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INDEX.

Adams, John, extract of letter from,

on the appointment of Washington

commander-in-chief, 472.
Adams, Samuel, extracts from letters

of, 473.
Albinos, description of, 335.
Alexander, Emperor, his interview with

Napoleon, 241, 242.
Ancient Mysteries, &c. by William

Hone, 423, etc.
Anne, queen, and her cabinet, 51.
Astronomy,-opening of the 18th cen-

tury an important era in, 287-its
origin, 288—the earth considered
fixed by the Greek and Asiatic phie
losophers, 288—first doubted by Al.
phonso, king of Castile, 289~opi.
nion of Greek philosophers anterior
to Ptolemy, ib. -Copernicus quoted
Pythagoras' school to support his
system, ib.-Greek sects of phi-
losophers, 290-diurnal motion of
the earth supported by known fact,
not equally applicable to the system
of Ptolemy, before the latter end of
17th century, ib.-opinions of Co-
pernicus original with him, 291-
Tycho Brache succeeded him, and
Kepler completed the revolution in
astronomy, 292—Kepler the first as.
tronomer who paid attention to phy.
sical causes, 293—planetary times
and distances discovered by him,
293, 294—his second law of planet-
ary motions, 294-manner of calcu-
lating the ecliptic motion of planets,
ib.- his error in regard to gravita-
tion pointed out by Bouillard, 295–
true law of attraction first demon-
strated by Newton, ib.--telescope
discovered by Metius, ib.-by Gali-
leo, who detected the phases of Ve.
nus, ib.-logarithms of Napier and
Biggs, ib. --adaptation of the pendu.
lum to the measure of time, ib.
change produced by modern im-
provements on the ancient method of
astronomical observations, ib.Huy-
gens' and Picard's improvements,
VOL. III.-NO. 6.

298—telescope first applied to the
taking of angles, and as a transit in.
strument, ib. - Olaus Roëmer's im-
provements, ib.–Vernier's 299–
Newton and his discoveries, 299–
303_Richer's observations, 303—
Bradley's discoveries on the variation
of the fixed stars, ib.- transit of Ve.
nus, 305—attention of European go-
vernments drawn to the transit of,
1769, 306—proceedings of American
Philosophical Society in regard to it,
ib. — Maskelyne and De Sejour calcu-
late the parallax of the sun, 307-ob-
servations at Paris and Greenwich,ib.
Flamstead and his labours, 308.-Hal-
ley,ib.--Bradley and Bliss, 309--Mas-
kelyne, 310-312-tables of Mayer, 312
--Graham's improvements on the
pendulum, 314-Harrison's, ib.
Dollond's on glasses, 315-improve-
ments on instruments for measuring
angles, ib.-on quadrants, 316
Godfrey's quadrant, 317-conclud.

ing remarks, 318-320.
Atmospherical Phenomena, of universal

interest, 1-remarks on J. F. Da-
niell's Meteorological Essays, &c. 2,

3-degrees of heat greater within
· than upon the earth's surface, 3-

Laplace's proof that the temperature
of the earth is the same as in the time
of Hipparchus, 3, 4-the earth re-
ceives from the sun heat exactly
equivalent to the quantity radiated,
4 different causes for the variation
of climate, 5, 6modes of measur.
ing the atmosphere's variations, 6,
7-motion of the atmosphere caused
by heat, 7-remarks upon the cur-
rents of air, 7-14changes effected
in their course by the motion of the
earth round its axis, 9-trade winds,
9-12—variables, 11-14-prevailing
winds of the United States, 13-
north-west wind of North America,
ib.-aqueous matter in the atmo-
sphere, 14–19–evaporation, 14-
transparency of the atmosphere in-
creased by the presence of aqueous
vapour, 15-the Dew Point, ib.

73

marked change produced in the
winds by the condensation and eva-
poration of water, 15-19—probable
cause of water-spouts, 16, 17-J. F.
Daniells instrument for making ob-
servations on aqueous matter, 17-19
-phenomena of the radiation of
heat, 19-23-effect of electricity on
atmosphere, 24-effect of the de.
composition of animal and vegetable
matier on the atmosphere, 24, 25-
on the two atmospheres surrounding

the earth, 25, 26.
Austin, James T. his Life of Elbridge

Gerry, &c. reviewed, 469, etc.

