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Of the Text Presented to the German Delegates by the
Published Bimonthly by the
WORLD PEACE -FOUNDATION is“ W (AA
Price, 25 cents per year
The corporation is constituted for the purpose of educating the people of all nations to a full knowledge of the waste and destructiveness of war, its evil effects on present social conditions and on the well-being of future generations, and to promote international justice and the brotherhood of man: and, generally, by every practical means to promote peace and good will among all mankind—By-lams of the Corporation.
It is to this patient and thorough work of education, through the school, the college,'.the church, the press, the pamphlet and the book, that the World Peace Foundation addresses itself.—Edwin Cinn.
The idea of force cannot at once be eradicated. It is useless to believe that the nations can be persuaded to disband their present armies and dismantle their present navies, trusting in each other or in the Hague Tribunal to settle any possible differences between them, unless, first, some substitute for the existing forces is provided and demonstrated by experience to be adequate to protect the rights, dignity and territory of the respective nations. My own belief is that the idea which underlies the movement for the Hague Court can be developed so that the nations can be persuaded each to contribute a small percentage of their military forces at sea and on land to form an International Guard or Police Force.— Edwin Ginn.
‘Incorporated under the laws of Massachusetts, July :2, 1910, as the International School 01PM. Name changed to World Peace Foundation, December 22, 19m.
A LEAGUE OF NATIONS
PUBLISHED BIMONTHLY BY WORLD PEACE FOUNDATION 40 MT. VERNON STREET, BOSTON, MASS. The subscription price is 25¢. per year in advance, or $1.00 for five years. Prices in quantities on application.
General Secretary, EDWARD CUMMINGS.
N. B. The text below follows the Second Print of the one issued by the Department of State, Division of Foreign Intelligence, under the- title of “Semiofiicial Summary of the Treaty of Peace between the twenty-seven Allied and Associated Powers and German , as handed to the German Plenipotentiaries at the Peace Con erence on May 7, 1919.” It has been checked against the ofiicial summary issued to the British press (London Times, May 8, pages 13-14, 16; May 9, pages 13-14), and the oflicial résumé issued to the European press (Le Temps, May 9, pages 2-4). Annotations identify the principal discrepancies or aim to indicate the correct reading.
Communique of the French Ministry for Foreign A fiairs, May 7, 1919.‘
In addition to the guaranties afl'orded in the treaty of peace, the President of the United States of America pledges himself to I propose to the Senate of the United States, and the Prime Minister
of Great Britain pledges himself to propose to the Parliament of Great Britain, an engagement, subject to the approval of the
‘1 Council of the League of Nations, by the terms of which the
Q’, United States and Great Britain shall lend immediately their \ assistance to France in case of unprovoked attack against her by
~xx Germany. "3 PREAMBLE , g The preamble names as parties of the one part the United States, v the British Empire, France, Italy and Japan, described as the § principal allied and associated powers; and k ~ Belgium Cuba '3 Bolivia Ecuador ‘9 Brazil Greece 0~ China Guatemala
The Hedjaz Portugal
who, with the five above, are described as the allied and associated powers; and
on the other part, Germany.
The preamble states that, “bearing in mind that on the request of the then imperial German Government, an armistice was granted on November 11, 1918, by the principal allied and associated powers in order that a treaty of peace might be concluded with her; and
“Whereas, the allied and associated powers, being equally desirous that the war in which they were successively involved, directly or indirectly, and which originated in the declaration of war by Austria-Hungary July 28, 1914, against Serbia, the declaration of war by Germany against Russia on August 1, 1914’, and against France on August 3, 1914, and in the invasion of Belgium, should be replaced by a firm, just and durable peace, the plenipotentiaries, having communicated their full powers found in good and due form, have agreed as follows:
“From the coming into force of the present treaty the state of war will terminate.
“From that moment, and subject to the provisions of this treaty, ofiicial relations with Germany and with each of the German states will be resumed by the allied and associated powers.”
The Covenant of the League of Nations constitutes Section I of the peace treaty, which places upon the League many specific duties in addition to its general duties.
It may question Germany at any time for a violation of the neutralized zone east of the Rhine as a threat against the world’s
-peace. It will appoint three of the five members of the Saar com
mission, oversee its régime and carry out the plebiscite. It will appoint the high commissioner of Danzig, guarantee the independence of the free city, and arrange for treaties between Danzig and Germany and Poland. It will work out the mandatory system to be applied to the former German colonies, and act as a final court in part of the plébiscites of the Belgian-German frontier and in disputes as to the Kiel Canal, and decide certain of the economic and financial problems.
An international conference on labor is to be held in October under its direction, and another on the international control of ports, waterways and railways is foreshadowed.
The members of the League will be the signatories of the Covenant and other states invited to accede, who must lodge a declaration of accession without reservation within two months. Any state, dominion or colony may be admitted, provided its admission is agreed to by two-thirds of the Assembly. A state may withdraw upon giving two years’ notice, if it has fulfilled all its international obligations.
A permanent Secretariat will be established at the seat of the League, which will be at Geneva.
The Assembly will consist of representatives of the members of the League, and will meet at stated intervals. Voting will be by states. Each member will have one vote and not more than three representatives.
The Council will consist of representatives of the principal great allied powers, together with representatives of four members selected by the Assembly from time to time; it may co-opt additional states and will meet at least once a year. Members not represented will be invited to send a representative when questions