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“Breathes There

should stalk the streets in broad daylight, defythe Man”

ing the police, murdering our boys, raping our I am asked to write a “rousing patriotic edi

women and our young girls, and mutilating our

women ai torial-something that will stir the hearts of our

our little children. Would you shrug your shoulders readers and rouse them to the importance of

and keep an indifferent mien because it was my doing their full patriotic duty.” And this I wish

boy that was murdered and not yours, my daughto do. But, if the stirring events that are hap

ter that was violated and not yours, my child that pening around us every day, almost every hour,

was tortured and not yours? Behold, a worse do not arouse patriotic enthusiasm to a red-hot

than Jack-the-Ripper is here. Murderer, liar, pitch, how can I hope to do it with any words



whoremonger, baby-killer-all, all of these is of mine, which, even though they be as vivid as

this vile Prussion Thing; not in the heat of pasI want them to be, are still mere feeble shadows

sion, but in cold blood, as a demoniacal, Machiaof the occasion itself?

vellian system. It seems to me that the question is not, How

Aye, there's the rub There is where we pass can Americans be fired with patriotic passion,

from the fight itself to the crusade beyond the but, How can they escape it? If ever there was

fight. After all, this damnable Prussian Thing a war that made compelling appeal to every

is not a Great Exception. 'Tis not a freak. height and depth and length and breadth of 'Tis but autocracy run to seed. It is the logical American idealism that searched out every nook extreme development of the system which for and cranny of a man's manhood, physical, men

centuries has held the Old World in its grip. tal and moral, and tried it as by fire, surely this

France and England were strangled in its coils is the war! How any man, let alone any Ameri

for hundreds of years ; cast it off by violence two can, can hang back under such a call to his soul

or three separate times before they were finally without blushing to himself in the dark, is more

rid of it; and have lived ever since in the shadow than I can fathom.

of its sinuous form. Russia has just wrenched Take the fight itself. Can it be possible that

herself out of its grasp; and, no matter what

herself ou anyone is still asking, What are we fighting for?

may now be happening to Russia, or what may Change the question a little : leave out the for." yet happen, anything, anything is better than the and ask, rather, What are we fighting? The despotism from which she has finally escaped. president answered it in his last ringing denunci But America—America threw the damnable ation—The Thing. The accursed, diabolical, Thing off at birth; that was her birth. Her unspeakable Thing, that holds nothing, nothing career has been, not a living protest against ausacred—not the virtue of women, nor the honor tocracy, but a living example of freedom from it. of men, nor the helplessness of little children nor And now the hideous Thing has crept up on usbeauty, nor decency, nor common right—but US-and laid its horrid maw on us, and we are drives ruthlessly over them all, like a damned looking into its leering eyes, and feel its hot Juggernaut. As God liveth, we are fighting the tigerish breath on our faces; and we realize that seven-headed Beast; and, does any decent man the world is not safe from it, never, never will be or woman ask why?

safe from it, till it be crushed. Yes, and we It is the Beast that we are leagued together realize that we must help to crush it. We must to fight. And if this be not the very elemental hunt it down, like God's hounds hunting down heart of patriotism, in God's name, what is? evil, till it be cornered, snarling, and dragged to Make it as broad as you like; make it as per- its death. sonal as you please it is all one. No longer are 'Tis a solemn, deadly task that has been thrust you and I isolated savages, whose safety and upon us. There is no choice in the matter. In honor are nothing to the other. We belong to this war there are no volunteers, save those who one family. I am pledged to help defend your volunteer to shirk and to slack. No decent man wife and children from the Beast; and you are can make such a choice. He must, he mi pledged to help defend mine. We can no more not only his “bit” but his all, or forevermore evade our responsibility to each other than to slink shamefaced from the scorn of his own selfour own families. If I fail, I can no longer look respect. Not the gift of his money and his posinto your face; if you fail, you cannot meet my sessions, alone, though these, too, are necessary; eyes. That is patriotism, stripped to the bone. but, the splendidly reckless sacrifice of himself Make no mistake; you and I cannot choose of all his dearest hopes and plans, of all that life whether we will be responsible or not. We are. holds precious, even of life itself, is required of There is no elective heroism about accepting our him. “He that loveth father or mother, or husresponsibility and exercising our patriotism. band or wife, or lands, more than Me is not There is deep, damning shame in repudiating or worthy of Me." withholding it.