B.

Baffin, Captain, his voyages, notice of,

513, 514.
Barentz, Captain, his northern disco-

veries, 511.
Bausset, L. F. J. De, his Memoirs of
Bonaparte, reviewed, 220, etc.-See

Bonaparte.
Beck, Dr. his gymnasium at Northamp-

ton, Mass. notice of, 140.
Beechey, Captain, his researches round

Icy Cape, 528.
Bees, Natural History of, &c. 370-50-
cieties of beavers and white ants, 371
-wasps, 372-humble-bee, ib.
very little known of the economy of
the bee-hive by the ancients, 373
-Schirach's discovery respecting
queen mothers, ib.-Huber's disco-
veries, 374-black bees, ib.--work-
ing bees, 375—antennæ of bees, 376

method of discovering the bive of
the wild bees, 377-habits of the
queen, 378-381-anecdotes of the
affection of the bees to their queen,
380-waxen animal secretion, 381–
massacre of the drones, 382-archi.
tecture of the combs of the common
bee, the black bee of Guadaloupe,
and the South American bee, 383–
reasoning powers of the bees, 384
remarks on these powers, 384-386-
best situation for an apiary, 386
-bee hives, 386–388—hiving of
swarms, 388_uniting of hives, 389
enemies of bees, the robbers, 389-

391.
Behem, Martin, a terrestrial globe made

in 1492 by, 180.
Behem, Martin, his discoveries, notice

of, 509.
Behring, Captain, his discoveries and

death, 516.

Beran, Edward, M. D. his Honey Bee;

its Natural History, &c. reviewed,

370, etc.-See Bees.
Biorn, discoverer of Newfoundland,

notice of, 508.
Bodmer, of Zurich, notice of, 152, 153.
Bonaparte, Joseph Napoleon, historical

summary of events which placed him
on the throne of Spain, by Abel Hu-
go, reviewed, 549, &c.-General
Foy's tribute to Joseph, 549—his
birth, education, and marriage, 544
-appointed minister plenipotentia-
ry to Rome, ib.-one of the council
of Five Hundred, and its secretary,
545–signs the treaty between
France and Austria at Luneville, ib.
--treaty of Amiens, ib.—he is creat-
ed a senator, and one of the legion
of honour, 546-commands a regi-
ment at camp Boulogne, ib.-de-
clines the crown of Lombardy, ib.
assumes command of the army to in-
vade Naples, and Capua surrendered
to him, ib.-is recognised by his
brother as king of Naples, 547—or-
ganization of his government, 548–
capitulation of Gaeta, 549-salutary
effects of his government for the peo-
ple, 550-ex-monks employed in
education, ib.-the trullati abolished,
551-Calabrian road completed, ib.
-visit to Abruzzi, ib.-employment
of the Lazzaroni, 552-hospitals en-
dowed from the national funds, 553
-Royal Academy established, ib.
Mesta, ib.—the royal palace thrown
open to the nobility, 554-Napoleon
urges Joseph to take the crown of
Spain, 555, 556—he is recognised as
King by the Continental powers,
558-his choice of ministers, 559-
first military occurrences of his reign,
ib.-battle of Talavera, 560_eccle-
siastical jurisdiction annulled, 561–
. battle at Ocaña, 562_campaign of
Andalusia, ib.he is received at Se-
ville with enthusiasm, 563-invest-
ment of Cadiz, 564–Napoleon by
decree instituted military govern-
ment in Spain, ib.-Joseph threat-
ens to leave Spain if the system did
not cease, Napoleon promises, and
he returns to Madrid, '565Napole-
on setting out for Russia gives Jo-
seph the command of the armies, 566
-battle of Arapiles, 568-battle of
Vittoria, 569–Joseph returns to Pa-
· ris, and has in the absence of Napo.
leon the military command, ib.-re-

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inoval of the government to Chartres
and thence to the Loire, 570-allied
forces under the walls of Paris, and
Marmont declares he is unable to re-
pel them, 571-Joseph retires with
the empress to Blois, 572–he re-
tires to Switzerland, ib.-after the
battle of Waterloo, comes to Ameri-
ca, 573—act of New Jersey in his fa-

vour, ib.
Bonaparte, Joseph, character of, 238.
Bonaparte, N. Memoirs of, by L. F.J.

