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occasions of ceremony by officers and enlisted men of the Army of the United States, who are members of said organizations in their own right.

Act of October 1, 1890 (26 Stats., 562). AN ACT to provide for the examination of certain officers of the Army and to regu

late promotions therein. That hereafter promotion to every grade in the Army below the rank of brigadier-general, throughout each

corps or department of the service, shall, subject to the examination hereinafter provided for, be made according to seniority in the next lower grade of that

corps or department.

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Act of August 5, 1892 (27 Stats., 349). AN ACT making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for

the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-three, and for other purposes.

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No printing and binding shall be done by the Public Printer for the several Executive

Departments of the Government in any fiscal year in excess of the allotment for such Departments, and none shall be done without a special requisition, signed by the chief of the Department and tiled with the Public Printer:

Heads of Executive Departments shall direct whether reports made to them by bureau chiefs

shall be printed or not. No report, document, or publication of any kind distributed by or from

or bureau of the Government shall contain any notice that the same is sent with “the compliments” of an officer of the Government.

March 2, 1897 (29–609).- This act simply provides that the maximum sum to be allowed for mileage shall be four cents per mile.

Act of March 15, 1898 (30 Stats., 318).

AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine.

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That the maximum sum to be allowed and paid to any officer of the Army shall be seven cents per mile.

Provided further, That when any officer so traveling shall travel in whole or in part on any railroad on which the troops and supplies of the United States are entitled to be transported free of charge, or over any of the bond-aided Pacific railroads, or over the railroad of

any railroad company which is entitled to receive only fifty per centum of the compensation earned by such company for transportation services rendered to the United States, he shall be furnished with a transportation request by the Quartermaster's Department for such travel; and the cost of the transportation so furnished shall be a charge against the officer's mileage account,

to be deducted

at rates paid by the general public,

Prorided further, That officers who, by reason of the decision of the accounting officers of the Treasury, have been compelled to pay from their own means one-half of the cost of their travel fare over railroads known as fifty per centum roads, shall be reimbursed the same.

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Act of April 22, 1898 (30 Stats., 361).

AN ACT to provide for temporarily increasing the military establishment of the

United States in time of war, and for other purposes.

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SEC. 10.

The staff officers herein authorized for the corps, division, and brigade commanders may be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, as officers of the Volunteer Army, or may be assigned by him, in his discretion, from officers of the Regular Army, or the Volunteer Army, or of the militia in the service of the United States: Provided, That when relieved from such staff service said appointments or assignments shall terminate.'

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AN ACT to amend sections ten and thirteen of an act entitled “ An Act to provide for

temporarily increasing the military establishment of the United States in time of war, and for other purposes," approved April twenty-second, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight.

That so much of section ten of the act approved April twenty-second, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, entitled “An Act to provide for temporarily increasing the military establishment of the United States in time of war, and for other purposes," as provides that “officers appointed or assigned to the staff of commanders of army corps, divisions, and brigades shall serve only in such capacity, and that when relieved from such staff service such appointments or assignments shall terminate,” be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and that assignments of the officers of the volunteer staff shall be governed by the same rules and regulations as those of the Regular Army.

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AN ACT for increasing the efficiency of the Army of the United States, and for other

purposes.

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SEC. 7.

That in time of war retired officers of the Army may, in the discretion of the President, be employed on active duty, other than in the command of troops, and when so employed they shall receive the full pay and allowances of their grades.

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SEC. 14.

Provided, That for each Regular Army officer of a staff corps or department who may be retained in or appointed to a

For designation of staff officers, see Adjutant-General, Inspector-General, JudgeAdvocate-General, Quartermaster-General, Commissary-General, Surgeon-General, and Engineers.

higher volunteer rank in said staff corps or department than that actually held by him in the regular establishment there may be appointed one officer of volunteers of the lowest grade mentioned in this section for such staff corps or department, but no appointment will be made which will increase the total number of officers, regular and volunteer, serving in any grade above the number authorized by this act: And provided also, That all the volunteer staff officers herein authorized to be appointed or retained in the service shall be honorably discharged on July first, nineteen hundred and one, or sooner if their services are no longer required: And provided further, That the officers herein authorized shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. 1 Sec. 15.

Provided also, That each and every provision of this act shall continue in force until July first, nineteen hundred and one; and on and after that date all the

staff

officers appointed to the Army under this act shall be discharged, and the members restored in each grade to those existing at the passage of this act: . . And provided further, That no officer who has been, or may be, promoted under existing law, or under the rules of seniority, shall be disturbed in his rank.

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AN ACT making appropriation for the support of the Regular and Volunteer Army

for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred.

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That actual expenses only shall be paid to officers when traveling to and from our island possessions in the Atlantic and Pacific

oceans.

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Act of May 26, 1900 (31 Stats., --).

AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Regular and Volunteer Army

for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and one.

For mileage to officers

Provided further, That officers who so desire may, upon application to the Quartermaster's Department, be furnished with transportation requests, exclusive of sleeping and parlor car accommodations, for the entire journey under their orders; and the transportation so furnished shall be a charge against the officer's mileage account, to be deducted at the rate of three cents per mile.

