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Recording Campaigns on All Fronts and Collateral Events From September 12 Up to and Including

October 11, 1916

CAMPAIGN IN EASTERN EUROPE Sept. 12-Russians near the Bukowina border

drive Teutons from several heights in the

Bialy-Cheremosh region. Sept. 15-Rumanians in Transylvania com

mence an advance across the Aluta River ; Teutons recapture positions lost west of

Kapul in the Carpathians. Sept. 16-Russians resume closing-in move

ment on Halicz; Teutons dislodged from positions south of Brzezany; Rumanians

in Transylvania occupy Fogaras. Sept. 17-19-Germans recover territory lost

near Halicz and drive back Russians on the Vladimir-Volynski and Sereth River

fronts. Sept. 20-Austrians recapture Szurduk Pass

in Transylvania. Sept. 21-Teutons in Transylvania occupy

heights on both sides of Vulcan Pass; Germans in Volhynia assault Russian Stokhod

positions near the Kovel-Rovno railroad. Sept. 22–Russians occupy the summit of

Smotrec in the Carpathians but are re

pulsed on the Stokhod. Sept. 26-Rumanians again occupy the heights

on both sides of Szurduk and Vulcan

Passes. Sept. 28-30—Germans win three-day battle

at Hermannstadt, driving the Rumanian

troops into the mountains. Oct. 1-Russians begin another strong offen

sive north and south of Lemberg. Oct. 3-Germans take offensive south of

Dvinsk, attacking the Russians near Novo

Alexandrovsk. Oct. --Rumanians carry Parajd in Transyl

vania after three days' fighting. Oct. 6-Rumanians withdraw from the region

of Fogaras, in Transylvania, and are forced back over the Alt and Homorod

Rivers. Oct 8-Austro-Germans recapture Kronstadt

and force entire Rumanian line to retreat

in Transylvania. Oct. 9-Teutons continue advance in Transyl

vania, capturing the town of Toerzvar and

an island in the Danube. Oct. 10-Rumanians in Transylvania driven

from passes in the Hargitta and Carole

Mountains. Oct. 11--Invasion of Rumania begun by Aus

tro-German troops; Rumanians defeated

in the Alt Valley. CAMPAIGN IN WESTERN EUROPE Sept. 12-13-French on

the Somme carry trenches from Béthune to Peronne and close in on Combles.

Sept. 15–British pierce German lines on six

teen-mile front, taking the towns of Flers, Martinpuich, and Courcelette ; French take positions east of Combles and reach the

outskirts of Rancourt. Sept. 17-French smash German lines south

of the Somme and take Vermandovillers

and Berny ; British take Mouquet Farmi. Sept. 18-British take heavily fortified work

between Ginchy and Bouleux Wood;

French take Deniecourt. Sept. 25—British on the Somme take the

fortified villages of Morval and Les

Boeufs. Sept. 26–Allies take Combles, Thiepval, and

Gueudecourt. Sept. 28-British capture the greater part of a

German redoubt north of Thiepval; Germans repulsed at Verdun in attack on

Thiaumont-Fleury line. Oct. 4-British troops north of the Somme

complete the capture of Eaucourt l'Ab

baye. Oct. 7-British break the German line from

the Bapaume Road southeast for ten miles; French advance northeast

Morval. Oct. 8 Allies beat off German attacks nea.

Les Boeufs and west of Sailly. Oct. 10-French seize strong positions north of Chaulnes.

BALKAN CAMPAIGN Sept. 12-French capture two miles of Bulgar

trenches on the Macedonian front. Sept. 13-French and Serbs drive Bulgars out

of Sorovitz, near Florina. Sept. 15-Serbs rout Bulgars

at the Cerna; French pierce thei of the Vardar and Brit

" river take the town of 1

sians and Rumanians res!? :1 Sept. 17–Serbs continue adyanı

Bulgars west of Lake Ostrov

feat them near Kaimakcalan. Sept. 18—Russian and French forces ocu

Florina. Sept. 19-Serbs fight on their own soil, cap

ture Krushegrad and Neokazi, north of Florina, and take the highest summit of the Kaimakcalan Range north of Lake Ostrovo; Teutons pierce new Rumanian

line in Dobrudja. Sept. 20—Bulgars evacuate Viglista and fall

back on Svesda to defend Monastir; Ru

manians check the Teutons in Dobrudja. Sept. 21-Rumanians resume the offensive in

