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March two, eighteen hundred and seventy-five, was to authorize the appointment of such additional number of paymasters with the rank of major as will makn the total number of paymasters with the rank of major fifty, and no more. And so much of section eleven hundred and ninety-four of the Revised Statutes as applies to the paymasters of the rank of major be, and the same is hereby, repealed.

Act of July 22, 1876 (19 Stats., 95).

AN ACT establishing the rank of the Paymaster-General. That from and after the passage of this act the rank of the Paymaster-General of the United States Army shall be brigadier-generel; but no pay or allowances shall be made to said officer other than from the date of appointment under this act.

July 24, 1876 (19-97):--Appropriations under head “Pay Department” to be accounted for by disbursing officers under the title “Pay, etc., of the Army, 1877," so that the total amount shall not be exceeded.

March 3, 1877 ( 19-270), repeals section 1194, Revised Statutes, now applying only to grades in the Pay Department above rank of major.

December 15, 1877 (20–7).-All papers in the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, etc., relating to payment of bounties, etc., to be turned over to the Paymaster-General.

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SEC. 1094. The Army of the United States shall consist of

A Pay Department.

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SEC. 1182. The Pay Department of the Army shall consist of one Paymaster-General, with the rank of colonel; two assistant paymasters-general, with the rank of colonel of cavalry: two deputy paymasters-general, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel of cavalry, and sixty paymasters, with the rank of major of cavalry.

SEC. 1183. Officers of the Pay Department shall not be entitled, in virtue of their rank, to command in the line or in other staff corps.

SEC. 1184. When volunteers or militia are called into the service of the United States, and the officers of the Paymaster's Department are not deemed by the President sufficient for the punctual payment of the troops, he may appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and add to said corps as many paymasters, to be called additional paymasters, with the rank of major, not exceeding one for every two regiments of volunteers or militia, as he may deem necessary.

Sec. 1185. Additional paymasters shall be retained in service only so long as they may be required for the payment of volunteers and militia, as provided herein.

Sec. 1186. The Paymaster-General shall perform the duties of his office under the direction of the President.

SEC. 1187. The deputy paymasters-general shall, in addition to paying troops, superintend the payment of armies in the field.

Sec. 1188. The paymasters and additional paymasters shall pay the regular troops, and shall pay all other troops in the service of the United States when required to do so by order of the President.

SEC. 1189. The Army shall be paid in such manner that the arrears shall at no time exceed two months, unless circumstances shall render further arrears unavoidable.

'Sec. 1190. Paymasters and additional paymasters shall be allowed a capable noncommissioned officer or private as clerk. When suitable noncommissioned officers or privates can not be procured from the line of the Army, they are authorized, by and with the approbation of the Secretary of War, to employ citizens as clerks, at a salary of twelve hundred dollars a year. SEC. 1191. All officers of the

Pay Department. shall, before entering upon the duties of their respective offices, give good and sufficient bonds to the United States, in such sums as the Secretary of War may direct, faithfully to account for all public moneys and property which they may receive. The President may, at any time, increase the sums so prescribed.

SEC. 1192. All disbursing officers of the Pay Department shall renew their bonds or furnish additional security at least once in four years, and as much oftener as the President may direct. SEC. 1193. The

Paymaster-General shall be appointed by selection from the corps to which they belong.

SEC. 1194.' Until otherwise directed by law there shall be no new appointments and no promotions

in the Pay departments

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SEC. 1299. Paymasters to deduct amount due by officers for rations purchased on credit from the payment maile next after such purchase shall have been reported to the Paymaster-General.

Sec. 1300. Paymasters to deduct amount due by enlisted men for articles purchased on credit from the Subsistence Department from the payment inade next after such purchase shall have been reported to the Paymaster-General.

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Sec. 1305. Paymasters to issue deposit books to enlisted men who may deposit their savings with them in sums not less than five dollars.

Sec. 1306. Four per cent interest allowed on sums not less than fifty dollars on deposit for six months or more.

SEC. 1307. System of deposits to be regulated by the Secretary of War.

Sec. 1308. Amounts of deposits and clothing balances payable, on discharge, out of the appropriations for “pay of the Army” for the current fiscal year.

STATUTES AT LARGE.

Act of March 3, 1883 (22 Stats., 456).

AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, and for other purposes.

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For pay of the Army.

Provided, That vacancies that may hereafter occur in the Pay Corps of the Army in the grades of lieutenant-colonel and major, by reason of death, resignation, dismissal, or retirement, shall not be filled by original appointment until the Pay

So much of this section as applies to paymasters of the rank of major was repealed by joint resolution of March 3, 1875. The act of March 3, 1877, repeals the whole of this section so far as it applies to the Pay Department.

Corps shall by such vacancies be reduced to forty paymasters, and the number of the Pay Corps shall then be established at forty, and no more,

Act of July 5, 1884 (23 Stats., 107).

AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-five, and for other purposes.

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Pay Department.

