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Their

QUASHIE, for Ahgboho.
A WOOYAMAH, Chief of Surombgae.
LABITOE, Chief of Hootoi.
ARY ECOO (for the King of Christiansborg).
MENSAH (for King CUDJOE of Accra).

BOCHUE AFLAR (for King TACKIE of Accra).

marks. Witnesses: C. O'CALLAGHAN, Captain 1st W. I. Regiment. J. P. McEwen, Navigating Lieutenant, Royal Navy, Commanding

Her Majesty's colonial steamer Sherbro.
Tuos. Geo. Lawson, Government Messenger and Interpreter, Sierra

Leone.
ROBERT BANNERMAN, Delegate from Accra.

I have heard this Treaty read to me by Mr. Lawson, and Mr. Bannerman and I agree to its contents.

His

LOZOGBAGBA, King of Ahwoonlah.

mark. Witnesses to marks : ROBERT BANNERMAN, Delegate from Accra. Thos. Geo. LAWSON, Government Messenger and Interpreter, Sierra

Leone.

We, the Undersigned, hereby agree to, and ratify, the foregoivg Treaty.

Their

TACKIE, King of Accra.
CUDJOE, King of James Town.
MARKU, King of Christiansborg.
JÉTAY AGIN, Chief of Ussher Town.
ACKRAMAH, Chief of Ussher Town.
ARMOO DARQUOR, Chief of Ussher Town.
ANNEGAY, Chief of James Town.
AMMANEH ACQUAY, Chief of James Town.
H. BADDOO, Headman in James Town.
NAH OCAUSEY, on behalf of the King of

Addah,

OCLU, Interpreter to the King of Addah. ☆ MANGKRALOH, for Head Chief of Christians

marks. borg.
Signed at Accra, this 12th day of May, 1871.*

Witnesses :
C. O'CALLAGHAN, Captain 1st W. 1. Regiment.

* Approval of British Government proclaimed at Cape Coast, October 26,

X X X X

ROBERT BANNERMAN, Deleyate from Accra.
Tuos. Geo. Lawson, Gorernment Messenger and Interpreter, Sierra

Leone.
W. ADDO.

(3.) ENGAGEMENT with Chiefs holding authority on the South

Bank of the River Congo. (Slave Trade. Commerce. Human
Sacrifices. Religion.) River Congo, March 27, 1876.

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ENGAGEMENT between Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain

and Ireland, &c., and the principal Chiefs (whose names here. after appear) holding authority on the South Bank of the River Congo, for the abolition of the traffic in slaves, for the preven: tion of human sacrifices, for the encouragement of lawful commerce for the protection of all white traders, more particularly British, and for the punishment of all pirates and disturbers of the peace and good order of the river.

COMMODORE Sir William Nathan Wrighte Hewett, K.C.B., V.C., commanding Her Britannic Majesty's naval forces on the West Coast of Africa, on the part of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, &c., and the principal Chiefs holding authority on the south bank of the River Congo (whose names are hereunto subscribed), on the part of themselves, their heirs and successors, have agreed upon the following Articles, viz. :

Art. I. The export of slaves to foreign countries is for ever abolished in the territories of the Chiefs who are parties hereto; and the Chiefs who are parties hereto do, for themselves, their heirs and successors, engage to make and proclaim a law prohibiting any of their dependents, or any person within their jurisdic, tion, from selling or assisting in the sale of any slaves for transportation to a foreign country, and the Chiefs who are parties hereto promise to inflict a severe punishment on any person who sball break this law.

II. No European or other person whatever shall be permitted to reside within the territories of the Chiefs who are parties hereto, or of their heirs or successors, for the purpose of carrying on in any way the Traffic in Slaves; and no houses, stores, or buildings of any kind whatever shall be erected for the purpose of the Slave Trade wit in the territories of the Chiefs who are parties hereto, or of their heirs or successors; and if any such houses, stores, or buildings shall at any future time be erected, and the Chiefs who are parties thereto, or their heirs or successors, fail or find themselves unable to destroy them, they may be destroyed

by any British officers employed for the suppression of the Slave Trade.

III. If at any time it shall appear that the Slave Trade has been carried on through or from the territories of the Chiefs who are parties hereto, the Slave Trade may be put down by force upon those territories; and British officers may seize the boats of the Chiefs who are parties hereto, or of their heirs and successors, found anywhere carrying on the Slave Trade; and the Chiefs who are parties hereto, their heirs and successors, will subject themselves to Her Britannic Majesty's severe displeasure.

IV. The subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, and all white foreigners, may always trade freely with the people of the Chiefs who are parties hereto, and of their heirs and successors, in every article they may wish to buy or sell, at any place whatever within their respective territories ; and the Chiefs who are parties hereto, for themselves, their heirs and successors, pledge themselves to show no favour and to give no privilege to the ships and traders of other countries which they do not show to those of Great Britain.

