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Chapter 416 of the Laws of 1900 establishes a State hospital in the Adirondacks for the treatment of incipient pulmonary tuberculosis.

Chapter 406 of the Laws of 1900 appropriates $250,000 to continue the purchases of land in the Adirondack and Catskill regions for the purpose of a park.

Chapter 391 of the Laws of 1900 appropriated $14,000 to purchase twenty-five acres of land at the foot of Lake George marking the site of the battle of Lake George. Chapter 411 of the Laws of 1900 appropriates $200,000 for the use of the State Engineer in the work of ascertaining the cost of improving the canals of the State by

Improvements of the State's Canals.

enlarging them in various respects. The law says: "The surveys, plans and estimates for the construction and improvement of the Erie Canal shall be for such dimensions as will give the said canal sufficient size to carry and lock through boats 150 feet in length, 25 feet in width and of 10 feet draught, with a cargo capacity of approximately one thousand tons each. The prism of the Erie Canal shall have a depth of not less than twelve feet of water throughout and a bottom width of not less than seventy-five feet with such side slopes or vertical walls of masonry or rock as may be necessary to give a cross sectional area of the canal prism of at least 1,125 square feet, except in the vicinity of locks, aqueducts, like structures and through cities where modifications are deemed advisable and necessary. There shall be a depth of not less than eleven feet of water in the locks and over all structures. The locks shall be not less than 310 feet long in the clear, and 28 feet wide, with 11 feet depth of water on sills, with a capacity to pass at one lockage two boats of the dimensions provided in this section, and all the improved locks shall be provided with machinery necessary for drawing boats in and out of such locks expeditiously. Wherever pneumatic locks or other modern mechanical lifts shall be substituted for the system heretofore in use, the new system of lifts approved and adopted shall be selected or designated by the State Engineer and Surveyor with the approval of the Canal Board."

Chapter 170 of the Laws of 1900 authorized the Governor to appoint a Board of Commissioners of the Palisade Interstate Park. The law says: "The Board of Com


Interstate Park.

missioners shall have power to and shall, as soon as may be after its organization, proceed to select and locate such lands lying between the top of the steep edge of the Palisades and the exterior of the bulkhead line established by law upon the Hudson River, together with such separate parcels of unimproved lands lying on the front of the top of the Palisades from the New-Jersey State line on the south to Piermont Creek, near Piermont, in Rockland County, on the north, as may in their opinion be proper and necessary to be reserved for the purpose of establishing a State park and thereby preserving the scenic beauty of the Palisades." Laws of 1900 authorized Governor Roosevelt to appoint a careful examination into the tenement houses in cities of the first class; their condition as to the construction, healthfulness, safety, rentals and the effect of tenement house life on the health, education, savings and morals of those who live in tenement houses, and all other phases of the socalled tenement house question in these cities that can affect the public welfare." Chapter 453 of the Laws of 1900 says that in the city of New-York "no pharmacist or drug clerk employed in any pharmacy or drug store shall be required or permitted

Chapter 279 of the commission "to make a

Tenement House


Hours of Drug


to work more than seventy hours per week. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the working six hours overtime during any week, for the purpose of making a shorter succeeding week, provided, however, that the aggregate num-ber of hours in any such two weeks shall not exceed 136 hours. The working hours per day shall be consecutive, allowing one hour for each meal. The hours shall be so arranged that an employe shall be entitled to and shall receive at least one full day off in two consecutive weeks. No proprietor of any drug store shall require or permit any clerk to sleep in any room or apartment in or connected with such store which does not comply with the sanitary regulations of the local Board of Health."

Chapter 615 of the Laws of 1900 says that in the city of New-York "there shall be published in "The City Record' within the month of January and within the

Lists of City

month of July in each year a list of all the officials and employes employed in any of the departments, bureaus or offices of the city government, and of the counties therein contained, who have been or have become such officials or employes during the preceding six months. Said lists shall contain the name, residence by street numbers, nature of position or service, date of entrance into the service or employment, date of cessation of such service or employment, if such has occurred during said period, salary or wages, and a distinct statement of the increase or decrease thereof during said period of each of said officials or employes."

