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atile of " Done* into English,” and sad in the escutcheon of pretence. The doings too!
proper arms of Scotland are, Or, a
Lion rampant within a double tressure, Great Britain, however, by no means monopolizes bad translators. We read flory and counterflory, Gules: that is
the inner tressure is adorned with Fleur of a French student, who translating de Lis on the inside, and the outer one, from the New Testament, “ Erat homo
on the outside ; instead of which, the qui habebat manum aridam,” rendered
arms of Scotland, as they now appear it, “ Il y eut un homme qui avoit une on the silver coin, are thus emblazoned: mechante baridelle." -" That
Or, a Lion rampant Gules, within a chante haridelle," said his tutor, “must serve to carry you out of the regions the outer one plain. Posterity will,
double tressure, the inner one flory, of Latin science ;” and gave up his perhaps, wonder when this abalement charge.*
took place, and will probably conclude, some of the records of the Heralds' Col
lege are lost; the coin of the present To the Editor of the European Magazine. day supplying the only existing evi.
dence of this alteration in the Royal SIR, Salisbury, 5th Sept. Arms of Scotland. This bearing of the
tressure was granted to the Scots Kings PREVIOUS to the late issue of the
gew Silver Coinage, the newspapers by Charlemagne, when he entered into a exhibited almost daily specimens of league with King Achaius, anno 809. very profound criticism on the abbre When first granted, this tressure was viated inscriptions, and whether the
borne only single; but in 1371, Robert word Brilt: should have only one T,
Stuart doubled it, by renewing the or a brace of them : next followed some
same alliance with Charles the yth of
France. very shrewd guesses, as to the probable length of time the inscription would re
The other error to wbich I have main legible, protected as it was by
alluded, is manifest in the Arms of a newly-fashioned raised edge; then
Lunenburg ; which should be Or, Semé came forth some gratuitous praises on
of bearts proper, a Lion rampant azure. the neatness of the exergue, and the
In cutting the die, the field of this inimitable elegance of the milling ;
impalement should be dotted :::: in concluding with a due share of eulo addition to the semé of hearts, which gium on the merits of Mr. Wellesley would at once poiot out the hearing Pole, for his great diligence in having
to be Or, or gold; whereas by leaving the coin all-perfect, by placing bis own
it plain (as it now appears on all the initials (W. W. P.) on the frieze of coins in question) a very different tincthe escutcheon. With all this vast care ture in heraldry occurs, kdown by the and circumspection, it is not a little name of Argent. extraordinary, that two very palpable
I trust, Sir, that the persons of the heraldic blunders occur in the blazon
Royal Mint, whose province it may be of the arms, on the half-crowns and to direct the cutting of the dies, have shillings of 1816 und 1817, and also paid more than ordinary attention to on the new half-crowns of the latter those intended for the Gold Coinage. date (coined since the first issue), as
I have seen two or three of the Sovelikewise on all the sixpences. I allude reigos, they have only the collar of to the arms of Scotland in the second
the Garter and badge on the reverse : quarter, and to those of Lunenburg
the Half Sovereigns (which, we are informed, have the arms “ beautifully
emblazoned") I hope to find emblazoned * He who, in the year 1691, did (or correctly as well as beautifully;" rather undid) Busbequius into English, has for Dr. Johnson very accurately obseveral peculiar merits of bis own. He
all ornaments owe their has coriched the language with many new
beauty to their propriety." words and expressions. “His misfortunes had reduced him to the top of all mise.
I am, Sir, ries,” among his tropes, is one of the most outrée.
Your very obedient servant, + « Manum aridam" means a withered hand," but may be translated
SAMUEL HERBERT HAWES. out harkney;" to wbich construction the young gentleman chose to adhere,
serves, that "
How difficult to follow is the line of truth with the greatest perspicuity
of wisdom and virtue! what then the SINDS that derive all their plea- blindness of prejudice and self-interest?
