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party divisions, we palsy the arm of government, and to recede is impossible—the path to peace lies suffer the war to drag on heavily, or finish ignomi- through the field of war. There is no other way of nicrisly, what have we to expect, threatened and is- reaching that desired state, but by the exertion of sailed by the savages within and the pirates without, every energy, corpercal and irent., to defeat the foe ALLES in rapine and in blood? What sort of a trea- efforts which, we are happy to discover, are now ty can ve hope for, under such circumstances ? Such making in all parts of our country. The jangling of a treaty will be granted as Great Britain kindly gives party is rapidly subsiding, and the people of the U. to an Eari Iridian rajah, after her intrigues and arms States are assuming a national character, which fohave slaughtered half his people, and broken down reigners declare we were destitute of. Let every the spirit of the remainder-a treaty which shall ex- man, in his proper department-by his personal ser. act & tribute on our cousting trade, and establish vices, liis money, his counsel or his advice, do British custom-houses at the mouths of our harbors. whatever in him lies, to rescue his fellow citizen from Nor will this supposition appear extravagant, when the scalping knife of the surage of the wood and we consider what Great Britain has really iniposed from the press-gunç of the pirate of the ocean. From upon us while standing on the high ground of an un- the uexampled spirit and cnergy of the Hestern conquered and independent nation. Who could have people, we trust the hostile tribes of Indians will be believed a few years ago, that she would have made swept from the face of the earth, or completely disa tarif for all our articles of export, and have levied persed, before the “fall of the leaf”--their crimes a tur on them as frecly as upon the products of her and our safety demand this dreadful retributionown soil and industry But this was done by an or- Let the people of the East also exert their physical der in council-nay, she went further, and demanded strength to harrass and cripple the pirate and the also a tribute on all the articles we received in ex: man-stealer. Eighty thousand 3s gallant tars“ change for them; which iax and tribuie, in several lever cracked a biscuit,” if cluly supported, will carinstances, were actually paid. Herein was the real ry terror into every sea, and make the enemy feel object of the orders in council

. The pretence that those things he has so liberally inflicted on others. thesc orciers were retaliatory, was monstrous ; for While the war lasts, let every man fight with all Great Britain was willing the continent should re- his heart and soul to end it speedily, and in any way ceive our merchandize, prorideil only, she obtained that he can. Britain wants bread-we will refuse it the whole profit of the adventure, out and in-ller armies in Spain and Portugal must have our The tariff above alluded to, is inserted in a noie be- fiour and corn; we will deny them, and make it low. It is true, the burning of the gin at Baltimore death to furnish them with single meal.-Britain that had paid the tribuie in England, with the hide. must have an export for her goods; we will not reous cffruntery of the measure itself, and the general ceive them. She must have timber and naval stores indignation it excited, caused the British ministry to from Canada ; we will dispossess her of Canada and abandon it, retaining to themselves, however, the cut off her supplies. Without commerce, she must right to re-impose tiose duties, or any others they suffer intolerably; we will injure hercommerce to the might think proper to levy at any future time, in tlie utmost of our power: and will raise vast flocks of sine manner thal they lately revoked the most offen- sheep and establish many manufactories, and rival sive orders in council,in general.

