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tary-treasurer, or he could be appointed to allow its use in country offices where by the executive council, At any rate proprietors are willing to sign an agreehe should devote his whole time to real or- ment to employ none but union men. ganization work. He should be continu- The label once getting a start in such ofally at his post, and have nothing to do fices would cause such a revolution among with the difficulties occurring here and country publishers, and printers, too, as there throughout the jurisdiction. Let would very materially aid the state and these be attended to, as at present, by the district organizers in their work of securpresident and a corps of International ing country craftsmen to membership. Typographical Union organizers. The Such labels could be given out by the chief organizer should be a man capable chief organizer to the state and district of writing educational literature, and lots organizers, and the latter conduct the of it, and he should be prepared to issue negotiations with the country publishers at stated periods quantities of fresh ma- for their use. This work alone on the terial sufficient for distribution by state part of said organizers, if energetically and district organizers throughout their pushed, would be worth more to unionterritories. He should be, moreover, a

ism than all the cost of maintaining the man of creative and inventive ability, so state and district unions. that the best means of conducting cam

PART IV. paigns among our country cousins might This part consists of reorganizing the be adopted; and of energy and executive International Typographical Union someability sufficient to enforce among the what

upon the federal plan. Let the state state and district organizers the carrying and district unions continue to exist, out of his plans. He should instruct said making their own laws and governing organizers in all special work to be per- themselves, subject to a supreme body formed, and no organizer should be al- consisting of one or two delegates elected lowed to go to any expense unless or- by each state and district union. This dered or approved by him. He should part not to be adopted until four years' attend promptly to all correspondence trial of the foregoing, but to be discussed received from state and district organizers, and prepared for submission to the Interand in all ways use his best endeavors national convention in the year 1900. toward the end sought, and with such Of course I do not claim that my plan economy as is consistent with the best ex- is perfect, but I do believe it to be upon ecution of the work under his charge. the right lines, and, if adopted, would

The state and district organizers should prove largely beneficial over present syssecure the addresses of all craftsmen liv- tems. It would take some time before ing in places outside of union towns in material progress would be noticeable, as their territories. With these the work of probably the first six months or a year education, and afterwards organization, would have to be devoted to educational could easily be carried on. Without them work; but after this time there is no doubt the work could only be done blindly. in my mind, providing the chief and state They should be men of energy and capac- and district organizers are composed of ity, and willing to devote the greater the right stuff, that our progress would part of their spare time to the work. No be both rapid and permanent. Of course man should be elected state or district it would take hard and constant work on organizer unless he be enthusiastic and in the part of those chosen to perform the a great degree possessed of "stick-to- duties, and it would force a liberal exativeness.”

penditure of money from the InternaPART III.

tional Typographical Union treasury, but Our label law should be changed so as such expenditure would not be throwing it into a hole so deep that we wouldn't sented at the coming International Typget it back. On the contrary, it would ographical Union convention, covering be a profitable investment of our funds, the first part lere given. Let the other the money spent returning to our treas proposed improvements be thoroughly ury in dues, etc., in good time, and this discussed, and, at the convention, let followed by big profits on the investment them be prepared and enacted into laws in after years.

along with said substitute, and there need A substitute for article xx will be pre- be no fear of the result.

REFORMERS AS UNFAIR EMPLOYERS.

Ilhile Pretending to Il'ork Solely for the Welfare of Mankind, Their Actions Imply

that Self-Interest is the Main Consideration.

BY ALEXANDER SPENCER, CHICAGO, ILL.

