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INDEX TO THE

CONSTITUTION.

,
PAGE. | Banking,

PAOL
Academies, support of,....
822 no special charter for,

821
Adjournment of legislature,.

805 suspension of specie payments,. 821
Adjutant-general,....
824 stockholders to be liable,

822
Agricultural land, certain grants void,.. 798

bill holders preferred,

822
Alienation of lands, restraints upon,

794 Bank bills,
Amendments,

to be registered,

806
to bills,
805 to be first paid,

822
to the constitution,

825 Black River canal,
Appeals,

to be completed,

816
court of, .

810
not to be sold or leased,

818
commissioners of,
810 | Betting on elections,...

800
special,

815 | Bills,
819
laws to be passed by,

805
how to be passed,..
820 private and local, title of,

805
Assembly,

enacting clause of,

805
number of members,
801 question on final passage,.

805
how apportioned, ..

803 returned from governor with objec-
districts re-organized,.

803
tions,

807
compensation of members,

803
to create debt,

819
members not to receive appoint-

for tax and appropriations,

820
ments,
804 Bribery, persons guilty of, .

800
accepting U. S. office vacates seat,.. 804 Borrowing money,
election to be held in November,.... 804 state may borrow for sinking fund, . 819
to judge of qualifications, elections, not exceeding $1,000,000,..

819
etc.,...
804 to repel invasion,..

819
to choose its own officers,.
804 with assent of the people,.

819
to keep a journal,...

804

cities and villages to be restricted
to sit with open doors, except, etc.,.. 805 in,

822
not to adjourn without consent of the Buffalo city courts,

812
senate,..

805
menibers not to be questioned else Canals,
where for words in debate,

805
revenues,

816
majority of, necessary to pass bills,.. 805 to be completed,

817
has the power of impeachment, 809 not to be sold, leased or disposed of, 818
Attorney-general,

enlargement,

816
election and tenure of office,
807 loan for,.

816
compensation,..
808 rates of toll,

817
commissioner of land office,.. 808 repairs,..

817
commissioner of the canal fund,.... 808 Canal commissioners,
member of the canal board,
809 election and tenure of office,

808
Attorney, district, ..
822 members of canal board,.

808
Ayes and noes,

Canal fund commissioners,.,

808
on final passage of bills,...... 805 | Canal board,
on bills returned by governor,.
807 of whom it shall consist,.

808
on removal of judicial officers, 812 its powers and duties,..

809
on certain bills to create debt,... 819 Chancellor,
on tax and appropriation bills,. ... 820 office of, abolished, ....

828
on amendments to the constitution,. 825 to hear causes till July, 1848,

827

Census of the state, when to be taken, .. 802
Bail, excessive not to be required,..... 796 Clerk
Ballot, , tion to be by,.....

800 of the court of appeals,..... 815

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Clerk, continued :
PAGE. Constitution, continued :

PAGE
of the supreme court, county clerks

when to take effect,....

829
to be,

815 Convention
Clerks of Counties,.
822 to revise the constitution, .

825
Clerk and register,

majority of electors necessary, 825
of New York city, .
822 delegates to be elected,...

825
vacancy, how filled,

823 Congress, members of, ineligible to the
Credit,

legislature,

804
of the state, not to be loaned, ...... 819 Corporations,

of cities and villages to be restricted, 822 to be formed under general laws,... 821
Citizens,

by special act in certain cases,. 821
not to be disfranchised, unless by law, 705 general laws may be altered,. 821
not to answer for crimes, except on

dues from, how secured,....

821
indictments, etc.,.

796

defined, to sue and be sued,... 821
not to be twice put in jeopardy, 796

for banking,

821
Cities,

stockholders individually liable,.... 822
may be created by special act,..... 821 restrictions on municipal, .

822
to be restricted in their powers,. 822 Corporate rights or charters not affected, 799

officers of, to be elected or appointed, 823 Coroners,
City courts. (See Courts in Cities.]

election and tenure of office,

822
Crime, no one to answer except on pre-

governor may remove,..

823
sentment, etc.,
796 time of election,

823
Criminal cases, no one to be witness County,
against himself,...

796 not to be divided in forming senate
Circuit courts, any justice of supreme

districts,..

802
court may hold, .