her in the market of the world ; we xow manufacWith such foretaste and knowledge of the pre- ture several kinds of goods to the value of 20,000,000 cumption of the British government, as ambitious of dollars per annum, that three or four years ago and overbearing as any that ever existed, Bonaparte's we received fiom her work-shops; and, in a few years not excepted, what have we to hope for, if unsuc- we shall export all sorts of cotton goods as cheap, if cessful Were Britain driven from this continent not cheaper, than she can; and be it notel, her cot on were her trade in all parts of the world ruined and manufactories produce about 50 millions of dollars cut up by the industry and enterprise of our incensed a year. “ We are a world of ourselves," and can seamen--were her West India colonies in the deep- live independent of any other place on earth. The est distress, and her people at home in arms against next year we will clothe the whole army in homespun her guvernment, we would advance no new clam.--ave, and they shall have blankets too, of american We desire simple justice, as contended for by Wash- manufacture, 'cheaper and better than they can turington, tilams, Jefferson and . Jadisoi, in their seve- nish them. We will raise a respectable naval force, ratadministrations. We ask no new thing. Our com- and tearlessly attack her on the element slie Calls her plaints are nearly as old as our government itself ;-own, and gladly meet her veterans, man for man and but the causes of them are more aggravating of late. gun for guu. We will assail her in season and out We want nothing of England but what she herself de- of season—at all times and in all manner of waysmands and receives from other nations at peace. She not for her destruction, but in self-defence for juswill not permit any power to overlaut her slips, and tice sake. impress her seamen; neither will "ve. She will not These things are much easier said than done-BIT sutier any nation to exact a tribute on her commerce WE WILX DO THEM. We have the me:ins, and te on the high seas ; nor will we. She will not permit will cannot be wanting. In the East, the West, the armed ships to hover on her coasts, and interrupt her South and ihe North, we observe the most vigorous home trade, and enur hier herbors, and there murder measures pursuing to discomfit the enemy. A new and pillage whom they please; neither will we. She spirit appears to invigorate the government and the will not suffer the laws of nations and the firee na- people : aring and the munitions of war, with brale vigation of every sea, to be defined by the cabinet and gallant spirits, are moving through the whole ministers of any particular kingriom or state ; nor country. The torpor and indifference of a few parts

We ask nutning of Enguni', but what she of it are giving way to the impulses of patriotism ; herself

, even for the least of diei, would feel jus. and narrow local prejudices are sacriticed on the tfied in going to ww' to inaintain and defend. Wisrine of the republic, “ one and indivisible.”—Our she then presunie to say that justice is not on our country is rich, and its resources incxhaustible.-side ? No-whatever some of her trier.ds may affirm, We liave assetts in hund in the land fun--lo pay the British ministry will never have the impudence the expenses of a 50 year's war, and thie substance of to assert that we have not abundant causes for wa. the people is yet untouched by taxes. We have ev.

Under such circumstanco) war was declared ; and ery thungiv hope for, il mited with energy; and evWe anticipate the effects of an ignoininious poace.-'ery thing to fear, if disordered and wavering. The

will we.

XOTES TO TIE PRECIEVING.

stake is idePENDENCE. Who will not conterd for of British colonies, or imported by the East India it? It is a pearl of great price, dearly purchased by company, or under a license of this company. the best blood of the land. Shall we cast it to the 2. Al roots (not mpmalf curce,) the prrduce of a dogs by party jealousies, or hold it fast by American country in amity with his majesty, imported in Brifeelings and unity? Our country is at war; England tish vessels, or such belonging to such country, (er. is the foe; and no honest or reflecting man will stand cept collec, sugar, pin..nto, cocoa nuts, hides, talneutral. Let Britain be undeceived. The Ameri-low, oil, cotton, yarn and I'er. baik.) can people, with a freedom of thought and action 3. All goods by vessels nosiled before the pethat she knows not, wrangle among themselves on riods fised of police of the vaders in council having points of policy--but when a suruiger enters the been received, (v:z: in North America and in the portals of their country, their only consideration will West Indies, the 20th January) and proceeding to a be, to repel and punish the intruder, be he whom he port in emity with his majesti: N. B. cotton, yarn, may, a Frenchman, a Briton or an Indian.

and Per. bark must in all cases be landed here, the exportation being entiris paohibited.

4. Gonis imported under license daled prior to the Extract from Mr. Bayard's speech in the Senate of 11th November, or in vessels cleared at the ports United States, Oct. 31.

they are imported from before the periods fixed, and “ They were adopted (the orders in council) as a which are ware-housed for exportation only. measure of retaliation, though they never deserv-l 5. Goods imported from any free-port in British *ed that character. He had always considered the WW. I. colonies, before the 1st June, 1808, or from any * Berlin and Milan decrees used as a mere preient- other port under license of his majesty's governors, " Those decrees were rain and empty denunciations dated prior to the 1st January and ware-housed only "in relation to England. The plain design of the for exportation. "British government was to deprive France of the 6. Prize goods brought in before March 28, 1808. “ benefits of esternal commerce, unless the profits of 7. Goods imported from Si. Domingo (in return " it were divided with herself. This was fully proved for goods shipped) under license, before the 5th Fe“ by the license trade. Britain carries on the very bruary—those subsequent are only liable to half the • trade she denies to neutrals, and having engrossed duties. *the whole to herself, she escludes neutrals from Ali East India goods must be ware-housed in Lon“a participation,"