Chapter 283 of the Laws of 1900 amends the charter of New-York so as to declare that "it shall not be lawful for the Commissioner of Water Supply to enter into

Water Supply of
New-York City.

any contract whatever with any person or corporation engaged in the business of supplying or selling water for public or private use and consumption, unless, preliminary to the execution of the contract, the assent of the Board of Public Improvements and the approval of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment together with the separate written consent and approval of both the Mayor and the Controller of the city of New-York of the proposed contract in all its details, shall be given by resolution to the execution of such contract as submitted, and it shall not

be lawful for the said city of New-York or for any department thereof to make any contract touching or relating to the public water supply, and especially the increase thereof, with any person or corporation whatsoever, save in accordance with the provisions and requirements of this act, which said provisions and requirements are hereby declared to establish the exclusive rule for the making of such contracts. All proceedings relating to the making or approval of any such contract may be reviewed by the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court in the first or second department, on the application of any resident taxpayer.'

Charter Revision


deem advisable relating thereto."

School Appropria

tions Law.

Chapter 465 of the Laws of 1900 authorized Governor Roosevelt to "appoint a commission of fifteen persons to examine into the local government of the city of New-York and the counties contained therein, and the effect and working of the charter of Greater New-York-and the various acts amendatory thereof, and the several acts relating thereto, and to suggest such legislation as it may Chapter 751 amends the charter of New-York City so as to provide ample funds for the support of the city's schools. It says that "the Board of Estimate and Apportionment shall appropriate for the general school fund for the year 1901 and annually for each year thereafter, an amount equivalent to not less than 4 mills on every dollar of assessed valuation of the real and personal estate liable to taxation, inclusive of so much of the State school moneys apportioned by the Superintendent of Public Instruction for the payment of teachers' wages as is actually paid into the said general school fund." Chapter 492 repeals "Section 28, Article 11, Title 15 of Chapter 556 of the Laws of 1894, which reads as follows: "The school authorities of any city or incorporated village the schools of which are or shall be organized under Title 8 of this act, or under special act, may, when they shall deem it expedient, establish a separate school or separate schools for instruction of children and youth of African descent, resident therein, and over five and under twenty-one years of age; and such school or schools shall be supported in the same manner and to the same extent as the school or schools supported therein for white children, and they shall be subject to the same rules and regulations, and be furnished facilities for instruction equal to those furnished to the white schools therein."

in the city of New-York

Schools for Colored

Chapter 408 of the Laws of 1900 appropriates $3,500 for the use of the Society for the Preservation of Scenic and Historic Places and Objects "to lay out, improve, manage and maintain the land and premises known as the Stony Point Peninsula."

Stony Point Preservation.

The Franchise

Tax Act.

Chapter 254 of the Laws of 1900 amends Sections 42 and 45 of the Tax act so that hereafter they will read as follows: "Section 42. Assessment of special franchises.— The State Board of Tax Commissioners shall annually fix and determine the valuation of each special franchise subject to assessment in each city, town, or tax district. After the time fixed for hearing complaints the Tax Commissioners shall finally determine the valuation of the special franchises, and shall file with the clerk of the city or town in which said special franchise is assessed a written statement duly certified by the secretary of the Board of the valuation of each special franchise assessed therein as finally fixed and determined by said Board; such statement of valuation shall be filed with the town clerk of the respective towns within thirty days next preceding the first day of July in each year, and with the .clerks of cities of the State within thirty days before the date set opposite the name of each city in the following schedule. In the city of New-York such statement shall be filed with the Department of Taxes and Assessments. SCHEDULE OF DATES FOR FILING OF ASSESSMENTS OF SPECIAL FRAN

