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appear in the royal presence, branded as merchant in the city, to whom he was you are with the infamy of a notorious foon after bound apprentice. During breach of trust? With what countenance the early part of his servitude, he difcan you take your seat at the treasury charged his duty so much to the fatisfac. board or in council, when you feel that tion of his master, that he was very soon every circulating, whilper is at your ex- indulged with more freedom than is usupence alone, and Itabs you to the heart ? ally allowed to lads in that station. A. Have you a single friend in parliament so bout this period, he for the first time saw Thameless, so thoroughly abandoned, as our English Roscius, whose admirable to undertake your defence ? You know, performances made such an impression upmy Lord, that there is not a man in ei. on him, that he immediately became enather House, whose character, however fa- moured with the profeffion of a player, gitious, would not be ruined by mixing and some time after entered himself a his reputation with youss; and does not member of the Roscian Society in Gutyour heart inform you, that you are de. ter Lane, where a number of young graded below the condition of a man, men assembled two or three evenings in when you are obliged to hear these insults the week, in order to rehearse such chawith submission, and even to thank me racters, as they afterwards represented in for my moderation ?
private plays for the entertainment of We are told, by the highest judicial their friends. In one of these performauthority, that Mr. Vaughan's offer to ances, our young spouter received such purchase the reversion of a patent in Ja- uncommon proofs of the fpectators think. maica (which he was otherwise sufficient. ing him possessed of great theatrical abily entitled to) amounted to a high mis. Jities, that he directly applied to Mr. demeanor. Be it lo, and if he deserves Garrick, who, after hearing him repeat it, let him be punished. But the learn- , several paffages, pronounced he would ed judge might have had a fairer oppor. one day make an a&tor, but advised bim tunity of displaying the powers of his by no means to think of appearing in eloquence. "Having delivered himself, public, till he had consulted his friends, with so much energy, upon the criminal and fulfilled his engagement with bis nature, and dangerous consequences of master. This council Holland invariably any attempt to corrupt a man in your pursued, and resolutely returned to the Grace's itation, what would he have said business of the warehouse, which he to the minister himself, to that very privy transacted with such attention and fidelicounsellor, to that first cominiffioner of ty, that he gained universal etteem. the treasury, who does not wait for, but His passion for the stage, however, impatiently solicits the touch of corrup- did not in the least sublide; all his leis tion ;---who employs the meanest of his sure hours were employed in preparing creatures in these honourable services, himself by the most rational methods for and forgetting the genius and fidelity of making a figure in the profession he so his secretary, descends to apply to his much admired, and he has been frequenthouse-builder for afGitance ?
ly known to spend the greatelt part of This affair, my Lord, will do infinite the night in the ftudy of characters which credit to government, if, to clear your the avocations of the day would not percharacter, you shall think proper to bring mit him to examine. it into the of
or into the
In the year 1754, Holland made his court of K---'s B-----, -But, my Lord, appearance upon the itage in the chayou dare not do either.
racter of Oroonoko, in which he ac
JUNIUS. quired great reputation, though he was Anecdotes of Mr. Holland the late cele- by an accident that befel Mr. Burton,
not a little di concerted the first night, braled Tragedian.
who played the governor, and who was Harles Holland was born at Chif. unluckily wounded by him in the face.
1733, and after being inftructed in those formed Eumenes in Merope, and leve. branches of education that are esteemed ral other capital characters, in which he molt useful to men of business, he was was 'received with uncommon applause placed by his friends with a turpentine
by the public. His falary, however, at and was in the heighth of his reputation ; this time did not amount to more than he was suddenly leized with the Small thirty shillings per week, but the next pox, for which his acquaintance had winter it was confiderably encreased, and frequently persuaded him, in vain, to en Mr. Moflop's going to Ireland, he undergo inoculation. The disorder at became poffefled of feveral new parts, first put on a mild appearance, but soon and received a further augmentation of after turned out of the confluent kind ; way.
when perceiving that the gentlemen who During the theatrical contention in attended him, Dr. Schomberg and Dr. Dublin between Barry and Moflop, they Kehlan had but little hopes of his recorepeatedly invited Holland over to per- very, he resigned himself to his fate with form in that metropolis, and accordingly uncommon refolution, and died with great in the summer of the year 1763, he a. composure after iwelve days illness on the greed to the proposal of the latter, and 7th of December 1769, in the 36th year played ten nights at Smock Alley thea- of his age. tre, for which he received the sum of A few days before his death, Mr. Hol. 100l. and a benefit. A considerable of. fand received the facrament, and di&tated fer was made him to continue during the his laft will, by which, after bequeath. winter at Dublin, but his attachment to ing to Mr. Garrick his diamond ring; Mr. Garrick, who had upon various oc- to Mr. Foote his golden-head cane ; the cations, given him the Atrongeft proofs of sum of two hundred pounds to a child his regard, determined him to return to who was nearly related to him, and a London.