don only, but if it is proved that a vessel arriving at "I am among the last men in the senate who would an ontport bas only such quantity of East-India goods "justify or defend the orders in councii-They vio- on board as must not exceed one-fourth of the value "iate the plainest rights of the nation--The ground of her cargo, she may land there the goods, and ei" of retaliation was never more than a pretext and ther cury the East India goods to London, or tran" their plain object is to deprive France of neutral ship them by some other vessel. “trade. It never was contended, nor does Britain Goods rated according to the value, must pay the * now contend that she would be justified by the duty upon the real value at the tiine of shipping. « laws or usages of nations to interdict our com Goods ware-bcused under bond must be exported

merce with her enemy. She covers her injustice within 15 months, or the home consumption iluties « with the cloak of retaliation, and insists that she roust be paid thereon : (if not prohibited) in default " has a right to retort upon her enemy the evils of thereof they may be cold to defray the duties and “ his own policy- This is a doctrine which I am not charges, and the proceeds to be paid to the owners.

disposed to agree. It is destructive to neutrals.- If not so valuable as to produce the duties and charge “It makes them the prey of the belligerents." es they may either be destroyed or re-exported to the “ It is a doctrine which we must resist."

country they were imporied from ; provided such In the speech of Mr. Llond of Massachusetts in country is then in amity with his majesty. senate, 28th February 1812, he says

This act to continue until the end of the next ses“I once thought Great Britain contended for her -ion of parliament. The king may alter or suspend “existence: That dreum has now completely pass this act, or any part thereof, as he thinks fit. “ ed away !"“ And how is it possible, that a third and neutral Barrilla

10s per cwt. or “party can make itself a fair object of letuliation Bark (Peruvian) « for measures which it did not council-which it cori “ not approve-which militate strongly with its in- Codlee “terest-which it is and ever has been anxiously de- Ginger, “sirous to remove-which it has resisted by every lemp

Gun Arab and Senegal 10s “means in its power-which it thought expedient to Hides (196)

38 per hide “use, and of these means the govemment of the Sunday “neutral country ought to be the sole judge-hic Iron (ili bars) “it has endeavored to get rid of even at great sacrimento

21 per lb “fices Sow is it possible that a neutral county Quicksilver

4s Ai per 31 1-2 gal.

1s per lb. “thus conducting can make itself a fair object of re- Rhubarb “ taliation for measures which it dii not origintc- Rice

Bd per gall. “which it could not prevent and cannot control - Rum and Spirits single "Thus, sir, to my view, the orders in council are sugar (hrown or Muis“wholly unjustitiable, let them be bottoned either

{108 per cwt.

Do. (white or claycd) 14s per ewt. on the p:inciple of retaliation or of seif-preserva-llow « tion."

4s 4d per 31 1-2 gal. Extracts of the act of parliament pasaed 28. rp:ntine(common) 3s 6d purent.

Id 1-2 per lb. March, 1835, giving efiect to the orders in councilWise

per 252 gals. of the 11ih Nov. 1807.

Wood (mahogany) “The duties specified in the annexed tables are to Timber

• 1 79 per 50 c. feet be paid on all goods at the exportation, with the fol. Masis. ie. 6 in. and? lowing exceptis :

3

bs per piece 1. Ali goods the produce, growth or manufacture liz and upwards

1 57

GOODS ALLOWED TO BE BONDED.

Dollars 2 22 6s

1 36 Cochineal

78 -
Cocoa nuts

11
1 88

6 14 78

1 57 2 22 S S3

67 6d

11 2s

45 13

13 32

4 95

158

Per lb.

per cut.

45

2s
2s per evt.

