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inspectors-general shall have all the allowances of cavalry officers of their respective grades; and no new appointment shall be made in the Inspector-General's Department until the number of inspectors-general is reduced to five.

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SEC. 6. That no officer now in service shall be reduced in rank or mustered out by reason of any provision of law herein made reducing the number of officers in any department or corps of the staff.

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REVISED STATUTES-SECOND EDITION-1878.

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Sec. 1094. The Army of the United States shall consist of

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An Inspector-General's Department.

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SEC. 1131. There shall be five inspectors-general of the Army, with the rank of colonel of cavalry; provided no promotion shall be made until the number of inspectors-general is reduced to four; one assistant inspector-general, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel of cavalry; and two assistant inspectors-general, with the rank of major of cavalry.

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SEC. 1194. Until otherwise directed by law there shall be no new appointments and no promotions in the departments

of inspector-general.

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SEC. 1318. One of the inspectors of the Army shall, at least once in three months, visit the [Military) prison for the purpose of examining into the books and all the affairs thereof, and ascertaining whether the laws, rules, and regulations relating thereto are complied with, the officers are competent and faithful, and the convicts properly governed and employed, and at the same time treated with humanity and kindness. And it shall be the duty of the inspector, at once, to make full report thereof to the Secretary of War.

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STATUTES AT LARGE.
Act of December 12, 1878 (20 Stats., 257).

AN ACT establishing the rank of the senior inspector-general. That from and after the passage of this act the rank of the senior inspector-general of the United States Army shall be brigadier-general; but no pay or allowances shall be made to said officer other than from the date of appointment under this act: And provided, That nothing herein enacted shall authorize any increase in the number or the rank of the other officers of the Inspector-General's Department as fixed by the first section of the act of June twenty-third, eighteen hundred and seventy-four.

Act of March 3, 1883 (22 Stats., 564). AN ACT prescribing regulations for the Soldiers' Home located at Washington, in

the District of Columbia, and for other purposes.

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Sec. 2. That the Inspector-General of the Army shall, in person, once in each year thoroughly inspect the Home, its records, accounts, management, discipline, and sanitary condition, and shall report thereon in writing, together with such suggestions as he desires to make.

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Act of February 5, 1885 (23 Stats., 297). AN ACT relative to the Inspector-General's Department of the Army. That the Inspector-General's Department of the Army shall hereafter consist of one Inspector-General, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of brigadier-general; two inspectors-general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of colonel; two inspectors-general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of lieutenant-colonel; and two inspectors-general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of major: Provided, That the offices restored to the Inspector-General's Department, or added thereto, by this act, shall be filled by promotion of the officers now in that Department; and that thereafter appointments to fill vacancies in the Inspector-General's Department, and promotions therein, shall be made in conformity with sections eleven hundred and twenty-nine, eleven hundred and ninety-three, and twelve hundred and four of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and in the same manner as in the other staff departments of the Army. And all laws or parts of laws conflicting with this act are hereby repealed.

Act of January 19, 1891 (26 Stats., 722). AN ACT to amend sections thirteen hundred and forty-six and thirteen hundred and

forty-eight of the Revised Statutes of the United States, in reference to the visitation and inspection of the Military Prison and examination of its accounts and government.

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“SEC. 1348. One of the inspectors-general of the Army shall, at least once each year, visit the prison for the purpose of examining into the books and all the affairs thereof, and ascertaining whether the laws, rules, and regulations relating thereto are complied with, the officers are competent and faithful, and the convicts properly governed and employed, and at the same time treated with humanity and kindness. And it shall be the duty of the inspector, at once, to make full report thereof to the Secretary of War."

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Act of August 6, 1894 (28 Stats., 233).

AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-five, and for other purposes.

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FOR PAY OF THE GENERAL STAFF.

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Provided, That

hereafter all appointments to fill vacancies in the lowest grade in the Inspector-General's Department, respectively, shall be made from the next lowest grade in the line of the Army.

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Act of August 18, 1894 (28 Stats., 372).

AN ACT making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the

fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-five, and for other purposes.

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NATIONAL HOME FOR DISABLED VOLUNTEER SOLDIERS.

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That hereafter, once in each fiscal year, the Secretary of War shall cause a thorough inspection to be made of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, its records, disbursements, management, discipline, and condition, such inspection to be made by an officer of the Inspector-General's Department, who shall report thereon in writing, and said report shall be transmitted to Congress at the first session thereafter.

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AN ACT to provide for temporarily increasing the military establishment of the

United States in time of war, and for other purposes.

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Sec. 10. That the staff of the commander of an army corps shall consist of one inspector-general,

who shall have the rank of lieutenant-colonel;

the staff of the commander of a division shall consist of

one inspector-general, who shall have

the rank of major.

