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Mar 29, 1834.]
Adjournment of Congress.
[H. of R.
unite their efforts for the common welfare, it would open" words were things.” If the people did not get their a new era in the prospects of our free and happy insti- rights it should not be for want of their having been de. tutions. But there was litile hope of this. There re- manded; and, if wrong was done them, their oppressors mained but one course now to pursue. Suppress all agi- should daily and hourly hear of the wrongs they had pertation on questions respecting which they had differed, petrated. Talk of skulking. Who wished to skulk? and, after doing as much as practicable of the most im- He would give them full time to try the question out. portant business before them, return to their constituents, Let them exhibit the spectacle of bringing to the bar of breathe a purer air, leave behind the polluted atmos- this House a company of men, who, for integrity, talents, phere of this place, and learn what were the views and weight of character, and financial skill, stood pre-emifeelings of those who had sent them here. As to doing nent among all their countrymen; and let them make the all the business, it was hopeless; they never could get most of it. Mr. B. would not stand between the comthrough it. The longer they remained, the more it would mittee and their vengeance; let the thunders of their accumulate. He had no hope even of passing his own wrath roll as loud as they would; let the bolt fall on whom favorite bill for the pioneers of the Western forest. The it might. But of this let gentlemen be assured—there gentleman from Tennessee [Mr. Polk] had notified the was a redeeming principle in the country that would paraHouse that he should call up and press the passage of lyze the arm of oppression. They would find it so. the bill fixing the deposites in the State banks; now he But, in the mean while, let them, in heaven's name, have would put it to the candor of gentlemen to say whether, all the time they asked. if that bill should pass the House, one single man on that Mr. LANE said he had given several silent votes on . floor believed it would ever become a law? How vain, this subject, nor should he now protract the debate, or then, was it to protract the session for the sake of passing say a word that might excite unpleasant feelings. Would it in one branch of the Legislature.
to God he could hush every jarring sound; that he could He would venture the prediction that, if the subject of banish from that hall every feeling of party, so that the the deposites was again 'opened, the House would not members might have but one will, and that for the inadjourn all summer. If ever the investigation of the terests of their country alone. But were gentlemen presubject was commenced, it would be thorough--that gen- pared to adjourn, while every measure of importance to tlemen might reckon upon it. He did not oppose this out their constituents remained undone? What great measof the least fear of the result; he would not ask a more ure had been yet adopted to restore public confidence, certain triumph than would attend the investigation of and banish the distress which pervaded the country? the conduct of the bank. He had no idea of "skulking.” There was one bill which had been alluded to by the But he deprecated the waste of time which would end in gentleman behind him, (Mr. Carltox;] it was for the nothing.
relief of the war-worn soldier, and was not yet acted on. Mr. BURGES, after sportively alluding to a saying of Mr. L. said he might forget himself
, but he never could one of the ancients, that long treatises were written forget the war-worn soldier of the forest. against the love of glory only that their authors might The gentleman from Kentucky [Mr. Johnson) had said have the glory of affixing their names to them, and ap- that he had never known much business done till a day piying this remark to Mr. Chilton's deprecating long of adjournment was fixed upon. This might be so; but speeches, he went on to say that he had changed his if it were, was that a reason for fixing the day so early mind as to the day of adjournment. He had been in favor that nothing could be accomplished in the meanwhile? of the earliest day proposed; but since the bank com- If they fixed upon tomorrow, would that accomplish the mittee had declared that they should not in that case have public business? Who could believe that before the 30th time for the investigation of their report, and acting on of June all the important bills could be reached, let the the resolution reported, he was for a more distant day; debate be ever so brief, and gentlemen ever so much in and he was the more earnest on this subject after hearing earnest? Mr. L. never would consent to adjourn till the from the gentleman from Ol [Mr. Lytle) the intima- bill fixing the deposites in the State banks should have tion that he and his friends were disposed to skulk. been acted on. Now he did not belong to a people who had been in the He did not helieve, with the gentleman from Kentucky, habit of skulking; they inhabited, to be sure, a small bit (Mr. Chilton,] that nothing could be done with that of land; but whenever their enemies sought them, they bill. Could it not be amended? Might it not be so were always to be found.
modified as to be rendered acceptable to gentlemen now The gentleman had explained by saying that he refer- opposed to it? red only to the press. Indeed, and had that House no- To one of the remarks of the other gentleman from thing better to do than to discuss the course of the news- Kentucky, (Mr. Jourson,] he heartily responded, viz: papers! Who cared what these said? Some few of that this branch of the Legislature was the last hope of them, indeed, were highly respectable; but was this a the American people. Yes, it was in that hall that the matter for grave debate? About skulking newspapers? last knell of expiring Liberty would be heard; in that No: the remarks of the gentlemen, however worded, hall would be the last Autter of the American eagle; were aimed at the members on that foor. Now, he was there the star-spangled banner, which now bung over his for showing that committee that no man had a thought of head, would wave for the last time; and there the last skulking. He wanted to allow them full time to bring smile would be dashed from the countenance of that fair forward their report, and to act upon it. But they dare goddess who presided over the national destinies. not do it. They had no intention of doing it. But they Mr. ANTHONY deprecated the plan of gentlemen should not want the opportunity. He would sooner con- taking up half an hour apiece in their remarks. He tinue to sit here until the snow should fall than deprive thought the 23d was the best and safest clay. He held to them of the fullest opportunity to work their whole will the old adage, “in medio tutissimus ibis;" and it might in the premises. Let them bring the bank directors to be said with equal truih, “in medio felicissimus ibis." He the bar. Mr. B. would promise to make no speeches in therefore demanded the previnus questioni. their defence: if they were not able to defend their own The House seconded the call: Ayes 106. cause, he would give it up.
