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the faithful discharge of their duties, in such sums as may be prescribed by the Secretary of War.

SEC. 1665. An annual account of the expenses of the national armories shall be laid before Congress, together with an account of the arms made and repaired therein.

Sec. 1666. The Secretary of War is authorized to abolish such of the arsenals of the United States as, in his judgment, may be useless or unnecessary.

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SEC. 1672. The breech-loading system for muskets and carbines adopted by the Secretary of War, known as “the Springfield breech-loading system,” is the only system to be used by the Ordnance Department in the manufacture of muskets and carbines for the military service.

Sec. 1673. No royalty shall be paid by the United States to any one of its officers or employees for the use of any patent for the system, or any part thereof, mentioned in the preceding section, nor for any such patent in which said officers or employees may be directly or indirectly interested.

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SEC. 3480. Forbids payment of accounts, claims, etc., against the United States which accrued or existed prior to April 13, 1860, in favor of disloyal persons; this not to apply to claims assigned to loyal creditors of such persons in payment of debts incurred prior to March 1, 1861.

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Sec. 3714. All purchases and contracts for supplies or services for the military

service shall be made by or under the direction of the chief officers of the Department of War.

And all agents or contractors for supplies or service as aforesaid shall render their accounts for settlement to the accountant of the proper department for which such supplies or services are required, subject, nevertheless, to the inspection and revision of the officers of the Treasury.

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SEC. 3732. No contract or purchase on behalf of the United States shall be made unless the same is authorized by law or is under an appropriation adequate to its fulfillment.

Sec. 3747. Secretary of War to furnish officers, appointed by him to make contracts, with a printed letter of instructions and blank forms of contracts, affidavits of returns, etc., to secure uniformity in such instruments.

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Act of March 23, 1878 (20 Stats., 31). AN ACT making appropriations for fortifications and for other works of defence, and

for the armament thereof, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, and for other purposes.

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Provided, That the money herein appropriated for torpedoes shall only be used in the establishment and maintenance of torpedoes to be operated from shore stations for the destruction of an enemy's vessel approaching the shore or entering the channel and fairways of harbors.

June 23, 1879 (21-30).- None of the money appropriated for the ordnance service shall be expended for any use not strictly connected with the military service of the Government, this restriction to apply to the use of public animals, forage, and vehicles.

December 19, 1879 (21-299). -Authorizes lease of buildings, etc., of the Charleston Arsenal.

January 7, 1881 (21-314). - Authorizes purchase of land to enlarge the San Antonio Arsenal.

March 3, 1881 (21-468).—Two ordnance officers to be detailed as members of a board to examine all inventions of heavy ordnance and improvements of heavy ordnance and projectiles that may be presented to it.

Secretary of War authorized to exchange the unserviceable and unsuitable powder and shot on hand for new powder and projectiles, or to sell the same and purchase similar articles with the proceeds of the sales.

Act of May 1, 1882 (22 Stats., 59). AN ACT to authorize the appointment of an ordnance storekeeper in the Army.

That the President is hereby authorized to nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint an ordnance storekeeper in the Ordnance Department of the Army, and all laws inconsistent therewith are hereby suspended for the purposes of this act only: Provided, That prior to his appointment he shall have passed a satisfactory examination before a board of ordnance officers.

May 19, 1882 (22-93).—Two heavy guns and four mortars may be issued, on the requisition of the governor of a State bordering on the sea and Gulf coast, and a suitable battery for these cannon to be constructed, for instruction and practice of the militia in heavy artillery drill: Provided, The State has a permanent camping ground for the encampment of the militia not less than six days annually.

Act of June 30, 1882 (22 Stats., 117). AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year end

ing June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-five, and for other purposes.

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United States testing machine.

And provided further, That in making tests for private citizens the officer in charge may require payment in advance, and may use the funds so received in making such private tests, making full report thereof to the Chief of Ordnance; and the Chief of Ordnance shall give attention to such programme of tests as may be submitted by the American Society of Civil Engineers; and the records of such tests shall be furnished said society, to be by them published at their own expense.

