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Court and Constructive
M RENCHANT are these words, and justice, and must do their part 1 from a supplemental report of in the development of the agencies by
the Executive Council adopted which their will can be expressed. without dissent by the recent conven- The Executive Council thereupon tion of the American Federation of asks that it be authorized to continue Labor:
its efforts in behalf of an interna“The way to prevent war is to or- tional labor conference after the war, ganize for peace.
with instructions to have the Amer“The working people of all coun- ican Federation of Labor represented tries are vitally interested in the in that conference. maintenance of world peace.
The plan for an international labor "We feel that in addition to ex- conference, after the war is over, is pressing our desire we ought to con- highly important in the minds of Mr. sider constructive suggestions." Gompers and his associates. They
The names signed to the document emphasize the fact that no one can from which these quotations are made foretell what eventuality may occur constitute an impressive list in the in the war; and as peace possibly may field of organized labor: Samuel Gom- come before the 1917 convention of pers, James Duncan, James O'Con- the Federation of Labor, the Execunell, D. A. Hayes, Joseph F. Valen- tive Council feels that it ought to be tine, John R. Alpine, H. B. Perham, in position to “carry out labor's purFrank Duffy, William Green, Frank poses and to protect its interests.” Morrison, John B. Lennon. Presi- The entire supplemental report dent Gompers sends the report to the bears evidence that leaders of organWorld's Court League.
ized labor perceive how intimately a The Executive Council declares it lasting international peace is bound self keenly conscious that for lasting up with international relations of peace institutions and regulations comity and cooperation in matters of alone are not sufficient. These are economic and industrial life. Elseonly the agencies. Back of them where in its supplemental report the must be an international mind and Executive Council, after referring to conscience educated to demand the the appalling conditions in Europe, democratization and humanization of during hostilities, calls attention to our common affairs. The labor the fact that the domain of internamovements of all countries have con- tional relations is yet in chaotic contributed much to the will for peace dition. "There exists a vague mass of customs known as international result in friction, misunderstanding law and the beginnings of interna- or the use of force. tional morality. However, there has While arbitration has an exceedbeen little or no effort to organize this ingly important field of service within domain for peace and for construc
definite limitations, some additional tive work. Public opinion has been
agency is needed for preserving world educated far in advance of the de
peace. “Arbitration treaties exist velopment of agencies through which between practically all civilized counit must operate. The important thing tries,” the supplemental report conis to take steps in the right direction,
tinues. “Between some, as the United when peace brings opportunity. This States and Canada, permanent courts thought has been uppermost in the have been established to adjudicate minds of humanitarian men, many differences. To apply this principle of whom have banded together and to world relations would necessitate formulated definite programs."
a permanent agency, to which would In order that the wage-workers of be submitted all justiciable differAmerica may be informed as to plans ences arising between signatory nadiscussed for settling future disputes tions and not susceptible of other between nations, the Executive Coun- adjustment. Would not a permanent cil briefly recapitulates various pro- world judicial tribunal, composed of posals that have been made. The jurists and those familiar with intercouncil declares that there ought to national law, with jurisdiction over be a voluntary union of nations, a judicial questions concerning memleague for peace, to adjust disputes bers of the league, be a fitting agency and difficulties, and to take the initia- to perform this work?" tive in constructive efforts to direct Having thus expressed itself as to and facilitate world progress in ac- the establishment of a World Court, cord with highest concepts. Atten
the Executive Council makes a tion is called to arbitration as a sug
further suggestion, and an interestgestion usually made for maintaining
ing one. “In international, judicial peace, but the Executive Council
and justiciable matters,” it remarks, points out that arbitration can be
“there are a large number of prob
lems susceptible to mediation and adeffective only in the adjustment of
ministrative action. For these we differences, and thus is limited to
suggest a second agency adapted to justiciable matters; for which rea
deal with matters of an entirely difson, the Executive Council thinks, it
ferent nature, such as economic issues is not suited to adjust difficulties
and the affairs concerned in the daily that are most likely to threaten peace life and work of the citizens of the between countries, and it cannot deal nations. Such a commission should constructively with elements and con- be composed of men in close touch ditions in their making, which, when with industrial and commercial forces further developed, would inevitably in action, not those who from a viewpoint remote from the political and licists, scientists, professional men, industrial struggle look down upon men of affairs, wage-earners—those the activity of the people and the in close touch with the heart of the creative forces hewing out the destiny nations, through their work, whether of the nations. The real interests, as organizers of the processes of proneeds and ideals of the people would duction and commerce or as the hube best represented by selecting for man agents necessary for the utilizathis commission journalists, pub- tion of material resources.”
The Motion Picture as an Influence
By JOHN R. FREULER
TVTHAT would have been the
effect on the world now at
war had the motion picture attained its present power for the promotion of international amity, say fifty years ago?
I do not hesitate to say that the educational influence involved would have been so valuable in general dissemination of internativnal friendliness and understanding, that war would have been unthinkable.
This suggests the probable influence of the motion picture in pro moting international undertsanding for the future, provided due liberty is permitted by governments for the proper development of this tremendously powerful instrument.
There appears excellent ground for the conviction that the rapidly growing universality of the motion picture, through interchange of the best productions, their world-wide exhibition in cities, towns, villages and hamlets, is rapidly bringing about a
feeling of international fellowship such as has never hitherto been approached.
