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through India. The hearty affection with which he has been received by my Indian subjects of all classes and races assures me that they are happy under my rule and loyal to my throne. At the time that the direct Government of ny Indian Empire was transferred to the Crown, no formal addition was made to the style and titles of the Sovereign. I have deemed the present a fitting opportunity for supplying this omission, and a Bill upon the subject will be presented to you.
The humane and enlightened policy consistently pursued by this country in putting an end to slavery within her own dependencies, and in suppressing the Slave Trade throughout the world, makes it important that the action of British national ships in the territorial waters of Foreign States should be in harmony with these great principles. I have, tlierefore, given directions for the issue of a Royal Commission to inquire into all Treaty engagements and other international obligations bearing upon this subject, and all instructions from time to time issued to my naval officers, with a view to ascertain whether any steps ought to be taken to secure for my ships and their Commanders abroad greater power for the maintenance of the right of personal liberty.
A Bill will be laid before you for punishing slave-traders who are subjects of Native Indian Princes.
The affairs of my Colonial Empire, the general prosperity of which has continued to advance, have received a large share of my attention. Papers of importance and interest will soon be in your hands showing the proceedings with respect to a Conference of the South African Colonies and States.
The murder of a high officer of the Straits Settlements whilst acting as Resident in a neighbouring Malay State, and the disorders ensuing on that outrage, have demanded the interference of my troops. I trust that the operations, which have been ably and energetically conducted, though not without the loss of some valuable lives, bave restored order, and re-established the just influence and authority of this country. Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
I have directed the Estimates of the year to be prepared and presented to you without delay.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
Bills for regulating the Ultimate Tribunal of Appeal for the United Kingdom, and for the amendment of the Merchant Shipping Laws, will be immediately submitted to you.
Legislation will be proposed relating to the Universities and to Primary Education.
Your attention will be called also to the Acts relating to the Inclosure of Commons, and to a measure for promoting economy and efficiency in the management of Prisons, and at the same time effecting a relief of local burtbens.
Other important measures, as the time of the Session permits, will be introduced to your notice; and I pray that your deliberations may, under the Divine blessing, result in the happiness and contentment of my people.
SPEECH of the Queen, on the Closing of the British Parlia
ment.-Westminster, August 15, 1876.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
I am happy to be able to release you from your attendance in Parliament,
My relations with all Foreign Powers are of a friendly character, and I look forward confidently to the maintenance of the good understanding which now prevails.
The efforts which, in common with other Powers, I have made to bring about a settlement of the differences unfortunately existing between the Porte and its Christian subjects in Bosnia and Herzegovina have hitherto been unsuccessful, and the conflict begun in those Provinces bas been extended to Servia and Montenegro. Should a favourable opportunity present itself, I shall be ready, in concert with my allies, to offer my good offices for the purpose of mediation between the contending parties ; bearing in mind alike the duties imposed upon me by Treaty obligations and those which arise from considerations of humanity and policy.
A difference has arisen between my Government and that of the United States as to the proper construction of that Article of the Treaty of 9th August, 1842, which relates to the mutual surrender of persons accused of certain offences. The inconveniences to both countries which would follow on a cessation of the practice of extradition are great and obvious, and I entertain the hope that a new arrangement may soon be arrived at, by which this matter may be placed on a satisfactory footing.
I am deeply thankful that my dear son, the Prince of Wales, has returned in good health from his lengthened journey through India. His presence in that part of my dominions has given occasion for the expression of feelings of loyalty and devotion to my throne which I highly value. Io pursuance of the power conferred upon me, I have, by
Proclamation, assumed the title of Empress of India. In making, as regards India, this addition to the ancient style of my Crown, I have desired to record, on an occasion of peculiar interest to me, the earnest solicitude which I feel for the happiness of my Indian people.
I trust that peace and order are re-established in the Malay Peninsula, and that the rulers of the native States will cheerfully accept the recommendations and assistance of my officers for the better government of their territories.
The visit to this country of the President of the Orange Free State has resulted in a satisfactory settlement of the long controversy which has existed with reference to the Province of GriquaLand, and an important advance has thus been made towards that friendly and cordial co-operation of neighbouring States which is essential to the interests of South Africa.
The Conference on South African affairs, with regard to which papers have already been laid before you, is now sitting in London, and cannot fail to contribute largely to the settlement of various important questions.
Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
I thank you for the liberal supplies which you have voted for the public service.
The additional outlay required to place my army and navy upon a proper footing of efficieney, and the check which has been given to the advance of the revenue by the comparative stagnation of trade, have compelled me to propose to you an increase of taxation. I desire to acknowledge the readiness with which you have responded to that appeal, and at the same time to assure you that no effort shall be wanting to keep the expenditure of the country within the bounds of moderation.
