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The Awakening of No. 80.

his composing room, and he being a canKansas City Typographical Union No. didate on the Republican ticket for con80 is hard at work fighting the notorious gressional honors, it is with pleasure that Hudson-Kimberly outfit again. This firm we note the laboring men are determined has repeatedly refused to in any way em- to elect him—to stay at home. ploy union printers, and we are pushing Much agitation is going on locally a vigorous fight against them. To raise

among political organizations, and a defunds a one-per-cent. assessment has been

mand for organized labor's product is belevied on the earnings of our employed ing created. members, and agents from the Industrial District Organizer Negele was called Council of Kansas City and one of our to Kansas City, September 12, and amiown members are at work on the streets cably settled the trouble between the and among the merchants.

Berkowitz Printing Company and the A great deal of the local job printing union. A system of docking workmen is done by this firm, besides out-of-town when they failed to ring a clock, after work to an alarming degree. Kansas working a half day, was the cause of the City needs the undivided support of all trouble. The men now get all money agencies, local and international, and we when earned. hope the JOURNAL will lend its efforts as

Mailers have organized a local, and are in the Rand-McNally trouble and the meeting with encouragement.

The alAkron affair.

lied trades are giving them all support Recently several machines were placed possible, and all hope to see a flourishin the Hudson-Kimberly office, and a new

ing local here soon-one that will rival danger threatens in that an auxiliary is

St. Louis.

C. W.F. started for the turning out of so-called Kansas City, Mo. machine operators. This, with the fact

Solicitous Syracuse. that much of the local jobbing work is Syracuse union desires to entertain the going to this firm, is dangerous. While forty-fourth session of the International so far it is only a local fight, the interests Typographical Union, and our representof all printers in this section of the coun- ative to Colorado Springs will make an try are at stake, and a neutral position at effort to convince the delegates that the present will soon be changed to a defen- Central City of the Empire State is the sive one in the future. Hence the don

ideal place to hold the next convention. ning of our fighting clothes.

Of the cities now in the field for that disWe must fight to a successful finish, tinction, we are favored geographically, or much harm will be done the printers if it is desired to hold the convention in a of Kansas and Missouri, and of the west. place where the largest representation

Mr. J. H. Neff, part owner and pro- would be present. From Boston on the prietor of the Drovers' Telegram, a local

east to Chicago on the west, and Monlive stock paper, has refused to unionize

treal on the north to Washington on the south, there are more than one-half of President, Michael J. Fife; vice-presithe unions of the United States and dent, Eugene F. Murphy ; recording secCanada. Syracuse being in about the retary, William G. Harber; financial center of this populous area would un- secretary, James Bennet ; treasurer, John doubtedly draw a representative from D. Fenton ; sergeant-at-arms, Thos. Conevery union in the district, particularly nolly. To its first president, Michael J. the smaller ones, which can not afford to Fife, the union owes much of its present send delegates to western cities. Rail- great strength, for he labored earnestly road transportation is cheap in this sec- day and night for its welfare, and only tion and we are on four big trunk lines, laid down the gavel when the promised the New York Central, West Shore, land was in sight. Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg and During the present year the officers of Delaware, Lackawanna and Western. the union have been of a most excellent Besides, the Southern Central, Northern character, and much of the success of the Central, Lehigh Valley, and Ontario and organization is due to their sterling integWestern railroads have terminals con- rity and strict attention to business. tingent to Syracuse.

William G. Harber, president of the Hotel accommodations in Syracuse are Mailers' union, was born in Liverpool, ample and thoroughly up to date, beside England, in 1869. Mr. Harber has held being reasonable. It is an ideal conven- several offices in the union, and is now tion city in every respect.

serving his second term as president. He In the matter of entertainment, Syra- represented the union at several convencuse would endeavor to make the dele- tions of the New England Typographical gates' visit one long to be remembered. Union. He is a delegate to the central The renowned Thousand Islands are but labor union, and is president of the allied a few hours' ride from here. W. printing trades council of Boston, a body Syracuse, N. Y.

which represents every branch of the art Brief History of Boston Mailers.

preservative. Up to four years ago the “mailers' of William J. Ambrose, vice-president, Boston were without organization, and

became connected with the union at its day in and day out they worked on, de- inception. He has occupied the position pending on the favoritism of a foreman of secretary, member of the executive, or the sweet will of a publisher for a liv- and investigating committees of the union. ing rate of wages. But gradually the He is also a delegate to the central labor doctrine of a fair day's pay for a fair union and allied printing trades' council. day's work began to make itself felt He occupies the position of third viceamong them, until it finally resulted in president of the New England Typothe formation of Mailer's Union No. 1, graphical and Allied Crafts' Union. on March 17, 1892.