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Act of July 7, 1898 (30 Stats., 720).

AN ACT to provide for a temporary increase in the Inspector-General's Department

of the Army.

That the President is authorized, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint one inspector-general with the rank of colonel, one inspector-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and one inspector-general with the rank of major: Provided, That the vacancies created in the grade of colonel and lieutenant-colonel by this act shall be filled by the promotion of officers now in the Inspector-General's Department according to seniority, and that upon the mustering out of the volunteer forces and the reduction of the Regular Army to a peace basis no appointments shall be made in the Inspector-General's Department until the number of officers in each grade in that department shall be reduced to the number now authorized by law.

Act of March 2, 1899 (30 Stats., 977). AN ACT for increasing the efficiency of the Army of the United States, and for other

purposes. That from and after the date of approval of this act the Army of the United States shall consist of

an Inspector-General's Department.

SEC. 6. That the

Inspector-General's departments shall consist of the number of officers now in those departments, respectively: Provided, That vacancies in the grade of major occurring in either department shall hereafter be filled from captains in the line of the Army: And provided further, That all such captains who have evinced marked aptitude in the command of troops shall be reported by their regimental commanders to the War Department and shall be entitled to compete for any such vacancy under such system of examination as the President shall prescribe.

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Sec. 14. That the President is hereby authorized to continue in service, or to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, officers of the volunteer staff as follows:

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Three inspectors-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and six inspectors-general with the rank of major.

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AN ACT To increase the efficiency of the permanent military establishment of the

United States.

That from and after the approval of this Act the Army of the United States shall consist of

an InspectorGeneral's Department.

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Sec. 14. That the Inspector-General's Department shall consist of one Inspector-General with the rank of brigadier-general, four inspectors-general with the rank of colonel, four inspectors-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and eight inspectors-general with the rank of major: Provided, That all vacancies created or caused by this section shall be filled, as far as possible, by promotion according to seniority of officers of the Inspector-General's Department.

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SEC. 26. That so long as there remain any officers holding permanent appointments in the

Inspector-General's Department, including those appointed to original vacancies in the grades of captain and first lieutenant under the provisions of sections sixteen, seventeen, twenty-one, and twenty-four of this Act, they shall be promoted according to seniority in the several grades, as now provided by law, and nothing herein contained shall be deemed to apply to vacancies which can be filled by such promotions or to the periods for which the officers so promoted shall hold their appointments, and when any vacancy, except that of the chief of the department or corps, shall occur, which can not be filled by promotion as provided in this section, it shall be filled by detail from the line of the Army, and no more permanent appointments shall be made in those departments or corps after the original vacancies created by this Act shall have been filled. Such details shall be made from the grade in which the vacancies exist, under such system of examination as the President may from time to time prescribe.

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All officers so detailed shall serve for a period of four years, at the expiration of which time they shall return to duty with the line, and officers below the rank of lieutenant-colonel shall not again be eligible for selection in any staff department until they shall have served two years with the line.

That when vacancies shall occur in the position of chief of any staff corps or department the President may appoint to such vacancies, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, officers of the Army at large not below the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and who shall hold office for terms of four years. When a vacancy in the position of chief of any staff corps or department is filled by the appointment of an officer below the rank now provided by law for said office, said chief shall, while so serving, have the same rank, pay, and allowances now provided for the chief of such corps or department. And any officer now holding office in any corps or department who shall hereafter serve as chief of a staff corps or department and shall subsequently be retired, shall be retired with the rank, pay, and allowances authorized by law for the retirement of such corps or department chief: Provided, That so long as there remain in service officers of any staff corps or department holding permanent appointments, the chief of such staff corps or departmant shall be selected from the officers so remaining therein.

Sec. 27. That each position vacated by officers of the line, transferred to any department of the staff for tours of service under this Act, shall be filled by promotion in the line until the total number detailed equals the number authorized for duty in each staff department. Thereafter vacancies caused by details from the line to the staff shall be filled by officers returning from tours of staff duty. If under the operation of this Act the number of officers returned to any particular arm of the service at any time exceeds the number authorized by law in any grade, promotions to that grade shall cease until the number has been reduced to that authorized.

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AN ACT making appropriation for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and two.

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Provided, That upon the occurrence of a vacancy in the grade of colonel in the Inspector-General's Department after the present lieutenant-colonels therein shall have been promoted or retired, such vacancy shall not be filled, and thereafter the number of officers authorized for that department shall be as follows: One Inspector-General with the rank of brigadier-general; three inspectors-general with the rank of colonel; four inspectors-general with the rank of lieutenantcolonel, and nine inspectors-general with the rank of major.

Provided, That appointments to fill original vacancies in the lowest grade in the Inspector-General's Department

may be made from officers of volunteers commissioned since April twentyfirst, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight.

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