops on the Macedonian
aeroplanes were destroyed in France. The front occupy the town of German on Lake
Germans brought down twenty-four, the Presba; British Occupy five villages on
Allies twenty-eight. the east bank of the Struma; Russians
A fleet of twelve Zeppelins attacked the take Kara Baka and Besaul in Dobrujda.
eastern counties of England on the night Oct. S-French take the Baba Mountains and
of Sept. 23. Two machines were brought occupy Kisovo; Serbs push on toward
down, thirty-eight persons
and 125 hurt. On the night of the 25th Oct. 9-Serbs cross the Cerna River in two
a fleet of seven Zeppelins made another places; British take three more villages
raid, killing thirty-six persons and injuron the Struma front.
ing twenty-seven. A third raid was made Oct. 10.- British occupy five more villages on
in the early morning of Oct. 1, and anthe Struma front and force Bulgars to re
other Zeppelin was brought down. One treat to the hills northwest of Seres; Italian
man was killed. Army from Avlona resumes advance in Albania along the road to Monastir.
NAVAL RECORD Oct. 11–British take two more towns; French Thirty-six vessels, belligerent and neutral, take the first line on the Doiran front.
have been sunk in the war zone during
the month, in addition to eleven British ITALIAN CAMPAIGN
fishing steamers and eleven Belgian Sept. 12-Italians beat off Austrian attacks
lighters. between Vallarsa and the head of the
The Cunard liner Franconia, used for transPosina Valley.
port duty, was torpedoed in the MediterSept. 14-Italians take important positions in ranean Sea. the Zara Valley.
The French auxiliary cruiser Gallia, used Sept. 15-Italians begin new offensive on the
as a transport, has been sunk by a subIsonzo front, with Trieste as the objective. marine. Sept. 16-Italians take important positions on Two German submarines were sunk in the the way to Trieste in the Carso region.
Arctic Ocean on Oct. 9 by a Russian torSept. 22-Austrians blow up the summit of pedo boat, following an attack on the RusMonte Cimone.
sian wireless station at Sepnavolak. Sept. 25-Italians storm the peak of Monte The German submarine U-J3 entered the Cauriol.
harbor of Newport on the afternoon of Sept. 26-Austrian counterattacks on Monte Oct. 7, stayed a few hours, and sailed Sief repulsed with heavy losses.
away. During the morning of Oct. 8 it Sept. 27-Italians occupy a high position be ravaged shipping off the cost of the United tween Menari and Tovo, near Cimone.
States, sinking the British freighters Oct. 1-Austrians driven from the slopes of Strathgena and West Point, the Dutch Monte Lagazuoi.
freighter Blommersdijk, the Norwegian Oct. 4-Austrians repulsed in the Travignolo freighter Christian Knudsen, and the BritAvisio Valley.
ish passenger liner Stephano, which carOct. 7-Italians seize a mountain peak over ried a number of American citizens. The
8,000 feet high at the head of the Vanoi crews and passengers were given time to Cismon Valley.
take to their small boats.
A Monthly Magazine of The New York Times
Published by The New York Times Company, Times Square, New York, N. Y.
Vol. V.No. 3
25 Cents a Copy $3.00 a Year
TABLE OF. CONTENTS
WORLD EVENTS OF THE MONTH
An Editorial Survey THE WAR SEEN FROM TWO ANGLES :
The Conflict Enters a New Phase: German View By H. H. von Mellenthin
The Month's Military Developments: American View By J. B. W. Gardiner
By Captain Paul Koenig
By Winston Spencer Churchill THE PROFIT SIDE OF WAR
By Charles Johnston BRITAIN'S DAUGHTERS AT DANGEROUS TASKS
By Hall Caine ON THE BATTLEFIELDS OF PICARDY
By Count Ferri-Pisani A NIGHT BATTLE AND A CLOSE CALL
By Harry C. Collins ITALY AND THE PINCH OF WAR
By Dr. Bruno Roselli
By Spencer Brodney
Address by Viscount Grey
By Gabriel Hanotaux
By Tommaso Tittoni
By N. L. Piotrowski
Copyright, 1916, by The New York Times Company. All Rights Reserved. Entered at the
Post Offices in New York and in Canada as second class matter.
FORCING BELGIANS TO WORK IN GERMANY: Statements by von Bissing and
BRITISH REPLY TO AMERICAN PROTEST AGAINST TRADE BLACKLIST
Sweden's Fight for Neutrality. THE PARTITION OF KAMERUN
Gustave Babin in L'Illustration
THE WAR DOCTOR'S PERILOUS TASK Lord Northcliffe in London Times
German Trench Villages Forty Feet Under Ground
A SPANIARD'S LIFE IN GERMAN PRISONS
ITALY, PRUSSIA, AND AUSTRIA, 1866-1916
By Alfredo Comandini Austrian Red Book on Rumania's Entrance Into the War
THE INVASION OF TURKEY
By James B. Macdonald