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the struggle for life? Is war really Poland to be constituted? Should a “struggle for bread?” Is war Italy have the Trentino? or Rusthus biologically inevitable? Is this sia Constantinople? Should the Darthe true application of evolution to danelles be internationalized? Should human society? Is peace even de the boundaries of Serbia be enlarged ? sirable? Would mankind in a world (4) Can National Greatness be built of peace “perish from its own moral upon Military Power? and physical corruption," as a great What makes a nation great? Is English scholar recently declared? it a question of extent of territory? Does war make for the “survival of Is a German greater than a Belgian? the fittest?” Did Nietschze believe Is it a question of the happiness, that “war for its own sake is one moral elevation and well being of inof the highest goods that can come dividual citizens? Can these be adto a nation?” Is this true? Do the vanced by military power? Germans believe it? Is this a war (5) Can We Avoid European Wars between conflicting ideals, between
in the Future? the ethics of Nietschze and the eth
How do wars arise? Can they be ics of Christ?
avoided "by being so strong that your (2) Should the Settlement be based
enemy will not dare to attack you?" on the Principle of Nationality?
Are they caused by the "the ineradiIs nationality a matter of race, cable wickedness” or the "eradicable language, mode of life, common tra- folly” of mankind? Is war "the ditions, or is it made up of all these failure of human wisdom” or is it the things? Is the sentiment of nation- result of the inevitable rivalry of ality a valuable element in the life competing states? Is the tendency of civilized peoples or a survival that of progress towards rivalry or toshould be swept away by the in- wards cooperation? crease of travel and interdepend
and interdepend. These are five important divisions ence? Is nationality primarily a of the main problem that face us and spiritual force or a demand for po
upon which all of us will be called litical independence? What light is
to give our judgment in one form thrown on this question by the posi
or another. The study of the first tion of the Jews; of the French-Ca
question which is concerned with connadian; of the Germans in the Unit
Aicting ideals will be facilitated by ed States and of the Slav races in
the Study Circle Notes on "Force Austria-Hungary?
and Faith" by G. Currie Martin. (3) What Frontier Rearrangements The Second and Third Division are necessary?
should be examined in the light of How is the Alsace-Lorraine prob- “The War and Democracy” and the lem to be solved? Is its retroces- other books recommended therein. A sion to France likely to cause a war scheme of study has been drawn up for its reconquest by Germany in the by Wm. Charles Braithwaite on the next generation? How is the new “Foundations of National Greatness" to guide the student on the questions in division 4, and an analysis of the problems outlined in division 5 is given in Norman Angell's handbook, “Problems of the War and the Peace."*
The divisions indicated are, of course, arbitrary, and they do not show the full scope of either of the four guides to students which have been mentioned. But they help at least to form questions in our minds, to enable us to know what it is we want to know. And that is the first step to learning and making use of what others may be able to teach.
• Published in London by William Heineman. Published in the United States by G. P. Putman's Sons, New York, under title of "Arms and Industry.”
M HE World Court Magazine publishes the article by Norman 1 Angell on "How To Study the Problems of the War” and the
selected bibliography of important books concerning international affairs which accompanies the articles, in the hope that they will be helpful to observers and students of the great drama now enacted upon the world-stage.
To these articles the editors invite the attention of students and teachers of history and politics, whether in college or out of it; of all who are interested in the work of debating societies and current events clubs in colleges and in schools; of members of International Polity Clubs; of members of reading clubs, women's clubs and study circles ; and finally of present and prospective teachers in the public schools who appreciate their responsibility for the training of children in citizenship.
Articles of similar or related nature will appear in each succeeding issue of the magazine, if it is evident that such publications can be used to satisfy a real need.
We especially wish to present material that will assist debaters in college and elsewhere in preparing themselves to discuss intelligently any and all phases of international relations. With that end in view we are ready to begin the publication of suitable topics for such discussion, and of complete outlines of debates on such subject, with references for further study.
Send a post card or letter now to Editor The World Court Magazine, 120 Broadway, New York, if you want us to make a regular feature of this kind of material.
