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The Shorter Work-Day.

The initiative must be taken by the The leading feature of economic reform stronger organized bodies, and as they at the present time is the one of shorter follow each other in the march of addays of labor—fewer hours of toil. Much vancement, the weaker will fall in line, has been accomplished in the last quarter and the benign influences of the moveof the present century, more notably in ment will eventually encompass even the the last decade, to lessen the wearisome now unorganized and helpless of the lahours of men employed in mines, fac- boring masses. tories and workshops, but much yet re

Whole volumes might be written upon mains to be done. All that has been the importance of giving thought and disgained in this direction thus far has been cussion to the subject. In every office through the persistent urgency of trades- and workshop the question should be union agitation, and all that ever will be given serious thought and consideration. gained must find its accomplishment in Individual selfishness should give way to the persistency and force of organized, a more generous impulse of care for the united labor. There are some who find welfare and happiness of others. It may reason for complaint that the American enforce a sacrifice upon a few-a very Federation of Labor has not been more few—but that contingency is but a mite radical in its action in this direction. Yet, compared with the blessings inuring to upon serious reflection, it is difficult to the many thousands to be benefited by insist just how far the Federation may go a realization of the finally accomplished in efforts to legislate in this direction and shorter work-day. preserve the autonomy-right of self

We desire with as much modesty as government—of the trades therein repre- our nature will permit to acknowledge sented. To our mind it has done the only the almost universal commendation of thing which delegated power enables it to

friends writing us from every point on do-given its assurance of united sup the improved appearance of the JOURNAL port when called upon, officially, through in its new form; as also evidences of any of the organized bodies affiliated with

material appreciation in the receipt of inthe central body.

creased subscriptions, numbering many That the question of shorter hours is

hundreds. We have not yet exhausted the one foremost of all others at this time is indicated by expression from every feel sure that the printing craft will yet

our efforts in work of improvement, and quarter. All are agreed upon the importance of the movement and the benef- have reason to look upon their own paper icent results certain to follow the estab

as the peer of any in its class in its artislishment of a shorter work-day, universal tic, mechanical and other departments. in its application, and upon the intelli- The mail and express report at headgence and activity of radical and conserva- quarters for the month of December shows tive alike depend the progress and de- the transmission of 5,571 packages, of velopment of the reform.

which 2,114 were letters.

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The Mergenthaler Company and “Schools."

It having been rumored during a recent difficulty that the Mergenthaler Linotype Co. had furnished men to fill the places of our members and contemplated, or had in actual operation, a school for the purpose of teaching operators, President Dodge was written regarding the matter and asked if his company was going to change the policy it had heretofore been following. The reply, which is definite and to the point, is as follows:

MR. W. B. PRESCOTT: Dear Sir-Replying to yours of the 7th inst., this company has not now, and, as far as I know, never did have, a school for teaching the art of operating the Mergenthaler machine, that is, for teaching compositors. It has a room, soon to be enlarged, in which men are instructed as to the construction and operation of the machine in order to enable them to properly adjust and care for them, that they may be kept in operative condition.

Wherever we have contracted to deliver machines, we receive into our shop, if requested, the foreman or other representative of the intending user, and instruct him as far as may be necessary, to enable him to care for the machines when they reach the office. In a few instances, and for special reasons, men have been instructed in our factory to a limited extent in the operation of the machines. In most, but not in all, of these cases, men were to run and care for their own machines in our machine plants.

It has been the policy of this company in introducing machines to have them operated, as far as possible, by men already in the offices, and we have in all cases recommended the transfer of men from the cases to the machine, and this practice has been followed in almost every case.

I have no present idea of establishing a general school for the instruction of operators. Of course, I reserve the right to do so, and if I feel at any time that it is advisable and for the best interests of all concerned to establish in our factory a school in which intelligent American citizens who desire to earn an honest livelihood may learn the art of operating these machines, as they would learn any other art or industry, I should, of course, establish such school. It has been and will be my effort, however, to protect and foster, as far as possible, the interests of the practical printers, men who are experts in the art, and who should not be displaced by the machines if it can be avoided. Yours truly,

P. T. DODGE, Pres, and Gen. Mgr. Mergenthaler Linotype Co.

New York, Jan. 11, 1896.

