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Post, p. 119.

not affected.

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Vol. 30, p. 203.

States. Whenever the President shall be satisfied that the conditions which led to the issuance of the proclamation hereinbefore authorized no longer exist, he shall issue a proclamation to this effect, and ninety days thereafter the provisions of the maximum tariff shall be applied to the importation of articles from such country. Whenever Application. the provisions of the maximum tariff of the United States shall be applicable to articles imported from any foreign country they shall be applicable to the products of such country, whether imported directly from the country of production or otherwise. To secure information Employees to secure

information. to assist the President in the discharge of the duties imposed upon him by this section, and the officers of the Government in the administration of the customs laws, the President is hereby authorized to employ such persons as may be required.

Sec. 3. That nothing in this Act contained shall be so construed Cubaneciprocity as to abrogate or in any manner impair or affect the provisions of

Vol. 33, pp.3, 2116. the treaty of commercial reciprocity concluded between the United States and the Republic of Cuba on the eleventh day of December, nineteen hundred and two, or the provisions of the Act of Congress heretofore passed for the execution of the same.

SEC. 4. That the President shall have power and it shall be his duty cial agreements to be to give notice, within ten days after the passage of this Act, to all terminated; foreign countries with which commercial agreements in conformity with the authority granted by section three of the Act entitled, “An Act to provide revenue for the Government and to encourage the industries of the United States," approved July twenty-fourth, eighteen hundred and ninety-seven, have been or shall have been entered into, of the intention of the United States to terminate such agreement at a time specified in such notice, which time shall in no case, except as hereinafter provided, be longer than the period of time specified in such agreements respectively for notice for their termination; and upon the expiration of the periods when such Rates thereafter. notice of termination shall become effective the suspension of duties provided for in such agreements shall be revoked, and thereafter importations from said countries shall be subject to no other conditions or rates of duty than those prescribed by this Act and such other Acts of Congress as may be continued in force: Provided, That until the expiration of the period when the notice of intention to termi- until termination. nate hereinbefore provided for shall have become effective, or until such date prior thereto as the high contracting parties may by mutual consent select, the terms of said

commercial agreements shall remain in force: And provided further, That in the case of those commercial

quired. agreements or arrangements made in accordance with the provisions of section three of the tariff Act of the United States approved July twenty-fourth, eighteen hundred and ninety-seven, which contain no stipulations in regard to their termination by diplomatic action, the President is authorized to give to the governments concerned a notice of termination of six months, which notice shall date from April thirtieth, nineteen hundred and nine. Sec. 5. That there shall be levied, collected, and paid upon all Philippine Islands

. articles coming into the United States from the Philippine Islands regilar duties. the rates of duty which are required to be levied, collected, and paid upon like articles imported from foreign countries: Provided, That, Bratie products ex except as otherwise hereinafter provided, all articles, the growth or cepted. product of or manufactured in the Philippine Islands from materials the growth or product of the Philippine Islands or of the United States, or of both, or which do not contain foreign materials to the value of more than twenty per centum of their total value, upon which no drawback of customs duties has been allowed therein, coming into the United States from the Philippine Islands shall hereafter be admitted free of duty, except rice, and except, in any fiscal year,

Provisos.
Terms to continue

Where no notice re

Exceptions.
Rice.

sugar. Tobacco.

Cigars.

Duty in, on and tobacco imported.

or

ucts to be admitted frie.

Post, p. 173.

Direct shipment required.

sugar in excess of three hundred thousand gross tons, wrapper tobacco and filler tobacco when mixed or packed with more than fifteen per centum of wrapper tobacco in excess of three hundred thousand pounds, filler tobacco in excess of one million pounds, and cigars in excess of one hundred and fifty million cigars, which quantities shall be ascertained by the Secretary of the Treasury under

such rules and regulations as he shall prescribe: And provided

sugar further, That sugar, refined or unrefined, and tobacco, manufrom other countries. factured unmanufactured, imported' into the Philippine

Islands from foreign countries, shall be dutiable 'at rates of import duty therein not less than the rates of import duty

imposed upon sugar and tobacco in like forms when imported Preference to small into the United States: And provided further, That, under sugar producers.

rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, preference in the right of free entry of sugar to be imported into the United States from the Philippine Islands, as provided herein, shall be given, first, to the producers of less than five hundred gross tons in any fiscal year, then to producers of the lowest output

in excess of five hundred gross tons in any fiscal year: Provided, howUnited States prod, ever, That in consideration of the exemptions aforesaid, all articles, the

growth, product, or manufacture of the United States, upon which no drawback of customs duties has been allowed therein, shall be admitted to the Philippine Islands from the United States free of duty: And provided further, That the free admission, herein provided, of such articles, the growth, product, or manufacture of the United States, into the Philippine Islands, or of the growth, product, or manufacture, as hereinbefore defined, of the Philippine Islands into the United

States, shall be conditioned upon the direct shipment thereof from Shipments in bond, the country of origin to the country of destination: Provided, That

direct shipment shall include shipments in bond through foreign damaged territory contiguous to the United States: Provided, however, That if

such articles become unpacked while en route by accident, wreck, or other casualty, or so damaged as to necessitate their repacking, the same shall be admitted free of duty upon satisfactory proof that the unpacking occurred through accident or necessity and that the merchandise involved is the identical merchandise originally shipped from the United States or the Philippine Islands, as the case may

be, and that its condition has not been changed except for such articles for United damage as may have been sustained: And provided further, That all

articles, the growth, product, or manufacture, as hereinbefore defined, of the Philippine Islands, admitted into the ports of the United States free of duty under the provisions of this section and shipped as hereinbefore provided from said islands to the United States for use and consumption therein, shall be hereafter exempt from the payment of

any export duties imposed in the Philippine Islands: And provided compromise from further, That there shall be levied, collected, and paid, in the United

States, upon articles, goods, wares, or merchandise coming into the United States from the Philippine Islands, a tax equal to the internalrevenue tax imposed in the United States upon the like articles, goods, wares, or merchandise of domestic manufacture; such tax to be paid by internal-revenue stamp or stamps, to be provided by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and to be affixed in such

manner and under such regulations as he, with the approval of the Exempt from Phil- Secretary of the Treasury, shall prescribe; and such articles, goods, .

wares, or merchandise, shipped from said islands to the United States, shall be exempt from the payment of any tax imposed by

the internal-revenue laws of the Philippine Islands: And provided inter.evenus further, That there shall be levied, collected, and paid in the Philip

Articles transit.

States to be free from fxport duties.

Internal revenue tax on imports from Philippines,

pine Islands, upon articles, goods, wares, or merchandise going into The Philippine Islands from the United States, a tax equal to the internal-revenue tax imposed in the Philippine Islands upon the like

tnx on imports from l'nited States

Internal-revenue

(nited

Internal revenues to

by .

articles, goods, wares, or merchandise of Philippine Islands manufacture; such tax to be paid by internal-revenue stamps or otherwise, as provided by the laws in the Philippine Islands, and such articles, Exeles from goods, wares, or merchandise going into the Philippine Islands from Chited States tux. the United States shall be exempt from the payment of any tax imposed by the internal-revenue laws of the United States: And provided further, That, in addition to the customs taxes imposed in tax on imports other the Philippine Islands, there shall be levied, collected, and paid States. therein upon articles, goods, wares, or merchandise, imported into the Philippine Islands from countries other than the United States, the internal-revenue tax imposed by the Philippine government on like articles manufactured and consumed in the Philippine Islands or shipped thereto, for consumption therein, from the United States: And provided further, That from and after the passage of this Act all be puid into insular internal revenues collected in or for account of the Philippine Islands treasury. shall accrue intact to the general government thereof and be paid into the Insular treasury, and shall only be allotted and paid out therefrom in accordance with future acts of the Philippine legislature, subject, however, to section seven of the Act of Congress approved Vol. 32, p. 693, July first, nineteen hundred and two, entitled "An Act temporarily to provide for the administration of the affairs of civil government in the Philippine Islands, and for other purposes:" And provided further, That, until action by the Philippine legislature, approved ippine commission. by Congress, internal revenues paid into the Insular treasury, as hereinbefore provided, shall be allotted and paid out by the Philippine Commission.