Provided, That hereafter any paymaster of the rank of major who has served twenty years in the United States Army as a commissioned officer may, upon his own application or by direction of the President, be placed upon the retired List of the Army until the Pay Department shall be reduced to thirtyfive members, as follows: One Paymaster-General, with the rank of brigadier-general; two assistant paymasters-general, with the rank of colonel; three deputy paymasters-general, with the rank of lieutenantcolonel, and twenty-nine paymasters, with the rank of major; and no more appointments of paymasters shall be made in the Pay Department until the number shall be reduced below twenty-nine majors, and thereafter the number of officers in the Pay Department shall not exceed thirty-five: Provided further, That nothing herein shall be construed to change the present relative rank of any officer now in the Pay Corps.

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August , 1894 (28-233). —Sums known as detained pay shall, when repaid, become a charge against the fund “pay of the Army" for the year in which enlisted men have been or may be discharged.

Act of July 16, 18921 (27 Stats., 174). AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-three, and for other purposes.

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Pay Department.

Provided, That no appointments shall be made to the grade of major in the Pay Department of the Army until the number of majors in that department is reduced below twenty-five, and thereafter the number of officers of that grade in the Pay Department shall be fixed at twenty-five: And provided further, That the Secretary of War is also authorized to arrange for the payment of the enlisted men serving at posts or places where no paymaster is on duty, by check or by currency, to be sent to them by mail or express at the expense and risk of the United States.

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Act of February 27, 1893 (27 Stats., 478). AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-tour, and for other purposes.

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Pay Department. — Provided, That hereafter no appointments shall be made to the grade of major in the Pay Department of

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* Number of paymaster clerks to be reduced one for every paymaster reduced. Provision repeated by act of February 27, 1893.

the Army until the number of majors in that department is reduced below twenty-five, and thereafter the number of officers of that grade in the Pay Department shall be fixed at twenty-five.

Act of February 12, 1895 (28 Stats., 654). AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year end

ing June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-six, and for other purposes

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Pay Department.—

Provided, That there shall be no appointment of major in the Pay Department until the number of officers in that grade shall be reduced below twenty, and thereafter the number of such officers in that grade shall be fixed at twenty.

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AN ACT making appropriations to supply deficiencies in the appropriations for sup

port of the Army for the fiscal year eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, and for other purposes.

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All the money hereinbefore appropriated under “Pay Department,” except for “mileage to officers," shall be disbursed and accounted for by the Pay Department as pay of the Army, and for that purpose shall constitute one fund.

Act of March 2, 1899 (30 Stats., 977). AN ACT for increasing the efficiency of the Army of the United States, and for other

purposes. That from and after the date of approval of this act the Army of the United States shall consist of .. a Pay Department,

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SEC. 7. That the
Pay Department

shall consist of the officers now provided by law:

And provided also, That no person in civil life shall hereafter be appointed a paymaster,

until he shall have passed satisfactorily such examination as to his moral, mental, and physical qualifications as may be prescribed by the President; and no such person shall be appointed who is more than forty-four years of age: Provided further, That in case of the appointment of an officer who has served in a similar capacity during the war with Spain and has demonstrated his moral, mental, and physical qualifications for the position, then such examination shall not be required.

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SEC. 14. That the President is hereby authorized to continue in serv. ice, or to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, officers of the volunteer staff as follows:

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Thirty additional paymasters, with the rank of major.

May 26, 1900 (31).-Allotments of pay of enlisted men to pass to the credit of disbursing officer, when paid one month subsequent to the month in which such allotments accrued, if he has used due diligence in obtaining and using all information that may have been received at the War Department relative to the grantors. Paymaster-General to collect erroneous payments made because of the failure of the proper officer to report whatever facts rendered allotment made unpayable.

Act of February 2, 1901 (31 Stats., —).

AN ACT to increase the efficiency of the permanent military establishment of the

United States.

That from and after the approval of this act the Army of the United States shall consist of

a Pay Department.

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SEC. 19. . Payments to the Nurse Corps shall be made by the Pay Department.

SEC. 21. That the Pay Department shall consist of one PaymasterGeneral with the rank of brigadier-general, three assistant paymastersgeneral with the rank of colonel, four deputy paymasters-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, twenty paymasters with the rank of major, and twenty-five paymasters with the rank of captain, mounted: Provided, That all vacancies in the grade of colonel and lieutenantcolonel created or caused by this section shall be filled by promotion according to seniority, as now preseribed by law, and no more appointments to the grade of major and paymaster shall be made until the number of majors and paymasters is reduced below twenty: And provided, That persons who have served in the Volunteer Army since April twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, as additional paymasters may be appointed to positions in the grade of captain, created by this section. So long as there remain surplus majors an equal number of vacancies shall be held in the grade of captain, so that the total number of paymasters authorized by this section shall not be exceeded at any time.

SEC. 26. That so long as there remain any officers holding permanent appointments in the

Pay Department,

including those appointed to original vacancies in the grades of captain and first lieutenant under the provisions of sections sixteen, seventeen, twenty-one, and twenty-four of this act, they shall be promoted according to seniority in the several grades, as now provided by law, and nothing herein contained shall be deemed to apply to vacancies which can be filled by such promotions or to the periods for which the officers so promoted shall hold their appointments, and when any vacancy, except that of the chief of the department or corps, shall occur, which can not be filled by promotion as provided in this section, it shall be filled by detail from the line of the Army, and no more

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