I notice with satisfaction the increasing attention paid by you to the question of local finance, and your greater watchfulness over the cost of services which are every year becoming more important, and the consideration of which ought not to be dissevered from that of Imperial expenditure.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
The Act wbich you have passed for the amendment of the laws relating to Merchant Shipping will, I trust, promote the safety of our ships and seamen, without imposing unnecessary restrictions upon the conduct of a service in the prosperity of which our national interests are in so many ways involved.
The measure for making further provision respecting the elementary education of the country is one of great importance, and
will complete the work on which successive Parliaments have for many years been engaged, by securing a due attendance at school of the children for whose benefit the means and the machinery of education have been so largely supplied.
I have readily given my assent to a Bill for facilitating the Regulation and Improvement of Commons, and for making such amendients in the Inclosure Acts as will, I hope, tend to the preservation of open spaces in the neighbourhood of large towns and to the increase of the health and comfort of my people.
The serious evils arising from the Pollution of Rivers have long been the subject of public complaint, and I rejoice that you have passed a measure which, by checking those evils, will improve the sanitary condition of the country.
I have observed with much satisfaction the arrangements which you have made for maintaining and increasing the efficiency of the Tribunal of Ultimate Appeal for the United Kingdom, by which, at the same time, the Judicial Committee of my Privy Council and my Intermediate Court of Appeal will be improved and strengthened.
I anticipate the best results from the Act which you have passed providing safeguards against painful experiments upon living animals.
I regret that pressure of other business has prevented the completion of your labours upon several measures of much importance. Among these I specially notice tbe Bills relating to the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, to the Administration of Prisons, and to the Law atfecting Maritime Contracts. I trust, however, that the attention which you have given to these questions in the past Session may facilitate their settlement in the next.
In bidding you farewell, I pray that the blessing of Providence may rest on your recent labours, and accompany you in the diseharge of all your duties.
TREATY between Great Britain and France, for the Mutual
Surrender of Fugitive Criminals.-Signed at Paris, August 14, 1876.
[Ratifications exchanged at Paris, April 8, 1878.]
HER Majesty the Queen of Sa Majesté la Reine du Roythe United Kingdom of Great aume Uni de la Grande Bre. Britain and Ireland, and the tagne et d'Irlande, et le PrésiPresident of the French Re. dent de la République Française, public, having recognized the ayant reconnu l'insuffisance des
insufficiency of the provisions of dispositions de la Convention conthe Treaty concluded on the 13th clue le 13 Février, 1813,* entre of February, 1843,* between la Grande Bretagne et la France, Great Britain and France for pour l'extradition réciproque des the reciprocal extradition of malfaiteurs, ont résolu, d'un criminals, have resolved, by commun accord, de la remplacer common accord, to replace it by par une autre Convention plus another and
complete complète, et ont nommé, à cet. Treaty, and have named as their effet, pour leurs Plénipotentiaires respective Plenipotentiaries for respectifs : this purpose, that is to say :
Her Majesty the Queen of Sa Majesté la Reine du Roythe United Kingdom of Great aume Uni de la Grande BreBritain and Ireland, the Right tagne et d'Irlande, le TrèsHonourable Richard Bickerton Honorable Richard Bickerton Pemell, Lord Lyons, a Peer of Pemell, Lord Lyons, Pair du the United Kingdom of Great Royaune Uni, Chevalier GrandBritain and Ireland, Knight Croix du Très-Honorable Ordre Grand Cross of the Most Hon du Bain, Membre du Trèsourable Order of the Bath, one Honorable Conseil Privé de Sa of Her Britannic Majesty's Most Majesté Britannique, Son AmHonourable Privy Council, and bassadeur Extraordinaire et PléHer said Majesty's Ambassador nipotentiaire près le GouverneExtraordinary and Plenipoten- ment de la République Française, tiary to the Government of the French Republic, &c.;
And the President of the Et le Président de la RépubFrench Republic, M. le Duc lique Française, M. le Duc Decazes, Member of the Chamber Decazes, Membre de la Chambre of Deputies, Minister for Fo. des Députés, Ministre des reign Affairs, Grand Officer of Affaires Étrangères, Grand Offithe National Order of the Legion cier de l'Ordre National de la of Honour, &c.;
Légion d'Honneur, &c.; Who, after having communi. Lesquels, après s'être commucated to each other their respec- niqué leurs pleins pouvoirs retive full powers, found in good spectifs, trouvés en bonne et due and due form, have agreed upon forme, sont convenus des Articles the following Articles :
suivants : ART. I. The High Contracting ART. I. Les Hautes Parties Parties engage to deliver np to Contractantes s'engagent à se each other those persons who are livrer réciproquement les indibeing proceeded against or who vidus poursuivis ou condamnés have been convicted of a crime pour un crime commis sur le committed in the territory of territoire de l'autre dans les cir.
* Vol. XXXI. Page 194.