15 30

1$ 4d-

covado

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3 15 1 57

93

Tar
Tobacco

26 64

16

1

Cotton

od

per ton prlie

16

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58 10s

1 11 2 22

Butter

4 05

Wbeat

189
105
58

per ewt.
per 120

56

3 92

33

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or

800 00

Condence all eved to be bonsledl, and upon which the home-consump A letter from Erie (Pen.) dated September 18, says

tien duties must be paid on importation : Anebors 40 per cent. on the value,

that news had reached that place that the British had Annota

12 88 4d per ewt. Dollars 10 05 taken possession of Eighteen miie Creek. Argel Ashes

Lt. Col. Fenwick, of the U. S. light artillery, has Oak berk 2s 6d+

57 arrived ai Niagara, with some pieces of heavy ordBread

90 nance. The force on the frontier is hourly strengthCables and cordage

ening. We may begin to look for important move. per qr

2 22 ments. Wbeat-meal and flour

1 11 We have copies of two letters from Capt. Z. Tay. Stock-ish

2s 6d Ourr bsh

per ewt.

90 lor, commanding at Fort Harrison, which shall be giSeed oil

10 10s per 252 gal. 45 51 ven in our next paper. A large body of Indians made Pork 17s 6d per cwt.

a furious attack on that post during the night of the Flare

1s 6d per 581b. Prizegoale prohibited-goods not eaumerated, but which may 3d ult. but their design was completely balled by a be used in this country-on the present duties 40 per cent. handful of men under captain Taylor, through great "A icter from Rathbone, Hughes and Duncem, of Liverpool, prudence and courage. On the 13th of that month, These dusies to attach to the cargoes of ali vessels bound from which is also the date of capt. T's last letter, 600 the United States to these ports on the continent which are under the mounted rangers and 500 infantry, under the cominfluence of France, and arrivc in this country, in compliance with the orders in council of the 11th Nov."

mand of colonel William Russell, were within 35 See the quonnt of the tribute on our exports, miles of Fort Harrison, expecting to reach it on the cargo of cotton of 1000 bales, of 300 lbs. each, which is about 16th. Our mind is, therefore, relieved, as to the the comnou weight, paying 9d sterling, per Ib. in England, would Asunt to the precise sum of 50,000 dollars. The same cargo of safety of this place.. cotion at 14 1-2 cents per the average price for fine Louisiana col The savages are now attacked, in great force, from ton, will not cost at New-Orlenus 43,500 dollars. es would have to pay 6,500 dollars in London, as a duty für liberty various quarters. Several of their towns have already to proceed to the continent, more than the original cost-to this been destroyed. may be ackled the various other charges of tonnage, &c. amounting The British have not obtained possession of fort wabout 2000 dollars inore

A cargo of tobacco may be said to consist of 400 hogsheads--for St. Philip, at the Balize, as was reported. General the sake at round numbers, we will suppose rach hogshead only to Wilkinson has sent down a reinforcement, and will Brigh 1000 lbs. and the account stands thus499.000 lbs. Tobacco, at 11-2d sterling per pound, is

himseif visit the post to place it on a respectable (2,500 sterling, or

Dollars 11,100 00 establishment, Tosnage at 125. per ton on 400 tons, is 1 240 sterling,

1,065 60

Extract of a letter from Governor Meigs to General Light money and about 50 other charges and attendant

Van Hornendated
Expences, will amount to

URBANNA, Sept. 19, 1812. Amount of tribute

12,965 60 “General Harrison's army reached fort Wayne on. A ship will carry abont from 3000 to 3500 barrels of four ; say, Saturday last, all safe. The Indians had retired four 8pro evt. u fs. sterling per cul. conues to I 1500 or dolls. 6,660 00 days before, after burning and destroying every spe. Tonuage and clinrges, as above

1,885 60cies of property, public and private, outside the gar

rison. My brother and two soldiers are the only peramount of tribute

A ship land of tis! would cost about 8500 or 4000 dollars includ sons that have fallen at that place. Expeditions have ing the desics and charges.

gone out in different directions from fort Wayne to Of the 80,000 hugsuds we generally exported, about 12,000 harrass the Indians. The Miamies were associated Tere consutbed in the British islands-the rest went to the couliBem-put them, as before, ni 1000 lb. each, and what is the amount with the Potawatamies, and are of course against us. of tribute on this si:.gle artick?