sures from the levity and mirth The man you blindfold, and bid walk of promiscuous company, are seldom straight an hundred yards, will proable to contribute, in any high degree, bably be much surprised to find himto their own amusement. Characters self so strangely wide of bis intended like these search every place for entermark, as he certainly will be when the tainment, except their own bosonis, and bandage is taken off his eyes ; and the bosoms of their surrounding fami- should not we, think you, be surprised lies. The wearied pleasurist, sinking to find how wide we are from that under the weight upon his spirits, flies line of truth, if our bandage was taken to scenes of public gaiety, or private off? But how dissimilar are the two splendor, in fond, but vain, expectation, cases ! in the first, the bandage is put that they will dispel bis discontent, and on by another, and the man expects recreate his mind; but he finds, alas ! to be a little wide of the straight path ; that the fancied asylum affords him no but in the last, we put it on ourselves, rest. The ever-craving appetite for and expect to walk perfectly true. pastime always grows by what it feeds Nay, strange imagination I we begin
While he eagerly embraces every putting on this bandage, and then beobject tbat promises to supply the dire. lieve we have it not on : we choose ful vacancy of his mind, he exbausts to go in the dark, and like Lord Peter its remaining strength, enlarges the his loaf was a shoulder of mutton ; wound he is so anxiously endeavouring we swear we have nothing at all on to heal; and by too eagerly grasping our eyes, that we see perfectly well, at the phantom Pleasure, loses, perhaps and heartily execrate those who confor ever, the substantial power of being tradict us.
T. H. happy.
PROSPERITY AND ADVERSITY.
Characters enervated by Prosperity Certainly it is the same composition feel the smallest inconvenience as a of mind, the same resolution and con
serious calamity ; and unable to bear rage, which makes the greatest friend, the touch of rude and violent hands, ships and the greatest enmities ; and require to be treated, like young and be who is too lightly reconciled, after tender flowers, with delicacy and attenhigh provocations, may recommend tion; while those who have been edu. himself to the world as a Christian, cated in the rough school of Adverbut I should bardly trust him for a sity, walk over the thorns of life with a friend. The Italians have a proverb firm and intrepid step, and kick them for this purpose," To forgive the first from the path with indifference and time, shews me a good Catholic: the contempt. 'Superior to the false opi. second time, a fool.
nious and prejudices of the world, they
bear with patient fortitude the blow MIND AND BODY.
of misfortune, disregard all trilling in
juries, and look down with proud conAs I am a man, I must be changeable : tempt on the malice of their enemies, and sometimes the gravest are so, even and the infidelity of their friends. T. H. upon ridiculous accidents, owing to the temperament of our bodies, which makes me suspect they are nearer allied than either our philosophers or school divines will allow them to be. “ I bave Tom Walker, the original and jovial observed,” says Montaigne, “ that when Macheath, once gave out a play, in the body is out of order, its companion which he exhibited his happy talent is seldom at ease.” And ill dreams or a for blundering. It was upon a Saturday cloudy day bas power to change this night, the play Henry the Eighth, for wretched creature, who is so proud of a the benefit of Mrs. Bicknell: After reasonable soul, and make him think having made his bow, he begao, “La. what he thought not yesterday. T. H. dies and Gentlemen, to-morrow all
ANECDOTE RELATING TO THE ORIGINAL
Here a gentleman from the pit inter. was, that this was Dominica in ulbis ; Fupted him, by saying, "To-morrow they used albis vestibus post baptismum': is Sunday, Sir." This address threw, those who were baptized were accus. poor Walker into confusion : how- tomed to wear white garments about ever, calling forth his scattered. spi. this time: the time therefore was rits, and making a second bow, be very
called White-Sunday. 3. Through the sententiously delivered himself in the mercy of God, the Holy Ghost came following manner : “On Monday night downe on man this day (a white, that next, will be performed the historical is, a happy day for all Christians) play, of King Heory the Eighth, con- rightly called White-Suoday. 4. Then taining the divorce of Anna Bulleyn, also was it the guise of the church the marriage of Queen Catherine, and (in thanksgiving for this great gift from the death of Mrs. Bicknell, for the God) to give a small gift to man, white benefit of Cardinal Wolsey." T. H. loaves, by way of almes to the poore ;
and hence also it is termed WhiteSunday.”
To effect virtue for the sake of praise, never can be right; to deserve praise by practising virtue, must always be does not derive its name from the desirable: to regard the first chiefly as famed Jane Shore having supposed to an auxiliary to the latter, is wise; and have died there ; but most likely it to employ it only as an engine of use was received from Sewer-ditch, that fulness, is generous, noble, and glo. is Cloacine fossa: whence also, it is rious.
probable, the family of Sir Jobo de A life passed amidst the tumultuous Sordig, lord of the manor there, dedissipations of the world, even when rived their name.-Ellis's Bist. and unsullied by the commission of any Antiq. of the Parish of St. Leonard, positive crime, concludes, alas ! very Shoreditch.
