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of public land for the construction of their railroad; which was : referred to the Committee on Public Lands...

Mr. Pearce presented the memorial of the Massachusetts Historical Society, praying a donation of a copy of the American archives for the use of their library; which was referred to the Committee on the Library.

Mr. Pearce submitted a communication from Winthrop W. Cheney and S. E. Guild, executors of Abel Phelps, deceased, addressed to the Committee on the Library, in relation to the portraits of the early Presidents of the United States, now in the Library of Congress; which was referred to the Committee on the Library. .

Mr. Borland presented the memorial of William Bayard and Company, praying to be allowed the right of way and a grant of public land for a railroad from the Mississippi river to California;" which was referred to the Committee on Public Lands.

Mr. Corwin presented a petition of citizens of Essex county, New York,,praying an increase of the duties on foreign manufactures; which was referred to the Committee on Finance.

Mr, Corwin presented a petition of the religious society of Friends in the State of Ohio, against the further extension of slavery in the territories of the United States.

The motion to receive the petition being objected to, 7.913 Ordered, That the motion lie on the table. Mr. Westcott presented resolutions passed by the Legislature of the State of Florida, remonstrating against the removal of certain arms and munitions of war from the city of St. Augustine, and in favor of the adoption of measures for the better protection of the eastern frontier of that State; which were referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.

Mr. Westcott presented, a resolution passed by the Legislature of the State of Florida, in favor of an appropriation for paying certain volunteers of that State for services in the Seminole war; which was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.''

Mr. Westcott presented a resolution passed by the Legislature of the State of Florida, in favor of a law granting bounty lands to the officers and soldiers who served in the Seminole campaign;' which was referred to the Committee on Public Lands,'·.

Mr. Westcott presented a petition of citizens of Washington county, Florida, praying a grant of a quarter section of land to the inhabitants of that county for public uses; which was referred to the Committee on Public Lands. es

Mr. Bradbury presented the petition of Patrick Walker, praying a renewal of his pension; which was referred to the Committee on Pensions.

<? 41 ?! On motion by Mr. Hunter, !

103) Ordered, That the memorial of the president and professors of the William and Mary college, in the State of Virginia, on the files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Revolutionary Claims. On motion by Mr. Cameron,

13"); Ordered, That the petition of Rebecca Roboson, on the files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Pensions.

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Mr. Hale presented eight petitions of female inhabitants of the United States, praying the adoption of measures for preventing the further extension of slavery, and for suppressing the slave trade in the United States.'

The motion to receive the petitions being objected to,

On motion by Mr. King, that the motion to receive lie on the Itable.

Yeas

25 It was determined in the af

affirmative,

Naysi............. 16 On motion by Mr. Hale, The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the Senators present, Those who voted in the affirmative are,

Messrs. Atchison, Atherton, Bell, Benton, Berrien, Borland, Butler, Clayton, Davis, of Mississippi, Dickinson, Downs, Fitzgerald, Fitzpatrick, Foote, Houston, Hunter, Johnson, of Louisiana, King, Metcalfe, Pearce, Rusk, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Westcott.

Those who voted in the negative are,
Messrs. Allen, Baldwin, Bradbury, Bright, Cameron, Corwin,
Dayton, Dix, Felch, Hale, Hamlin, Miller, Niles, Spruance, Up-
ham, Walker.

So it was ;
Ordered, That the motion lie on the table.

Mr. Houston submitted the following resolutions for consideration:

Whereas, by the acquisition of the territory of New Mexico and California, and the recent occupation of Oregon, new interests, of a great national character, have been created, the early developement of which is of the highest importance in the advancement of the prosperity of our country:

And whereas it becomes us as a wise people to take such meas-ures a's will insure protection in war, as well as in peace, to those distant portions of our republic, by establishing between them and the existing States the safest and speediest routes by land, which will always remain open, under our exclusive control, and not be subject to any change of relations between ourselves and other powerful nations: therefore, Resolved, That a special committee be appointed, to consist of

members, to inquire into and report upon the expediency of establishing a railroad by the government of the United States, fór military purposes, between San Francisco, on the Pacific, and the i most suitable point which may be found upon the navigable waters of the valley of the Mississippi; and that the said committee be, and are hereby, instructed to examine and report, as far as can be ascertained, according to the facts known, what would be the probable amount of gold produced to the government of the United States per annum, for a period of ten years, at the rate of an assessment of eight per cent. rent upon all that may be dug within that time in California; and, also, to report upon the expediency of applying the first proceeds of that fund to the building of such a road.

Resolved, further, That the said committee are hereby instructed to inquire into and report upon the expediency of making a military

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road of the usual class between the points indicated for selection by the preceding resolution, by the employment, by the government of the United States, of such a portion of the military force as would be necessary to complete it at the earliest period.

Resolved, further, That the said committee are hereby instructed to inquire into and report the number of military posts proper to be established upon said road for the protection of the lives and property of the citizens of the United States; and report the extent of the military force which would be necessary to maintain thalent posts.

The resolutions were read, and
Ordered, That they be printed.
Mr. Bell submitted the following resolution for consideration:
Resolved, That the Second Auditor and Second Comptroller of

Treasury report to the Senate, as early as prácticable, wbát ain ount is due to the Cherokee nation of Indians, according to the principles established by the treaty of 1846 between the United States and the said Cherokee nation, taking as a basis for their calculation the statement of amounts made by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in his report of May 10, 1848.