"Actions speak louder than words." strive to force those whom they employ Why is it so many religious and other re- to work as cheaply as possible, while formers have non-union printers on their themselves crying loudly for high wages. publications? Quickly their response But their unfairness excuses no one. It comes that they are unable to pay union would be foolish, indeed, to go wallow in wages; that they would like to do so, but filth because another had done so. If the people do not appreciate their work, every member of a labor organization beand they do not themselves receive suf- longed to it solely from principle, tradesficient compensation for their efforts to unions would become invincible. uplift humanity. Do these reformers ever The average reformer is poor in purse reflect that unless actions and words har- but rich in lofty desires. He feels that monize their influence is more apt to be if he could only get people to read and harmful than beneficial ? Did any sensi- consider his plan of salvation, they would ble man ever claim that the union scale become convinced. Naturally he underwas too high when he was compelled to takes to print his ideas without having earn his living under it? Would any re- adequate financial backing. The result former consider himself overpaid, if he is to be expected. Either his printing is was a good workman, if he received union done in a slovenly manner by inferior wages as a journeyman printer? And if workmen or else he has taken advantage it is not too much to receive, how can it of the necessities of good workmen to be too much to pay? Yet the reformer give them less than their due, just as the who boasts of his great love for humanity shylock often takes advantage of the misand his desire to elevate mankind, be- fortunes of others. But the greatest lieves it right to help degrade the work- damage is likely to be to his own reputaingman by encouraging the payment of tion and to the cause he advocates. low wages. In what manner are we to Sometimes the plausible argument will discriminate between genuine and bogus be used that since those given employreformers except by their actions? It is ment would otherwise have been idle, the true, many union workingmen are so employer was really a benefactor. This ignorant of the true principles of union- brings to mind the claim on behalf of ism that upon every possible occasion they slavery that many of the colored people were then '

much better off than they have quarters of a loaf instead of a whole one ever been since. Should slavery, there- may give a family temporary relief, but fore, te again instituted? There are far in so doing may aid in delaying the time too many who believe that in temporarily when the whole human race shall have all relieving suffering they confer the great the full meals they are entitled to. Beest boon, regardless of the effect on the sides, is it not always the desire and conworld at large. Yet they would hardly venience of the employer that is the real be willing to give money to the drunkard consideration ? He should remember, simply that he might satisfy his fierce too, that he sets a very bad example. cravings for liquor. A traveler in Persia, Nearly every non-union employer makes in speaking of seeing whole families, af- the same plea that he does—they can not flicted with incurable diseases, begging in pay higher wages. And the trouble is the streets of one of the cities, reflects on they rarely ever think themselves able to the wisdom of giving alms to such miser- do so, no matter how great success they able beings, when the result can only be may have. They branch out and flourish the continuation of their misery-not and become noted sometimes; but the alone for long, weary days and years, but only gain to their employes is similar to even for generations! It is a question to that of the Pullman workmen who were be seriously considered whether anything said to have received an increase of wages which tends to prolong vicious conditions —they can work longer hours and thus is not far more deleterious than if matters earn more! Further than this, the rewere allowed to be forced to a climax; on former can pose as a still greater benethe same principle that the surgeon cuts factor because he can now employ a still off the hand to save the arm and the rest greater number of people. of the body, whenever he believes that The true reformer does not seek his otherwise a lingering disease and loss of reward in earthly possessions. His greatlife will result. There should be oppor- est satisfaction comes from the knowledge tunity for every individual to earn the that he is doing good. However much comforts as well as the necessities of life, he may be hampered in his work by lack without having to elbow each other out of financial means, he never thinks of

Sooner or later there must taking anything unjustly from others. and will be put in operation a plan to do To become aware that it is not his destiny this. But the necessary wisdom will be to promulgate to any extent a reform that acquired through suffering. It is often he is certain is of the greatest value, is the only thing that will teach us thor- frequently the hardest lesson that he has oughly.

to learn. But, nevertheless, genuine reTaking this view of the matter, then, form must ever be founded upon

nothing the reformer who gives a half or three- less than the strictest justice to all.

of the way.

When men of infamy to grandeur soar,
They light a torch to show their shame the more.
Those governments which curb not evils cause!
And a rich knave's a libel on our laws. -Addison.

As Others See Us.

THE TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL, official organ With the opening of the year, THE TYPO- of the International Typographical I'nion, in its GRAPHICAL JOURNAL appeared in new clothes,

new form and new dress is a thing of beauty a great improvement upon the old. It is smaller

and a joy to the hearts of all lovers of typoand more convenient in size and more attractive

graphic art.- Akron Daily Democrat. in appearance. -Syracuse Post.

