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Dr. Isaac Forster, deputy director-general of the hospital in the Eastern Department.

Dr. Ammi Ruhamah Cutter, physician-general of the hospital in the Eastern Department.

Dr. Philip Turner, surgeon-general of ditto.

Dr. William Burnet, physician and surgeon-general of the army in the Eastern Department.

Dr. Jonathan Potts, deputy director-general of the hospital in the Northern Department.

Dr. Malachi Treat, physician-general of ditto.

Dr. Forgue, surgeon-general of ditto.

Dr. John Bartlett, physician and surgeon-general of the army in the Northern Department.

April 12, 1777.

Resolved, That the surgeons-general and physicians-general of the hospitals shall each of them regulate the practice of both physic and surgery, and do the duty of physician and surgeon-general in the hospitals respectively committed to their charge, and that the director and deputy directors-general take proper care to keep the sick and wounded in separate departments.

April 22, 1777.

Resolved, That the director and deputy directors-general shall constantly publish in the newspapers the names of the places in which their military hospitals are respectively kept, and the several commanding officers of parties, detachments, or corps, on their march to and from the camp, shall send to the said hospitals such of their officers and soldiers as from time to time are unable to proceed, together with certificates to the director or deputy director-general, mentioning the names of the said officers and soldiers and particular regiments to which they belong; unless, from the distance of the hospital or other causes, it shall at any time be necessary to deliver them to the care of private physicians or surgeons, in which cases such physicians and surgeons, and also the respective commanding officers, are forthwith to report their names and regiments to the director or deputy directorsgeneral as aforesaid, who shall give the necessary orders for removing them to the hospitals as soon as may be, and discharge the reasonable demands of the physicians and surgeons conducting, agreeable to this resolve.

That the director and deputy directors-general and assistant deputy directors have power to order to their respective hospitals the sick and wounded of the Army, wherever found, in their own or other departments, provided such departments are not supplied with any of the officers aforesaid.

April 25, 1777.

Resolved, That the physician or surgeon-general of the hospital in the middle department be directed to send a proper person or persons in the medical department to visit all the hospitals betwixt this city and the town of Annapolis, in Maryland, with directions to order all such soldiers as shall be deemed capable of service to join immediately their respective corps under proper officers.

May 14, 1777.


The commander in chief, and the commander in any separate department, shall be authorized to allow such quantities of forage, and for and during such times as they shall think proper, the director-general of the hospital, his subs and surgeons


general, ; provided, always, that if any of the officers above mentioned, their deputies or assistants, should be allowed forage in consequence of any general order hereafter given, and should, nevertheless, not keep any or so many horses as they would be permitted to draw forage for, in such case no forage shall be issued for more horses than they really have, nor shall they at any time thereafter be allowed any forage as back allowance or any money in lieu thereof.


June 10, 1777.

Resolved, XXXVI. That all persons employed to purchase for the United States any articles in the several departments of the shall previously apply to them, or the principal officers under them, respectively, for certificates of the several prices by them allowed for such articles, and shall not, on any pretence whatsoever, exceed such prices.

June 23, 1777.-Dr. Walter Jones declined, June 20, appointment of physiciangeneral.

July 1, 1777.

Congress proceeded to the election of a physician-general of the hospital in the middle department, in the room of Dr. Jones; and the ballots being taken,

Dr. Benjamin Rush was elected.

July 2, 1777.

Congress proceeded to the election of a surgeon-general of the hospital of the middle department, in the room of Dr. Rush; and the ballots being taken,

Dr. William Brown was elected.

August 9, 1777.

The medical committee, to whom was referred the letter from Dr. W. Rickman, report "that as the establishment of the military hospital in Virginia, by a resolution of Congress of the 18th of May, 1776, is entirely distinct from and independent of the general establishment of hospitals in the other States, they are of opinion the same was not affected by the new regulations of the 7th of April last, and that Dr. Rickman still continues director of that hospital;" whereupon,

Resolved, That Congress agree to the said report.

Ordered, That a copy of the foregoing report and concurrence of Congress be sent to Dr. Shippen, and that he be directed to withdraw from Virginia such physicians, surgeons, or assistants as he may have sent thither.

August 30, 1777.

Resolved, That the several issuing commissaries be directed to furnish the director-general, or any of the deputy directors, or their assistants, with such provisions as any of them shall, from time to time, demand by an order in writing, for the use of any temporary hospital which shall be established, which order, with the receipt of the steward endorsed thereon, shall be a sufficient voucher.

September 16, 1777.-The director-general was ordered to remove to Bethlehem, Pa., or some other place of safety, the patients, or stores belonging to his department ordered to, or deposited in, Trenton, N. J.

November 19, 1777.

Resolved, That the director-general of the hospitals be authorized to cause stoves to be erected in the different hospitals in case he shall think such a measure will conduce to make up for the present scarcity of blankets and clothing, or to the greater comfort of the sick; and that the wagons annexed to the hospital department be employed as much as possible in the transportation of fuel for the respective hospitals.

November 19, 1777.-The director-general of the military hospitals and his assistants were authorized to call on the clothier-general for a proportionate share of blankets, shirts, shoes, and stockings for the use of the sick and wounded.

December 20, 1777.-Dr. Rickman (director of hospital at Alexandria) was suspended pending disposition of complaints charging him with neglect of duty. He was acquitted of the charges against him and ordered to resume his duties. October 21, 1780, he was informed that, pursuant to his former request, he was left out in the new arrangement of the hospital department.

January 6, 1778.

Resolved, That the clothier-general be directed to deliver to the order of the director-general as much linen and as many blankets as can be spared, to be retained in the hospital for the use of the sick.