A Working Library for Students of
Selected by Charles H. Levermore
Timely Books Worth Reading, Representing Different Points of View
James Francis Abbott: Japanese Expansion
and American Policies, Pp. vii, 268; New
York, Macmillan, 1916; $1.50. Norman Angell: The Great Illusion ($1)
and Arms and Industry ($1.25), published by Putnam, New York, in 1918 and 1914, respectively. The World's Highway, 861 pages; New York, George H. Doran Company, 1915; $1.50. A discussion of possible internationalization of the seas, and of the power of economic pressure in support of international law. Roger W. Babson: The Future of World
Peace, 142 pages; Boston, Babson's Sta
tistical Organization, 1915; 75 cents. James M. Beck: The Evidence in the Case
in the Supreme Court of Civilization as to the Moral Responsibility for the War, Pp. xxiv, 200; Putnam, New York, 1915;
$1. General Von Bernhardi: Germany and the
Next War; 288 pages; Longmans, 1912; $1. A paper-covered edition was issued for 25 cents. A noteworthy book written
from a militarist standpoint. Hiram Bingham: The Monroe Doctrine: an
Obsolete Shibboleth, Yale University Press,
Pp. ix, 154; New Haven, 1913; $1.15. Henry N. Brailsford: The War of Steel and Gold, 317 pages; London, G. Bell & Sons, 1915; 50 cents. Another study of economic
causes of war. Georges Bourdon: The German Enigma,
Pp. xiii, 357; London, J. M. Dent & Sons, 1914; $1.25. An inquiry among Germans as to what they think, what they want, what they can do. A. C. Coolidge: The United States as a World-Power, Pp. vii, 885; Macmillan,
New York, 1908; 50 cents. Prof. J. A Cramb: Germany and England;
American edition, Pp. x, 162; E. P. Dutton & Company, New York, 1914; $1. A suggestive work written from a militarist
standpoint. George W. Crile: A Mechanistic View of
War and Peace, Pp. xii, 105; Macmillan, 1915; $1.25. “The brain patterns that dominate at the close of the adolescent and at the beginning of the adult period fix and determine until death the life reactions of the individual.” L. Curtis: The Commonwealth of Nations, an inquiry into the nature of citizenship in the British Empire and into the mutual relations of the several communities thereof. Part I, Pp. xix, 721; Macmillan, 1916; $1.50. w. Evans Darby: International Arbitration,
xii, 927 pp., 4th edition; London, J. M. Dent & Company, 1904; $3.50. An encyclopedia of arbitration, projects and
actual cases. G. Lowes Dickinson: The European An
archy, 144 pp.; Macmillan, New York,
1916; $1.00. C. Ernest Fayle: The Great Settlement,
American edition, 309 pp.; Duffield & Company, New York, 1915; $1.50. All the problems of the war and their possible
solutions at the time of peace. Guglielmo Ferrero: Militarism, 320 pp.;
L. C. Page & Company, Boston, 1903; $8.50. A historical review of international
domination. Carl Russell Fish: American Diplomacy,
Pp. xi, 641; Holt, New York, 1915; $2.75.
The best single volume on this subject. Alfred H. Fried: Europäische Wiederher
stellung, 189 pages; Orell & Füssli, Zurich, 1915; 50 cents. Suggests formation of a European cooperative union. An English translation by Lewis S. Gannett is pub
lished by Macmillan, New York, with the Atle, "The Restoration of Europe," 157
PP.; $1. Sidney L. Gulick: The American-Japanese Problem, Pp. x, 349; Scribner, New York, 1914; $1.76. The Fight for Peace, 192 pp.; Fleming H. Revell Company, New York, 1915; 75 cents. America and the Orient, Outlines of a constructive policy, New York, 1916; 100 pp. Advocates impartial immigration
laws as an aid to peace. Norman Dwight Harris: Intervention and
Colonization in Africa, Pp. xiii, 884; Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1914;
Albert Bushnell Hart: The Monroe Doc
trine, Pp. xiv, 445; Little, Brown & Company, Boston, 1916; $1.75. Includes a good bibliography. An excellent history and discussion of the doctrine in all its
phases. Carlton J. Hayes: The Political and Social
History of Modern Europe, 2 vols.; 1, 581 pp.; 11, 725 pp.; Macmillan, New York,
1916; $4.25. Charles D. Hazen: Europe Since 1815, 830
pp.; Holt, New York, 1911; $3. Brings the story down to 1909. The books by Profs. Hayes and Hazen were prepared for use in college classes, and are both excellent introductions to the study of
modern international relations. David Jayne Hill: World Organization as
Affected by the Nature of the Modern State, IX, 241 pp.; Columbia University
Press, New York, 1911; $1.50. Francis W. Hirst: The Political Economy
of War, 827 pp.; E. P. Dutton & Company, New York, 1915; $2. Economic history of wars during the last two cen
turies. John A. Hobson: Towards International
Government, 216 pp.; American edition, Macmillan, 1915; $1. Constructive pro
posals for world-organization. John Haynes Holmes: New Wars for Old, 869 pp.; Dodd, Mead & Company, New York, 1916; $1.50. Advocates a policy of non-resistance as a Christian duty. William I. Hull: Preparedness, the Ameri
can vs. the Military Programme, 271 pp.; Fleming H. Revell & Company, New
York, 1916; $1.25. Sir Harry Johnston: Common Sense in For
eign Policy, Pp. viii, 119; Smith, Elder & Company, London, 1913; American edition, E. P. Dutton & Company, 1918; $1.25. A discussion of the white man's
burden and duty. Herbert Kraus: Die Monroedoktrin, 479