THE TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL, the organ of The TYPOGRAPHICAI. JOURNAL., ofhcial organ

the International Typographical Union, begins of the International Typographical l'nion, be

the new year with a new dress and in periodical gins the new year in magazine form, and is a

form. It is a decided improvement and will triumph of typographic art. The JOURNAI, leads

continue to increase its deserved popularity all other trades papers, and in style and make

among its army of readers, every one of whom up is without a peer among the high-class maga

fully appreciates it as a bright and invaluable zines. It contains fifty pages of well written

journal well representing their interests. - The matter from the brightest minds of the craft

Advocate. and is an honor to the union printers of the THE TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL, the official country. It is furnished at the amazingly low paper of the International Typograplucal Union figure of twenty-five cents a year.- Newport i R.

of North America, comes out with new form 1. , Herald.

and a complete new dress. It is a masterpiece We regret being deprived of THE TYPO

of typographical art, and should be in the hands GRAPHICAL JOURNAI, in the old familiar form

of every one interested in the craft. Middlewith which we had become so accustomed and

town i Conn. 1 Tribune. which was so highly regarded everywhere. The organ of the International Typographical Still, the improvements that have been made in Union of the United States and Canada, Th} the periodical will go a long way in justification TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL. published at Indianof the changes which have been made. The apolis, Indiana, commenced the new vear in JOURNAL of January 1 reaches us in magazine new form, with an entirely new dress. It is form--neat, attractive, easily handled and easily now printed in magazine form and presents an read. As the JOURNAL is now made up it will appearance second to no journal of its class. rank in appearance with any official publication The mechanical work is perfect, the matter in the country, and it has always been conceded published of the most interesting character to that in a literary sense it has stood well up in printers and all persons connected with the the front rank. - Eight-Hour Herald.

*art preservative." It is well patronized by the

best firms in the way of advertising, and we see The TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAI, comes to our nothing to hinder its success in the field of jour. desk the very picture of typographical neatness.

nalism. Its subscription price, 25 cents for 24 It is now published in magazine form and is

numbers, places it within the reach of the hum. equal in every way to its contemporaries in the

blest printer. The Athenian.
field of periodical literature.-Galesburg Labor
News.

The TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAI, is much im-
THE TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL, official organ

proved in appearance by its new form. The of the International Typographical l'nion, turn

inembers of the printing craft may well be proud ed over a new leaf on the beginning of the year

of their representative publication. - Williniantie

Journal.
and now appears in magazine form. The Jour-
VAL is one of the ablest trade papers published,

THE TYPOGRAPHICAI, JOURNAI, the organ of and in its new shape will be more highly valued

the International Typographical Union, has rethan ever by its thousands of readers.-- I'tah duced the size of its pages and greatly increased Labor World.

their number, besiiles making several other With the January issue THE TYPOGRAPHICAL

notable improvements. Its shape is now such

as to render it possible to send it through the JOURNAL, comes out in an entirely new dress and regular periodical form. The improvement

mails flat, leaving it in good shape for binding. makes it of more convenient form and brings

The JOURNAL is of great value, not only to all

members of subordinate unions, but to every the popular magazine up to a standard of excellence that is not excelled by any journal of like

one who would trace the history and progress of

trades-union legislation. Its contents are varied character.- Houston Daily Post.

and interesting. Its ridiculously low price The TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL for January twenty-five cents a year--places it within the comes in improved shape, showing the advance- reach of every printer.— The Proofsheet. ment of itself and the International l'nion, for

THE TYPOGRAPHICAL JOU'RNAT, commences which it speaks. Among subjects, all of which are intelligently treated, is "Government Own

its eighth volume brighter if possible and more ership of Telegraph and Telephone."- Brooklyn

artistically gotten up than ever before. The old Citizen.

size has given way to a fifty-page magazine

form, the pages of which contain excellent colTHE TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAI, comes to us ored plates, besiiles various splendid half-tone in handsome book form. The change is a great reproductions, and an added amount of interestimprovement over the old style of publication, ing reading anent the craft it represents. The it having a beautiful illuminated colored cover price of this excellent journal is twenty-five and is interleaved with up-to-date illustrations, cents per year of twenty-four numbers, and its showing the advancement that is being made low price, combined with its excellency, makes in the art of photo-electrotyping. - Daily Free it perhaps the most widely circulated journal of Trader.

its kind in the world. -Ogilen Standard.

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