Upon your faithfulness and steadfastness and Suppose that in the city where you and I live, sacrifice depends more than you dream. "It will a brutal gang of degenerate Jack-the-Rippers matter little in the day of judgment,” says the

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author of John Inglesant, “by what name you continuamomma G ewinnmemilinumtuminmaa) Gomumwintimunuring have been called, whether Catholic or Protestant, Jesuit or Jansenist, Jew or Gentile. These and

The World War News similar things are mere accidents of birth and

P. I. LEONARD, M. D. circumstance. But, it will matter greatly whether, having chosen your part, you follow it faithfully to the end. For, be sure that no misery

"Our country; its need is our need, its

honor our honor, its responsibility our reis equal to that of the man who, when men have

sponsibility. To support it is a duty, to

defend it a privilege, to serve it a joy. In said 'So-and-so is there on guard, there is no

its hour of trial we must be steadfast, in need to take further heed,' has deserted his post,

its hour of danger we must be strong, in

its hour of triumph we must be generous. or faltered in the hour of danger, to the ruin of

Though all else depart, and all we own be the cause he has made his choice. God grant

taken away, there will still remain the

foundation of our fortunes, the bulwark of our hopes, a such misery never may be yours.”

rock on which to build anew-our country, our homeland,

America."-From American Medicine. May, 1917 (National America will triumph. No sane man has any

Number.) doubt on that score. In this war God has set

He needs must fight
Himself to Satan. Who can spend

To make true peace his own:
A moment's mistrust on the end?

He needs must combat might with might God knows after what terrible violence. The Or might would rule alone. sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon

--Alfred Tennyson. into blood; then shall the end come. But, there will be an end. The Beast will be slain, and all

Apply at once for a commission in the Medithat he stands for. Empires and emperors, king

cal Reserve Corps and thus relieve the responsidoms and kings, will pass away; their day is

bility which you owe to your country, your prodone. The Republic of God is at hand. But, O

fession and yourself. my brother, will you and I share in the victory? The influence of tight collars on the vision, Be not deceived. Do not expect to be swept into by impeding the circulation in the head by pressthe final triumph on the crest of a universal

ing on the jugular vein, is well known to military wave. A wave there will be, without doubt; but,

surgeons. Forster states that three hundred it will be the tremendous aggregate of individual

cases have come under his observation—the eyeeffort, and they who drift passively and com

sight had been affected by the disturbance of the placently on the surface, no less than they who circulation caused by wearing collars that were vainly try to stem its progress, will be sub

too small. merged in its resistless tide. Not even sympathy with the cause will avail anything ; nothing short The orthopedic surgeon, according to Silver, of being a part of it.

is at a very critical period on account of the vast What are you doing?-Dr. T. G. Atkinson in responsibilities before him, and at present he has the American Journal of Clinical Medicine, Chi four roles to take: “1. In the creation of the cago.

army in teaching the rudiments of orthopedic

surgery to medical officers, the care of the feet, American Medical

the application of splints, and the various methEditors' Association

ods of securing immobilization. This should be The next annual meeting of this organization

done at the training camps. 2. It is important will be held at Hotel La Salle, Monday and Tues

that orthopedic materials, apparatus, and methday, June 10 and 11, under presidency of Geo.

ods should be simplified and standardized, so as W. Kosmak, M. D. A full attendance of those

to make them more readily applicable to the interested in medical journalism requested.

difficult conditions of modern warfare and offer Joseph McDonald, Jr., M. D., Secretary. ,

a wider field of usefulness. 3. The orthopedic

care of wounded at base hospitals. This work has Missouri State

already advanced far, and the only difficulty is in Medical Association

securing and training enough men for this work.

4. The orthopedic surgeon has an important part The sixty-first annual meeting of this asso

in the reeducation of the crippled, in making him ciation will be held in Jefferson City, May 6-7-8; the first day being devoted, as usual, to sessions

capable of taking up some useful employment;

thus not only conserving his value, in some measof the house of delegates; the scientific program

ure, to society, but, much more, assuring him the begins on Tuesday morning, the 7th. The beau

right-minded attitude toward his fellows and tiful new state capitol, recently completed, will provide the meeting place of this association.

toward life in general.” The New Central Hotel will be headquarters. At a recent meeting of the Societe de pathoThe program, which will no doubt prove very logie comparee, Drs. Polonowski and Durand deinteresting, is now in preparation.