One party had gone against their towns on the Wa. 63.000 logsiends to ricco, weighing cach 1000 lbs. is 65,000,000 lbs. at I 1-2d sterlig per pound is 1425,000

bash, and another against the Potawatamie

dollars 1,998,000 00 waters of lake Michigan. 170 stips, tonnage, &c. at 2000 dollars each

340,000 00 There is now altogether in advance of this place, Amount of tribute on tobacco

between 4 and 5,000 men, and about 2,000 within 2 2,338,000 00

days' coming on. We have every reason to believe
that the frontiers will be visited by the savages.

R. J. MEIGS.
P. S.-Eight hundred Indians are here with their
MILITARY.

families, and appear friendly.
Ou Monday last there marched from Baltimore a

Wan DEPARTMENT, September 1, 1812. bardy company of volunteers, consisting of 100 rank

“Your excellency's letter of August 24th is receivand file, under the command of Stephen H. Moore, ed. It is the determination of the president to regain to form a junction with col. Winder's regiment, now the ground which has been lost, and to prosecute bordering on Canada. There is a prospect of their with redoubled vigor the original object of the cambeing speedily followed by another company.

Per-paign. haps no body of men were ever better calculated and “In addition to the troops under general Winchesprovided for the service expecies of them. They ter, a brigade of militia will be marched from the were fitted out in the most substantial manner by the upper part of Pennsylvania, its soon as practicable, munificent patriotism of the people of Baltimore, with such volunteers as may offer from that quarter. with every necessary; and were besides presented Fifteen hundred infantry has been ordered from Vir with an elegant Aag by the patriotic ladies of the se- ginia, and the troops under General Harrison will coTenth ward. A similar company is about to march operate with this force on the frontier. The presifrom Petersburg, Va. anat.er from Alexandria: and dent has great conridence in your zealous support in virious parts we hear of such movements.

In of these measures by all the means within your conmany places companies of exempts are organized,

trol. not on paper only but in fact, and prepared to obey

Very respectfully, yours, &c. the call of their country. The ground, zeal of the

W. EUSTIS.

on the

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cess in it.

The Indians are ravaging the whole province of Fuiuf Fort Deurvor at Chicauço:— Yesterday af. Last Florida. Meastwes live become taken to punish wrrom. the Queen-Charlotie arrived at fort Erie, in their aggression.

17 days from Detroit. A dag of truce soon landed at

per bbl. per bushel

Buffaloc creck maj. Atwater and lt. J. L. Eastinan,

ALBANT, September 24. who gave the following account of the fall of fort A fine body of jolly tors, a hout 100, pagged througla Dearborn. On the 1st Sept. a Potawatamie chief ar- this city on Tuesday last for the lakes-They are rived at Detroii, and stated, that about the middle of part of the crew of the John Adams frigate, which Aug. capt. Wells, from fort Wayne, (an interpreter) lias lately been taken out of service and converted arrived at fort Dearborn, to advise the commandant into a prison ship-They were in waggons, with a of the fort to evacuate it and retreat. In the mean flag hoisted in each-appeared in higli spirits, and time a large body of Indians of different nations had repeatedly cheered the citizens with their loud huzcollected and menaced the garrison. A council was zas as they passed through our principal streets. held with the Indians in which it was agreed that the garrison should be spared, on condition that all property in the fort should be given up. The Ameri

The Chronicle, cans marched out but were fired upon and nearly all killed. There were about 50 men in the fort besides

Iar price:.-The last crop of wheat was uncomwomen and children, and probably not more than monly productive; besides, large portions of tobacco

land were thrown into the cultivation of it. Not 10 or 12 taken prisoners. Capts. Wells and Heald (the comniandant) were killed.

withstanding, the following are the prices current

in this place, and the demand is very brisk, The affairs at Detroit remained without any mate Flour

$ 10 00 rial change. Buffaloe Gaz Wheat

1 85 Extract of a letter from Jlamilton, county of St. Law

Corn

ditto

.0 90 rence, NY.) dated Sept. 18, 1812.

