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leased is the fittest place. The island of English Government simply releases the Zanzibar is, he said, about twice the size poor wretches, and they are so completely of the Isle of Wight, and the town of broken down by the horrors of their Zanzibar occupies the position of Cowes. long journey, that unless something It has been conquered and lost over and were done for them, they must either over again by the Arabs coming down die at once of destitution, or be sent south from Arabia, and in consequence


peo- to Natal or other places, where they pled by a kind of hybrid race, half Arab, would be forced to work and become to half negro, called Swaheli. (I cannot all intents and purposes slaves again. answer for that word being spelt cor- Instead of this the Missionaries take rectly, I can only spell it as it sounded.) charge of them, the young children are The present Sultan is an enlightened sent off to the boys and girls' schools man, a great admirer of all European respectively, to be baptized and brought customs, and has done much to improve up as Christians; the adults are retained the town, making good roads, lighting at the station, taught to understand what it, introducing police, &c. The town is freedom means, well fed, kindly treated, divided into two parts, the upper or Swa- and put into the way of earning their beli part, where the houses are large, own living. Then the choice is given substantial, and built of stone; and the them of either returning to their own lower, or negro part, principally inha- country, or remaining at the station. bited by slaves, the houses being mere Not one of them ever wishes to return; huts of wattle and daub. The Swaheli they have no home to go back to, their dialect, being a mixture of the Arab and villages and towns have been burnt negro language, is very expressive, and down, they have found out that the Eng. once learnt, enables you to hold commu- lish are their friends, and prefer to stay nication with almost any of the East with them. African tribes, being as it were the French By degrees, a free Christian settleof Eastern Africa, so that wherever you ment is being formed at Masasi, some go you are sure to find some one who can few miles inland,—there are about two speak it. The climate is of course hot, hundred there already,--and as the perthe thermometer seldom falling below mission to settle there is considered a 80°, except in that part of the year which very great privilege, it is held out as a answers to our winter, when it may go reward to those who conduct themselves down to 60° or 70°. There is a long best. The town is built with regular rainy season from March to June, and broad streets, and there is a temporary another in November, after either of Church built of bamboo, the body of the which one is liable to attacks of fever. Church being not unlike an open shed, The days are much the same length all while the east end is walled in with mud through the year, the night always set- bricks. This part is fitted up like the ting in at half-past six,

chancel of any of our churches at home, Now I come to the actual work. The has its altar, with proper hangings for slaves are brought down in gangs from the different seasons. There is a regular the interior, and shipped for the Island choir now of Christian men and boys, of Zanzibar. It is reckoned that for and they have daily morning and evenevery one who reaches the coast alive ing services. The Christians and catenine have died en route from starvation chumens sit apart, the former occupying and ill-treatment. During the passage the part of the church nearest to the across from the mainland, the English altar, and the font is placed between cruisers, who are constantly on the look- them. This is apparently used only for out, capture as many of the vessels as infant baptism, for we were told that they can, and release the slaves. Then adults were baptized in the river, after it is that the Mission steps in. The first turning to the west to renounce the

en The natural religion of these people

devil, and then to the east to proclaim | gain. The answer he got was, “We their faith in CHRIST.

wish you to come and teach us, the MaThe boys in the school, of whom there hometans are not good, they do not treat are about eighty, besides those who have us well, they say one thing, and do analready left, are being trained, some of other, therefore we would rather you them to be future teachers, and those Christians came to teach us about God." who are less intelligent as labourers, And so he hopes on his return to take up carpenters, printers, &c. The great ob- this town too, and have a station there. ject is to get a native ministry, and then by means of these released slaves when seems to consist principally in a fear of ordained as Christian priests, to spread evil spirits, who are supposed to have the knowledge of God's truth through their dwelling in the enormous baobab all the native tribes. The girls in their trees. To these they offer sacrifices and school are being trained and taught to gifts in the hope of averting their anger. take their place as Christian wives in At the same time they do believe in the the future.

existence of a Supreme Being Who creIt is hoped that there will soon be a ated all things, though they do not think permanent stone church at Masasi, the that He cares much about them. Theft cost of which would, it seems, be no more

and murder they consider crimes, and than £100,-stone being remarkably punish accordingly. cheap. I must not forget to tell you that

The station farthest inland is at Lake not one of the noble band of priests and Nyassa, where Mr. Johnson has long deacons working out there receives any been working single-handed. The Bishop pay beyond just his food and clothes. lives on the island of Zanzibar, his They all work simply for the love of church being built on the site of the old God. Mr. W. did not tell us this, but

slave market. the Vicar did, as he said he thought it But I fear my letter is too long, only ought to be known.