August 5, 1882 (22-299): - Master armorer at the Springfield Armory to perform the duties of master machinist and his pay increased $1,000 per annum.

Act of July 5, 1884 (23 Stats., 158). AN ACT making appropriations for fortifications and other works of defence, and

for the armament thereof, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-five, and for other purposes.

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SEC. 2. That hereafter all rifled cannon of any particular material, caliber, or kind made at the cost of the United States shall be publicly subjected to the proper test, including such rapid firing as a like gun would be likely to be subjected to in actual battle, for the determination of the endurance of the same to the satisfaction of the President of the United States or such persons as he may select; and he is hereby authorized to select not to exceed five persons, who shall be skilled in such matters; and if such guns shall not prove satisfactory they shall not be put to use in the Government service. SEC. 3. That the Secretary of War

are hereby authorized to sell to projectors of methods of conversion, for experimental purposes only, any smooth-bore cannon on hand required by them, at prices which shall not be less than have been received from auction sales for such articles, and deliver the same, at the cost of the Government, at the nearest convenient place for shipment or public transportation, the cost of delivery to be deducted from the proceeds of sales, and the balance to be covered into the Treasury of the United States.

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AN ACT making appropriations for fortifications and other works of defence, and

for the armament thereof, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-six, and for other purposes.

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And the President of the United States shall appoint a board, of which the Secretary of War shall be a member and president, to be composed of two [officers) from the Ordnance Corps, which board shall examine and report at what ports fortifications or other defences are most urgently required, the character and kind of defences best adapted for each, with reference to armament, the utilization of torpedoes, mines, or other defensive appliances..

For the purchase of movable submarine torpedoes propelled and controlled by power operated and transmitted from shore stations as may be recommended by the Board of Engineers of the Army of the United States and approved by the Secretary of War.

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For the armament of seacoast fortifications, including the manufacture of heavy guns and carriages; for the constructing and testing experimental gun carriages; for the purchase and manufacture of a multi-charge gun and testing same; for projectiles, gun loaders, fuses, powder, and implements, their trial and proof.

And not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars thereof may be used for the expenses of experiments in the use of dynamite or other high-explosive projectiles.

And no type of gun shall be purchased until thoroughly tested and found to conform to the requirements of this act.

Act of May 1, 1888 (25 Stats., 107).

AN ACT to authorize the construction of an arsenal for the repair, storage, and dis

tribution of ordnance and ordnance stores for the use of the Government of the United States at Columbia, Tennessee.

[Appropriates $200,000); and the construction and control of said arsenal shall be under the direction of the Secretary of War: Provided, That without cost to the United States a sufficient quantity of land accepted as suitable and adequate for such arsenal by the Secretary of War, and not less than fifty acres, is conveyed in fee to the United States.

Act of September 22, 1888 (25 Stats., 481). AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year end

ing June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-nine, and for other purposes.

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Provided further, That the cost to the Ordnance Department of all ordnance and ordnance stores issued to the States, Territories, and District of Columbia, under the act of February twelfth, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, shall be credited to the appropriation for “manufacture of arms at national armories."

March 2, 1889 (25-825).—Board of Ordnance and Fortification to examine and report upon a site or sites for ordnance testing and proving ground. Makes an appropriation for the construction of a counterpoise battery to mount a seacoast rifle gun, to be located at point selected by the Board of Ordnance and Fortification and erected by the inventor under the general direction of the Board; gun to be mounted thereon, with its fittings, to be furnished by the Ordnance Department of the Navy.

August 18, 1890 ( 26–315). --Board of three officers, one of engineers, one of artillery, and one of ordnance, not below rank of lieutenant-colonel, to inquire into the facilities for producing steel forgings for high-power guns at or near the Pacific coast, in the vicinity of the Rock Island Arsenal, the Indianapolis Arsenal, and at some point on or near the Gulf coast; also as to the advisability of erecting at those points gun factories for finishing and assembling high-power guns.

