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member of a trades-union for any length to meet the present demand, the officers of time must have had a fair amount of will be compelled to suspend payments work, and three months' work at the this week. And yet fewer members reunion scale pays back the union dues for ceived benefits and less money has been many years.

paid out than when a three per cent. asWhere a member possesses the qualifi- sessment was levied here two years ago, cations and has fulfilled the conditions he notwithstanding the fact that at that time is entitled to out-of-work benefits what- single men only received three dollars ever use he puts the money to. No mem- against married men five dollars.

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ber drawing out-of-work benefits, how

T. F. Thomas, ever, should be allowed anything from The secretary-treasurer of St. Paul Typothe relief fund. When anyone draws graphical Union No. 30, was born in such benefits and spends the money fool- Wisconsin in 1862, and has been variishly it is apt to rouse indignant feelings ously connected with the printing craft to see him try to get relief besides, even for over fourteen years. He seems to have if it is only a meal ticket or a bed. gained experience in numerous branches,

Chicago typographical union for sev- pressfeeder, pressman, typesetter, prooferal weeks has had a five dollar weekly reader and even editor, and devoted out-of-work benefit, the dues being raised his earlier years as an all-round country from seventy-five cents per month to one printer. Drifting into Minnesota, he lodollar. As the dues would need to be cated at St. Paul, where he soon allied two dollars and twenty-five cents or more himself with trades-union methods and

has since been active in that line to the approval and satisfaction of the craft, and to the fellowship of many warm friends, being frequently honored with office by the membership of St. Paul, and is now filling for the third time the office of secretary-treasurer of that union. He is among the advancing advocates of trades-unionism, and is destined to make his mark on the role of honorable fame.

IN JENSON TYPE. In Jenson type my printer knows The height of typographic pose ;

The black-faced letters cross the page

Like murmurs of some by-gone age
In solemn, sad funereal rows.
No matter what is said, “it goes,"
Though doggerel verse or puerile prose,
If but its wretched rantings rage

In Jenson type.
Go, foolish rhyme, and dress your woes
In this prevailing garb of those

Who call all well that fits the gauge

Set by the mediaeval sage-
You, too, may conquer, I suppose,

In Jenson type.
Mielett Burgess, in The Philistine.

Full Points.

BY SAM L. LEFFINGWELL. It is the dangers that are absent we fear the most.

Even to think a falsehood is the crime of a coward.

It is always the fellow with the biggest club who declines to arbitrate.

Flattery is an art in knavery, and is mostly used as cajolery on fools.

A fall sometimes is the means of strength to rise to higher aspirations.

Some judges render verdicts as they feel the cause, not as they hear it.

There is no excise levied on brains, nor even tribute laid on castles in the air.

It isn't always safe to trust implicitly in a reconciled foe, he may find cause for new assault.

There is much fraud in courtesy. The kindness of a stranger often exceeds that of a professed friend.

Difficulties can never be overcome without daring to attempt them. He does greatly who greatly dares.

It is not possible to present a fact in such per. fect light but there will be some who will find something wanting.

Your chronic versifier would better fit the straddle of a fence-rail than the fleet-footed *Pegasus he would seek to stride.

It would be a good move to apply a species of Monroe doctrine tactics to street car franchise encroachments in our various cities.

It is a bad case when a man imagines himself grown famous, whereas his only claim to prominence is that he has become notorious.

Our laws would be more wholesome and be a better preventive of freedom, if they would stint the liberty of corrupt courts and judges.

If the Venezuelan imbroglio should come to material "blows," there will probably be a boycott on English commerce-a practical lockout of English merchantmen.

It is thin diet to follow a coxcomb through a column of words and find that he has said nothing. Even a pair of bellows will fail you with too much using.

Fulsome praise is often as disgusting as it is obsequious. It is against the will of him who utters it, and is always characterized with more or less detraction.

We Don't Patronize. Union workingmen and workingwomen and sympathizers with labor have refused to purchase articles produced by the following firms: Buxton & Skinner, Stationery Co., St. Louis

and Kansas City, MO,
The Los Angeles, Cal., Times.
Mekeel Printing Establishment, St. Louis, Mo.
New Jersey Gazette, Camden, N. J.
S. Ottenberg & Bros.' Cigars,
Studebaker Bros. Mufg Co.'s Carriages and

Wagons.
St. Louis Brewers' Association, Lager Beer.
Pray, Small & Co., Shoes.
American Biscuit Co.'s Biscuits,
School Seat Co., Furniture, Grand Rapids.
Pfaff Brewing Co., Boston.
Yocum Bros., Cigars, Reading, Pa.
Boston Pilot, Boston Republic.
Hopedale Mfg. Co., Hopedale, Mass.
A. F. Smith, Shoes, Lynn, Mass.
Hamilton-Brown Shoe Co., St. Louis,
Daube, Cohen & Co., Clothing, Chicago.
Mesker Bros., St. Louis.
Clement, Bane & Co., Clothiers, Chicago.
l'nited States Baking Co.

Childs Memorial Fund. The following contribution from September 17 to date, to the George W. Childs memorial fund is hereby acknowledge Dec. 11. Raleigh N. C.1 Typographical l’nion. $12 ( Previously acknowledged

1,435 42 Total..

$1, 147 42 JACOB GLASER, Treasurer. Philadelphia, Pa, Dec 27, INA,

There be those who write as mere mendicants of ideas and seem to take especial pride in their poverty of ideas.

THE BALTIMORE SIX The paper of the people, for the people and with the people. Honest in motive; fearlessin expression; sound in principle. Editorially consistent, and unchanging chanípion and defender of popular rights and interests. Publishes all the news all the time. By mail, cents a month, $ per year.

