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German propaganda 435

No reasonable basis for misunderstanding 436

VI. The Government Of Japan. Autocracy or Democracy 437

Japan emerged from feudalism in 1871 437

The Japanese constitution 438

The Emperor 439

Greater need for popular understanding of international

relations 441

APPENDIX

I. Outbreak Of Host1l1t1es W1th Germany:

1. The Japanese ultimatum, August 15, 1914 443

2. Imperial Japanese rescript declaring war, August 23, 1914 .... 444

II. Japan's Att1tude 1n The War: Speech of Viscount Ichiro Motono,

Japanese minister for foreign affa1rs, to both Houses of Parliament,

January 22, 1918 445

III. Imm1grat1on And The "gentlemen's Agreement" 448

IV. German Attempts To Create Amer1can-japanese Enm1ty:

1. Instructions from the imperial German secretary for foreign affairs

to the German minister to Mexico 450

2. German statement on the note, March 3, 1917 450

3. Imperial German secretary of state for foreign affairs to the

Reichstag, March 4, 1917 452

4. Japanese refutations:

a. Statement of Japanese ambassador at Washington 452

b. Statement of the Japanese Foreign Office 453

c. Statement of Count Seiki Terauchi, premier of Japan, March

5. 1917 454

d. Address of Viscount Ishii, head of the Japanese mission to the

United States, before the National Press Club, Washington,

September 21, 1917 454

V. Relat1ons Between The Un1ted States And Japan Dur1ng The War:

1. Exchange of notes respecting China, November 2, 1917:

a. Secretary Lansing to Viscount Ishii 456

b. Reply of special ambassador 457

c. Statement by Secretary Lansing 458

d. Declaration of the Chinese Government 461

2. Exchange of notes between Japanese and American secretaries for

foreign affairs, May 6-7, 1918:

a. Baron Shimpei Goto to Secretary Lansing . . . 461

b. Secretary Lansing to Baron Goto 462

Recent Works On Japan 463

Theodore Roosevelt On The League Of Nat1ons 466

COURT SUSTAINS BEQUEST

Decision of Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts as to Mr. Ginn's Legacy to World Peace Foundation

BY SAMUEL J. ELDER

It would be worse than useless to attempt by way of analysis or exposition to add to the words of Chief Justice Rugg of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts in rendering the opinion of the Court concerning the purposes of the World Peace Foundation. It is a cause of profound satisfaction that a great Court in a Christian Commonwealth has so clearly shown how fully our Constitution and the policy of our laws, instead of hampering, promote and safeguard the highest moral aims.

The case was that of Parkhurst et al., Executors, v. Treasurer and Receiver General. A tax was imposed and paid upon the legacy given by Mr. Ginn for the benefit of the Foundation, based upon the contention that it was not in law a charity and was therefore not exempt from taxation.

The language of the Chief Justice in determining "that the excise has been illegally exacted" and was to be repaid is in part as follows:

"Mr. Ginn by his will devoted a large annual payment for the benefit of the World Peace Foundation, a corporation organized under the laws of this commonwealth. Its corporate purpose is declared in these words: 'The corporation is constituted for the purpose of educating the people of all nations to a full knowledge of the waste and destructiveness of war and of preparation for war, its evil effects on present social conditions and on the well-being of future generations, and to promote international justice and the brotherhood of man; and generally by every practical means to promote peace and good will among all mankind.'

"The declaration of corporate purpose expresses one of the highest moral aspirations of the race. It adopts almost the very words of the angel song on the night of the Nativity. It reveals nothing on a

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