few trifles to some of his acquaintance; he A regular theatre being established in left his whole fortune, upwards of 5000l. Britol for the summer season abour three to his mother and his iwo brothers, ac years ago, Holland was invited by the Chiswick, where he was buried. late Mr. Powell, with whom he had long An extraordinary circumstance has lived in the greatett intimacy, to unite bieen told of this gentleman, which tho with bim in the direction of the drama we hope for many reasons has no foun. of that city, and in this capacity he ac. dation in truth, yer from the positive quitted himself so well, that it was ap. manner in which it has been repeatedly ar. parent the leffons he had received from serted, it ought not to be omitted in this his great matter, had qualified him no place. It is affirmed that on the morn
els for an excellent manager than a dif- ing of his dissolution, Mr. Atkinfon, the tinguished actor.
apothecary, called at his house, and was The winter before the last, Mr. Gar- told he was dead, but that on Mr. Alrick and Mr. Lacy resolved to dispose of kinson's going into his chamber where the palent, and a treaty was entered in the nurse had laid him out, at it is comto for the purchase between those two monly phrased, in order to take a last gentlemen, and Mr. King the celebrated look at his departed friend, he shewed coinedian, Mr. George Garrick, and Mr. fome signs of life, on which Mr. Atkinson Holland, who, from their talents and ordered him to be placed in a warm bed,
were favoured with the first of- where he revived for a thort time, and fer of the property. Holland upon this even called for something to drink, not accafion received a convincing proof of a little to the astonishment and shame of the respectable light he stood in with his his attendants, who were severely rebuko friends, who actually raised for him the ed by Mr. Atkinson for such an unparfum of 15000 l, ai one day's notice, donable instance of negle&t. which, however, was not employed for The characters Mr Holland obtained the purpose he intended it, as the nego. the molt reputation in were Richard III. ciation was suddenly broken off, by Mr. Brutus, Hamlet, Pierre, Timur in Zine Lacy's unexpectedly declaring it would gis, Manly in the Plain-Dealer, and be very disagreeable for him to retire., fone other parts of weight in comedy.
At the period when this eminent per. He was not fond of letters, though he former enjoyed a salary of twelve pounds applied with uncommon assiduity to his per week for his theatrical labours (which, profession, and was so accurate in repeatreckoning according to playhoufe pay, ing the words of his author, that he was amcunted to about 400 1. 'in' the season) rarely known to make the most trifling
alteration in the language of the charace any thing which could be thought dilafers he represented. As a private man, greeable to a lady, who had laid him unhe was open, affable, and honest, very der luch obligations, that a whole life of frugal yet of a convivial turn, and hy no services could not repay," but added, means backward in performing acts of " that he was racked with impatience to generosity; and his conversation, except see a fair one, whose beauty was doubt. Tometimes in his careless moments, when less equal to her understanding, condes. he mistook impudence for wit, and rude- cenfion, and generosity.” ness for fincerity, was sensible and enter- Near a month elapsed before the impa. taining.
tient Mr. Holland received an answer to Another Writer give these further Partic and inany transcriptions. This reply,
an epistle, which had cost him much pains, culars of bis Life.
however, at length assured him, in the Mr. Holland's figure was about the most tender manner, that the writer's fenmiddle size, well proportioned, and ath. timents remained unchanged : that the letic ; with an agreeable countenance, had been extremely ill, was ordered into and an expreslive eye : his action was the country for the recovery of her health ; generally proper ; but frequently stiffened but that, soon after her return, he might by imitation.
depend upon hearing from her again, He was a great favourite of the ladies, She, at the same time, defined him to acand the distinction with which some of cept of the diamond * ring inclosed, and them honoured him, has rendered him fa. to wear it constantly for her fake. mous in the annals of gallantry : among In about six weeks, from this period, the chief of his amours itands his connexi
our heroine returned from the country; on with Mrs, E---le, which occasioned a and in a letter, penned in the usual strain, prosecution against him by her husband affured the object of her passion, that the for crim. con. Various have been the ac- had now determined to enter on an intercounts of this not unfasionable business ; view; and that she would call on him but the public may depend upon what at his lodgings onder the Piazza, Covent follows to be genuine.