Sec. 6. That whenever any country, dependency, colony, province Countervailing duty or other political subdivision of government shall pay or bestow, export bounty, directly or indirectly, any bounty or grant upon the exportation of Vol. 30, p. 205, any article or merchandise from such country, dependency, colony, province or other political subdivision of government, and such article or merchandise is dutiable under the provisions of this Act, then upon the importation of any such article or merchandise into the United States, whether the same shall be imported directly from the country of production or otherwise, and whether such article or merchandise is imported in the same condition as when exported from the country of production or has been changed in condition by remanufacture or otherwise, there shall be levied and paid, in all such cases, in addition to the duties otherwise imposed by this Act, an additional duty equal to the net amount of such bounty or grant, however the same be paid or bestowed. The net amount of all such bounties or grants shall be from time to time ascertained, determined, and declared by the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall make all needful regulations for the identification of such articles and merchandise and for the assessment and collection of such additional duties.

Sec. 7. That all articles of foreign manufacture or production, to countries of origin which are capable of being marked, stamped, branded, or labeled, cles. without injury, shall be marked, stamped, branded, or labeled in legible English words, in a conspicuous place that shall not be covered or obscured by any subsequent attachments or arrangements, so as to indicate the country of origin. Said marking, stamping, branding, or labeling shall be as nearly indelible and permanent as the nature of the article will permit.

All packages containing imported articles shall be marked, stamped, Packages to be branded, or labeled so as to indicate legibly and plainly, in English of origin, and conwords, the country of origin and the quantity of their contents, and until marked in accordance with the directions prescribed in this section no articles or packages shall be delivered to the importer.

Should any article or package of imported merchandise be marked, Compliance before stamped, branded, or labeled so as not accurately to indicate the quantity, number or measurement actually contained in such article

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Ascertainment bounty, etc.

Vol. 30, p. 205.

tents.

delivery.

Regulations.

marking, etc.

lottery tickets, etc.,

Vol. 30, p. 208.

or package, no delivery of the same shall be made to the importer until the mark, stamp, brand, or label, as the case may be, shall be changed so as to conform to the facts of the case.

The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe the necessary rules

and regulations to carry out the foregoing provision. Punishment forfalse

SEC. 8. If any person shall fraudulently violate any of the provisions of this Act relating to the marking, stamping, branding or labeling of any imported articles or packages; or shall fraudulently deface, destroy, remove, alter, or obliterate any such marks, stamps, brands, or labels with intent to conceal the information given by or contained in such marks, stamps, brands, or labels, he shall upon conviction be fined in any sum not exceeding five thousand dollars,

or be imprisoned for any time not exceeding one year, or both. Importing obscene Sec. 9. That all persons are prohibited from importing into the jects for u bortion, United States from any foreign country any obscene book, pamphlet, prohibited.

paper, writing, advertisement, circular, print, picture, drawing, or R.S., sec. 2491, p. 457. other representation, figure, or image on or of paper or other material,

or any cast, instrument, or other article of an immoral nature, or any drug or medicine, or any article whatever for the prevention

of conception or for causing unlawful abortion, or any lottery ticket Entry not allowed. or any advertisement of any lottery. No such articles, whether

imported separately or contained in packages with other goods entitled to entry, shall be admitted to entry; and all such articles

shall be proceeded against, seized, and forfeited by due course of Detention, etc. law. All such prohibited articles and the package in which they

are contained in the course of importation shall be detained by the officer of customs, and proceedings taken against the same as hereinafter prescribed, unless it appears to the satisfaction of the collector of customs that the obscene articles contained in the package were inclosed therein without the knowledge or consent of the importer, owner, agent, or consignee: Provided, That the drugs hereinbefore mentioned, when imported in bulk and not put up for any of the purposes hereinbefore specified, are excepted from the operation of this section.

SEC. 10. That whoever, being an officer, agent, or employee of the Government of the United States, shall knowingly aid or abet any person engaged in any violation of any of the provisions of law prohibiting importing, advertising, dealing in, exhibiting, or sending or receiving by mail obscene or indecent publications or representations, or means for preventing conception or procuring abortion, or other articles of indecent or immoral use or tendency, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall for every offense be punishable by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment at hard labor for not more than ten years, or both.

SEC. 11. That any judge of any district or circuit court of the United States, within the proper district, before whom complaint in writing of any violation of the two preceding sections is made, to the satisfaction of such judge, and founded on knowledge or belief, and if upon belief, setting forth the grounds of such belief, and supported by oath or affirmation of the complainant, may issue, conformably to the Constitution, a warrant directed to the marshal or any deputy marshal in the proper district, directing him to search for, seize, and take possession of any such article or thing mentioned in the two preceding sections, and to make due and immediate return thereof to the end that the same may be condemned and destroyed by proceedings, which shall be conducted in the same manner as other proceedings in the case of municipal seizure, and with the same right of appeal or writ of error.