A great battle was fought in Spain between the “We have had a smart engagement in our neigh- allies under lord Wellington and the French under borhood between our troops and 33 Canadian bat- Marmont, on the 22d of July, pear Salamanca. We teaus, which we endeavored to take in Putney's have not yet seen the regular details on either side, bay. We had about 170 men in three large boats, but a signal victory was obtained by the allies. The in which was a brass cannon. The British were too loss of the French is estimated at from 15 to 20,000 strong, and the battle ended after three hours firing, men, in killed, wounded and prisoners--the loss on in the loss of Church's boat (which has been em- the part of the allies is given at 5,000. Marmont ployed by the government) and one man (Vacum- was wounded, and effecting a retreat towards Mao ber) killed, and two more wounded.”

«rid. Marshal Sou!t had left the neighborhood of

Cadiz, with a considerable body of troops, to join Extract of a letter, datel Buffaloe, Sept. 2. " I am here surrounded with Indians, and the Bri-ject; the French force is said to have consisted of

bim before the battle, but did not accomplish bis ob. tish fort Erie about 3 miles distant. Indians who are holding a council in this vicinity, it 46,000 men, before the engagement. The effect of is said, are offended by a report that they will not

this victory may be very important. Madrid will be admitted into our army: but I piesime they will probably fall into the hands of the conqueror, wid be convinced to the contrary, thoug! the agent is de

one account says it is already in his possession.

Russian comuibutions to carry on the warsirous of their remaining neutral.”

150,000 ducats and a quantity of four by prince PITTSBURGH (Penn.) Sept. 18. SI 20.1. 3 millions of roubles by the countess OsMonday last marched from Fort Favette for Car- SORA. 80,000 men armed and equipped for the field lisle, a detachment of 250 'recruits of the regular for the imperial ciay of Moscow, &c. army, under the command of major M'Glarney. In England the the price of flouur is equal to 19

Since our last a number of volunteer companies, dollars for the American barrel-196 lbs. Coin who had tendered their services to the goverior, ar- of every description is alarmningly high, and a long rived here, amounting to upwards of 1000 men. This continuance of cold wet weather, causes it still to day they will march for the rendezvous at Meadville, advance almost every market-day, and increases our

It is a fiet (sais a Western paper) that upwards apprehensions for the standing crops, which are very of one hundredi waggons were detained at Detroit, by backyard." order of general Hult, the army having no use for From a rough calculation, it appears that the Brithem) from the 5th of July until the 15th of August, tish goverment consumes more than one third of the when they were given up to the Briti!

whole produce of the labor of the people of the UniThe works on Suten Island, the property of the ted kingilom. In the United States, estimating our state of New York, at this time mount eithiy three revenue at twenty millions, the government will re32 pounders, and are amply provided with ammuni ceive about a hundredih part Or, in other woris tion. The gurrison is under the command of lt. col. the British husbandman and artizan tvils one hunSwartwort, and is composed of 13 comp:mics of vo- dred days in the year to defray his portion of the cost lunteer militia in health and spirits.

of governing hin-In the United States he would NAVAL

have to labor but three days, for the like purpose, Captain Dacros with 300 Britis! prisoners, sailed even upon a war establishmeni. in a cartel last week from Boston for Halifax.

Bilmington, D. ) Sept. 23.–Lieut. William S. The gun boats and the U. S.brig Syren at bay. St. Pushi, who was killed on board the frigate ConstituLouis, pear Nex-Orleans weathered the late gaietion, was a native of this place; liis father, captain withont much damage.

John Bush, was a meritorious officer in the revolu. Sir John 1. Warn, with the flest uxler his com-tionary war, and he was the nephew of the brave mand consisting of 2' vessels of 93 gous, 3 of 74, najor Lewis Busli, who was killed at the battle of 2 of 64, 6 frigates and 2 sloops of war) for the Prandywine. American station, dropped down to St. Helen's on the 14th of August, and would sail thietest tur winsl. It was not, until too late to remedy the default,

A 99x1703 of 7 s'up, of war, three of thein tilofte objerved that the PRIZE LIST for the week was derkers, irre said to have been seen on the 21st w1.conittel. It shallppear, with the needful acldic.ons, about 100 miles icon Via's Vinevail. They are in our nexi. Serend wthor articles intrebare been supposed to be under hic cumpana uf Amiral War- shoved out,to make room forthe nteresting cecxe in ren.