S. differently from that which has been spent in bowers of retirement, adorned by innocence, and rewarded by virtue.
CONSCIENCE. The oak, which is generally consi A good conscience is necessary to the dered as the king of trees, is that which true enjoyment of life ; for though no arrives latest at perfection; and per man can have a conscience perfectly haps, in some, sense, the same observa. void of offence, whoever has violated it tion may be true with respect to man reluctantly, and repented as often as be kind.
has transgressed, may be said to have a Pleasure is a game for which it will good conscience : it is a treasure more be in vain to try :-it must start before to be desired than the treasures which you, or you will never find it. T. H.
are continually brougbt from the East, by men whom Providence suffers to become enormously rich, to shew that
enormous riches are no decisive marks The following is a curious extract of its peculiar favour. — How sweet from a sermon preached in 1812, by are the slumbers of him who can the Reverend John Squier, vicar, at lie down on bis pillow, and review Shoreditch.
the transactions of every day with “ Our countrey and custome call this out condemning himself !--Å 'good feast (Whitsunday) by another name conscience is the finest opiate : the than Pentecost : viz. Whitsuoday, that whole Materia Medica cannot supply is White-Sunday; the attribute white one half so efficacious and pleasant ; being annexed to the Sunday for four and all the nabobs together, if they causes : from the time of the yeare; were to upite their fortunes in confrom the custome of the time; from tribution, could not purchase a similar the mercy of God to man; and froin
s. the mercy of man to man. 1. The time is tempus albi solis, a season of sin. gular sunshine, the sun having now the clearest or whitest lustre: the time If happiness be not seated in the is therefore termed White-Sunday. mind, the gratification even of our 2. The custom of the primitive time wishes will not insure its possession. S.
IN AN OFFICE UNDER GOVERNMENT.
MY DEAR G
der, and suicide, fraught with all their FROM A FATHER TO JIS SON most guilty combinations of crime and
evasion, from among which not a single passage can be extracted that is worth ibe slightest exertion of the memory,
or that, when recollected, improves eiI
BEGIN to think that I have under ther the understanding or the heart.
taken a task of no easy accomplish- - It is certainly, my dear G., a ment, in attempting to reason down in most important point gained, when our your miud the attachment which you pleasures are of such a description as to indulge for theatrical amusements-I blend themselves will our intellecwill, however, suppose, that as far as ! tual progress. Something like this bas have gone in exposing that abuse of been urged by those who are attached them into which many of your com to Theatrical entertainment- but it is peers have so rashiy plunged, to the probable that the plea is made more disgrace of their heads and the degra. froin an anxiety to find an excuse for a dation of their hearts, I have succeeded favourite ainusement immoderately join convincing you of its vulgarity and dulged in, than with the consciousness folly :-But it is to be remneinbered by of the gain beiny greater than the loss you, that I placed the reasonableness – for they who frequent the theatre, of your amusive relaxations upon the must feel that much time is wasted wise appropriation of your time.-We which might be more eligibly employed, will set out then, G—, in my present and I should suspect them of doing Jetter, with something like a compting it more to gratify a vacant mind than house estimate of profit and loss, and to turn a vacant hour to the best acwill strike the balance between the pro. count; indeed, I have seldom met any fit gained by giving-up five hours out of these theatrical amateurs, who are of The twenty-four to a theatrical re
pot young men of vacant miods, pleased presentation, and the loss incurred by with trifles, and unequal to greater withdrawing so large a proportion of attainments : and those who are so the natural day from the cultivation easily pleased, or rather so indolent in of your mind by the acquirement of their choice of amusement, are usually useful knowledge. You will observe, found to be superficial in their studies, I have applied the epithet useful, in and desultory in the graver pursuits of this instance, to knowledge, in contra. life-not unfrequently flippant in condistinction to that which you may ex. versation, weak'io judgment, and impa. pect to reap at a theatre. Here, per tient of every serious call upon their haps, you will interrupt me, by re attention. minding me, that my topic was amuse Certain it is, that a mind, however ment; and you will tell me, that you capable of improvement in itself, must do' not look for useful knowledge in degenerate into insipiency, when it is your amusive pursuits.
