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And mercy

sons, ye commit sin, being convicted you commit sin, being reproved by the by the law as transgressors.

law as transgressors. For whosoever shall keep the whole 10 And whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, law, but offend in one point, is become he is become guilty of all.

II For

guilty of all. he that said, Do not commit adul- 11 For he that said, Thou shalt not comtery, said also, Do not kill. Now

mit adultery, said also, Thou shalt not if thou dost not commit adultery, kill. Now if thou do not commit adulbut killest, thou art become a trans- tery, but shalt kill, thou art become a gressor of the law. 12 So speak transgressor of the law. ye, and so do, as men that are to 12 So speak ye, and so do, as being to be judged by a law of liberty. 13 be judged by the law of liberty. For judgment is without mercy to 13 For judgment without mercy to him him that hath showed no mercy:

that hath not done mercy. mercy glorieth against judgment. exalteth itself above judgment.

14 What doth it profit, my breth- 14 What shall it profit, my brethren, if ren, if a man say he hath faith, but a man say he hath faith, but hath not have not works? can that faith save works? Shall faith be able to save him? him? 15 If a brother or sister be 15 And if a brother or sister be naked, naked and in lack of daily food, and want daily food: 16 and one of you say unto them, 16 And one of you say to them: Go in Go in peace, be ye warmed and peace, be ye warmed and filled; yet give filled; and yet ye give them not the them not those things that are necesthings needful to the body; what sary for the body, what shall it profit? doth it profit? 17 Even so faith, 17 So faith also, if it have not works, is if it have not works, is dead dead in itself. in itself. 18 Yea, a

man will

18 But some man will say: Thou hast say, Thou hast faith, and I have faith, and I have works: shew me thy works: show me thy faith apart faith without works; and I will shew thee, from thy works, and I by my works by works, my faith. will show thee my faith. 19 Thou 19 Thou believest that there is one God. believest that God is one; thou do- Thou dost well: the devils also believe est well: the demons also believe, and tremble. and shudder. 20 But wilt thou 20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, know, O vain man, that faith apart that faith without works is dead? from works is barren? 21 Was not 21 Was not Abraham our father justiAbraham our father justified by fied by works, offering up Isaac his son works, in that he offered up Isaac upon the altar? his son upon the altar? 22 Thou

22 Seest thou, that faith did co-operate seest that faith wrought with his with his works; and by works faith was works, and by works was faith made perfect ? made perfect; 23 and the scripture 23 And the scripture was fulfilled, say

fulfilled which saith, And ing: Abraham believed God, and it was Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was reckoned unto him for righteous- called the friend of God. ness; and he was called the friend 24 Do you see that by works a man is of God. 24 Ye see that by works justified; and not by faith only ? a man is justified, and not only by 25 And in like manner also Rahab the faith. 25 And in like manner was harlot, was not she justified by works, not also Rahab the harlot justified receiving the messengers, and sending by works, in that she received the them out another way? messengers, and sent them out an- 26 For even as the body without the other way? 26 For as the body spirit is dead; so also faith without works apart from the spirit is dead, even is dead. so faith apart from works is dead.

was

CHAPTER 3.

3BE

MY

a

Y brethren, be not many masters,

knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.

2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.

3 Behold, we put bits in the horses' 'mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body.

4 Behold also the ships, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.

5 Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!

6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.

7 For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:

8 But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poi

9 Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse men, which are made after the similitude of God.

10 Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

II Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet water and bitter?

12 Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

13 Who is a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom.

14 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.

15 This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

16 For where envying and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work.

17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and

E not

many teachers, my brethren, knowing that we shall receive heavier judgement. 2 For in many things we all stumble. If any stumbleth not in word, the same is a perfect man, able to bridle the whole body also. 3 Now if we put the horses' bridles into their mouths, that they may obey us, we turn about their whole body also. 4 Behold, the ships also, though they are so great, and are driven by rough winds, are yet turned about by a very small rudder, whither the impulse of the steersman willeth. 5 So the tongue also is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how much wood is kindled by how small a fire! 6 And the tongue is a fire: the world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the wheel of nature, and is set on fire by hell. 7 For every kind of beasts and birds, of creeping things and things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind: 8 but the tongue can no man tame; it is a restless evil, it is full of deadly poison. 9 Therewith bless we the Lord and Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the likeness of God: 10 out of the same mouth cometh forth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be. II Doth the fountain send forth from the same opening sweet water and bitter? 12 can a fig tree, my brethren, yield olives, or a vine figs? neither can salt water yield sweet.