scribed their method of wound treatment. In

order to avoid contact of the dressings with the dent. Two sick berth attendants go with the wound in cases requiring irrigation, they con- ambulance, and with them is a bag containing ceived the idea of isolating the wound from the the following articles. (1) morphin solution and gauze by a protective apparatus, consisting of a two Wildey's hypodermic syringes; (2) a bottle wire netting molded to fit over the wounded area. of chloroform and face mask; (3) brandy; (4) a The edges rest on a small roll of absorbent cot- bottle of sterilized water; (5) six first-aid field ton fastened to the netting. The irrigating tubes dressings and slings; (6) picric acid dressings; do not touch the wound. Compresses placed on (7) a tourniquet, cloth cutting scissors and a the wire netting protect against dust. The fluids knife. run off into a waterproof bag. The apparatus is

Lieut. Lewis M. Gore of Galva, Kan., a graduuate of the Ensworth Medical College, was sent from Ft. Riley to Ft. Sam Houston for duty.

Professor Ascarelli has recently drawn attention to a form of lesion resorted to by recruits in order to evade military service which he thinks has hitherto escaped general observation. It is most frequently met with as a periarticular condition in the knee, ankle, or wrist, and presents the appearance of a uniform or nodulated swelling, having a bluish-red mottled tint, slightly hot to the touch. Palpation discovers that the swelling is strictly limited to the soft cutaneous or subcutaneous tissue, and is made up of large nodules varying in size from a nut to an apple, of round, oval, or irregular shape, and hard elastic consistence. These nodules are freely movable over the subjacent tissue and adherent to the overlying skin, which is involved in the process by slight inflammatory signs; they do not change their shape after hot fomentation or massage, and are not painful when scientifically tested, except in the early state of their evolution, despite the fact that for obvious motives pain is generally complained of. As the result of his

investigations, and from the confessions of the A soldier's finger transformed into a thumb. Private patients, Professor Ascarelli is able to affirm that Beesley, who was a pianist before he became a soldier, had the thumb on his right hand shot away. A finger these nodules are produced by the single or re

peated injection of mineral oils, especially liquid Private Beesley showing his altered hands.

paraffin. About 2 c.c.c. are injected deeply and

the injection is not absorbable, producing a limimmobilized with adhesive plaster or a mixture ited inflammatory action in the tissues, almost of colophonium, 40; ligroin, 5; turpentine spirits, always without sepsis, and resulting in an area 2, and alcohol, 20. This procedure obviates con- of induration and permanent sclerosis, all trace tact of the drainage tubes and wicks with the of the puncture speedily disappearing. The abwound, and adds greatly to the well-being of the

sence of any general symptom, the characterispatient. Dressings are changed seldom because

tic and strictly localized appearance, and the the irrigation keeps the wound in good condition

course of the lesion render the condition so and it can be inspected by raising the outer

typical that it cannot be confounded with any dressings. This method of dressing permits of

other, such as cellulitis, bursitis, or autocon: subjecting the wound alternately to irrigation

strictive edema. It constitutes no bar to active and to heliotherapy. It is adaptable to all methods of treatment. Fitted out with this ap

service, but the question of ultimate absorption

of the nodules has as yet not been satisfactorily paratus, the wounded can be evacuated painlessly determined.—The Lancet, Jan. 26, 1917. into the interior. The neutral solution of chlorinated soda can be replaced advantageously by Major \\'. H. Luedde of St. Louis, secretary an isotonic solution of sodium chlorid. The re- of the State Medical Defense Committee, made a sulting cicatrix is comfortable and supple. more earnest appeal at the last meeting of Bu

Scheme for first aid at an air station: The chanan County Medical Society than he did a steward on being notified of an accident dis- few months ago. He thinks public opinion will patches the ambulance, which stands always in induce doctors to join the Reserve Corps. If readiness by the sick-bay, to the scene of the acci- you were under the kaiser's jurisdiction you


has now been transplanted on the place where his thumb had been. He was visited by the king at Reading.

would not be asked whether it would suit you to drive of the Department of Labor Children's enlist. Do you appreciate that our liberty is also Bureau. The welfare campaign began April 6. our responsibility now and for the future? Kansas has been among the first states to preEvery man must do his duty, do not let the other pare better baby legislation. A children's bill fellow protect your family, if you do it are we containing a plan for child hygiene work worthy worthy of liberty? Do you mean to say that of national attention, will be introduced at the you love your country? Then be up and doing next session of Kansas legislature. Some of the Men have been rejected from the Medical Offi- things in the matter of child welfare that Kansas cers' Reserve Corps on account of mental and will want to do will be the finding of homes for moral slouchiness. Moral slouchiness is of im- dependent children and the rigid state inspection portance whether the times be of peace or war. of institutions receiving and harboring children.

