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During the last four or five years, the intitase of the vineyard area of California has on so rapid as to give rise to considerable Sociation regarding the final outcome of the movement, which stands in striking contrast to the deep depression of the vineyard otes that reached its lowest stage about the year 1875. At that time, eight dollars * (On was the highest price paid for grapes, with aslack demand; and hogs, poultry, and on meat cattle were let into the vineyards to gather the vintage, preparatory to the conkiloated pulling up of the vines, and their *satement by grain or fruit trees. The Roognition of the invasion of the phylloxera

oded to the gloom, from which a heavy and

oasing indebtedness seemed to render “Cape hopeless for those whose all had been oaked on the success of viticulture. Wagon loads of uprooted vines entered Sonoma, and were corded up for sale as firewood *ound the public square of that despondent town,

How greatly changed is the picture to: * Not only have the abandoned vine* been replanted in (oftentimes somewhat ill-considered) defiance of the phyllox*ind all its works; but the valley lands, * A sixfold increase in value, have be

Vol. III.-1.

come too narrow for the expanding industry, and the oaks and chapparal of the mountain sides are giving way before the encroaching perennial green of the vine, both in the Coast Ranges and in the foothills of the Sierras. Even the brown, dusty plains of Fresno and Tulare are changing their sombre summer garb, and are “wearing the green" of the grapevine, where but a few years ago the bright but brief spring bloom of the wild flowers alone relieved the intense monotony. Even the supposed “barren mesas” of Southern California are being invaded by the vine, which seems only now to have realized that what it has been doing for centuries in the droughty coast region of Mediterranean Spain, can be done again, and better, in the more fertile soils of California. But is not grape-planting being overdone? Do we not hear of vineyards thousands of acres in extent being established, one after another, threatening to deluge the market with their products, and finally to leave at least the small grower, if not themselves, no better off than they were in 1875? Such warnings have been repeatedly sounded; and mingled as they are with allusions to incontrovertible facts that seem to

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