811 each to have member of assembly,, 803
Chief judge of the court of appeals,. 810 not to be liable for acts of sheriff, 822
Chief justice of the supreme court,. 811 officers to be elected or appointed ac-
Code, commissioners to reduce laws into, 798 cording to law,

825
Colonial acts, the law of this state,...... 798 County courts, by whom held,

813
Colored person,

County clerks,
entitled to vote,....

799 to be clerk of supreme court, ...... 815
certain, not to be taxed,..

799 election, tenure of office, and how
Common lalu, part of the laws of this

removed,

822
state,..
798 time of election,

823
Common school fund,
822 vacancies, how filled,

823
Common pleas courts,

812 County judge,
Comptroller,

election and tenure,

813
election of, and tenure of office, 807

jurisdiction,.....

813
compensation, not to receive fees,... 807 to receive a salary,

813
commissioner of the land office, 808 two officers may be created,

814
coin missioner of the canal fund,.... 808 how removed,

812
member of the canal board,.. 809 Counsel, party accused entitled to,. 796
Commissioners of the canal fund,

Court for the trial of impeachments,.. . 809
who shall be,
808 Court of appeals,...

810
powers and duties,

809 Court,
Commissioners of the land office,

supreme-of law and equity.. ...... 811
who shall be,

808 state to be divided into districts,. 811
powers and duties,

809 chief justice to be designated,. 811
may sell land contiguous to the salt

general terms held by three,.

811
springs,

819
special terms, held by one,.

811
Commissioners,

Courts of sessions,
to form code,
798 by whom held,

815
to simplify pleadings and practice,.. 798 jurisdiction of,

815
Commissioners of appeals,
810 Courts, inferior,

815
Commissary generul,

824
extra,

814
Compensation,

Culling, officers for, abolished,.

809
of members of the legislature, 803
of the governor,

806 Debate, legislative, freedom of,. ...... 805
of the lieutenant-governor,..

807 | Debts,
of judges of court of appeals and

obligation of, not to be impaired,.... 799
justices of supreme court,. ... 813 due the state from corporations..... 818
of county judge,

813 Debt,
Conscience,

revenues of canal to pay,....

816
liberty of,

796 to supply deficit in sinking fund,. 818
persons exempt from military duty,. 824 not to exceed $1,000,000,...,

819
Constitution,

money borrowed, how to be used,... 819
how amended,

825 to repel invasion, repress insurrection, 819

Debt, continued :
PAGE. Governor, continued :

PAGE.
not to create without providing for

when and how elected,...

806
payment,..
819 commander-in-chief, etc.,.

806
nor without being approved by the

to communicate by message,.

806
people,....

820

to convene legislature or senate only 806
law for, how to be passed,

820 to execute laws, compensation, ...... 8C:6
cities and villages to be restricted,.. 822 to grant reprieves, pardons, etc.,.. 806
Districts,

to suspend execution in cases of trea-
senate,

801
son,..

806
how and when altered,.

802 to report pardons and reprieves yearly 806
assembly, how and when altered,... 803 when out of state at head of military
judicial,

811
force,.....

806
District attorney,

not to appoint members of legisla-
election and tenure of office,
822 ture to office,......

804
governors may reinove,.
822 to sign bills, if he approve,.

807
time of election,
823 his veto,

807
Divorce not to be granted without judicial,

to determine by lot the terms of in.
proceedings,

797
spectors of state prison,.

808
Duration of office, when not fixed by law, 823 to fill vacancy in office,

808
may suspend treasurer, etc.,.

809
Elections,

to remove judicial officers,.

812
to be by ballot,

800 to fill vacancy in office of judge of
of members of the legislature,. 804 court of appeals,...

810
of governor and lieutenant-governor, 806 to fill vacancy in office of justices of
secretary of state and other state

supreme court,..

812
officers,....

807 may remove sheriff, county clerk, dis-
of sheriffs, etc.,

822 trict attorney, and coroner,..... 823
judges, justices supreme court, etc.,. 813 may appoint major-generals and com-
Electors,

missary-general,...

824
qualifications of

799 | Grants,
guilty of bribery,.

800 certain, with rents reserved, void, .. 798
what constitutes residence of. 800 from king of Great Britain,.

799
persons in military service,... 800 Gauging, office for, abolished,..

809
Enumeration of inhabitants, when taken, 802
Engineer,

808 Habeas corpus, not to be suspended
Erie canal,

except, etc.,.