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That a member of Congress be appointed to visit the hospitals in the middle department. The member chosen, Mr. Penn.

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Resolved, That the sum of 10 dollars shall be paid by every officer, and the sum of four dollars by every soldier, who shall enter or be sent into any hospital to be cured of the venereal disease; which sums shall be deducted out of their pay, and an account thereof shall be transmitted by the physician or surgeon who shall have attended them to the regimental paymaster for that purpose; the money so arising to be paid to the director-general, or his order, to be appropriated to the purchasing blankets and shirts for the use of the sick soldiers in the hospital.

January 30, 1778.-Dr. Rush's resignation was accepted.

February 3, 1778.

And whereas many persons employed

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in other civil departments are dispersed in various parts of the continent, over

whom neither Congress nor the head of their respective departments can have the immediate inspection.

Resolved, That it be recommended to the legislative and executive authority of every State to take effectual measures for preventing any person within their States from exercising any office in the civil department of the Army, under Congress, who shall not, when thereunto required by any magistrate, produce a legal appointment to such office, and a certificate of his having taken the foregoing oaths or affirmations, or who shall neglect or refuse to take and subscribe the said oaths or affirmations within the time above limited.

February 6, 1778.

For the better regulating the hospitals of the United States. Resolved, That there be a deputy director-general for the hospitals between Hudson's and Potomac rivers; and that the superintending care of the director-general be extended equally over the hospitals in every district, and that he be excused from the duty of providing supplies when the deputy director general shall be ready to enter upon the office;

That the several officers of the hospitals shall cease to exercise such of their former powers as are herein assigned to other officers thereof; That in the absence of the director-general from any district the physician-general and surgeon-general shall hereafter determine the number of hospitals to be provided by the deputy director-general for the sick and wounded, and shall superintend and control the affairs of such hospitals;

That the director-general shall consult with the physician-general and surgeon-general in each district about the supplies necessary for the hospitals, and shall give orders in writing to the deputy directorgeneral thereof to provide the same; and in the absence of the director-general the physician-general and surgeon-general shall issue such orders;

That each deputy director-general shall appoint one or more of the assistant deputy directors under him to the sole business of providing beds, furniture, utensils, hospital clothing, and such like articles; and shall appoint one or more to provide medicines, instruments, dressings, herbs, and necessaries of a similar kind;

That the director-general shall frequently visit the hospitals in each district and see that the regulations are carried into effect; shall examine into the number and qualifications of the hospital officers, report to Congress any abuses that may have taken place, and discharge the supernumerary officers, if there be any, that all unnecessary expense may be saved to the public; and when the director-general is in any particular district the physician-general and surgeon-general in that district shall not appoint any officers without his consent;

That on the settlement of hospital accounts the officers entrusted with public money shall produce vouchers to prove the expenditure, and receipts from the proper officers of the hospitals, specifying the delivery of the stores and other articles purchased, and the apothecaries, mates, stewards, matrons, and other officers receiving such stores and other articles shall be accountable for the same, and shall produce vouchers for the delivery thereof from such officers, and according to such forms as the physicians-general and surgeons-general have directed, or shall from time to time direct; which forms and

directions the physicians and surgeons general shall report to the board of treasury;

That the director-general, or, in his absence from the district, the physician-general and surgeon-general, shall appoint a ward master for each hospital, to receive the arms, accoutrements, and clothing of each soldier admitted therein, keeping entries of and giving receipts for such articles which, on the recovery of the soldier, shall be returned to him, or, in case of his death, the arms and accoutrements shall be delivered to the commissary or deputy commissary of military stores and receipts be taken for the same; and the ward master shall receive and be accountable for the hospital clothing, and perform such other services as the physician-general or surgeon-general shall direct;

That the physician-general and surgeon-general shall hereafter make no returns to the deputy directors-general, but the returns shall be made by the said officers respectively to the director-general, who shall carefully transmit copies of each with his monthly return to Congress, and suspend such of the officers aforesaid as neglect this or any other part of their duty, and shall report their names to Congress;

That the director and deputy directors-general forthwith prepare their accounts and adjust them with the commissioners of claims;

That four dollars a day and the former allowance of rations be hereafter allowed to each assistant deputy director and the commissary of the hospitals in each district; and one dollar a day and two rations to each ward master.

Resolved, That Dr. Potts be called from the northern district and appointed to act as deputy director-general in the middle district.

Resolved, That the eldest assistant deputy director in the northern district shall execute the office of deputy director-general in the said district until the further orders of Congress;

That the salaries of the hospital officers and debts contracted for the hospitals of the middle district to the time of Dr. Potts's entering upon the office of deputy director-general therein shall be adjusted and paid by the director-general, who shall deliver all the public stores in his possession to the deputy director-general or his order, taking duplicate receipts for the same and transmitting one of each to the board of treasury; and the same rule shall be observed by Dr. Potts with respect to the salaries and debts of the hospital of the northern district and the public stores thereof, which are to be delivered to his successor in office in that district.

Congress proceeded to the election of a physician-general in the middle district in the room of Dr. Rush, and the ballots being taken, Dr. William Brown was elected.

February 21, 1778.

Resolved, That a surgeon-general be appointed for the hospital in the middle department, in the room of Dr. Brown, promoted; the ballots being taken,

Dr. Charles McKnight was elected.

Whereas the duty of the person who executes the office of secretary and paymaster of the hospital in the middle department is important and difficult.

Resolved, That the pay of the person who executes those offices in the hospital in the middle department be augmented to three dollars. a day.

March 9, 1778.-Dr. Ammi Ruhamah Cutter's resignation was accepted.

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