The president has subscribed to the necessary documents, and papers have been forwarded the proper officials of the following States for registering our label in the name of the International Typographical Union: Wisconsin,

Texas,
Ohio,

New Jersey,
New Hampshire, Nebraska,
Montana,

Minnesota,
Maryland,

Kansas,
Kentucky,

Maine,
Iowa,

Indiana,
Georgia,

Illinois,
Delaware,

Colorado,
New York,

Pennsylvania,
Connecticut,

Michigan.
Missouri,

The members of Los Angeles Typographical Union No. 174 are to be congratulated on having obtained control of the Journal office. Latest reports from the City of Angels is to the effect that the new daily paper is thoroughly union and will remain so. This achievement is particularly noticeable on account of the fact that Los Angeles is the home of Col. Otis, who conceives it to be his duty to oppose our organization at any time and at all hazards. It is evidently his desire to be the Frick of the Pacific coast, but it would appear that his power is perceptibly on the wane.

Tenth District. The resignation of Mr. H. S. Woodward, as organizer of the Tenth District, which includes Minnesota, North and South Dakota and Manitoba, has been accepted and the Executive Council selected as his successor Mr. H. W'. Dennett. Mail for Mr. Dennett should be addressed to 373 North Washington street, St. Paul, Minn.

WANT ADVERTISEMENTS. Special "Want'' advertisements will be inserted in these columns at the uniform price of ONE CENT A WORD each insertion. Answers can be sent in care of The Typographical Journal, if desired. All letters received will be promptly forwarded to parties for whom intended, without extra charge.

There is a distinct revival in union affairs at Rochester, N. Y. The printers have been in a demoralized condition ever since the great strike of 1887, but during the last week chapels were formed in no less than three offices, and Deputy Organizer Lynch, of Syracuse, has strong hopes of making still greater gains. With a long pull and a strong pull there is no reason why the printers of the Flour City should not have one of the best unions in the Empire State.

N all sound printer and practical newspaper man,

with 2 years' experience, who has blled all petions editor reporter for man, proofreader, etc daily paper de sites work in some healthy town or city of the south Has to leave northern home because of the ill health of his wife. Address KL, care TPO GRAPHICAL JOURNAI FOR SALE I.effingwell Manual and Rules of Or

der for Parliamentary Debate" 10 cents per copy. Can be ordered through TV,RAPHICAL JOURNAL. FOR SALE, A Plow paper cutter, culs 2*%) in., cheap.

Address L C., TIPOG KAPITAL JOERNAL FOR SALE Washington hand press in first-class

shape; bed 3x16 platen 311,12; a bargain, Address CLAY, TYPOXRAPHUCAL JOURNAL, FOR SALE Iiberty job press size 10x 15 inches, in ex

cellent condition Address LIBERTY, TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL FOR

and job ofhce; filled with good advertising; l'ennsylvania town, prosperous county, terms easy. CRAIG, 527 Penn avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. FOR SALE Third interest in prosperous job office in

in ing family troubles Cheap, but takes cash. Well worth investigating. Address NORTHWEST, TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL FOR SALE -A first class newspaper and job printing

plant in one of the most progressive cities in weseern Oregon. Power presses, engine, outfit complete in all details, including large building; established circulation Price - God reasons for selling For terms and particulars, address J. X. BRANDS, Portland,

Ore.

It is with much pleasure that the JOURNAL acknowledges the receipt of an invitation to attend a grand reception and ball, to be given by Detroit Typographical Union No. 18, on the evening of Thursday, January 16, the anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Franklin, but regret our inability to join in the gay and festive occasion which always attends the management of such affairs by the printers of Detroit. Many thanks. .