796
enlargement,

817 Hamilton county, to elect members with
not to be sold, leased, etc.,.

818
Fulton,...

803
Escheat to the people,

798
Executive power vested in governor,.. 805 Impeachment,

assembly has the power of,. .... 809
Fees,

court of,.....

809
state officers not to receive,.... 808 | Indictment,
no judicial officer to receive,.
815 no criminal trial without.........

796
may be received by a justice of the

of persons convicted on impeach-
peace,

815
ment,..

810
Feudai tenures abolished,.

798 Indians, purchases of lands from, void,.. 798
Freedom,

Infamous crime,
of speech, and press secured,. 797 not to answer for, unless on présent-
of debate in legislature secured,. 805

ment, etc.,...

790
of religion,..

796

persons guilty, may be deprived of
Fines,

right to vote,..

790
excessive, not to be in posed,. 796 Inspectors of state prison,
and quarter sales to be void,. 798 election and tenure of office,

808
Fund, sinking. (See Sinking Fund, Com-

to have charge of state prison,.... 808
mon School, Literature, United

to appoint all officers therein,....... 808
States deposit.)

vacancies to be filled by governor,.. 808
Funds, no money paid from, without ap Inspections, offices for,....

809
propriation,..

819 Invasions, etc.,
debt may be created for,.

819
Genesee Valley canal,

money raised, how used.

819
to be completed,...

816
not to be sold or leased,

818 Jeopardy, not twice for same offense,. 796
Government expenses, from canal revenues 816 Journals,
Governor,

of each house,...

804
executive power vested in, and term

yeas and nays to be entered in, 805
of office,...

805 objections of governor to be entered
who eligible,.

805
on,.....

807

PAGE,

Jury,

Judges of the court of appeals, PAGE. | Libel,
who to be,..

810 truth to be given in evidence, .... 797
compensation,

813 law and fact to be determined by the
election of,...
813, 815 jury,

797
to hold no other office or trust,...... 812 Literature fund inviolate, and revenues,
members of the court of impeach-

how applied,..

822
ments,...

809 Liability,
votes given for, void,

812 of corporators and stockholders,.... 821
may be removed by joint resolution,. 812 in banking business,

822
vacancy in office,...

810 | Lieutenant-governor,
not to receive fees,.
815 election and tenure of office,

805
Judge of county court,

qualifications and eligibility,

807
election,..

813 president of the senate, and casting
to hold county court and act as sur-

vote,

807
rogate,
814 compensation of,

807
jurisdiction,

813 commissioner of the land office, 808
with two justices to hold court of ses-

commissioner of the canal fund,.... 808
sions,....
813 member of the canal board,

809
' compensation,..

813 member of the court for the trial of
two officers may be created,

814
impeachments,

809
how removed,

812
not to sit on trial of governor,

809
Judicial officers,

Legislature,
first election of,.....
815 what constitutes,

801
when impeached not to act...

809 compensation of members of, 803
certain, may be removed,.

812 niemie to not to receive appoint-
in cities and villages, to be elected,.. 813 ments,..

804
not to receive fees,..
815 when elected,

804
Judicial districts,

majority constitutes a quorum,. .. .. 804
of supreme court,..

811 each house to determine its own rules, 804
when re-organized,..

811 each house to choose its own officers, 804

each house to judge of elections, etc., 804
right of trial by, secured ;

when

each house to keep a journal, etc., .. 804
waived,..

795 each house to keep open doors,.... 804
to assess value of property,......... 797 each house not to adjourn without
in libel cases,.......

798
consent,

804
Justices of the supreme court,

freedom of debate in, secured,. 805
number and tenure of office,

811 may confer power of local legislation, 805
how elected,

813 to elect governor and lieutenant-
one or more chief justices,.

811

governor in certain cases,.. 806
compensation,
813 extra session of, how called,.

806
to hold no other office or trust,...

812 to provide for publication of laws
votes given for, void,..
812 and decisions,

815
removal by concurrent resolution,... 812 to create corporations by general laws, 821
vacancy to be filled by governor,. 812 to provide for organization of cities
not to receive fees,..

815
and villages,

822
Justices of the peace,

to restrict the powers of cities and
members of court of sessions,

villages,

822
election and tenure of office,

814 to provide for filling vacancies in
election to fill vacancy,
814 office,

823
number and classification regulated, 814 legislative term, when to commence, 823
how removed,....
814 when to assemble,...