A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Campbell, their Clerk:

Mr. President: The House of Representatives concur in the amendments of the Senate to the following bills: bH, R. 187. Act for the relief of James B. Davenport.

H. R. 119. Act for the relief of Anthony Bessee...

H. R. 191. Açt for the relief of Elizabeth Burriss, her heirs or assigns, in their title to a tract of land.

H. R. 328. Act for the relief of John B. Smith and Simeon Darden.

H. R. 405. Act to extend certain privileges to the town of Whitehall in the State of New York.

I am directed by the House of Representatives to request a return to the House of a joint resolution (.i. 20) aur ine celief of Samuel T. Anderson.

Mr. Atchison, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, reported a resolution (S. 49.)authorizing the appointment of commissioners to examine into certain Indian debt claims; which was read and passed to the second reading.

Mr. Atchison, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, reported a bill (s. 382) to provide for the extension of the existing laws in relation to Indian affairs over the Territories of Oregon, California, and New Mexico, and for the appointment of agents for the Indian tribes therein; which was read, and passed to the second, reading.

Mr. Hale, by unanimous consent; asked and obtained leave to - bring in a resolution (S. 50), directing a sword to be presented to the nearest male relative of the late Major Samuel Ringgold; which was read the first and second times by unanimous consent, and referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.

Mr. Rusk reported, from the committee, that they had presented to the President of the United States, the 6tb. instant, the resolu

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tion (S. 47) relating to the compensation of persons appointed to deliver the votes for President and Vice President of the United States to the President of the Senate.

A message from the President of the United States, by Mr. Walker, his secretary:

Mr. President: The President of the United States approved and signed, the 6th instant, the resolution (S. 47) relating to compensation of persons appointed to deliver the votes for President and Vice President of the United States to the President of the Senate.

Ordered, That the Secretary notify the House of Representatives accordingly.

Mr. Douglas, from the Committee on Territories, to whom. wasreferred the bill (S. 152) to establish the territorial government of Minesota, reported it with amendments.

The Senate proceeded to consider the said bill as in Committee of the Wbole; and,

On motion by Mr. Douglas, Ordered, That the further consideration of the bill be postponed to, and made the special order of the day for next Wednesday week.

Mr. Breese, agreeably to notice, asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill (S. 383) for the relief of the legal representatives of John Rice Jones, deceased; which was read the first and second times by unanimous consent, and referred to the Committee on Public Lands.

The Senate resumed, as in. Committee of the Whole, the consideration of the bill (H. R. 471) to admit certain articles of the growth or production of Canada into the United States free of duty, upon the condition that the like articles of the growth or production of the United States are admitted into Canada free of duty, with the amendments reported thereto; and the reported amendments having been disagreed to, and a further amendment being proposed,

On motion by Mr. Dix, Ordered, That the further consideration of the bill be postponed until to-morrow.

After the consideration of executive business,
The Senate adjourned.

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TUESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1849. Mr. Yulee presented a petition of registers and receivers of públic lands in the State of Florida, praying that commissions may be allowed on entries of military land warrants; which was referred to the Committee on Public Lands.

Mr. Dodge, of Iowa, presented the petition of John W. Mount, a volunteer in the war with Mexico, praying an increase of pension; which was referred to the Committee on Pensions.

Mr. Dodge, of Iowa, presented a petition of citizens of Iowa, praying the construction of a bridge over the Des Moines river, at

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Keosauqua, in that State; which was referred to the Committee on
Roads and Canals.

Mr. Benton presented the petition of Frederick Dent, praying the confirmation of his title to certain tracts of land; which was referred to the Committee on Private Land Claims.

Mr. Sturgeon presented two petitions of citizens of Pennsylvania, praying an increase of the duties on foreign manufactures; which were referred to the Committee on Finance.

Mr. Rusk presented the petition of John J. Simpson, praying indemnity for damage done to his property by United States troops; which was referred to the Committee of Claims. -5. Mr. Cameron presented two petitions of citizens of Pennsylvania, praying an increase of the duties on foreign manufactures; which were referred to the Committee on Finance. ...???

Mr. Cameron presented a petition of citizens of Pennsylvania, praying the purchase of Mount Vernon by the government; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture.

Mr. Cameron submitted additional documents relating to the pe. tition of James Harley; which were referred to the Committee on Patents and the Patent Office.

Mr. Bradbury presented a memorial of Wells and Company, and others, of New York, praying the aid of the government in the construction of a railway across the isthmus of Tehuantepec; which was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. Cameron presented the petition of Joseph Nock, praying indemnity for the violation, by the Post Office Department, of his contract for supplying mail locks; which was referred to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

Mr. Dickinson presented the memorial of the Ohio and Indianapolis Railroad Company, praying a grant of public land to aid in the construction of their railroad; which was referred to the Committee on Public Lands.

Mr. Dickinson presented a petition of citizens of New York, praying that the rates of postage may be reduced and the franking privilege abolished; which was referred to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

On motion by Mr. Cameron, Ordered, That the petition of Samuel H. Thompson, on the files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

The Senate proceeded to consider the message from the House of Representatives asking the return of the resolution (H. RI 20) for the relief of Samuel T. Anderson; and,

On motion by Mr. King, Ordered, That the Committee on Naval Affairs be discharged from the consideration of the said resolution; and that the Secretary return the same to the House of Representatives.

Mr. Underwood presented the petition of Daniel P. Bedinger, a citizen of Kentucky, praying that an annual appropriation may be made from the treasury of the United States of a sum sufficient to defray the expense of transporting to the country of their choice

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