De Bausset, reviewed, 220–Napole-
on's public life better known than his
private, 220—the author prefect of
the imperial palace, 221–Napoleon
at breakfast, ib.-duties of the pre-
fect, ib.-remarks on the new Gene-
ral History, 222—Bausset goes with
Napoleon to Italy, 224-composes
an address to Josephine for an Italian
bishop, ib._sees Jerome Bonaparte
at Alexandria; cardinal Maury at Ge-
noa, 225-anecdote of Napoleon, ib.

-his manner of living, ib. --remarks
and anecdotes relative to his divorce
from Josephine, 227–230-domestic
habits and manners, 228, 229-meet.
ing with Maria Louisa, 230-letters
to Josephine, 231-233—his jealousy,
233—policy in regard to the Turks,
234, 235—reception of Maria Louisa,
235, 236—Maria Louisa at the court
at Blois, 236, 237-anecdote of Che-
lonis, daughter of Leonidas, 237, 238,

-Joseph Bonaparte, 238—treatment
of the Spanish Bourbons at Bayonne,
238-241-interview between Alex.
ander and Napoleon, 241, 242—sack
ing of Burgos, 242—pursuit of Sir
John Moore, 243—Bausset in Russia,
244-249—battle of Lutzen; Congress
at Prague, 250—Bausset's delinea-
tion of Napoleon, 251, 252-remarks

on the work, 252–255.
Brache, Tycho, his improvements in as-

tronomy, 292.
Bradley, his discoveries on the varia.

tion of the fixed stars, 303—astrono-
mical labours, 309.
Brockett, John Trotter, his Glossary of
North Country words, notice of, 423,

&c.
Burgos, sack of, 242.
Button, Sir Thomas, his voyage in

search of Hudson, 513—his discove.

ries, ib.
Bylot, Captain, his discoveries, notice

of, 513.

Cabot, expedition under, notice of,

509.
Carver, Captain, his constitutional bias

for travel, 111.
Catherine, empress, of Russia, her treat.

ment of Ledyard, 105.
Catholic Martyrs under the reign of Eli-

zabeth, 37.
Charles II., restoration of monarchy in

the person of, 48.
Chelonis, daughter of Leonidas, anec.

dote of, 237,
China, Russian Mission to, &c. review.

ed, 255-different embassies to China,
255-257—anecdotes of Chinese di.
plomatists, 257–difficulties between
Russia and China, 257, 258—Count
Golovkin's embassy to China, 258
cause of his dismissal, 258, 259—mis-
sion under the guidance of Timkowe
ski, 259-286_curious method of stim-
ulating camels and horses used by the
Chinese, 260-account of Mongolia,
261-279—religious creed of the
Mongols, 262-songs of the Mongol
soldiers, 266-funeral ceremonies for
the deceased emperor, 268-reli.
gious monument near Ourga, ib.
Ourga, 266-269-large temple, 271
-mode of burying, 272–Kalgan,
273, 274–Peking, 275-persecution
of the Catholic missionaries, 276–
military force of China, ib.-of-
ficiating of a Koutouktou, 277-fu-
neral of the emperor, 279_temple
of Fo at Kiming, 280-arrival again

at Ourga, 282_Mongolia, 283–286.
Christ, Rev. J. L. his Rural Economist's

Assistant, reviewed, 370, &c. See

Bees.
Clias, Captain, his gymnasium at Chel-

sea, notice of, 139.
Cluny, ridiculous circumstance relating

to, 521.
Coke, Sir Edward, notice of, 42.
Columbus, Christopher, Life and voy.

ages of, by Washington Irving, re-
viewed, 173-190. See Irving, Wash-

ington's Life, &c. of Columbus.
Cook, his northern discoveries, 502.
Cook, Captain, his first landing at

Owhyhee, 95,-his death and the ac-

companying events, 95-98.
Cortereal, his discoveries, notice of, 508.
Craven Dialect, by a native of Craven,

notice of, 423, &c.
Cronegk, a German author, notice of,

171.