Sec. 12. That the importation of neat cattle and the hides of neat cattle from any foreign country into the United States is prohibited:

Proviso.
Drugs in bulk.

Punishment of offi. cials aiding, etc., violations.

Vol. 35, p. 1107.

Proceedings for seizure, etc.

Vol. 30, p. 209.

Neat cattle and hides prohibited entry.

Proviso.
Suspension from

Vol. 30, p. 210.

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Punishment for vio

Convict-labor manufactures not allowed

R. S., sec. 2502, p. 459.
Vol. 30, p. 209.

Provided, That the operation of this section shall be suspended as to any foreign country or countries, or any parts of such country or countries free from countries, whenever the Secretary of the Treasury shall officially rose sec. 2493, p.457. determine, and give public notice thereof, that such importation will not tend to the introduction or spread of contagious or infectious diseases among the cattle of the United States; and the Secretary of Regulations. the Treasury is hereby authorized and empowered, and it shall be his duty, to make all necessary orders and regulations to carry this section into effect, or to suspend the same as herein provided, and to send copies thereof to the proper officers in the United States and to such officers or agents of the United States in foreign countries as he shall judge necessary:

SEC. 13. That any person convicted of a willful violation of any lationsh of the provisions of the preceding section shall be fined not exceeding Vol. 30, p. 210. five hundred dollars, or imprisoned not exceeding one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.

Sec. 14. That all goods, wares, articles, and merchandise manufactured wholly or in part in any foreign country by convict labor entry.

Vol. 30, p. 211. shall not be entitled to entry at any of the ports of the United States, and the importation thereof is hereby prohibited, and the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to prescribe such regulations as may be necessary for the enforcement of this provision.

SEC. 15. That a discriminating duty of ten per centum ad valorem, duy on importations in addition to the duties imposed by law, shall be levied, collected, and in foreign vessels. paid on all goods, wares, or merchandise which shall be imported in vessels not of the United States, or which being the production or manufacture of any foreign country not contiguous to the United States, shall come into the United States from such contiguous coun- treaties, laws, etc. try; but this discriminating duty shall not apply to goods, wares, or merchandise which shall be imported in vessels not of the United States entitled at the time of such importation by treaty or convention or Act of Congress to be entered in the ports of the United States on payment of the same duties as shall then be payable on goods, wares, and merchandise imported in vessels of the United States, nor contiguoutradantries. to such foreign products or manufactures as shall be imported from such contiguous countries in the usual course of strictly retail trade.

SEC. 16. That no goods, wares, or merchandise, unless in cases pro- American vessels, or vided for by treaty, shall be imported into the United States from of country of origin. any foreign port or place, except in vessels of the United States, or in such foreign vessels as truly and wholly belong to the citizens or subjects of that country of which the goods are the growth, production, or manufacture, or from which such goods, wares, or merchandise can only be, or most usually are, first shipped for transportation.

Forfeiture, etc. All goods, wares, or merchandise imported contrary to this section, and the vessel wherein the same shall be imported, together with her cargo, tackle, apparel, and furniture, shall be forfeited to the United *States; and such goods, wares, or merchandise, ship, or vessel, and cargo shall be liable to be seized, prosecuted, and condemned in like manner, and under the same regulations, restrictions, and provisions as have been heretofore established for the recovery, collection, distribution, and remission of forfeitures to the United States by the several revenue laws.

SEC. 17. That the preceding section shall not apply to vessels or goods, wares, or merchandise imported in vessels of a foreign nation which does not maintain a similar regulation against vessels of the United States.

Sec. 18. That machinery for repair may be imported into the monthinery for repair United States without payment of duty, under bond, to be given in betul. double the appraised value thereof, to be withdrawn and exported . 36, p. 203. after said machinery shall have been repaired; and the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to prescribe such rules and

restricted to

R.S., sec. 2497.p. 458.
Vol. 30, p. 210.

Exception.
R.S., sec. 2198, p. 458.
Vol. 30, p. 210.

R.S., sec. 2511, p.490.

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