'the case of the brig TULIT-received at a late hour.

No. 6 OF VOL. III.]

BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, October 10, 1812.

(WHOLE NO. 58

Hec olim meminisse juvabit.-VIRGIL.

Printed and published by K. Niles, South-st. next door to the Merchants’ Coffee House, at $ 5 per ante11,

Constitution of the United States. and suell meeting within ise ou the ora may in Decemirer, unies

II. The congress shall assemble at least once in every yrar;

they shall by law appoint a distorant day. The constitution framet! for the United States of America, by a con

SECTION V. 7019 fecuatirs from the sintex vf Nrw-Humpshire, Maswa 1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns and cht 'ts, Connecticut, Neurort, New Jerry, Pennsylvania, De qualifications of its own menibers; and a niajority of each shall lazure, Maryland, Virginia, Verti-Carolineli, South Carolina and constitute a quorum to do bugilss; but a smaller number any Gestgia, a asision bezun May 25, anul cruded Sept. 17, 1787. adjourn irom day to day, and may be authorised to compul the WE, the people of the United States, in oriler to form a more

attendance of absent membits, in such manuer, and under such perfect unjon, establishe justice, crisure comestic tranquility, pro

penalties as each house inay provide. vide for the cominion de tence, promote the oneral welfare, and senish its members for disorderly behavior ; and with the concurs

II. Ench house may determine the rules of its proceedings; pro are the blessings of liberty to oulisives and our posterity, do or éxin and establish this constitution for die United States of Ame rence of two thirds, expel a meinber.

III. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and froin ARTICLE I.-SECTION I.

time to time, publish the saine, excepting such parts as may in All the legislative powers her in gravidl, shall be vested in a their judgment require secrecy: and the yeas and pays, or the Gingressol ile Criti Status wisich sicali consist of a senate and members of cither house, on any question, shall, at the desire of house of representatives.

one fifth of those present, be entered on t' journal. SECTION II.

IV. Veither house during the session of congress, sha!!, without L The house of representatives shall consist of members chosen the consent of the other, adjourn tor nor than three days, nor to every second year, by the people of the several states: and the clecany other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting,

SECTION VI. tors in cach statt.shul have the qualifications rrquisite tor elee tors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

I. The senators and representatives shall receive a compensa11. No person shall be an sr pr.sentatives, who'shall not have at- tion for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the tinert to the age ori wenty-tive years, asid been seven years a citi: treasury of the United States. They shall, in all casts, except kn of the United Suus; and who shall not, when elected, be an treason, telony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arresto inhabitant of that state in which he shall be choseit.

during their attendance at the session of their respective housis, IL Representativis and direct taxes, shall be apportioned and in going to, and returning from the same: for any speech or anung the several states, which may be included within this union. Hebate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other æcording to their respective numbers, which shall be deemmin place. by daving to the whole wumiar of tre persons including those

II. No senator or representative shall, during the time for which bund tu service for a terra olytary,excluding Trdians not tat:

he was elecied, be appointed to any civil office, under the authori. ed, thro: fifths of all other pirsons. The actual enumeration shalll!! of the United States, which shall have bern creat d, or the eno be made witain three years afor the first ineeting of the congressents of which shall have lwen increasiul, luring such time; and of the United Statis; and within tcry subsqucnt term oiten No querson holding any office under the United States, shall be a years, ili such manner as they said by law direct. The number menibar of either house, during his continuance in office. of reprosentatives shall not excud olie for every thirty thousand:

SECTION VII. trit each state shall have at least one repr-sentative: and, until

I. Ali bills, for raising revenue, salloriginate in the house of re such enumeration shall be made, the state di Naw-lampshire sali presentatives : but the senate shall propose or concur with amenilo be entitled to choose three; Massudoeusetts right; Rhodesiand inents, as on ot! r bills. and Provilence plantations ore; Connecticut five; New-York

II. Every bill, winch shall have passed the house of representi eis; New Jersey fovr; Peansylvania vigiit; Delaware one ; Ma- tives and thin sonate, shall, buthre ii beome a law, be part med to sylaad six, Virginia ten; North-Carolina five; South-Carolina a president of the United States. I be approving he shall sien fiv; and Creorgia three.