V. In the event of any British or other foreign vessel running aground in any part of the River Congo near to our respective territories, we, the Chiefs who are parties hereto, faithfully promise for ourselves, our heirs and successors, that we will in no way allow them to be interfered with under any pretence whatever, unless an application be made to us for assistance; and we do further faithfully promise that, immediately we hear of any such vessel being on shore and in danger, we will communicate the intelligence to the nearest white settler.

VI. Should any British or other foreign vessel, being aground in the river, apply to us for assistance, we, the Chiefs who are parties hereto, for ourselves, our heirs and successors, most faithfully promise to render her individually all the help in our power, provided we are fairly paid for our trouble.*

VII. Should the ships of British or other friendly traders be attacked by pirates or plunderers, we, the Chiefs who are parties hereto, for ourselves, our heirs and successors, most faithíully promise assistance by sending our people with arms, and to do all in our power to punish the robbers.

VIII. If at any time a naval officer of Great Britain shall require guides or armed people from the Chiefs who are parties hereto, or their heirs and successors, to accompany the said officer on an expedition against pirates or other enemies of the Qneen of

* N.B. Mark put on copies given to Chiefs to enable them to point out more readily to the master of a vessel in distress the conditions under which they are bound to render assistance.

Great Britain, &c., the Chiefs who are parties hereto faithfully promise for themselves, their heirs and successors, to provide them.

IX. The Chiefs who are parties hereto, for themselves, their heirs and successors, declare that no human beings shall be sacrificed on account of religious or other ceremonies, and that they will prevent the barbarous practice of murdering prisoners in war.

X. Missionaries, or other ministers of the Gospel, are to be allowed to reside in the territories of the Chiefs who are parties hereto, their heirs and successors, for the purpose of instructing the peuple in all useful occupations.

XI. And in consideration of these engagements all past offences of the Chiefs whose names are hereunto subscribed against the Queen of Great Britain, &c.; are hereby forgiven.

Concluded on board Her Majesty's ship Active, off Sharks' Point, in the River Congo, this 27th day of March, A.D. 1876. Signed by the Contracting Parties.

W. N. W. HEWETT, Commodore, Commanding

Her Britannic Majesty's Naval Forces on the
Their West Coast of Africa.
☆ KING PARKER.
A KING ASSAMBA.

KING KALA.

POLO BOLO.
A ‘M. PACA.

A NANTUDY.

marks.
Witnesses :
HENRY C. W. GIBSON, Secretary to the Commodore.
E N. ROLFE, Lieutenant, H.M.S. Active.

(4.)-ADDITIONAL ARTICLES to the Treaty with the Chief:

of the River Congo of 1st June, 1865.* (Wrecks, fc.) River Congo, March 27, 1876.

Abt. I. In the event of any British or other foreign vessel running aground in any part of the River Congo near to our respective territories, we, the Chiefs whose names are hereunto subscribed, faithfully promise for ourselves, our heirs and successors, that we will in no way allow them to be interfered with under any pretence whatever, unless an application be made to us for assistance ; and we do further faithfully promise that immediately we hear of any

* Vol. LVII. Page 363.

such vessel being on shore, and in danger, we will communicate the intelligence to the nearest wbite settler.

II. Should any British or other foreign vessel, being aground in the river, apply to us for assistance, we, the Chiefs whose names are hereunto subscribed, most faithfully promise to render her individually all the help in our power, provided we are fairly paid for our trouble.*

Agreed to on board Her Majesty's ship Active, lying off Sharks' Point, in the River Congo, on the 27th day of March, A.D. 1876, for ourselves and on behalf of Don Joa Franco Antonio, the present King.

Their

DOMINGO, Antonio's brother.

'M. BAINGO, Antonio's son.

marks. In consideration of these engagements all past offences of the above Chiefs against Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, &c., are hereby forgiven.

W. N. W. HEWETT, Commodore, Commanding

Her Britannic Majesty's Ships on the West

Coast of Africa. March 27, 1876.
Witnesses:
HENRY C. W. Gibson, Secretary to the Commodore.
E. N. ROLFE, Lieutenant, H.M.S. Active.

(5.)- ADDITIONAL ARTICLES to the Treaty with the Chiefs

of the River Congo of 6th June, 1865.7 (Wrecks, &c.). River Congo, March 27, 1876.

Art. I. In the event of any British or other foreign vessel running aground in any part of the River Congo near to our respective territories, we, the Chiefs whose names are hereunto subscribed, faithfully promise for ourselves, our heirs and successors, that we will in no way allow them to be interfered with under any pretence whatever, unless an application be made to us for assistance; and we do further faithfully promise that immediately we hear of any such vessel being on shore, and in danger, we will communicate the intelligence to the nearest white settler.

II. Should any British or other foreign vessel, being aground in the river, apply to us for assistance, we, the Chiefs whose names are hereunto subscribed, most faithfully promise to render her indi

* N.B.-* Mark put on copies given to Chiefs to enable them to point out more readily to the master of a vessel in distress the conditions under which they are bound to render assistance.

+ Vol. LVII, Page 365.

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