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IV.—THE JUDGE-ADVOCATE-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT.

THE JUDGE-ADVOCATE-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT.

The offices of “Judge-Advocate-General” and “Judge-Advocate of the Army" (the first named, created in 1775, when William Tudor, a law pupil of John Adams and a leading counselor of Boston, was elected to that position) lapsed in 1802, the act of March 16, of that year, limiting the line of the Army to three regiments. The last named was revived by the act of January 11, 1812, and again discontinued on the reorganization of the Army in 1821. The act of March 2,

19, authorized the President to appoint a suitable person as Judg Advocate of the Army. The Bureau of Military Justice was created June 20, 1864, but by the act of July 5, 1884, it was, with the corps of judge-advocates, consolidated under the title of “Judge-AdvocateGeneral's Department.”

1775-1802.

July 29, 1775.—Lieut. Col. William Tudor.
Apr. 10, 1777.–Lieut. Col. John Lawrence.
July 9,1782.-James Innis, esq.
Sept. 18, 1782.—Maj. Richard Howell.
Oct. 2, 1782.-Lieut. Thomas Edwards, Ninth Massachusetts.
June 2, 1797.—Capt. Campbell Smith, Fourth Infantry.

1812-1821.

Northern Division.

Sept. 26, 1812.-Maj. Thomas Gales
Aug. 6,1814.-Henry Wheaton, esq. (New York).

1817.-Rider H. Winder, esq. (Maryland).
1818.—Samuel H. Storrow, esq. (Massachusetts).

Southern Division.

Mar. 18, 1813.-Everett A. Bancker, esq. (New York).
July 9,1814.-Rider H. Winder, esq. (Maryland).

1815.-James T. Dent, esq. (Georgia).

1818.–Samuel H. Storrow, esq. (Massachusetts). Sept. 10, 1818.–Stockley D. Hays, esq. (Tennessee).

1849-1901.

Mar. 2, 1849.—Bvt. Maj. John F. Lee, captain of ordnance (Virginia).
July 31, 1862.-Maj. Levi C. Turner (New York).
Sept. 3, 1862.—Col. (Brig. Gen. June 22, 1864) Joseph Holt (District of Columbia).
Dec. 1, 1875.—Brig. Gen. William McK. Dunn (Indiana).
Feb. 18, 1881.-Brig. Gen. David G. Swaim (Ohio).
Jan. 3, 1895.- Brig. Gen. Guido N. Lieber (New York).

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Judge-Advocate, twenty dollars per do. (month).

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William Tudor, esq., was elected Judge-Advocate of the Army. July 30, 1775.—"William Tudor, esq., being appointed Judge-Advocate of the Continental Army, he is in all things relative to his office to be acknowledged and obeyed as such.” (Orders, General Headquarters, Cambridge.)

September 21, 1775. Resolved,

That the pay of the Judge-Advocate in the Army in the Massachusetts Bay, for himself and his clerk, be fifty dollars per month from the time of his appointment.

January 7, 1976.-“That no mistake in regard to the said articles [new Articles of War] may possibly happen, each book is

countersigned upon the title page by William Tudor, esq., Judge-Advocate of the Army of the United Colonies.” Orders, General Headquarters, Cambridge.)

May 6, 1776. Resolved, That John Taylor be appointed judge-advocate to the continental troops in the colony of Virginia.

August 10, 1776.

Resolved, That William Tudor, Judge-Advocate-General, have the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Army of the United States.

September 20, 1776. Congress resumed the consideration of the Articles of War, which, being debated by paragraphs, were agreed to, as follows:

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ART. 3. The Judge-Advocate-General, or some person deputed by him, shall prosecute in the name of the United States of America.

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