thus constantly occupied in the conI must conclude, then, that there is' templation of objects unworthy of its so improvement in such pursuits; and powers, these powers also will be proif so, I must iosist upon it that they portionately weakened by such an apbad better be let alone.- However, plication of them, and when it becomes I will allow, for argument's sake, that necessary to conform them to the higher he who frequents the theatres may take obligations of life, they will shrink from upon himself to quote in bisown favour the encounter..Here I would remind that half of the line-Miscuit ulile dulci you of the sentiment of one of your -yet I think, he cannot fairly do this school authors, who was as well acunless the former half be the fact, quainted with the human mind as he * Omne tulit punclum.” – You see I am was remarkable for the skill and energy wilsiog to indulge your laste hy quoling with which he applied its intellectual the motto upon many a playhouse pro- efficiency.-" In my opinion," says he, scenium. But for the life of me, “it is altogether impossible that those G, I cannot see where the ulile who are occupied in matters of tribing is to be found in throwing away five import and unworthy of their attenbours together upon an insipid spec- tion, should eser possess an elevated tacle, or still more insipid comedy or and vigorous turu of midd-for it must modern tragedy, spun out to five for- necessarily follow, that of whatever nie midable acts of love, madness, mur ture bc thc pursuits of men, such
Europ. Mag. F'ol LXXII. Scpt. 1817.
will be their sentiments and inclina. pensity of the imagination which the tioas. *
glare, shew, and surrounding objects One thing I must premise, before I of a playhouse always produce-and enter more fully into the subject of I believe I speak the sentiments of pine this letter. I would not be under persons out of ten who give themselves stood as objecting to your acquiring the trouble of thinking, when I proa kaowledge of the British drama, nounce at once agaiost the possibility which forms a material feature in the of moral impression being made of any character of our national taste“I would lasting influence upon the mind of a quly prevent you from mistaking the young man by stage representations, means of acquiring it. It may be made while such numerous indecorous and one object of your English reading, indecent interruptions to this influence and so far will afford you a pleasing are permitted to exist, as at present source of relaxation for your leisure degrade our theatres, for the shamehours ; but it is a knowledge that is less and avowed purpose of alluring our not to be obtained by throwing away youth by their vicious excitements. those bours upon the dramatic pro. However, G, I will not stop to ductions of the present day, or in at iosist upon this argument: it is too true tending their representation. This is to be denied, and I fear the evil consea waste of time against which I would quence is too common to be got rid of strenuously object; and with whatever with a “pish," or a
perhaps.”- Let plea you may urge that the ulile is us return to the “utile" of the stagesufficiently blended with the dulce to jus It is said, and has been very ably, tify such an attendance, I must maintain thoogh I think with some sophistry, my objection ; and while I allow you all maintained, that the stage has a cor. the force of your Horatian quotation, rective influence over the public wind, I do not admit of its appropriate appli that it softens the manners and attacks cation in this instance; for certainly the vices of a people through a me. it cannot be said of any one, Onine tulit diuin which no other source of public punclum, while any valid objection re instruction admits of ; namely, per. maids.-How far my objections may be sonal representation,
I have no ob80 considered by you, i sball not pre. jection to allow this, provided it can be tend to anticipate I have but one ob- proved at the same time, that the eviject, tbat of giving you such advice dence appears in the character of socie. as my experience warrants; and if I ty; for if it is to be called a useful dare assert so much upon the ground medium, let its usefulness be made which I have taken, i should go on apparent. But does it appear in the preand say, that you have in this instance sent tone of the public mind, or in the but one duty to fulfil, that of following aspect of its prominent features. Surely my admonition.– Now, G-, were by this time, when so inany ages have the moral tendency of frequenting bad this didactic volume to study is, theatres the only question between us, when the best writers and the best acI should not besitate to decide against tors may well be supposed to have imthe babit; for I would be understood pressed åll its most powerful lessons upin this part of the subject as adverting on the head and heart of the public, we to the frequency of the attendance, way reasonably expect the proof in its and the habitual fondness for such most striking testimony. Well, then, amusement wbich that frequency cre-, where shall we look for it? in the puates in young minds—for ibere is no rity of our young wen?—in the modesty inorality to be learnt at a theatre, of our young womcud-in the self reswhich may not as easily be acquired traivt of the more malure of both at home, and, I venture io add, much sexes : - jo tbe sober-mindedness of the more effectually, without that distrace, aged, and in the manners of alli-One tion of the attention and erratic pro. glance at the general sentiment and
deportment of those wbo rank among * Εσι δ' ουδέποτ' οίμαι μέγα και
the play.going part of the world, will at νεανικών φρόνημα λαβείν, μικρά και φαίλα
once satisfy us, that our scarch would
be fruitless. Wheo was there more πρατζούλας όπου ατια γας αν τα επίλη
prematare vice to be found among δεύματα των ανθρώπων ή,
young men than now-when less sad to górnua Exo
retiring delicacy among the youos Anjoso. Onurd. B. S. wonicu : - whoá bave we heard of