In fact I am impelled to the paraphrase: “Let me make the world's film–I care not who wages its wars."
The power of the motion picture should become infinitely greater than that of the press in composing international differences. The press of each country reflects its biased point of view and therefore aggravates rather than ameliorates.
I believe that the long existent and ever menacing hatreds of the Balkan peoples for each other have always been and are still due to ignorance, superstition and exaggerated tradition, causes which could not have persisted except for the insularity of the peoples involved—the fact that whole nations, separated perhaps by a mere range of hills, knew nothing of each other except that which had been learned through the ferocities of war, and had been encouraged for
centuries by scheming rulers to re picture industry—would not public gard each other with fear and loath- opinion force peace? ing.
The motion picture film attained The principal trouble with the its world-wide circulation just too world has been a lack of neighborly late to be decisive in prevention of feeling—an aloofness toward the this war. I believe that it will, if family next door. It is the tendency sanely used, prove the deciding inof human nature to be suspicious of fluence against wars for the future. and antagonistic to the unknown—to That it has had a large influence in attribute all sorts of evil practices to redirecting public opinion in all such as are, by racial or local cus countries toward peaceful ideals, cantom, offenders against certain pre not be doubted. conceived notions of correct human The persistence of superstition in conduct.
the minds of men is a phenomenon of The work that is being done by
human history. It is worth noting the motion picture is the very great
that we now have in our hands a tool work of breaking down false bar
that shall dig the grave of superstiriers, smashing imaginary embargoes
tion and also that of political greed, -making neighbors of peoples im
which has used it and battened on it
to the detriment of human progress memorially at enmity — displaying them to each other on the screen and
since time immemorial.
This tool, I say, is the motion picconvincing each group, to its intense
ture. It will show one half the world astonishment, that the other doesn't
how the other half lives. It will wear horns. This is the educational process, which carried to its proper
create sympathies, establish friendextent, will abolish war.
ships, abolish fetishes, destroy idols.
It will be the world's schoolmaster in If it is the desire of the nations, as a time when the world is more eager they all insist, to have the truth
than ever before to learn. It will about themselves spread before the
sweep away, ultimately, the "royal eyes of the world, what medium exists
rights” of hereditary incubi. so ready to their hands as that of The potency of the motion picthe motion picture?
. ture's influence has already been There has been wide use of the recognized by powers that thus far film in glorification of the bloody have controlled the world's governscience of war. Suppose the crying ments. It is to be hoped that for the necessity for peace, illustrated from future this vast force will be used a mass of material available in every to extend knowledge and suppress warring country, could be brought ignorance-to educate humanity in to the attention of humanity through the arts of peace and to emphasize world-wide resources of the motion the criminal folly of war.
future. It is to
WORLD'S COURT LEAGUE CONFERENCE
York State Branch League. Some AND DINNER, FEBRUARY 22ND
thirty leading citizens attended. THE Board of Governors of The Professor William B. Guthrie pre1 World's Court League announce
sented the claims of an International a Conference and Dinner at the
Court of Justice as a rational means Hotel Biltmore, New York City, on
of settling disputes between nations. Washington's Birthday, February 22.
" Dr. Samuel T. Dutton, General The Conference of officers, mem
Secretary of The World's Court bers, and guests of the League is League, dwelt on the spread of educalled for 2.30 p. m. At the same cation and democracy which has place a separate morning conference been preparing the world for the will be held by the American Peace establishment of a World Court. He Society and invited peace workers. emphasized the present time as an At 4 p. m. there will be a joint con
unprecedented opportunity to press ference of The World's Court
for its establishment. E. R. Perry, League and representatives of other
national and state branch secretary, organizations.
pleaded for individual exercise of beThe World's Court League dinner at 7 p. m. will be a brilliant affair.
lief in the court by focussing enDistinguished speakers will discuss
deavor in its behalf through active the subject of world organization,
membership in the League. among them James Brown Scott, Brief speeches in favor of the President of the Neutrality Board
court movement were made by Rev. and special adviser to the State De
Dr. William P. Stevenson, pastor of partment; Professor Anna Garlin
the First Presbyterian Church, Rev. Spencer of Pennsylvania, Congress
Charles N. Arbuckle, pastor of the man James L. Slayden of Texas, Mrs. Fanny Fern Andrews of Massa
Baptist Church of the Redeemer, chusetts, Dr. Toyoki-chi Iyenaga,
James G. Beemer, John C. Ten Eyck, and Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler,
Mayor G. T. Lennon and ex-Mayor President of Columbia University. Nathan A. Warren. Mr. Walter The price of the dinner is six dollars. Thomas expressed the opinion that It is requested that members or in- not education, not democracy, not terested persons residing out of town law, but Christianity is the remedy who fail to receive invitations, notify for war. Mr. E. A. Theis, supreme The World's Court League, 120 dictator of the Loyal Order of Broadway.
Moose, stood for the need of an interLUNCHEON AT YONKERS
national court of law and education A SUCCESSFUL conference and as an essential, because we see most A luncheon in the interest of The of the warring nations going to carWorld's Court League was held nage with hymns and prayers on at Yonkers, New York, on Janu- their lips, in the belief that God is ary 6th, under auspices of the New behind their war-making.