Dobrudja and drive Teuton and Bulgar forces back toward the Bulgarian frontier.

were

Sept. 22-Serbs on the Brod River advance Oct. 10–Italians storm Austrian positions on to Urbani.

the slopes of Monte Pasubio and advance Sept. 24-British occupy Jenmita on the west

toward Rovereto. bank of the Struma and attack Kara Oct. 11-Italians break Austrian lines north Dzakovbala ; Serbs begin attack at Star of the Vepacco River and advance in the kovgrob.

Trentino south of Rovereto to the southOct. 1-British break Bulgarian line on the ern slopes of Mount Roite. Struma south of Orljak and take two

ASIA MINOR AND EGYPT fortified villages. Oct. 2-Rumanian troops cross the Danube

Sept. 12-Turks check Russian offensive in and invade Bulgaria between the fortress the Ognott sector of Turkish Armenia. of Rustchuk and Tutrakan, flanking Mac Oct. Russians suddenly resume their kensen's army; Serbs occupy the village offensive west of Trebizond and capture of Kotchovie, north of Kaimakcalan.

a strongly fortified position in the River Oct. 3--Bulgars abandon their line along the Kara Burnu region.

Brod River and in the region of Star Oct. 7- Russians capture fortifications of kovgrob and are retreating northward.

Petra Kala on the Black Sea coast, fortyOct. 4-Rumanians that flanked Jackensen

five miles west of Trebizond. forced by encircling attack to retreat back

Oct. 11-Russians in the Caucasus dislodge into Rumania; Serbs cross the Cerna

Turks from mountain slopes and gain the River and reach the Monastir Railroad.

right bank of the River Karshutdarasi. Oct. in Allies occupy two more villages on the way to Monastir; British gain the

AERIAL RECORD whole of Yenikeui.

In two days of unusual activity on the Oct. 6-British occupy village of Vevolyen.

western front, Sept. 23 and 24, fifty-two Oct. 7-French troops on the Macedonian

aeroplanes were destroyed in France. The front occupy the town of German on Lake

Germans brought down twenty-four, the Presba; British Occupy five villages on

Allies twenty-eight. the east bank of the Struma; Russians

A fleet of twelve Zeppelins attacked the take Kara Baka and Besaul in Dobrujda.

eastern counties of England on the night Oct. S-French take the Baba Mountains and

of Sept. 23. Two machines were brought occupy Kisovo; Serbs push on toward

down, thirty-eight persons

killed Monastir.

and 125 hurt. On the night of the 25th Oct. 9-Serbs cross the Cerna River in two

a fleet of seven Zeppelins made another places; British take three more villages

raid, killing thirty-six persons and injuron the Struma front.

ing twenty-seven. A third raid was made Oct. 10.- British occupy five more villages on

in the early morning of Oct. 1, and anthe Struma front and force Bulgars to re

other Zeppelin was brought down. One treat to the hills northwest of Seres; Italian

man was killed. Army from Avlona resumes advance in Albania along the road to Monastir.

NAVAL RECORD Oct. 11–British take two more towns; French Thirty-six vessels, belligerent and neutral, take the first line on the Doiran front.

have been sunk in the war zone during

the month, in addition to eleven British ITALIAN CAMPAIGN

fishing steamers and eleven Belgian Sept. 12-Italians beat off Austrian attacks

lighters. between Vallarsa and the head of the

The Cunard liner Franconia, used for transPosina Valley.

port duty, was torpedoed in the MediterSept. 14-Italians take important positions in ranean Sea. the Zara Valley.

The French auxiliary cruiser Gallia, used Sept. 15-Italians begin new offensive on the

as a transport, has been sunk by a subIsonzo front, with Trieste as the objective. marine. Sept. 16-Italians take important positions on Two German submarines were sunk in the the way to Trieste in the Carso region.

