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A LEAGUE OF NATIONS

VOLUME I
1917-1918

WORLD PEACE FOUNDATION

40 MT. VERNON STREET, BOSTON

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The corporation is constituted for the purpose of educating the people of all nations to a full knowledge of the waste and destructiveness of war, its evil effects on present social conditions and'on the well-being of future generations, and to promote international justice and the brotherhood of man; and, generally, by every practical means to promote peace and good will among all mankind.—By-laws of the Corporation.

It is to this patient and thorough work of education, through the school, the college, the church, the press, the pamphlet and the book, that the World Peace Foundation addresses itself.—Edwin Ginn.

The idea of force cannot at once be eradicated. It is useless to believe that the nations can be persuaded to disband their present armies and dismantle their present navies, trusting in each other or in the Hague Tribunal to settle any possible differences between them, unless, first, some substitute for the existing forces is provided and demonstrated by experience to be adequate to protect the rights, dignity and territory of the respective nations. My own belief is that the idea which underlies the movement for the Hague Court can be developed so that the nations can be persuaded each to contribute a small percentage of their military forces at sea and on land to form an International Guard or Police Force.— Edwin Ginn.

Incorporated under the laws of Massachusetts, July 12,1910, as the International School of Peace. Name changed to World Peace Foundation, December 22,19x0.

The subscription price is 25c. per year in advance. Prices in quantities

A LEAGUE OF NATIONS

Publ1shed B1monthly By

WORLD PEACE FOUNDATION 40 MT. VERNON STREET, BOSTON, MASS.

on application.

General Secretary, Edward Cumm1ncs.
Corresponding Secretary, and Librarian, Denys P. Myers.

CONTENTS

No. 1, OCTOBER, 1917 Paob

Announcement iii

Court Susta1ns Bequest v

Decision of Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts as to

Mr. Ginn's legacy to World Peace Foundation. By-

Samuel J. Elder

What We Are F1ght1ng For:

American reply to the Pope's peace proposal ........ I

Taft commends the President's reply to the Pope 4

America's War and America's Opportunity. By A. Lawrence

Lowell 5

M1lestones Of Half A Century

What Presidents and Congress have Done to Bring about a

League of Nations

Grant and the Alabama settlement, 1871 9

The Sumner resolutions, 1872-1874 10

Hayes indorses Grant's policy, 1877 14

Arthur urges Congress to act 14

Negotiation with Switzerland, 1883 15

Cleveland replies to British memorial, 1887 15

Resolution of Congress, 1890, and response of British House

of Commons, 1893 . . 16

Pan America follows example of United States, 1890 .... 18

Harrison's hopeful attitude 19

Cleveland's advance in his second administration 20

Views of President McKinley, 1897 21

The First Hague Conference, 1899 23

Roosevelt.—America submits the first case, 1901 24

Support for Pan American progress, 1901 25

Series of arbitration treaties negotiated, 1904 26

International police force—Roosevelt, 1904 27

President a Nobel Peace laureate, 1906 29

The next step—A court of permanent judges, 1907 30

Taft.—A step toward world organization, 1910 31

Radical extension of arbitration proposed by President ... 32

The larger goal, A League of Nations, 1911 36

Wilson.—New series of treaties initiated, 1913 37

President advocates a common force 38
Congress declares a policy, 1916

No. 3, FEBRUARY, 1918

War A1ms Of Bell1gerents As El1c1ted By Russ1a's
Attempts To Secure A General Peace

I. The Russ1an Peace Offer:

1. Program of All-Russian Council of Workmen's and

Soldiers' Delegates, October 20, 1917 107

2. Note of Leon Trotsky to Allies formally offering an

armistice, November 22, 1917 108

a. (Inclosure.) General notice to Russian representa-
tives abroad, November 20, 1917 109

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