Garden, on the Sunday morning followMr. Holland had received many letters ing, as it was a day she was sure of his ligned Leonora, fonie replete with the being relieved from the fatigue of entermost extravagant praises of him as an ac- taining the town. tor; and others declaring " that the wri. In this irksome interval, our tragedi. ter Thould have thought herself happy,' an's soul was continually up in arms, and if he had fallen to her lot, as a compa. formed ten thousand plans of the manner nion for life; but as forzune had cruelly in which he should receive her lady ship denied her that extreme gratification, me, or her grace; some of them as ridiculous should enjoy no selt, til he had assured as those of lady Wilfor't, in her amous her in the most folemn manner, that he with Sir Rowland Witwou'd. would attempt nothing against her virtue, The happy moment at length arrived, if he was indulged with an interview," and a plump, well dressed female entered The letter which contained this dalt de- Mr. Holland's dining room, when he claration, inclosed a present of four lot. exerted the utmost powers of his elocutitery-tickets ; and mentioned that a fer- on, in thanking her for the unmerited yant would call for an answer in a few favour le conferred upon him ; calling days.
up all the assistance of flage - trick, by Our hero's curiosity was hereby strong- counterfeiting confusion, terror, &c. On ly excited ; and as he was not deficient in which the lady accolted him in this manpoint of vanity, his imagination Suggelt. Her. “ Sir, you may spare your declaraed, that his person and talents had capti- tions and transports for another person ; I vated the heart of a woman of the highest am not the lady, who has been your corrank and fortune. He therefore resolved respondent for some time, but an intito answer her kind lester, when he assur. ed the fair unknown, in the true tragedy * We cannot gratify the reader by are itile, “ of his gratitude and eternal at quainting him, whether this was tbe best tachment; that he thought himself too diamond ring, mentioned in Mr. Holland's much honoured by her notice, to attempt will.
me friend, who can refuse her nothing; he was incapable of paying large damaöd, as the found herself incapable of ges. This precaution was, however, foon meeting you alone, I undertook the task rendered unnecessary by a message from from motives of pure friendship and com. the prosecutor, who convinced the culprit, paffion. Her coach is now at the door. that it was bis interest to make no defence, She bas a villa near town, and, if you as in that case no more than fifty pounds pole, I will accompany you thither to damage would be claimed; and even that finger.**
small Tom not received. What could our It was almost needless to observe that hero do? In this exigence blank verfe could Mr. Holland gave his afsent in terms of be of little use to him ; and he therefore the utmolt impatience ; when every thing submitted to his fate, which turned out being adjusted, the carriage moved brisk exactly as he had been promised, it plainly ly on, and soon arrived at the place of its appearing that the husband's role view destination near Hampttead. Here he was was to get rid of a wife for whom he had introduced into an elegant apartment, no regard, withont refunding a thilling and regaled with chocolate, while his of her fortune, which was very confidefair inamorata was muttering up courage rable ; and that in this honourable purto meet him whom she had often seen in fuit he had effected his purpose, by means the character of a king, a hero, and a of the virtuous lady, who had insinua. ftatesman. Every decent preparatory step ted herself into the confidence of the unbeing taken, he was suffered to approach fortunate wife, whose virtue the bad, in a his princess, when (as Mr. Hume laid of great measure, contributed to fubvert. himself and Rousseau) a very tender scene This lucky escape was not a Yufficient erfued.
warning for Mr. Holland to avoid all fue The reader will readily forgive our not ture connexions with married women ; furnishing bim with all the particulars of for if report is to be credited, a very the conversation ; first, because we are frict intimacy sublisted between him and not fufficiently acquainted with it ; and, Mrs. B------, the actress, a considerable secondly, because we do not think it time before his death ; and she is said to would prove either inftructive or enter. have been so deeply affected at his loss, taining Suffice it to say, that Mrs. that she was not able to make her appeaEse tad personal charms to rivet those rance upon the stage for some time after, fetters her pen had forged ; that they though her name was constantly in the came to a perfeet onderstanding; and were bills during that period. so well pleased with each other, that the
Ν Ο Τ Ε. lady removed to a house in Arundel-Areet, for the convenience of indulging a paffi. * Miss G--lb--t, when examined in the an fhe had gone fuch lengths, and taken ---- of K---- B----., pretended to fall luch pains to gratify.