823
to provide for removal of officers,... 824

to declare what constitutes vacancy, 824
Land,

to fix time for electing militia officers, 825
ultimate property in,

797 may change mode of choosing offi-
all to be allodial,..

798
cers,

825
certain lea over 12 years, void,... 798 to provide for delegates to conven.
purchases from Indians void,. 798

tion,

826
Land office, commissioners of,.

803 Local bills,
Laws,

to embrace but one subject, .... 805
to be enacted by bill only,.......... 805 subject to be expressed in title ... 805
to be enforced by governor,

806 legislation may be conferred on su-
certain, to be submitted to the people, 820 pervisors...

805
mode of enacting. (See Bills.]
Lotteries prohibited,

797
Life and liberty, not to be deprived of,
without due process,...

796
Liberty of conscience, not to justify acts

a ,
of licentiousness, etc.,. .

796
to pass bills,

805

.... 813

Majority of teachmhouse necessary to

804

Message,

PAGE.
PAGE. | Property, continued :

797
governor to communicate by,....... 806 ultimate, in lands,...
objections to bill,...
807 rights of, not affected,

799
Measures and weights, standard supplied, 809 Private road,
Measuring, office for, abolished,
809 may be opened,

797
Militia,

damages to be found by jury,

797
governor commander-in-chief of,.... 806 Private or local bills,

805
to be armed and disciplined,.. 824 Proceedings of courts,

811
exemptions on religious scruples,... 824 Punishment, not cruel or unusual, 796
officers of, how chosen,

824 Public,
staff and general of, how appointed, 824 money or property for local or pri-
time of choosing militia officers, 825

vate purposes, . :

797
officers, how commissioned,

825 not to be paid without appropriation
officers, how removed,

825
in two years,..

797
legislature may change mode of
choosing officers,

825

Qualification of members of legisla-
Municipal corporations,

ture,

804
may be created by special acts,.... 821 Quarter sales, to be void,...

798
legislature to provide for organiza-

Question on bill to borrow money, how
tion of, .....

822
put, .

820
to restrict powers of taxation, debt,

Quorum,
etc., .

822
majority of each house,...

804

three-fifths of each house required,. 820
New York city,
senate districts in,.

801
Register in New York,..

822
judicial district,

811
Religion, freedom in, secured,

... 797
may have more than four justices of

Removal,
supreme court,.

811
of judges,

812
to have city courts,.

812
of justices of the peace,

814
courts in, to continue until altered,. 829

of officers, other than judicial, local,
or legislative,....

824
Oath of office,

825 Resolutions, certain - law of the State,. 798
Officers,

Residence,
county, how to be elected or ap-

of electors, what shall be,..... 800
pointed,

823 of person eligible to the office of
city and town, how to be elected or

governor,

805
823 Reprieves and pardons for offenses, 806
other elected or appointed as law Revenues of canals,
shall direct,..

823 to pay superintendence and repairs,. 816
removal of other than judicial, local

to pay $1,300,000 on canal debt,
or legislative,

824
yearly,

816
militia, how chosen,

824 to pay $1,700,000 on canal debt,
major-generals, etc.,

824
yearly,

816
oath of,

825

to pay $350,000 on general fund debt, 816
tenure of,...

823 to pay $1,500,000 on general fund
debt,

816
Pardons and commutations, etc.,..... 806 to repay deficiency in sinking fund,. 818
laws may be passed regulating mode

to pay $200,000 to expenses of gov.

806
of applying for,....

ernment,

816
for sinking fund,

816
governor to report yearly,..
Practice of courts to be simplified,. 797

for enlargement and completion of
Petition, right of, not to be abridged, 797

816

canals,
President of the senate,

Rules, each house to determine its own,. 804
lieutenant-governor, casting vote, .. 807
pro tem., when chosen,

804 Salt springs,
when to act as governor,..
807 not to be sold,

819
Personal liability,

lands contiguous may be sold,. .. 819
of stockholders and corporators, etc., 821 State,
in banking corporations,
822 engineer and surveyor,

808
Political year, when to begin,

823 commissioner of land office,.. 808
Property,

member of canal board,..

809
not to be taken without process of Statutes,
law,...

796 certain law of this state, ..... 799
without just compensation,

796 to be published, publication free, 816
value to be ascertained,.
797 State prisons,

808
by jury for private road,

797 Secrecy of legislative proceedings, when
public, for local or private purposes, 797 allowed,

804

appointed,

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806

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