Robert T. Allen, the recording secreAfter hard and earnest work on the tary, was born in Boston in 1869. He part of its officers and members, the was educated in the Eliot school, at the union has succeeded in securing recogni- north end. tion from the publishers of Boston, who James McGinnis, financial secretary, have proved themselves to be a fair and

was born in Boston and educated in the liberal body of men.

public schools. With recognition has come what is

Edmund Phelan, the treasurer, was very desirable and much appreciated, born in Waterford, Ireland. He came namely a fair day's pay for a fair day's

to America in 1881 and located in Boswork.

ton. He is a firm believer in all that The first officers of the union were : pertains to trades-unionism, and is also


devotedly attached to the temperance R. Hiatt; sergeant-at-arms, Virgil Claycause.

ton. The union is affiliated with the In- Since the strike has been settled, there ternational Typographical Union, and is plenty of work here. Every job office through that with the American Federa

in the city is working extra forces, and tion of Labor. It is also connected with

work in newspaper offices has been rethe New England Typographical Union, markably good. Machine operators have allied printing trades' council and cen- been at a premium for the past month. tral labor union.


The cigarmakers' union, in conjunction Boston, Mass.

with the central labor upion, is making a Waiting time in Book and Job Rooms. hard fight on the scab cigar factories.

At the last meeting of the book and There are three big shops in the city that job branch, the question of charging for employ girls from the age of eight to waiting time in book offices was discussed, fifteen years, and receive just what the many testifying to the necessity for it, proprietors see fit to pay, often not more cases being cited to the meeting of offices than seventy cents per week. The firms where men, after loafing nearly a whole

under the ban are: H. Fendrich, manuday, were taken off the slate for a take of facturer of Courier-Journal cigars; Weyor two sticks, while others were

and & Moore, “Goldblume;" Charles given 3,000 or 4,000. It was pointed out Hedderich, "Apple Blossom." Friends and argued that it was the only way to

of honest labor do not smoke these cigars. practically defeat favoritism, because a A ten-cent assessment has been voted charge for waiting time would insure to to the central labor union to aid in fightevery one alike work during composition ing the non-union concerns in town. hours. It was maintained that the fact Unionism is making a bold stand, and is that it was practical and carried out on sure to win.

URIM. morning papers was sufficient proof that Evansville, Ind. it could be also carried out in book offices.

Denver Will Entertain. The fact of men being kept loafing without remuneration, in case work might

The following named gentlemen have come in, had resulted in demoralization

been nanied as an entertainment comto a very large extent, belittling those

mittee from Denver typographical union who had been the victims. It was re

to divert the delegates who will attend solved to recommend to the next union

the coming International Typographical meeting:

Union convention at Colorado Springs That a charge of ten cents per hour be made

during their visit in this city: George for waiting time by piece hands in book offices. E. Esterling, chairman ; John W. Bram

It was also resolved to recommend to wood, J. D. Vaughan, Frank Hynes, T. the coming convention that the following C. Eagan, D. O. Mullin, W. C. Ashwill, be submitted to all unions, those unions J. M. O'Connor, F. C. Birdsall, C. L. voting for it to adopt:

Merritt. That piece hands be paid for standing time The day and evening of entertainment during hours set for composition.

for the visiting guests will be Sunday, JAMES H. MARTIN.

October 18th, or Monday the 19th, the New York.

exact date depending entirely upon when Events in Evansville.

the convention adjourns at Colorado No. 35 has elected the following off - Springs. cers to serve the ensuing six months: Such of the delegates and their friends President, Ed P. Barry; vice-president, who stop at Denver on that date will be Wm. Jaus; secretary-treasurer, Charles given an extensive trip about the city,


and the proceedings are to close with a He was a member of the Emerald Zou"smoker" in the evening.

John D. Vaughan and John Heartz, and A son has been born to Mr. and Mrs. John W. Bramwood and J. J. O'Neill left Ed C. Clark. As it is the first he may the 22d of this month for Chicago, where be pardoned for a slight change observthey will advocate bimetallism. These able in his manner recently. gentlemen are doing this missionary work There has been organized in this city under the auspices of the Denver Trades a strictly non - partisan workingman's and Labor Assembly.

Bryan club. Its second meeting was held Rumors have been floating about the on the evening of the 15th, and a memeffete East to the effect that Eugene bership of 500 members was reported, a Taylor, the linotype swift of Denver, was gain of 380 for that evening. The purdead. On the contrary, this genial oper- pose of the club is to prevent the coercion ator can be seen any day assembling mat- of workingmen and assist in the election rices in the composing room of the Denver of Bryan to the presidency. Committees Times, and to a casual observer will seem were appointed to organize branch clubs to be very much alive. Shed no tears for in all the wards, to prevent intimidation Gene!