it; but it 1.ot, he shall return it, with his objections, to that house 16. When vaenncies happen in the representation from any in winch it shall have originated, who shall enter the oljections at state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election large on their journal, and orge er to rr consider it. 11, after such to fll such vacancies.

re-consideration, two thirds of that house sub agree to pass the V. The liouse of representatives shall choose their spenker and bill, it shall be sent, tog ther with the objections, to the other house, other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment.

by which it shall likewise le re-considerit, and il approved by two

thiruis of that house, it shall become a lew. Bii in all such cases SECTION III. 1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of (wo the names of the persons boting for and against ur bill shull le

the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nase, and Senators from each state, chosen by the legislatures ihereof, for six entered on the journal of racit house rspectively. It a vy but shall Fears; and each senator shall have one vore.

not be returned by the presid:st within ten days, Sund:iya el cepe UI. Iomediately after they shall be assembled, in consequenced, after it shall have been present d to him, the same shall ha of the first deetion they shall be divided, as equally as may be, into law, in like manner as it' be baci segned it. unless the congress, boy thru elassen. Tiwnats of the senators of the hrst class shall be their adjournment, prevent its reta, in which case it shall not be cated at the piration of the second year; of the second class, a law, Btk apiration of the fourth year; and of the third class, at the

Ul. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence expération of the sixth year: so ihat on this may be choseu every othes-nate and house of'representatives may be necessary (xcept kreonid year. And it vacancirs happesse by resignation or other on a questio of adjournment) shall be present lu the president wice, during the recess of the ligishizure of any suate, the execu- of the United States ; and br-tore the same shall tahi elci, shalibres tive thereof may make temporary appointinents, until the next approved by liim, or, being disapproved ivy loan, silali bi na pasyl hy meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.

two thirds of the senati alvej 110951 of rupusentativ 5, according to lll. No person shall be a senator, waless he shall have attained the rules and limitacions prescribed in the case of a bill. to the age of thirty years, and buen nine years a citizen of the Unied States; and who shall not, when elected, be au inlubitaut

SECTION VIII. of that state for which he shall be close.

The congress shall hav powsIV. The vice-president of the United States shall be president 1. To lay and colleet taxes, duties, imposts, and excises. to pay of the seriate, but shall have no vote infess they be equally divred. the debis airl provide for the cowoudetence, and tra! rfar's

V. The snate slali chouse their otur oficers, and also a presis of the United States : but all duties, imposts, and excist), skall le dent puro ermpore in the absence of the vice-president, or when uniforun throughout the United States. he shall exercise the office of pr. side nit of the Uniud States. II. To borrow many on the crit of the United States. VI. The senate shall luve the sole power to try all impeach

III. To regulate comeree with foreign nations, anni ainong trao ments. When sitting for that parpost, they shall e un oath or stral states, and with the indiau grib: affirmation. When the prt sick it of the tuited Suites is tried, the

IV. To establish a niform rule of naturalization: and more thief justice shall preside: and nu person shall be convicted, with-laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout the United Stales out the concurrence of two-thirds of the member's prosent.

v. To coin money; to regulische 4011. :rof, and of foreigas ther than the renoval froin office and disqualification to book and us and current ruis of the United Staires. WI, Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend fur coins and fix the standard of wrigits ami measures.

V. To provide for ohi puricht of counterfeiting the securi. enjoy any oftiee of honor, trust, or profil, linder the Uniti Status. But the party cunvicted shall, ne virthess, be liable and subject

VII. To (stablis! post.offices and roads. to indiettent, trial, judgment, and punishinent according to law. sering for breal times, to authors and inventors, the excluny

VIII. To promote the progrss of sciurce and ust-fud arto, boring SECTION IV.

right to their n'pective writings and discoverie's. 1. The times, places, and ramer, of holding ek ctions for sena. IX. To constitute tribunals in rior to the supre court fors i representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the X. To detine and punis! piracies and flors connad on the legislature thercof: but the congress may, at ay ume, by law high seay, a doit ne's kust the law of nations. make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing XI. To di clare war; urant lexicon of sinusemd feprinted

makc rules concerning captures un dan die Wahl Vol. III.

Senators.

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