I could not resist the wish to tell your We were next told a little about Mr. readers something of what has so deeply W.'s own station at Umba, a little far- interested myself.—Yours, &c., X. Y.Z. ther north. He has his little church

Queries. there, with its daily service at half-past six morning and evening. Some few

COLD AS THE SNOW,” ETC. among the people will drop in every day, SIR,—Can any of your readers tell and a great many on Sunday, both from me who are the authors of the following Umba itself, and from other towns in

Poems the forest. But he said they were obliged

1, “Good Friday,” beginning to hoist a flag in order to let them know

“ Cold as the snow.” when Sunday came, all days being much 2,“ Self Accusation,” beginning alike to them. As many children as

“ In the white robes of his Priesthood.” they can persuade come to school every

3, “Bethany,” beginning morning, and the afternoon and evening

“Six days before the Passover." are spent in seeing the elder people, or going round among the other villages. 4, commencing Just before starting for England he

“Lay Thy hand upon me said he had received a message from a

When I fall asleep, town at some distance, asking for some

Through the silent hours

Close beside me keep.” one to come and teach them. He paid them a visit of two or three days, in

Yours, &c., VERA. order to find out whether they really de

HANDWRITING SOCIETY. sired teaching, or only wanted to get SIR, -I shall feel very much obliged Europeans among them for the sake of if any of your readers can tell me of a

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Wanted to form a penny association amongst children to help forward the work of the Home for Sick and Crippled Children, under the Sisters of S. Saviour's Priory. Very simple rules. All information gladly given by Miss Tyte, Woodside, Cambridge Park, Twickenham.


SIR,—Will you kindly let me acknowledge the response made to my appeal in the Churchman's Companion last July for my poor people's Lending Library in Saltash ? I have received a parcel from Mrs. Davenport, containing chiefly magazines, and another without the donor's name containing four volumes of the Churchman's Companion, and the Life of Sister Dora.

For this kind help I am very grateful, and I am happy to assure my good helpers that the library is very popular and is doing good work. With my best thanks to you and them,-Yours, &c., JULIAN MORETON.

A Work Society has been started to help the S. Saviour's Sisters, who are working in great poverty in four different parishes in the East end of London. Members are much needed, and particulars will be gladly sent. It is hoped many will be induced to join, as during the past winters warm garments

Notices to Correspondents. Hilda. You will find an answer to your question respecting the objections of dissenters in a small work—price fourpence-entitled “Reasons for being a Churchman, with answers to objections,” published by Messrs. Masters and Co.—Your question as to Sisterhoods can only be answered by private application to the Superiors of the different communities, as their rules and arrangements vary considerably.

Oriens requests us to state that a small number of copies have been received from Jerusalem of the Processional Office at the Holy Sepulchre, which can now be obtained by applicants transmitting two shillings through the Editor.

Helen. S. Monica was the mother of S. Augustine," the child of (her) many prayers.” Her history is to be found in any collection of the lives of the Saints.

Hetta is requested to send her present address.
Accepted : « The New Year's Welcome.”

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“Well, he had some right
On his side probably; men always have,
Who go absurdly wrong.

If you do not starve, or sin
You're nothing to him : pay the income-tax
And break your heart upon't, he'll scarce be touched;
But come upon the parish, qualified
For the parish stocks, and Romney will be there
To call you brother, sister.

Aurora Leigh.

GEORGE walked up and down outside Brewas Place until Mr. Carter came out, bent upon at once returning to Burnt Ash for remedies, so he bade his young friend spring up in his gig beside him. On hearing of the last night's attack, he only stopped at his surgery to give directions to his assistant, and then drove George back, although he candidly said, only just to satisfy his own mind. Probably there would be no return of any such spasm of pain for a long time; and, if there were he could never be fetched in time to render effectual aid to this kind old friend of his own younger and more struggling days. Dulcibella now knew, and could do as well as he, all that ever could be done. He paid a friendly visit only; but, whilst talking of Arthur and the Deffords, made his own observations, and not unfavourably. Nevertheless, though George knew this, he could not help drawing Dulcibella out upon the lawn after tea, when their father was walking up to the Great House, with Freda and Kathleen as companions, to say out the thought of his full heart.


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“ It must be nearly two years before I could come here in any case -and-and if our dear old father goes earlier what becomes of this dear place—and of you all ?”

“I suppose his executors must put in some one to hold the living for you ;-and we must go.”

“And Arthur might have been fully qualified a year ago !” and George almost stamped his foot in his impatience, "fancy a stranger sitting in our father's chair, even in this house, -much more taking his place in the church.”

“I cannot bear to fancy it,” said Dulcibella, dumbly.

“And ever since old George Erle of Shrewsbury bought the living, 1701, an Erle has never failed to hold it !"

“ And a' George Erle,' too !” and Dulcibella smiled a little, and pressed the young man's arm kindly, “so superstitious people might not only think the succession will not fail now, but was always really intended to be yours."

“Ah! if the first George had lived, all would have been safe and well !” and the second George of this generation looked around lawn, and house, and yews and meadows, with a deep silent affection and sense of coming grief.

And all may be well, still! Our dear father has naturally such a strong vigorous constitution, leads such a healthy life !—now that Burnt Ash is off his hands, he has again only just as much parish work as he can both do, and do well, and with ease to himself.” “Well, happily I shall be twenty-two next March ; so Easter


I can be made deacon, and come straight home here to help him, if these attacks have told by then.”

They sauntered up and down in silence a few minutes. Would Arthur have been jealous could he have seen Dulcibella's growing confidence in this "little shrimp of an Erle," as he'd often himself but eighteen months ago called George, to the young lad's great vexation ? Scarcely; for his own life-long counsellor, consoler, fond adorer, had been found thirteen months ago, and for ever in another; and Dulcie would thus have found herself strangely forsaken, in many to her very essential, as well as sacred and familiar ways,-for a better help-meet-had she really been the present helper in the Bromley Street needs.

George, also, liked to feel Dulcibella's arm within his own; to take counsel with her; to feel that he was at length becoming old enough and man enough to be of some value and comfort in his home. Both

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