13 Who is wise and understanding among you? let him shew by his good life his works in meekness of wisdom. 14 But if ye have bitter jealousy and faction in your heart, glory not and lie not against the truth. 15 This wisdom is not a wisdom that cometh down from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish. 16 For where jealousy and faction are, there is confusion and every vile deed. 17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without variance, without

son.

we

3BE

E not many of you teachers,

CHAPTER 3. my brethren, knowing that we shaly receive heavier judgment. Bekxewing that you receive the greater

E ye not 2 For in many things we all stumble. If any stumbleth not in word, judgment. the same is a perfect man, able to 2 For in many things we all offend. If bridle the whole body also. 3 Now any man offend not in word, the same is if we put the horses' bridles into a perfect man. He is able also with a their mouths that they may obey bridle to lead about the whole body. us, we turn about their whole body 3 For if we put bits into the mouths of also. 4 Behold, the ships also, horses, that they may obey us, and we though they are so great and are turn about their whole body. driven by rough winds, are yet 4 Behold also ships, whereas they are turned about by a very small rud- great, and are driven by strong winds, der, whither the impulse of the yet are they turned about with a small steersman willeth. 5 So the tongue helm, whithersoever the force of the govalso is a little member, and boast

ernor willeth. eth great things. Behold, how 5 Even so the tongue is indeed a little much wood is kindled by how small member, and boasteth great things. Bea fire! 6 And the tongue is a fire: hold how small a fire kindleth a great the world of iniquity among our

wood. members is the tongue, which de- 6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of fileth the whole body, and setteth iniquity. The tongue is placed among on fire the wheel of nature, and is our members, which defileth the whole set on fire by hell. 7 For every body, and inflameth the wheel of our kind of beasts and birds, of creep- nativity, being set on fire by hell. ing things and things in the sea, is 7 For every nature of beasts, and of tamed, and hath been tamed by birds, and of serpents, and of the rest, is mankind: 8 but the tongue can no tamed, and hath been tamed, by the nature man tame; it is a restless evil, it is

of man: full of deadly poison. 9 Therewith 8 But the tongue no man can tame, an bless we the Lord and Father; and unquiet evil, full of deadly poison. therewith curse we men, who are 9 By it we bless God and the Father : made after the likeness of God: 10 and by it we curse men, who are made out of the same mouth cometh after the likeness of God. forth blessing and cursing. My 10 Out of the same mouth proceedbrethren, these things ought not so eth blessing and cursing. My brethren, to be. 11 Doth the fountain send these things ought not so to be. forth from the same opening sweet 11 Doth a fountain send forth, out of water and bitter ? 12 can a fig tree, the same hole, sweet and bitter water? my brethren, yield olives, or a vine 12 Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear figs? neither can salt water yield grapes; or the vine, figs? So neither can sweet.

the salt water yield sweet. 13 Who is wise and understand- 13 Who is a wise man, and endued with ing among you? let him show by knowledge among you? Let him shew, his good life his works in meek- by a good conversation, his work in the ness of wisdom. 14 But if ye have meekness of wisdom. bitter jealousy and faction in your

14 But if you have bitter zeal, and there heart, glory not and lie not against

be contentions in your hearts; glory not, the truth. 15 This wisdom is not and be not liars against the truth. a wisdom that cometh down from 15 For this is not wisdom, descending above, but is earthly, sensual, devil- from above: but earthly, sensual, devish, 16 For where jealousy and

ilish. faction are, there is confusion and 16 For where envying and contention every vile deed. 17 But the wis- is, there is inconstancy, and every evil dom that is from above is first pure, work. then peaceable, gentle, easy to be 17 But the wisdom, that is from above, entreated, full of mercy and good first indeed is chaste, then peaceable, modfruits, without variance, without est, easy to be persuaded, consenting to

good fruits, without partiality, and with- hypocrisy. 18. And the fruit of out hypocrisy.

righteousness is sown in peace for 18 And the fruit of righteousness is them that make peace. sown in peace of them that make peace.

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your lusts.

CHAPTER 4.

HENCE come FROM whence come wars and fighting

and

come fightings even of your lusts that war in your mem- among you? come they not hence, bers?

even of your pleasures that war in 2 Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and your members ? 2 Ye lust, and have desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye not: ye kill, and covet, and cannot fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye obtain: ye fight and war; ye have ask not.

not, because ye ask not. 3 Ye ask, 3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye and receive not, because ye ask ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon amiss, that ye may spend it in your

pleasures. 4 Ye adulteresses, know 4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the ye not that the friendship of the world is world is enmity with God? Whoenmity with God? whosoever therefore soever therefore would be a friend will be a friend of the world is the enemy of the world maketh himself an of God.

enemy of God. 5 Or think ye that 5 Do ye think that the scripture saith the scripture speaketh in vain? in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us Doth the spirit which he made to lusteth to envy?

dwell in us long unto envying ? 6 6 But he giveth more grace. Where- But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but fore the scripture saith, God regiveth grace unto the humble.

sisteth the proud, but giveth grace 7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. to the humble. 7 Be subject thereResist the devil, and he will flee from you. fore unto God; but resist the devil,

8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw and he will flee from you. 8 Draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sin- nigh to God, and he will draw nigh ners; and purify your hearts, ye double

to you.