ORGANIZE YOUR COUNTRY COUSINS.

Pitiable Condition of the Wage-Worker in the Small Towns Throughout the

Country.

BY P. J. MAAS.

There is a great field for active work for prematurely old; little children, whose the great national and international trades- eyes should shine as the noonday sun, unions in the small cities-cities of 5,000 but the luster and cheer has gone out of to 20,000 inhabitants. During visits to them; children, whose step should be quick cities of this size in the past few months, and elastic, are as dull as night-all for an have witnessed conditions that are almost avaricious employer's cursed greed. These incredible of belief in this enlightened children, from their earliest childhood, are age. I found cities that depended wholly taught that they must work or starve, and upon some large manufactory for its sup- whether there is work for them or not, port and maintenance, and in every one their desire for work becomes almost a of such cities did the factory not alone madness. own and control the town and the plant, Men in these cities will not join a labor but the workmen themselves were prac- organization for fear of their employers. tically owned body and soul by them. This is a cowardly fear. They only keep Not only the adults, but the children as their places by sinking their manhood and well.

humiliating their self-respect. For any Take the city of Canton, Ill., as an ex

good they do in this world, except eking ample. Canton has a population of about out an existence for their families and 9,000 inhabitants, and in a plow factory themselves, they might as well never and numerous cigar factories the motto

have been born. Men who are too afraid seems to be—“Hustle little children unto of their bosses (owners) to join a labor us and we will work the life out of you.” organization endanger public welfare. And it is being done, too. Children by Self-preservation is the first law of nature the hundred work in those factories for and should compel workmen today to $1.50 to $2.50 a week of ten and twelve combine with their shopmates and colhours a day. If one wishes to see a sight leagues for mutual benefit. that will make him feel that humanity,

Below is a short table of rates of wages at least a portion of it, is totally depraved, paid to skilled mechanics in Canton (unlet him visit some city of the size men- organized) and Peoria, Ill. (organized). tioned when the whistle blows the quit. Both cities are far enough away from ting hour, and the inmates of the factory Chicago or St. Louis not to be affected are allowed to go home for a few hours' by rates of wages in those cities: rest, he will then witness what capital resorts to in order that its thirst for wealth might be satisfied. Here can be witnessed scenes that will make him shudder. Filing Cigarmakers . .

Cigarmakers.

Woodworkers in out of the doors and gates are a number

Woodworkers.

plow factory of young boys that if they live are to Printers. take their places as voters of this country;

plow factory : little boys scarcely more than ten years of age, with faces drawn and pinched from The cigarmakers here, c it of the $9, over-work, whose bodies have become pay their helpers. There re nearly six

or

CANTON.

PEORIA,

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hundred cigarmakers here, practically all There are no union men there, they are non-union men and women.

in the hereafter. The woodworkers and molders are em- Arriving in town, I went to a barberployed at Parlin & Orndorph's plow fac shop. As usual, the barber broke off a tory, where, when accepting employment, chunk of silence by asking a questionthey must sign an agreement to work asking what line of goods I carried. from eight to thirteen hours per day, as ""Trades-unionism," was my prompt anthe firm may elect, not to join or belong swer. While explaining to him the beneto a labor union, and if any of the com- fits to the barbers to be organized, the pany's houses are empty, to live in them. poor fellow got nervous and absent

As another "horrible example" I will mindedly shaved me with his left hand. quote * * *

Kankakee, which city Later in the day found three carpenis owned by the Illinois Central railroad. ters at work on a new building. Asking In that city of 20,000 inhabitants every- the most intelligent-appearing one what thing is closed, by a city ordinance, on his wages were, he replied: "One dollar Sundays. The railroad trains have pneu- per day, sir; only ten hours--and get half matic tires on the wheels Sundays, while of it in money." the steam whistles are supplied with Following are the rates of wages paid mutes—to deaden the sound. The church in this sacred city as compared with Chibells have rubber padding on the bell cago (I forgot to find out what they did hammer, and the street-cars progress to with all their money): the measure of the dead march in Saul'' until the contribution box has been KANKAKEE.

CHICAGO. passed, when they come to an abrupt standstill wherever the interesting event

Woodworkers

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Co. in. The most progressive organization in

10 $12-15

Farm Implement the town is the "Nay, Master, We Are

Blacksmiths Seven, Society," for the propagation of gossip, and is composed of elderly maiden ladies who have established themselves as The cabalistic asterisks above describe "receivers in perpetuity of the morals in terse eloquence the “taown” of Kanof all mankind, and womankind, too.

kakee. It is verily a “three star”' town. 'Tis an interesting sight, and awe-in- I soon became recognized as a “comet” in spiring, too, to see one of the denizens of these ethereal regions, and with the abthis “dismal swamp" raise his eyes toward ruptness characteristic of the "man of the the asteroid or milky-way and silently heavens," I departed for the realms of commune, in a manner betokening the civilization and progress, viz., Chicago. greatest intimacy with St. Peter and the

But Illinois is not the only state honmilitant guards of the golden gate. In eycombed with this variety of towns. fact, telephonic communication exists be- Go the same distance east of Chicago as tween this sacred city and the hereafter. Kankakee is south, and you reach La Ask of any one of the motley crew who Porte, Ind. In that city the wood and subsist by leaning against the sunny side furniture-workers' are paid from 85 cents of the “deepo” and consuming “tissue,” to $1 per day of ten hours, and in the ask him (or it), “Do you belong to a labor great Studebaker wagon works at Soutlı organization?” and his (or its) hands Bend the wages to the same class of men are immediately extended heavenward are but $1 to $1.10 per day. and telepathic communication established What a field for labor unions! with his (or its) guardian angel.

Chicago, Ill.

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