into firs; and though the necessary quesImmersed in these sweet moments of tions were put in the moj decent manner enjoyment, our lovers little suspected the to ber, she made use of a rbousand childish fate that hovered over them; and were evafons : it appeared, sowever, that greatly furprized, after the assiduous care what she saw was from a hole made by they had taken to conceal their amour, herself, in the partition that separated to find an a&ion brought against Mr. Mrs. E---le's apartment. Holland, by the enraged Mr. E---le for trim con. and fill more so that Miss The Marquis of Rockingham's ManageG--lb--s, the complaisant, friendly lady ment of Grass-Lands, Turnip-boeing, artt mentioned in these anecdotes, was to &c. be produced by Mr. E-.-le, as the fole
IS operated like a thunder- ftorm, and disper. down and keeping his grass-lands sed at once all the loves and graces ; che is worthy of universal imitation, as a fpilady retreating to obscurity, and the gen. rit of culture hath brought forth a ferti. tleman preparing for his defence. As he lity and richnels of pasture beyond any had no doubt of the fa&t being fully pro- thing I remember to have seen. The ved, his only resource was to prove, from method of laying down is this : Oats are
his falasy, and older circumkances, that sown (underfeeded) upon land that has been exceedingly well fallowed for a year the common management, is generally and half, by many ploughings, harrow- the very contrary; and it is incontestible, ings, &c. By which operations the fur- that his Lordship's method pays its own face is laid molt completely level, so that expence in the very first crop. Suppole nof the least trace of a furrow is to be the farmer's feeds cort him 20s. the exdiftinguished ; with the corn, 12lb. of cess on the lide of the better manner is white Durch clover, and eight bushels of then, we will say, 29 s. a sum in the vafinely-dreffed bay-fieds are fown. Ar lue of hay that does amount to little harveft the oats are reaped, and 6lb. more more than a fifth of the first year's proof cloversecd sown over the stubble, duet. which is then mown, and raked off, and But Lord Rockingham, in scarce any confequently the seed pretty well buried thing, has acted with greater spirit, than in the ground; a very rich compost is im. the improvement of the turnip culture mediately spread on the field, and well by hoeing: for the disguit he felt at fece harrowed in, by which means the feed is ing the common slovenly inanagement of completely covered ; in this manner it is the farmers, in respect to this crop, made left ihe first winter. The crop is next hiin determine to introduce the excellent year left until the seeds are ripe enough practice of hoeing, common in many of io shake in the mowing and making, by the fouthern pans of the kingdom. With which means the land gains a fresh sprinke this view, he endeavoured to persuade his ling, and the whole surface ensured a 10. tenants to come into the method, descrital and thick covering:
bed to thein the operation, pointed out The fuccess attending this method is its advantages, clearly explained to them so very great, that, in leveral large fields the great contequence of increaling the which I viewed, the after-grass was eight fize of the roots in the luxuriance of its and nine inches high, loun after clearing growin, and the equality of the crops ; a crop of hay of two tons per acre, and he reminded them of the poor crops of this the first year of the lay. No one spring.corn, gained after turnips, for would have known, from walking over want of a becter culture, from the differthe field, that it was not of fome years eace of following a crop of weeds, which growth, so thick and malted on the ground will not feed cattle, and consequently not was the first year's produce. This grass, improve the land : and succeeding a large in any part of the kingdom, would have produce of valuable roots, which, by lett for jos. an acre, and for 4os. in mott: their chick Made, and the quantity of An improvement of a noble kind, when cattle they maintained, emiched the land, the rents, before this tn'anagement, were at the same time that all weeds are def no more than 8 and 9 shillings per acre, troved by the hoeing. and leit at their value.. Adjoining to se. Uncontrovertible as this reasoning, fo veral of these new lays, some of the old clearly founded on facts, mult appear to pastures are to be seen yet in tenants the unprejud.ced, yet, with a fet of men hands; they are poisoned with superflu. of contracted ideas, used to a stated road, olis water, and over. sunt with every spe. with deviations neither to the righe or cies of rimpery and weeds, the grass of left, it had very little effect: Turnips a poor foil, and the quantity trifling. In continued to be lown, but were never jays of thiree or four years old, the after. hoed. His Lördship then finding, that grais, bad it been mown, would have discourse and realoning could not prevail yielded at least two tons of bay air acre, over the obit nacy of their understand.
li is obiervable upon this plan, that no ings, determined to convince their eyes. part of it is beyond the reach of a com- He sent into Herifordshire for a hilband. mon tarmer ; a principal view of his lord. man vied to hoeing of turnips, and gave fhip in all his husbandry. Here are no directions for bis management of a large two-years fallow, nor any loss by laying crop: This he continue leveral years; without a crop of corn; the feeds indeed and by this means, by degrees, he introare in large quantities, and amount in to. duced the practice, which is now (though tal price io near fifty Thillings an acre ; not universal) the common practice of all but then it is to be considered, that the the good common farmers. Much does thickness of lowing gives it a moft excel. This neighbourhood owe to fo patriotic a lent crop the very fult year, which, in design, which was truly planned with