Arctic Ocean on Oct. 9 by a Russian torSept. 22-Austrians blow up the summit of pedo boat, following an attack on the RusMonte Cimone.

sian wireless station at Sepnavolak. Sept. 25-Italians storm the peak of Monte The German submarine U-J3 entered the Cauriol.

harbor of Newport on the afternoon of Sept. 26-Austrian counterattacks on Monte Oct. 7, stayed a few hours, and sailed Sief repulsed with heavy losses.

away. During the morning of Oct. 8 it Sept. 27-Italians occupy a high position be ravaged shipping off the cost of the United tween Menari and Tovo, near Cimone.

States, sinking the British freighters Oct. 1-Austrians driven from the slopes of Strathgena and West Point, the Dutch Monte Lagazuoi.

freighter Blommersdijk, the Norwegian Oct. 4-Austrians repulsed in the Travignolo freighter Christian Knudsen, and the BritAvisio Valley.

ish passenger liner Stephano, which carOct. 7-Italians seize a mountain peak over ried a number of American citizens. The

8,000 feet high at the head of the Vanoi crews and passengers were given time to Cismon Valley.

take to their small boats.

A Monthly Magazine of The New York Times

Published by The New York Times Company, Times Square, New York, N. Y.

Vol. V.No. 3

December, 1916

25 Cents a Copy $3.00 a Year

TABLE OF. CONTENTS

PAGE

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WORLD EVENTS OF THE MONTH

An Editorial Survey THE WAR SEEN FROM TWO ANGLES :

The Conflict Enters a New Phase: German View By H. H. von Mellenthin

The Month's Military Developments: American View By J. B. W. Gardiner
THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME IN DETAIL. IV. By M. Ardouin-Dumazet
ACTIVITIES OF GERMAN SUBMARINES
The Voyage of the Deutschland

By Captain Paul Koenig
NEW WAR METHODS AND VICTORY

By Winston Spencer Churchill THE PROFIT SIDE OF WAR

By Charles Johnston BRITAIN'S DAUGHTERS AT DANGEROUS TASKS

By Hall Caine ON THE BATTLEFIELDS OF PICARDY

By Count Ferri-Pisani A NIGHT BATTLE AND A CLOSE CALL

By Harry C. Collins ITALY AND THE PINCH OF WAR

By Dr. Bruno Roselli
AUSTRALIA'S DEFEAT OF CONSCRIPTION

By Spencer Brodney
Human Losses in the First Two Years of the War
THE WAR'S ORIGIN AND LASTING PEACE

Address by Viscount Grey
The German Chancellor's Reply to Viscount Grey
AN ITALIAN DIPLOMAT'S PART IN THE WAR

By Gabriel Hanotaux
The Responsibility for the War

By Tommaso Tittoni
Karl Liebknecht's Arraignment of Germany
GERMANY'S PROMISE TO POLAND: Proclamation by the Central Powers
Poles Under German Rule

By N. L. Piotrowski

432

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440

446 450

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Copyright, 1916, by The New York Times Company. All Rights Reserved. Entered at the

Post Offices in New York and in Canada as second class matter.

PAGE

FORCING BELGIANS TO WORK IN GERMANY: Statements by von Bissing and

Mercier
Treatment of German Soldiers by the French: A German Countercharge
The Evacuations of Lille: Official German Reply to Charges
The Facts Regarding Louvain: Semi-official Belgian Statement

478
483
485
488

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BRITISH REPLY TO AMERICAN PROTEST AGAINST TRADE BLACKLIST

Sweden's Fight for Neutrality. THE PARTITION OF KAMERUN

Gustave Babin in L'Illustration

1

496

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THE WAR DOCTOR'S PERILOUS TASK Lord Northcliffe in London Times

German Trench Villages Forty Feet Under Ground

514 519

A SPANIARD'S LIFE IN GERMAN PRISONS

522

.

ITALY, PRUSSIA, AND AUSTRIA, 1866-1916

By Alfredo Comandini Austrian Red Book on Rumania's Entrance Into the War

531
533

.

536

THE INVASION OF TURKEY

By James B. Macdonald
Turkish Foreign Minister's Defense of Armenian Massacres
Siege and Surrender of Kut-el-Amara: General Lake's Report

544 545

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