And provided further, That when the established route of travel shall, in whole or in part, be over the line of any railroad on which the troops and supplies of the United States are entitled to be transported free of charge, or over any of the bond-aided Pacific railroads, or over the railroad of any railroad company which by law or agreement is entitled to receive only fifty per centum of the compensation earned by such company for transportation services rendered the United States, officers traveling as herein provided for shall, for

For retention in service of officers of the volunteer staff, see Adjutant-General, Inspector-General, Judge- Advocate-General, Quartermaster-General, CommissaryGeneral, Surgeon-General, Paymaster-General, and Signal Corps.

the travel over such roads, be furnished with transportation requests, exclusive of sleeping and parlor car accommodations, by the Quartermaster's Department: And provided further, That when transportation is furnished by the Quartermaster's Department, or when the established route of travel is over any of the railroads above specified, there shall be deducted from the officer's mileage account by the paymaster paying the same three cents per mile for the distance for which transportation has been or should have been furnished: Jul provided furthur, That actual expenses only shall be paid to officers for sea travel when traveling, as herein provided for, to, from, or between our island possessions: Provided also, That hereafter when an officer shall be discharged from the service, except by way of punishment for an offense, he shall receive for travel allowances from the place of his discharge to the place of his residence at the time of his appointment or to the place of his original muster into the service, four cents per mile.

That for sea travel on discharge, to, from, or between our island possessions, actual expenses only shall be paid to officers.

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Provided, That hereafter the pay proper of all officers

serving in Porto Rico, Cuba, the Philippine Islands, Hawaii, and in the Territory of Alaska shall be increased ten per centum for officers,

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That the act approved January twelfth, eighteen hundred and ninetynine, granting “extra pay to officers and enlisted men of the United States Volunteers," shall extend to all volunteer officers of the general staff who have not received waiting-orders pay prior to discharge, at the rate of one month to those who did not serve beyond the limits of the United States and two months to those who served beyond the limits of the United States;

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Two months' extra pay, on discharge, to those who had served faithfully beyond the limits of the United States, and one month's extra pay to those who had served within the limits of the United States.

Act of February 2, 1901 (31 Stats., ---). AN ACT to increase the efficiency of the permanent military establishıment of the

United States.

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Sec. 26.

That when vacancies shall occur in the position of chief of any staff corps or department the President may appoint to such vacancies, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, officers of the Army at large not below the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and who shall hold office for terms of four years. When a vacancy in the position of chief of any staff corps or department is filled by the appointment of an officer below the rank now provided by law for said office, said chief shall, while so serving, have the same rank, pay, and allowances now provided for the chief of such corps or department. And any officer now holding office in any corps or department who shall hereafter serve as chief of a staff corps or department and shall subsequently be retired, shall be retired with the rank, pay, and allowances authorized by law for the retirement of such corps or department chief: Provided, That so long as there remain in service officers of any staff corps or department holding permanent appointments, the chief of such staff corps or department shall be selected from the officers so remaining therein.

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SEC. 34. That all officers who have served during the war with Spain, or since, as officers of the Regular or Volunteer Army of the United States, and have been honorably discharged from the service by resignation or otherwise, shall be entitled to bear the official title and, upon occasions of ceremony, to wear the uniform of the highest grade they have held by brevet or other commission in the regular or volunteer service.

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SEC. 41. That the distinctive badges adopted by military societies of men “who served in the armies and navies of the United States during the Spanish-American war and the incident insurrection in the Philippines” may be worn upon all occasions of ceremony by officers and men of the Army and Navy of the United States who are members of said organizations in their own right.

Act of March 2, 1901 (31 Stats., -).

AN ACT making appropriation for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and two.

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Provided, That leaves of absence which may be granted officers of the Regular or Volunteer Army serving in the Territory of Alaska or without the limits of the United States, for the purpose of returning thereto, or which may have been granted such officers for such purpose since the thirteenth day of October, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, shall be regarded as taking effect on the dates such officers reached or may have reached the United States, respectively, and terminating, or as having terminated, on the respective dates of their departure from the United States in returning to their commands, as authorized by an order of the Secretary of War dated October thirteenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight:

Provided further, That any officer or enlisted man in the service of the United States who was discharged in the Philippine Islands and there reentered the service through commission or enlistment shall, when discharged, except by way of punishment for an offense, receive for travel allowances from the place of his discharge to the place in the United States of his last preceding appointment or enlistment, or to his home if he was appointed or enlisted at a place otherthan his home, four cents per mile:

That hereafter the pay proper of all officers serving beyond the limits of the States comprising the Union, and the Territories of the United States contiguous thereto, shall be increased ten per centum for officers

over and above the rates of pay proper as fixed by law for time of peace, and the time of such service shall be counted from the date of departure from said States to the date of return thereto: Provided further, That the officers who have served in China at any time since the twenty-sixth day of May, nineteen hundred, shall be allowed and paid for such service the same increase of pay proper as is herein provided for:

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