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"Each city or town clerk shall, within five days after the receipt by him of the statement of assessment of a special franchise by the State Board, deliver a copy of such statement certified by him to the assessors or other officers charged with the duty of making local assessments in each tax district in said city or town and to the assessors of villages and commissioners of highways within their respective towns and villages. The valuations of every special franchise as so fixed by the State Board shall be entered by the assessors or other officers in the proper column of the assessment roll before the final revision and certification of such roll by them, and become

part thereof with the same force and effect as if such assessment had been originally inade by such assessor or other officer. If a special franchise assessed in a town is wholly within a village, the valuation fixed by the State Board for the town shall also be the valuation for the village. If a part only of such special franchise is in a village, or is in a village situated in more than one tax district, it shall be the duty of the village assessors to ascertain and determine what portion of the valuation of such franchise, as the same has been fixed by the State Board, shall be placed upon the tax roll for village purposes. The valuation apportioned to the town shall be the assessed valuation for highway purposes, and in case part of such special franchise shall be assessed in a village and part thereof in a town outside a village, the commissioners of highways of the town and village shall meet on the third Tuesday in August in each year and apportion the valuation of such special franchises between such town outside the village and such village for highway purposes. In case of disagreement between them the decision of the supervisor of the town shall be final. The town assessors shall make an apportionment among school districts at the time and in the manner required by Section 39 of this chapter. The valuation so fixed by the State Board shall be the assessed valuation, on which all taxes based on such special franchises in the city, town or village for State, municipal, school or highway purposes shall be levied during the next ensuing year. It shall not be necessary for the State Board of Tax Commissioners to give notice to any person, copartnership, association or corporation of the valuation of a special franchise located in any village for village purposes except in a case where such valuation is required to be made for such village purposes by the State Board of Tax Commissioners. The assessors or other taxing officer, or other local officer in any city, town or village, or any State or county officer, shall on demand furnish to the State Board of Tax Commissioners any information required by such Board for the purpose of determining the value of a special franchise.

"Section 45. Certiorari to review assessment.-An assessment of a special franchise by the State Board of Tax Commissioners may be reviewed in the manner prescribed by Article 11 of this chapter, and that article applies so far as practicable to such an assessment, in the same manner and with the same force and effect as if the assessment had been made by local assessors; a petition for a writ of certiorari to review the assessment must be presented within fifteen days after the completion and filing of the assessment roll, and the first posting or publication of the notice thereof as required by law. Such writ must run to and be answered by said State Board of Tax Commissioners and no writ of certiorari to renew any assessment of a special franchise shall run to any other board or officer unless otherwise directed by the court or judge granting the writ. An adjudication made in the proceeding instituted by such writ of certiorari shall be binding upon the local assessors and any ministerial officer who performs any duty in the collection of said assessment in the same manner as though said local assessors or officers had been parties to the proceeding. The State Board of Tax Commissioners on filing with the city, town or village clerk a statement of the valuation of a special franchise, shall give to the person, copartnership, association or corporation affected written notice that such statement has been filed, and such notice may be served on a copartnership, association or corporation by mailing a copy thereof to it at its principal office or place of business, and on a person either personally or by mailing it to him at his place of business or last known place of residence."


The annual Appropriation bill as it passed the Senate amounted to $16,441,751 55. This does not include a reappropriation of $535,252 15. The chief items of the bill are: Executive Department...

$51,900 State Prison departments..


Court of Appeals.


Matteawan Hospital.


Supreme Court.

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Miscellaneous court reporter..

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Civil Service Commission.


Court of Claims...

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Secretary of State.


Fish, Game and Forest Com'sion. 128,350

State Controller (canal fund).


County treasurers' fees..


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Soldiers and Sailors' Home.


State Department of Public In

Elmira Reformatory...


struction and Public Schools...4,122,900

State Board of Health.


State Engineer and Surveyor

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(canal fund)....


Asylums and hospitals.


Railroad Commission..

