Negotiating Health: Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines

Предња корица
Earthscan, 2012 - 313 страница
In developing countries, access to affordable medicines for the treatment of diseases such as AIDS and malaria remains a matter of life or death. In Africa, for instance, more than one million children die each year from malaria alone, a figure which could soon be far higher with the extension of patent rules for pharmaceuticals. Previously, access to essential medicines was made possible by the supply of much cheaper generics, manufactured largely by India; from 2005, however, the availability of these drugs is threatened as new WTO rules take effect. Halting the spread of malaria and HIV/AIDS is one of the eight Millennium Goals adopted at the UN Millennium Summit, which makes this a timely and topical book.Informed analysis is provided by internationally renowned contributors who look at the post-2005 world and discuss how action may be taken to ensure that intellectual property regimes are interpreted and implemented in a manner supportive to the right to protect public health and, in particular, to promote access to medicines for all.
 

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Садржај

The WTO Doha Declaration on the TRIPS
9
Developments
27
Ensuring Access to Medicines in 2005 and Beyond
41
Role Perspectives and Challenges of
55
Protecting Test Data for Pharmaceutical and Agrochemical
81
Intellectual Property Data Exclusivity Innovation
97
The International Legal Status of Undisclosed
133
Options for Implementation
151
to essential drugs 1997
220
Creating and Promoting Domestic Drug Manufacturing
227
Four Practical Measures to Enhance Access
241
Expanding Policy Options for Access to Medicines for All
257
The 30 August Decision on the Implementation
271
Index
297
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О аутору (2012)

Pedro Roffe is a senior fellow at ICTSD and director of the TRIPS and Development capacity-building project. Geoff Tansey is an independent writer and consultant. He has worked extensively in developing countries for the Department for International Development, Oxfam and the UN, and was recently appointed a Visionary for a Just and Peaceful World by the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust. David Vivas-Eugui is Programme Manager at ICTSD and specialises in intellectual property rights.

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