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and sequestration of the property of

the dutchess of Suffolk, ib. ---Catho-
Dana, Richard H., Poems of, review lic Martyrs under Elizabeth, 37—

ed, 115-observations on his powers, right of prescriptive challenge de-
116—the Buccaneer, 117-123— The nied in the case of Captain Lee, 38
Husband's and Wife's Grave, 125– -execution of Penry, sentence of
the author no mannerist, 126.

Udal, and mutilation of Stubbe, a
Daniell, J. Frederic, his Meteorologi puritan lawyer, under the law of li-

cal Essays and Observations, review bel, ib.-influence of the court on ju-
ed, 1-26. See Atmospherical Pheno ries, 39-additions to the representa-
mena-his instrument for making ob. tion made by Elizabeth, 40-acces.

servations on aqueous matter, 17-19. sion of James I. ib.-endeavours of
Davis, Captain, discoveries of, 511. the commons to restrain purveyance,
Delamore, M. his History of Astronomy, 41—their remonstrance on the abuses

&c. reviewed, 287,&c. See Astronomy. of the constitution, ib.-letter of the
Diaz, Portuguese expedition, under, King, 42—description of Coke, ib.
509.

-indecorous treatment of James to
Dollond, improvements on magnifying his officers, 42, 43—character of
glasses by, 315.

Charles I. 44-arrest and imprison-
Duponceau, Peter Stephen, his transla ment of five eminent members of the

tion of Zeisberger's Grammar of the commons, 45-Star chamber, 45-
Lenni Lenape Indians, reviewed, Long Parliament, 46-impeachment
391, &c. See Indians.

of Thomas earl of Stafford, 46, 47—
Durer, Albert, his Armorum tractan restoration of monarchy in the per-
· dorum meditatio, notice of, 135. son of Charles II., 48right of the

crown to retain an army, 50-the
E.

Constitution received stability from
Edward II., lately discovered statute William III., ib.-queen Anne and
of, 30.

her cabinet, 51-reign of George I.,
Edward III., his reign, notice of, 32. 52-septennial parliaments, ib.-the
Edward VI., doubts of the genuine constitution not fixed and unaltera.

ness of the Journal generally attribut ble, 54-corruption of the commons,
ed to, 36.

55-57-supposed case of the crown
Electricity, its effects on atmosphere, being vested in a lunatic or idiot, 60.

24.
Elizabeth, queen, notice of events in

the reign of, 33.
England, Constitutional History of, &c. Fencing, Italians first taught, 135.

by Henry Hallam, reviewed, 26-re- Flamstead, astronomical labours of, 308.
marks upon the Constitution of Eng. Fo, temple of, at Kiming, 280.
land, 26-29—battle of Bosworth Follen, Dr. his gymnasium in Boston,
field, 29-polity on the accession of notice of, 140.
Henry VII. ib. ---Jately discovered Forster, T. his Perennial Calendar, re-
statute of Edward II., 30-Magna viewed, 423, &c.
Charta a revocable instrument, ib. Franklin, Captain, his northern disco-
our author differs from Lord Bacon veries by land, 525-528.
in regard to the Merits of Henry Frederick, King of Prussia, anecdote
Vil's statutes, ib.-his avarice, 36- of, 170.
his son Henry VIII's prodigality, 32 Frobisher, voyage to the north by, 510.
-enactment that the proclamation of
the king and council shall have the
force of statutes, ib.—this act repeal-
ed in the first year of Edward III., Galileo, detects the phases of Venus,
but obedience enforced by fine and 295.
imprisonment, ib.-Elizabeth's con- Gellert, a German fabulist, notice of,
tinuance of the same practice, 33— 171.
right of the crown to create new bo- George I., reign of, notice of, 52.
roughs, 34, 35--doubt of the genu- German Literature, miserable state of
ineness of the Journal attributed to a century ago, 150-153-Gottsched
Edward VI. 36-accession of Mary, of Leipzig and Bodmer of Zuricb, dis.
pelled the darkness by their literary cast away its yoke, 201, 202_origin
feuds, 152-154-interesting sketch of the revolution, 202-first break-
of Gottsched's wife, 154-Albert ing out, 203—first encounter at Pa.
Haller, notice of, 154-156-Klop trass, 204-devastation committed by
stock, 156–161-Gotthold Ephraim the Turkish army, 205—massacre of
Lessing, 161-168-C. M. Wieland, the Turks by the Greeks at New Na-
168–170-parallel between Wieland varin, 206—at Corinth and Tripoliz-
and Klopstock, 170-anecdote of Fre za, ib.-warning held forth in the
derick of Prussia, ib.--notice of Gleim, history of the Crusades against mak-
170, 171--of Kleist, Gellert, Ram ing a difference in religion the plea
ler, Cronegk and Kästner, 171-of for blood, 207, 208--remarks upon
Gessner, 171, 172-of Zimmerman, the powers assumed by the holy al-
172-of Winckelman, 172, 173.