The bill also provides for public health nursing, Dr. Joseph Getelson, Kansas City, has re- its aim being to secure the health of school chilceived a promotion to captain in the Medical

dren. Blind and deaf children will come in for

dren Corps at Camp Funston.

special consideration. Lieut. R. G. McIntosh, Company 27, 164th In Paris and its suburbs there are about 1,000 Depot Brigade, at Camp Funston, is said by his butchers' shops where only horse meat is sold, superior officers to be the best drill officer in and their average trade is four or five horses the second training unit, where newly drafted each week. They sell nothing but horse meat, men spend three weeks learning the rudiments of because the law forbids the sale except in special soldiering. He is a Creek Indian and a graduate shops. But they do not hide shamefacedly up of kemper Military School at Boonville, Mo. back streets. There are several within a stone's Lieutenant McIntosh had charge of the drilling throw of the Madeleine and a half dozen within of the Kansas City men who went to camp in easy shopping distance of the American embassy. February and enabled them to win high praise The Paris horse butcher is so little ashamed of from Lieut. Col. M. L. Crimmins, commander of his calling that he paints his shop a brilliant red the second detention camp.

and put a gilded horse's head outside as a sign.

All his meat comes from a special horse slaughter An impressive consecration service was held

house at Vaugirard, where the butchering is at the Grand Avenue Temple, Kansas City, for

conducted under rigid municipal supervision. It 244 Red Cross nurses leaving Kansas City to join

is a mistake, according to Paris experts, to supHospital Unit No. 28' and other units. The

pose that the younger the horse the better the nurses were escorted into the temple room by

meat. The reverse is said to be true—at least, Boy Scouts and took seats in front of the audi

horses 8 years old and upward are preferred, and ence. The muster roll of nurses was read by

below that age the meat is said to be tough and Mrs. Amelia Seelye. Dr. Frank G. Smith made

unflavored. The price of the best cuts of horse the consecration address. Dr. Morris H. Turk,

meat in Paris is at present from 18 cents to 50 in the uniform of an army chaplain, spoke a

cents a pound, having doubled since the war. consecration prayer.

Word has been received by Mr. and Mrs. A. Women physicians are wanted and will be E. Erbacher. 3233 McGee street. of the death admitted to membership in the Volunteer Medi- from bomb wounds. March 24. of their brothercal Reserve Corps, under an order made public

in-law, Lieut. Frank V. Frazier of the medical by Dr. Franklin Martin, chairman of the general

corps, in a military hospital in France. Lieut. medical board of national defence. Accompany

Frazier was one of the men who were severely ing this order was an appeal to members of the gassed last November, and convalescing after medical profession to enroll in the reserve corps

several months in the hospital had just returned for work made necessary by the war. Of the

to duty in northern France, where he received the 18,138 physicians now listed 14,911 already have bomb wounds which resulted in his death. He been called to active duty, Doctor Martin stated.

was a native of Gallatin, Mo. He was a practicThe first work of the corps will be substituting

ing physician in Altamont, Mo., and enlisted in 1 for physicians called into far service and caring division of the medical corps under Major Binfor the health of workers in the supply and nie. last July. munitions factories, many of whom are women and girls. "It is safer to be a soldier at the front than

DOCTOR INVEST IN a baby at home.” With this slogan, borrowed

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT from the bitter experiences of England in the

VAR SAVINGS TAMPS matter of infant mortality, the Woman's Committee of the Council of National Defense, is pre

WHO JAVES CERVES paring for the first charge in the better babies

Che Doctors' Library

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for the work. This, the third volume, attests the appreciation accorded it by medical men. It

has been adopted by the government teaching "Next to acquiring good friends, the best force as a guide and text-book upon the subject. acquisition is that of good books."-C. C. Colton.

Its advent at this time is auspicious, the need monoimmgcmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm

for study in face and head wounds has never in

the world's history been so needed. The book MILITARY OPHTHALMIC SURGERY-By Allen covers all diseases of the mouth and jaws as well Greenwood, M. D. , Including a chapter on Trachoma

as all surgical procedures. Much of the work and Other Contagious Conjunctival Diseases, by George E. de Schweinitz, M. D., and a chapter upon is plastic and for this reason numerous cuts have Ocular Malingering, by Walter R. Parker, M. D. Lea been added. In fact, a work on this subject & Febiger, Philadelphia, 1918. (Price $1.50).

would be seriously handicapped without illusThis War Manual No. 3, published under the trations.