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88,190 State Board of Charities.

201,080 Cornell University interest.



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Quarantine Commission..

Miscellaneous offices.........
State Architect.

Public Buildings Department..

State Regents..

Annual legislative expenses.

State printing..

Session and general laws.

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Agricultural Department..




7,500 State Lunacy Commission.
State Factory Inspector.





B'd of Mediation and Arbitration.
State Niagara Reservation.



15,000 State Excise Department.




State Inspector Steam Vessels..

505,000 State Superintendent Metropolitan
200,000 Election District..




of Public


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WILLIAM J. BRYAN, of Nebraska.


WILLIAM J. BRYAN, of Nebraska.


WILLIAM J. BRYAN, of Nebraska.


JOS. F. MALLONEY, of Massachusetts. | VALENTINE REMMEL, of Pennsylvania. SOCIAL DEMOCRATS-JULY 10.

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The Republican National Convention began its sessions at Philadelphia, Penn., on June 19. The ante-convention interest centred in the choice of a Vice-Presidential candidate, the renomination of President McKinley for the first place on the ticket being universally conceded. The Western States, aided by Senator Platt, of NewYork, who controlled the delegation from his State, were practically a unit in favoring Governor Theodore Roosevelt of New-York for the second place. The latter was anxious to avoid the nomination, preferring to run for another term as Governor of New-York, and on the afternoon of June 19, the day before the Convention, he issued a statement earnestly requesting that some one else be nominated for Vice-President. Senator Mark Hanna, of Ohio, chairman of the National Committee, and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, of Massachusetts, aided Governor Roosevelt in trying to stave off his nomination. Other Vice-Presidential possibilities were John D. Long, Secretary of the Navy; Congressman Dolliver, of Iowa; Lieutenant-Governor Timothy L. Woodruff of New-York and Cornelius N. Bliss, of the same State. The Convention met on June 19 for a short session, which was devoted entirely to preliminary and routine work. Senator Wolcott, of Colorado, the temporary chairman, made a speech. After the Convention's adjournment for the day the New-York delegation indorsed Woodruff for Vice-President. The second day's session-June 20-was devoted principally to the speech of Senator Lodge, the permanent chairman, and the adoption of the platform. Vice-Presidential sentiment had crystallized in favor of Roosevelt, Senator Hanna had faced about and declared for him, and his nomination seemed assured. The Convention completed its work on June 21 by unanimously nominating McKinley and Roosevelt for President and Vice-President respectively. The most striking feature of the Convention from start to finish was the harmony prevalent. McKinley received every vote in the Convention, 926; Roosevelt every vote but his own. The Convention adjourned sine die on June 21. The Platform.

The platform, which was adopted on June 20, was as follows:

Party Achievements.

The Republicans of the United States, through their chosen representatives, met in National Convention, looking back upon an unsurpassed record of achievement and looking forward into a great field of duty and opportunity, and appealing to the judgment of their countrymen, make these declarations: The expectation in which the American people, turning from the Democratic party, intrusted power four years ago to a Republican Chief Magistrate and a Republican Congress has been met and satisfied. When the people then assembled at the polls, after a term of Democratic legislation and administration, business was dead, industry paralyzed and the National credit disastrously impaired. The country's capital was hidden away, and its labor distressed and unemployed. The Democrats had no other plan with which to improve the ruinous conditions which they had themselves produced than to coin silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. The Republican party, denouncing this plan as sure to produce conditions even worse than those from which relief was sought, promised to restore prosperity by means of two legislative measures-a protective tariff