liance, 210, 211–Turkish and Greek
Gerry, Elbridge, Life of, &c. by James naval force, 212-214-siege of Mis-

T. Austin, reviewed, 469, &c.-his solongi, 214217Lord Cochrane's
birth and education, 470—in 1772 a unsuccessful command in 1827, 218.
representative in the general court Green, Philip James, his sketches of
of Massachusetts, ib.-re-elected in the War in Greece, &c. 190. See
1774, 471-member of the Concord Greeks and Turks.
Convention, ib.-of the Committee Green, R. L. his notes to War in Greece,
of Appeals and Safety, ib.-letters of &c. notice of, 190.
J. Hancock, J. Adams and General Gutsmuth, first teacher of gymnastics
Knox, on the appointment of Wash in Germany, 136.
ington to the chief command, 472– Gymnastics, A Treatise on, &c. review-
Gerry proposed fitting armed vessels, ed, 126.-historical sketch of, 127,
472--elected to Congress 1776, 474 &c.-first gymnasium established in
-his part in its discussions, 475-as Sparta, 128-gymnastics among the
chairman of the committee on the Greeks, 128-131-among the Ro-
treasury he rejects Arnold's accounts, mans, 131-133—first tournaments
476_his opposition to the Society of held in France, 133—fencing first
the Cincinnati, 477—his marriage, taught in Italy, 134—modern horse.

ib.-ambassador to France, 478. manship had its origin in Italy, 135
Gessner, notice of, 171, 172.

-introduced into England in Hen.
Gilbert, Captain, his voyage to the ry VIII's reign, ib.--swimming, ib.
north, 510.

modern pugilism, 136-at Salzmann's
Gleim, a German Poet, notice of, 170. school in Germany, Gutsmuth first
Godfrey, notice of his quadrant, 317. taught bodily exercises, ib.---found-
Golovkin, count, his embassy to China, ing of the Tugendbund and its ef.
notice of, 258.

fects, 137-gymnastics established in
Goodwin, Dr. Francis, his man in the Prussia, by F. L. Jahn, 138-upon
Moon, &c. notice of, 61..

the murder of Kotzebue, they were
Gottfried, of Preuelly, first collector of suppressed and Jahn imprisoned,

the rules of tournaments into a code, 139-professor Volker's gymnasium
133.

in London, ib.--Captain Clias's at
Gottsched of Leipzig, notice of, 152— Chelsea, ib.-Dr. Beck's at North-

his feud with Bodmer, ib.-he was ampton, (Mass.) 140-Dr. Follen's
without genius or imagination, 153, in Boston, ib.--the course of exer-
154-sketch of his wife, 154.

cise proper, 141-144-advantages
Graham, improvements on the pendu of a public gymnasium, 144-146
lum by, 314.

gymnastic festivals of Germany, 146,
Greeks and Turks, causes that have 147-medical gymnastics, 149

given an interest to their contest, swimming school, ib.
190–194—the Greek and Latin
churches, 195—superstitions of the

H.
Greeks, 196, 197—visit to the mo-
nastery of the Apocalypse in the isle Hallam, Henry, his Constitutional His.
of Patmos, 198—island of Samos, 199 t ory of England, &c. reviewed, 26

-exemplary deportment of the Gre- 61.-See England, Constitutional
cian females, 200-domestic estab- History of.
lishments, ib.-right of a nation to Haller, Albert, notice of, 154-articles

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