trations. While the work deals generously with supervision of the surgeon general, secretary of war, surgery, other, dise

war surgery, other diseases or conditions, conwar and the Council of National Defense, is de- genital and acquired are given full consideration. signed so that it can be carried in the yest pocket. The book is of equal value to dental men, since It is no treatise on ophthalmic surgery. Dr.

in this domain of medical practice the teeth Greenwood brings some points up to date as a re

must be a constant factor. A book so complete, sult of actual experience, wounds of the eyeball,

so broad, so profusely illustrated should be on removal of foreign bodies, keratoplasty, trau

the shelf of every medical man who claims to matic cateracts, wounds of the orbit and the eye

have a library, if only for reference. J. M. B. lids, eye conditions that are an expression or

INTERNATIONAL CLINICS-A Quarterly of diagnostic sign of disease or injuries elsewhere,

selsewhere, Illustrated Clinical Lectures, Especially Prepared refraction, etc., are concisely and practically con- Original Articles on Treatment, Medicine, Surgery, sidered. Every military surgeon should have Neurology, Pediatrics, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Orthosome familiarity with these subjects. Dr. De pedics, Pathology, Dermatology Ophthalmology, Schweinitz has a masterly exposition of tra

Otology, Rhynology, Laryngology, Hygiene, Edited

by H. R. M. Landis, M. D., Philadelphia, U. S. A., with choma and operations necessitated by its ravages, prominent collaborators, Volume 1, twenty-eighth splendidly illustrated. Dr. Parker closes with a series, 1918. Philadelphia and London: J. P. Lippinshort review of the examination of maligners. cott Company, 1918. The authors are well known and the subject mat This volume 1, 298 pages, is profusely illuster is designed specially for the military surgeon trated with plates and charts and a number of in the field.

P. I. L.

colored plate. It contains clinical lectures as folTHE EYE, EAR, NOSE AND THROAT, edited by

lows: Clinic for the treatment of non-pulmonCasey A. Wood, C. M., M. D., D. C. L; Albert H. An- ary tuberculosis, by John B. Hawes, M. D.; drews, M. D., and George E. Shambaugh, M. D. Vol. Gynecologic, by Dr. John Osborn Polk; Clinic of III of The Practical Medicine Series 1917. Compris. Victor D. Lespinasse. M. D.; Report of a clinic ing ten volumes of the Year's Progress in Medicine held at Presbyterian Hospital by Dr. Herman L. and Surgery under the general editorial charge of Charles L. Mix, M. D. The Year Book Publishers, 608 Kletschmer; Surgical Clinic, Dr.frank n S. Dearborn St., Chicago. (Price, $1.50; price of Lahey, Boston City Hospital; Two lectures on series, $10.00).

injury to the cranium and brain in warfare, by These volumes maintain their usual high Charles Green Cumston, B. S., M. D.; Articles standard. Dr. Wood has an excellent article on on Medicine; Clinical Manifestations of the VarMilitary Surgery of the Eye, as well as the latest ious Joint Affections and Their Bearing on Diagin ophthmology. Dr. Andrews brings every- nosis, by Phillip King Brown, M. D.; Hernia of thing new on the ear, while Dr. Shambaugh cov the Lung, with report of a case of spontaneous ers the nose and throat.

hernia of the right lung, by Elmer H. Funk, M.

D. ; some pathologic conditions of the nails, inSURGERY AND DISEASES OF THE MOUTH AND JAWS-By Vilray Papin Blair, A. M., M. D., F.

cluding leuconychia, transverse grooving, inA. C. S., Professor of Oral Surgery in the Washington

curved nails with club fingers and congenital inUniversity Dental School, and Associate in Surgery growing nails by F. Parkes Weber, M. A., M. D., in the Washington University Medical School. Third F. R. C. P. Neurology: The criminal mind, by* edition revised so as to incorporate the latest war Louis E Bisch. A. B. M. D., Ph. D.: the theradata concerning gunshot injuries of the face and jaws. Compiled by the Section of Surgery of the


peutic use of occupation.

peutic use of occupation in the treatment of the Head, Subsection of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Office insane, by John J. H. Murphy, M. D.. In addiof the Surgeon-General of the Army, Washington, D. tion there are other articles on public health, on C. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby Company, 1917. Price, infected wounds. shell and gunshot wounds, and $6.00.

last but not least is a general review of medicine A very complete presentation of a difficult for 1917 by Dr. Frank A. Craig and Dr. P. J. and arduous field of surgery, one which is largely Skillern, Jr. This volume contains much of inplastic. It is written by a man peculiarly fitted terest and its contents are up to date.

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