We hope no friend of fair wages of any class will be found spending money on a copy of that dishonorable magazine known as the Arena. Its professions of "practical progress and reform" are a living lie, and the friends of honest labor should not consent to cast eyes upon a copy, to say nothing of contributing to its support. It is the product of rat printers.

Do not let any of the JOURNAL advertisements escape your notice. deal with any of them don't forget to mention the JOURNAL.

MAKE YOUR OWN ENG RATINGS -- Requires no

artistic skill, little time and expense, The best and most rapid process known For newspapers it is valuable in cartoon making for job printers, fancy ornaments, borders jimcracks, etc. Circulars and specimens on application. HASKELL & HASKELL, Ashland, Ky. "PI" Collection old-time Printer Sketches: 216 pages:

25 cents, post free. GRIFFIN & KIDNER, Hamil ton, Ont.

an has had 18 years' experience on all kinds of work; is sober, industrious and capable of taking charge of a medium-sized press room. Address W., TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL SITCATION WANTED by young lady as typewrit

ist and stenographer, can furnish recommendation from last employer. Address COMPETENT, TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL SPECIMENS OF PRINTING-Decidedly the best book

of specimens, every page a gem; containing a miscellaneous assortment of up to date job work; replete with recipes and other wrinkles. Price 50 cents, no stamps. THE KEYSTONE PRESS, Wellston, Ohio. WANTED-God man to solicit job printing: princi

pally catalogue work. Address CHARLES F. W. NEELY, Muncie, Ind. WANTED- Steady young man, two-thirder, desires

day work in composing room. Running Mergenthaler Linotype machine preferred. Can set 1,500 per hour. Address H. E. R., care TYPOGRAPHICAL JOU'RNAL. W'ANTED) – Situation - By sober job printer or ad

Can give estimates. Able to take charge. Good reference. If you are looking for a good man, don't fail to answer this ad. Address X Y Z, care Jour

When you

man

NAL.

THE GRANDSIRE'S STORY.

An Old Song with an Old-Fashioned Refrain, but Sung to a Modern Air.

BY TIM HARRINGTON.

HERE is restlessness in the city streets;
There is deep concern in the face one meets;
And at once, reply to your query comes

In the rat-tat-tat of the soldiers' drums
And the newsboy's lusty, alarming shout:-
“Here's yer railroad strike and de troops called out!"

Far out from the sighs of the low and poor, And free from the ills that the rich can cure, On Wealth's boulevard, in a mansion grand, With luxuries scattered on every hand,

“And, angered, I shot him ;-and saw him fall,
And heard, ere he strangled, a feeble call-
The name of his loved one, a little tot
That played at her home and knew it not.

There stood a young man in a suit arrayed
That spoke of the corporal tailor-made,
Who glowed in his pride as he bragged at length
Of Company A and its fighting strength.

“The beggars!” he cried, “you will see them run
When we are turned loose with our Gatling-gun.
Two hundred remarks in a minute's time!
Ha! ha! if you watch you will see 'em climb!"'
He laughed but his mother who held him moaned:
“My God! Is the justice of men dethroned
That they should permit of this foreign scum
To revel in blood and the lust of rum!''-

The papers next day as they praised me said
My deed was the act of a level head;
And then of his child, in a warning way,
They told of her kiss on his lifeless clay.
“And somehow that night, as I gathered in
My own little one that was free from sin,
I prayed to my God that my boy might be
Denied all the shame of my infamy.
"But why need repeat where there's no demand
How Fortune then favored the foster hand,
Till maidenly beauty and wealth and pride
Had smothered all thought of the man who died.
"And ever remorse, like a thing of hate,
Eat on as my youngster grew strong and great,
Till bravely one day, with a flush of pride,
He brought to our home a bewitching bride.
"Ah! cruel is fate when its mesh is drawn!
I shudder, and fain would I not go on;
For lo, as the girl to my heart I strained
I thrilled with a fear that was unexplained.