H. C. FERRIS. of workingmen at the polls, secure the Denver, Colo.

naturalization and registration of voters, St. Louis Varieties.

and otherwise see that the rights of the The composing rooms of the printing workingmen at the polls are not infringed house of Woodward & Tiernan have been upon. The club has started out to keep unionized. This establishment has been free of any entanglement with campaign operated, since the strike of 1887, first as committees and professional politicians. a non-union and afterwards as a “mixed' None but workingmen are admitted to office. Monday evening, September 14, membership. Several offices in the club several men were“ laid off” permanently, are held by printers. Frank A. Hill, and by Tuesday noon the news of the

foreman of the Post-Dispatch, is presichange was generally known among the dent. The other printers represented are: printers throughout the city, who are

F. E. Marlow, recording secretary; E. warmly commending the efforts of the F. Greyson, corresponding secretary; men composing the executive and re- Richard Keenoy, second vice-president; cruiting committees, through whose ef- J. C. Atkinson, fifth vice-president; forts the result was finally accomplished. Charles Beatty, sixth vice-president. Sev

Hugh T. Edwards, aged 42, died on eral printers were also appointed on comFriday, September 4, of consumption, at mittees. Mr. A. G. Cook delivered a the home of a married sister, this city. short address, which was received with He was single and a brother of W. 0. uproarious applause. He is one of our and Edward Edwards. He possessed a members, who came here from New York bright mind and has at various tinies con

some time ago.

W. W. BAKER. tributed to the local papers.

St. Louis, Mo. Robert J. O'Crowley, aged 23, died The workingman does not share much suddenly on Labor Day while taking part in the profits of his productions. It is in in the parade. The heat, excitement and the losses where he cuts off his coupons. length of the route were more than he He is always in the “pull” when the could withstand, he being a victim of load is going

load is going "up hill," but when the heart disease. He leaves a brother, D. chariot starts down he is cut looseJ. O'Crowley of Springfield, Ill., three “lays off," as it were—and he goes down sisters, Mrs. Mary Fegan, Mrs. Jennie with the remnants of the ruin to the Bell and Mrs. S. J. Holden, all printers. bottom of hopelessness.

Schuman Replies to His Critics.

Upon the face of these figures, Mr. After reading the report of the last Clark has a reduction of $1.74 per invisiting committee concerning the Home, mate, as compared with the correspondI am led to believe that it was intended

ing months of the previous year. But principally for a campaign document

there are seven and one-half more inmates against the former superintendent, as

upon an average. that party is still blamed for almost every- What caused this reduction? A largething that goes wrong at the Home, even sized cut in the accommodations and an though located seventy-five miles dis- increased number of inmates. tant.

If the Home has sixty inmates, oneThere is an effort made to show that

half of the maintenance account can be the present management has reduced

called "fixed expenses;" consequently expenses $1.50 per inmate per month.

with an increase of seven inmates, these This means reckless extravagance upon

fixed expenses would be distributed over the part of the ex-superintendent. In

a larger number, causing a natural remaking a comparison, the parties who

duction in the ratio without any effort compiled the figures selected the four

upon the part of the superintendent. For highest months of the previous year instance, if the salary list averages $600 (“deducting certain items," etc.), and

for fifty-nine and one-half inmates durcompared them with the four lowest

ing summer, the ratio would be $10.08 months of this year.

This is a strange for salaries alone; for sixty-sėven inproceeding.

mates the ratio would be $8.95, a natural Why not make a comparison in an

reduction of $1.13 per inmate. Other honest, business-like manner, with no items in this fixed expense would raise intent to deceive or create prejudice? this natural decrease to $1.30 per

month. The parties interested surely can not be

This plainly shows that Mr. Clark can be lieve that expenses have been perma- credited with an actual reduction in the nently reduced $4.50 per month. If they ratio of forty-four cents per month per do, good judgment does not prevail.

inmate, or a total of about $30 per month Common courtesy should have prompt

to represent the cut in the accommodaed them to compare the summer of 1896

tions. Where is the $4.50 reduction after with the summer of 1895, when condi

a legitimate comparison is made? tions were supposed to be almost equal.

Again, when Mr. Clark presents his Instead of doing this, they selected the

yearly report to the convention comparifour highest months of my year, and

son will naturally be made with my rethen apologized for the selection.

port of previous year. In the ten months' As we have a transcript of the books

report tendered the board my average for the last year of our management, we

was $6.30 per week for sixty and oneare enabled to present an accurate com

half inmates, or $27 per month. For the parison and to explain the difference in

sake of argument, grant us the natural the ratio. Mr. Clark's figures are taken

decrease of $1.30 caused by the increase from the report:

of seven inmates, and our ratio would May..



have been $25.70 per month for sixtyJune..


22.50 July


seven inmates. This will show what the August


24.89 superintendent has to do in order to subAverage inmates for four months, 5972.

stantiate his statements. To reduce the Average cost per inmate, $24.64.

expenses through personal efforts $1.50 May..

$23.30 June.

per month, he must carry each inmate a

23.87 July

23.15 year for $21.20 per month. According August



to his own figures, he has fallen behind Average inmates for four months, 67. Average cost per inmate, $22.90.

this average $375 during the summer


No. Inmates.

Av. Cost.


Av. Cost.

No, Inmates.

66 66 67

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