Cleanse your hands, ye minded.

sinners; and purify your hearts, ye 9 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep:

doubleminded. 9 Be afflicted, and let your laughter be turned to mourning, mourn, and weep: let your laughter and your joy to heaviness.

be turned to mourning, and your 10 Humble yourselves in the sight of joy to heaviness. 10 Humble yourthe Lord, and he shall lift you up. selves in the sight of the Lord,

11 Speak not evil one of another, breth- and he shall exalt you. ren. He that speaketh evil of his brother, II Speak not one against anand judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of other, brethren. He that speaketh the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou against a brother, or judgeth his judge the law, thou art not a doer of the brother, speaketh against the law, law, but a judge.

and judgeth the law: but if thou 12 There is one lawgiver, who is able judgest the law, thou art not a doer to save and to destroy: who art thou that of the law, but a judge. 12 One judgest another?

only is the lawgiver and judge, even 13 Go to now, ye that say, To day or he who is able to save and to deto morrow we will go into such a city, stroy: but who art thou that judgand continue there a year, and buy and est thy neighbour ? sell, and get gain :

13 Go to now, ye that say, To14 Whereas ye know not what shall be day or to-morrow we will go into on the morrow. For what is your life? this city, and spend a year there, It is even

a vapour, that appeareth for and trade, and get gain : 14 whereas a little time, and then vanisheth away. ye know not what shall be on the

15 For that ye ought to say, If the Lord morrow. What is your life? For will, we shall live, and do this, or that. ye are a vapour, that appeareth for hypocrisy. 18 And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace for them that make peace.

the good, full of mercy and good fruits, without judging, without dissimulation.

18 And the fruit of justice is sown in peace, to them that make peace.

CHAPTER 4.

4W

соте wars
соте

FRO

THENCE

and "ROM whence are wars and contenwhence

fightings tions among you? Are they not among you? come they not hence, hence, from your concupiscences, which even of your pleasures that war in war in your members? your members? 2 Ye lust, and have 2 You covet, and have not: you kill, and not: ye kill, and covet, and cannot envy, and can not obtain. You contend obtain: ye fight and war; ye have and war, and you have not, because you not, because ye ask not. 3 Ye ask, ask not. and receive not, because ye ask 3 You ask, and receive not; because you amiss, that ye may spend it in your ask amiss: that you may consume it on pleasures. 4 Ye adulteresses, know your concupiscences. ye not that the friendship of the 4 Adulterers, know you not that the world is enmity with God? Who- friendship of this world is the enemy of soever therefore would be a friend God? Whosoever therefore will be a of the world maketh himself an friend of this world, becometh an enemy enemy of God. 5 Or think ye that of God. the scripture speaketh in vain? 5 Or do you think that the scripture Doth the spirit which he made to saith in vain: To envy doth the spirit dwell in us long unto envying ? 6 covet which dwelleth in you? But he giveth more grace. Where- 6 But he giveth greater grace. Wherefore the scripture saith, God resist- fore he saith: God resisteth the proud, eth the proud, but giveth grace to and giveth grace to the humble. the humble. 7 Be subject therefore 7. Be subject therefore to God, but unto God; but resist the devil, and resist the devil, and he will fly from he will flee from you. 8 Draw nigh you. to God, and he will draw nigh to 8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw you. Cleanse your hands, ye sin- nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye ners: and purify your hearts, ye double doubleminded. 9 Be afflicted, and minded. mourn, and weep: let your laugh- 9 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: ter be turned to mourning, and your let your laughter be turned into mournjoy to heaviness. 10 Humble your- ing, and your joy into sorrow. selves in the sight of the Lord, and 10 Be humbled in the sight of the Lord, he shall exalt you.

and he will exalt you. 11 Speak not one against another, 1 Detract not one another, my brethbrethren. He that speaketh against

He that detracteth his brother, or a brother, or judgeth his brother, he that judgeth his brother, detracteth speaketh against the law, and judg- the law, and judgeth the law. But if eth the law: but if thou judgest the thou judge the law, thou art not a doer law, thou art not a doer of the law, of the law, but a judge. but a judge. 12 One only is the 12 There is one lawgiver, and judge, lawgiver and judge, even he who is that is able to destroy and to deliver. able to save and to destroy: but 13 But who art thou that judgest thy who art thou that judgest thy neighbour? Behold, now you that say: neighbor ?

To day or to morrow we will go into such 13 Come now, ye that say, To- a city, and there we will spend a year, day or to-morrow we will go into and will traffic, and make our gain. this city, and spend a year there, 14 Whereas you know not what shall and trade, and get gain: 14 whereas be on the morrow. ye know not what shall be on the 15 For what is your life? It is a vapour morrow. What is your life? For which appeareth for a little while, and ye are a vapor that appeareth for afterwards shall vanish away. For that

ren.

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