"Stop there! I've enough, in the name of God!" 'Twas grandpa that spoke in a voice that awed. “Go, boy, if you must, nor a coward be, But go with regret and unwillingly. “Remember, my boy, when your country calls There's honor and glory for him who falls, But not for the dupe of the wealthy great, Who sometimes consider themselves the state.

“There's many a millionaire's crimson flood Grows blue as it feeds on the starveling's blood; But bluest of blue in the prince's veins 'Tis only as pure as the heart it drains. “I, too, on a morning went out with gun To shoot at some strikers and have some fun, And back through the maze of the city streets We scattered the wretches by slow retreats.

"The kiss that she pressed on my withered brow Seemned fresh from the face of the dead somehow, And-Father of heaven!-I shook apaceHer eyes were the eyes of the striker's face! “No! No! Do not shrink! you must bear me up; 'Tis only for you that I drain this cup. Yes, youngster, your mother, my boy's sweet wife, Was plundered by me of her father's life! “God grant, Oh my boy, when this strike is done You'll hang up forever your soldier

gun, With never a worm at your heart to prey To eat and to eat till the judgment day.”

“By slower retreats ;-till at last one stood
In open revolt, in an attitude
That threatened a missile--but no! 'twas worse:
He Aung in our faces a foolish curse.

Indianapolis, Jan. 9.

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Breezy Meeting-Craft Chat.

writer is evidently suffering from a temOwing to the inclement weather the porary (?) attack of mental aberration, attendance at our last meeting was small. for the letter is the most contemptible But it must have been “a few of the best article that has appeared in the Twin of 'em” that were in evidence, for it was City press in many a day. Abuse is a pretty warm session. President Pres- heaped upon all who took part in the cott's decision in regard to the case of affair, from W. W. Erwin down to the Valentine Baltuff created much discus- man who opened the doors of the hall. sion, but the report of the committee ap- Mr. Erwin is not what he claims to be; pointed to investigate charges preferred the leaders in the matter are "foxy guys'' against C. W. Brandon stirred 'em up and a prominent member of No. 42 is a thoroughly. The report itself was rather miserable little scamp.” It is a well non-committal, and in the minds of cer- known fact that when Winona asked for tain members did not fill the bill, so a set the convention the request was granted of resolutions was drawn up and presented because it was thought that the laboring to the union in which J. A. Werner was element of that town would receive some censured for his part in the affair and C. benefit, which they need badly it seems. Watt Brandon was exonerated from any It is really too bad, after all the time and intention to defraud. But even this did money that was spent and the amount of not appear to satisfy some of the mem- hard work done at Winona to have a bers who were evidently out for Werner's citizen of that city attempt to undo all the scalp, therefore the next half hour or more good that was accomplished. There is was spent by certain members in assail- one satisfaction, however, and that is that ing the character of a man who was not the press of Winona, without a single there to defend himself. Such a back- exception, spoke highly and in the most capping session is unprecedented, and I complimentary terms of the convention am mightily surprised that our worthy and the work of the delegates. It is president allowed such a thing to occur. hoped that there are few in the good

It was the unanimous opinion of those city of Winona of the same kidney as who attended the recent state federation “Kicker." of labor convention at Winona that the C. W. Foote, formerly of the St. James affair was a success. Perfect harmony pre- Plaindealer, will look after the interests vailed, plenty of good, hard work was per- of the Worthington Advance hereafter. formed and everyone came away happy H. W'. Grimes has purchased the Le and satisfied, feeling that the time had not Seuer News of E. M. McLeod. been spent in vain. But at this late day, The Lake City Republican has changed like a clap of thunder from a clear sky, hands again.

hands again. C. A. Von Vleck having appears a communication from Winona, bought out Kidd & Axtell. printed in the Representative (of what? Our JOURNAL is decidedly "a thing of and signed by "Winona Kicker.” The beauty.” When we learned that a change

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