and a law making gold the standard of value. The people by great majorities issued to the Republican party a commission to enact these laws. This commission has been executed, and the Republican promise is redeemed. Prosperity more general and more abundant than we have ever known has followed these enactments. There is no longer controversy as to the value of any Government obligation. Every American dollar is a gold dollar, or its assured equivalent, and American credit stands higher than that of any nation. Capital is fully employed and labor everywhere is profitably occupied. No single fact can more strikingly tell the story of what Republican government means to the country than this-that while during the whole period of one hundred and seven years, from 1790 to 1897, there was an excess of exports over imports of only $383,028,197, there has been in the short three years of the present Republican Administration an excess of exports over imports in the enormous sum of $1,483,537,094. And while the American people, sustained by this Republican legislation, have been achieving these splendid triumphs in their business and commerce, they have conducted, and in victory concluded, a war for liberty and human rights. No thought of National aggrandizement tarnished the high purpose with which American standards were unfurled. It was a war unsought and patiently resisted, but when it came the American Government was ready. Its fleets were cleared for action. Its armies were in the field, and the quick and signal triumph of its forces on land and sea bore equal tribute to the courage of American soldiers and sailors and to the skill and foresight of Republican statesmanship. To ten millions of the human race there was given "a new birth of freedom,' ," and to the American people a new and noble responsibility.

We indorse the Administration of William McKinley. Its acts have been established in wisdom and in patriotism, and at home and abroad it has distinctly elevated and extended the influence of the American Nation. The Administration Walking untried paths and facing unforeseen responsibiliIndorsed. ties, President McKinley has been in every situation the true American patriot and the upright statesman, clear in vision, strong in judgment, firm in action, always inspiring and deserving the confidence of his countrymen. In asking the American people to indorse this Republican record and to renew their commission to the Republican party, we remind them of the fact that the menace to their prosperity has always resided in Democratic principles, and no less in the general incapacity of the Democratic party to conduct public affairs. The prime essential of business prosperity is public confidence in the good sense of the Government and in its ability to deal intelligently with each new problem of administration and legislation. That confidence the Democratic party has never earned. It is hopelessly inadequate, and the country's prosperity when Democratic success at the polls is announced halts and ceases in mere anticipation of Democratic blunders and failures.

We renew cur allegiance to the principle of the gold standard, and declare our confidence in the wisdom of the legislation of the LVIth Congress, by which the parity

Gold Standard


of all our money and the stability of our currency upon a gold basis have been secured. We recognize that interest rates are a potent factor in production and business activity, and for the purpose of further equalizing and of further lowering the rates of interest we favor such monetary legislation as will enable the varying needs of the season and of all sections to be promptly met, in order that trade may be evenly sustained, labor steadily employed and commerce enlarged. The volume of money in circulation was never so great per capita as it is to-day. We declare our steadfast opposition to the free and unlimited coinage of silver. No measure to that end could be considered which was without the support of the leading commercial countries of the world. However firmly Republican legislation may seem to have secured the country against the peril of base and discredited currency, the election of a Democratic President could not fail to impair the country's credit and to bring once more into question the intention of the American people to maintain upon the gold standard the parity of their money circulation. The Democratic party must be convinced that the American people will never tolerate the Chicago platform.

We recognize the necessity and propriety of the honest co-operation of capital to meet new business conditions, and especially to extend our rapidly increasing foreign

Trade Conspiracies

trade, but we condemn all conspiracies and combinations intended to restrict business, to create monopolies, to limit production or to control prices, and favor such legislation as will effectively restrain and prevent all such abuses, protect and promote competition and secure the rights of producers, laborers and all who are engaged in industry and commerce.

We renew our faith in the policy of protection to American labor. In that policy cur industries have been established, diversified and maintained. By protecting the Protection.

home market competition has been stimulated and production cheapened. Opportunity for the inventive genius of our people has been secured and wages in every department of labor maintained at high rates, higher now than ever before, and always dis-tinguishing our working people in their better conditions of life from those of any competing country. Enjoying the blessings of the American common school, secure in the right of self-government and protected in the occupancy of their own markets, their constantly increasing knowledge and skill have enabled them finally to enter the markets of the world.

We favor the associated policy of reciprocity so directed as to open our markets on favorable terms for what we do not ourselves produce, in return for free foreign markets.


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