pp.; J. Guttentag, Berlin, 1913; unbound;
9 marks. An exhaustive investigation. Edward B. Krehbiel: Nationalism, War and
Society; Macmillan, 1916; $1.50. An introduction to the study of the movements
toward world-organization for peace. William Ladd: An Essay on a Congress of
Nations for the Adjustment of International Disputes Without Resort to Arms. Published for the Carnegie Endowment by the Oxford University Press. Introduction by James Brown Scott; Pp. xlv,
162; New York, 1916; $1. Henri La Fontaine: The Great Solution, . Pp. x, 177; World Peace Foundation, Bos
ton, 1916; $1.25. Project for world or
ganization. Walter Lippmann: The Stakes of Diplo
macy, 285 pp.; Holt, New York, 1915; $1.25. The relations between diplomacy
and “big business." D. S. Marvin: The Living Past, a sketch of
western progress, 288 pp.; Oxford Uni
versity Press, New York, 1913; $1.25. Lucia Ames Mead: Swords and Plough
shares, Pp. xii, 249; Putnam, New York, 1912; $1. A historical review of the movement to substitute Law for War. John Bassett Moore: American Diplomacy,
Its Spirit and Achievements; xiv, 286 pp.; Harper, New York, 1905; $2. J. H. Morgan: The War Book of the German General Staff, Pp. xv, 199; McBride, Nast & Company, New York, 1915. Contains a translation of the regulations concerning war on land, issued by the German "Grossgeneralstab.” Philip Van Ness Myers: History as Past
Ethics, Pp. xii, 887; Ginn & Company,
Boston, 1918; $1.50. George W. Nasmyth: Social Progress and
the Darwinian Theory, Pp. xxiii, 417; Putnam, New York, 1916; $1.30. A study of Force as a factor in human relations, and a demonstration that the phrases, "struggle for existence" and "survival of the fittest” have been used to deliver a message which is the precise opposite of Darwin's meaning. Darwin based his theory of social progress upon justice and
the moral law. Jacques Novikov (Novikow): War and its
Alleged Benefits, 180 pp.; Holt, New
York, 1911; $1.20. George H. Perris: The War Traders, 168
pp.; London, S. W., National Peace Council, 167 St. Stephen's House, Westminster. Can be obtained from the American Peace Society, Colorado Building, Washington, D.C.; 30 cents. Influence of armament
firms and war scares. Edith M. Phelps: Selected Articles on the
Monroe Doctrine, 2nd edition, Pp. xxxiii, 337; H. W. Wilson Company, White
Plains, N. Y.; $1. Arthur Ponsonby: Democracy and Diplo
macy, a plea for popular control of foreign policy, 198 pp.; Methuen & Com
pany, London, $1. Mary Katherine Reely: Selected Articles
on World Peace, including international arbitration and disarmament, 2nd edition, Pp. xxxiv, 256; H. W. Wilson Company, White Plains, N. Y.; $1. Outlines of debates, excellent bibliographies and articles
representing all varieties of opinion. Josiah Royce: A Short History of War and Peace, vi, 256 pp.; Holt, New York, 1911; 50 cents. War and Insurance, Pp. i, 96; Macmillan, New York, 1914; $1. An application of principles of mutual insurance to inter
national relations. Charles Sarolea: The Anglo-German Prob
lem, 884 pp.; Thomas Nelson & Sons,
London and New York, 1912; 1 shilling. Stanley S. Sheip: (Editor) Handbook of the
European War, vii, 384 pp.; H. W. Wilson Company, White Plains, N. Y., 1914; $1. This volume in the Handbook Series contains the important facts about the great war, sifted out of a great mass of materials; and a bibliography of the best books on the war by Corinne Bacon.
William English Walling: The Socialists
and the War, 500 pp.; Holt, New York,
1915; $1.50. R. W. Seton-Watson, J. Dover Wilson, Al
fred E. Zimmern, Arthur Greenwood: The War and Democracy, xiv, 390 pp.; Macmillan, 1915; 80 cents. An admirable historical and critical study of the polit
ical causes of the war. William E. Wilson: Christ and War, Pp.
212; James Clarke & Company, London,
1918. A peace-study text-book. L. S. Woolf: International Government,
xxiii, 412 pp.; Brentano, 1916; $2. A work on the prevention of war, prepared for the research department of the English Fabian Society, with the project of a treaty for the establishment of a super
national authority. Current History, a monthly magazine pub
lished by the New York Times Company, Times Square, New York, at $3 a year, is a good chronicle of the great war, and of varying phases of many problems. AUTHORITIES FOR GENERAL
REFERENCE A Digest of International Law, by John
Bassett Moore, 8 Vols.; Government
Printing Office, Washington, 1906. Almanach de Gotha. Edited by Dr. Wendelmuth. A Year Book of Genealogical, Diplomatic and Statistical Information.
Justus Perthes, Gotha; $3. American Journal of International Law,
published quarterly, since 1907, from the press of Baker, Voorhis & Company, 45 John Street, New York, by the American Society of International Law; Secretary, Dr. James Brown Scott, 2 Jackson Place, Washington, D. C. The American Statesman's Year Book; Mc
Bride, Nast & Co., New York; $4. The American Year Book. Begun in 1910.
Appleton, New York; $3.50. Annuaire du Mouvement Pacifiste. Pub
lished by the International Peace Bureau
at Berne, Switzerland. Hazell's Annual Cyclopedia. Begun in 1885.
Scribner (importer), New York; $1.50. Contains an admirable account of all the important events of each year in each country on the globe, with summaries of