Secretary of War authorized to contract for twenty-five 8-inch, fifty 10-inch, and twenty-five 12-inch breech-loading single-charge steel guns.

Last paragraph of act of March 2, 1889 (25–825), amended to authorize the use of a 6-inch breech-loading cannon of new pattern in the test of the counterpoise battery.

Act of September 22, 1888 (25 Stats., 489). AN ACT making appropriations for fortifications and other works of defense, for the

armament thereof, for the procurement of heavy ordnance for trial and service, and for other purposes.

That the appropriations hereinafter provided for shall be available until expended and shall be expended under the direct supervision of a board to consist of the Commanding General of the Army, an officer of engineers, an officer of ordnance, and an officer of artillery, to be selected by the Secretary of War, to be called and known as the Board of Ordnance and Fortifications.

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SEC. 4. For the erection, purchase, or manufacture of the necessary buildings and other structures, machinery, tools, and fixtures for an army gun factory for finishing and assembling heavy ordnance, to be erected at the Watervliet Arsenal, West Troy, New York, seven hundred thousand dollars: Provided, That not exceeding twenty thousand dollars of this sum may be used for the erection and completion of two sets of officers' quarters.

Act of July 16, 1892' (27 Stats., 1714). AN ACT making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year end

ing June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-three, and for other purposes.

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT.

Provided, That if the Secretary of War shall, upon the report of the small-arms board now in session, adopt a new rifle or

Sergeants of ordnance to receive the same allowance of clothing as other sergeants in like staff departments.

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system for rifles for the military service, or for trial with a view to such adoption, then this appropriation ($400,000] for manufacture of arms at the national armories shall be available for the procurement of such arms: Prorided further, That purchases may be made in open market, in the manner common among business men, when the aggregate of the purchase does not exceed two hundred dollars.

July 23, 1892 (27-257). - Authorizes the appointment of a board of army and naval officers to report what, in their opinion, is the most available site on the Pacific coast or on the rivers and waters thereof, for the erection of a plant for finishing and assembling the parts of heavy guns and other ordnance for the use of the Army and Navy.

Act of July 27, 1892 (27 Stats., 276). AN ACT amending the act of October first, eighteen hundred and ninety, entitled

“An act to provide for the examination of certain officers of the Army and to regulate promotions therein."

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SEC. 2. That the examination of officers of the

Ordnance Department who were officers or enlisted men in the regular or volunteer service, either in the Army, Navy, or the Marine Corps, during the war of the rebellion, shall be conducted by boards composed in the same manner as for the examination of other officers of their respective corps and department; and the examination shall embrace the same subjects prescribed for all other officers of similar grades in the Ordnance Department, respectively.

July 27, 1892 (27-276). -Specimens of arms, projectiles, etc., used in the battle of Gettysburg to be delivered to the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association.

February 27, 1893 (27-478). -No part of appropriation for the manufacture of arms at the national armories shall be expended for the manufacture of magazine rifles of foreign invention until the examination of similar arms of American invention presented within the next thirty days shall have been tested.

Act of March 29, 1894 (28 Stats., 47). AN ACT to regulate the making of property returns by officers of the Government.

That instead of forwarding to the accounting officers of the Treasury Department returns of public property intrusted to the possession of officers or agents, the Chief of Ordnance,

shall certify to the proper accounting officer of the Treasury Department, for debiting on the proper account, any charge against any officer or agent intrusted with public property arising from any loss, accruing by his fault, to the Government as to the property so intrusted to him.

August 6, 1894 (28–233). — Appropriation in this act for manufacture of arms applicable to the manufacture of the magazine arm recommended by the board. Purchases not exceeding $200 may be made in open market.

March 2, 1895 (28-764).—Abolishes section 229, Revised Statutes, requiring annual statement of contracts for supplies and services.

Act of June 6, 1896 (29 Stats., 256). AN ACT making appropriations for fortifications and other works of defense, for the

armament thereof, for the procurement of heavy ordnance for trial and service, and for other purposes.

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Armament and fortifications:

And the ordnance storekeeper now on duty in Washington as disbursing officer and assistant to the

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