The previous question was then put and carried; and It was, indeed, true that the House had spent some the main question, viz: “Shall the vote of the House, time in discussing principles, very much to the horror of refusing to fix upon the 30th of June for the day of the gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. Johnson.] But he adjournment, be reconsidered?” was carried by yeas and had heard of its being said by a shrewd thinker, that Inays, as follows: Yeas 123, nays 83,
H. OF R.)
Adjournment of Congress.
[MAY 29, 1834.
So the House agreed to reconsider. The question then now heard that they were to have the bank bill called being on the 30th of June
up, and all these matters forced upon the discussion of Mr. ADAMS said that he should change his vote, and the House; and those who were in favor of an early adwas desirous of stating his reasons for doing so. He journment were now told that they wanted to “skulk." should now vote for the 30th, although he had voted for He was actuated by no such feeling; but he thought it the 16th. From the day the resolution had been origin worse than useless to bring up these fourteen respectable ally introduced, he had uniformly voted for the shortest citizens for such an offence as was alleged against them. term. When the gentleman from Indiana had agreed to If, indeed, he considered the question as one in which postpone the motion, Mr. A. had been ready to vote for the honor of the Government and the authority and dig. its passage; and this day, when the same gentleman had nity of that House were concerned, he would be willing been requested by the chairman of the Committee of to stay here for years rather than omit or pass slightly Ways and Means to modify his resolution by inserting the over it. When he had been interrupted, he had been 30th, and had declined to comply with that request, Mr. about to state some of the grounds of the opinion that a A. had voted against the amendment proposing that day. longer day would be requisite; and, in so doing, he was He had done so, to be sure, with reluctance, because the about to notice the new questions which were raised by request had been made by the chairman of the Commit- the report of the bank committee. What a singular tee of Ways and Means; and Mr. A. was willing that a spectacle would it be, to see their Sergeant-at-arms gentleman who was charged, more than any other indi. bringing up these fourteen substantial burghers of the vidual in that House, with its most important business, good city of Philadelphia, all in chains, to the bar of the should have the full time he demanded. He had still House! It reminded him of the soldier in our revolibeen desirous to vote for the shortest period practicable, tionary war, who, having captured three of the enemy but it was in the expectation and with the hope that the with his own hand, and, being asked how he accomHouse was to hear no more about the bill directing the plished such a feat, replied that “he surrounded them.” deposite of the public money in the State banks, nor He supposed the Sergeant-at-arms was to surround these about the report of the bank committee; and, with such fourteen bank directors. He should admire to see the an understanding, he believed that all the most important sight. business before the House might be disposed of by the Here, then, was the question as to the right of the 16th of the next month. But now, when he found that it House to send for fourteen free American citizens to was the intention of the chairman of the Committee of appear, not before a court of justice, but before this Ways and Means to bring up and to press upon the House House; to be tried, not by a jury of their peers, but by the bill leaving the deposites in the State bå,ks; and still the very party whom they were charged with having more, when he discovered that entirely new matter, re- offended, and on the accusation of persons so exceedingly ferred to in the reports of the investigating committee, impartial as the majority of the bank committee; that was also to be introduced for discussion, he could not but House, themselves the offended party, to be their triers; conclude that the 30th of June would certainly afford a and, having convicted them, to punish the offenders by very short time-too short, indeed-for the discussion of the whole power of its vindictive justice. matters so important to the public interest.
Did any gentleman suppose that the right to do all this Let members consider what it was which this bank was a question to be settled without debate? What committee's report contained. This was new matter. would the mothers of those citizens have said, could they The House bad sent a committee of its own body to inves-witness such a sight, to see their sons brought up to the tigate the affairs of the United States Bank. Had they bar to be tried as criininals? And for what? Here was investigated them? No; they had done nothing of what another question, a question of some compass, and certhey had been sent to do. Their report did not contain tainly very debatable. He hoped these questions would one word upon the subject to which their appointment all be tried. He hoped that this mystified question of had reference. No discoveries had been made; and the contempts would be fully discussed, and the principle committee had returned with two reports, that of the settled, for the benefit of after times. majority containing complaints against the president and He hoped that, if ever again they reported a resolution directors of the bank. This, he repeated, was wholly recommending the House to bring up the free citizens of
The committee charged the president and this Union to be tried as malefactors at the bar of the directors of the bank with having three times violated Ilouse, they would at least have one good, sound, honest their charter; besides being guilty of another offence, precedent to show for it. He hoped the whole matter the most heinous of all, seemingly, in the view of the would be a subject of full and grave deliberation; and that committee-the offence of having treated themselves no crude or hasty decision would be had upon matters of with disrespect. For this, the president and directors of so much weight and importance. He trusted there woull the bank were to be brought to the bar of the House to be no calling for the previous question—110 pressing forbe punished. The committee appeared as prosecutors; ward, under a constant reference to the shortness of the and they called upon the House to bring up fourteen of time remaining-no continual reminding the House of the the most respectable citizens in all this country, to be necessity of passing the appropriation bills. Appropriapunished. And how was this to be done? The Sergeant- tion bills! He would sooner lose all the appropriation at-arms, a slender and rather feeble man, was to go and bills for a hundred years to come, than that a question corporeally to seize these individuals, and drag them be- like this should be improperly decided. The chairman fore the flouse.
of the bank committee had told the House that these [Mr. CAMBRELENG here called Mr. Adams to order. questions could not possibly be taken up and discussed by The Chair decided that be was in order.]
the 16th, and Mr. A. most fully concurred in the opinion. Mr. A. resumed: He said he trad been assigning the If the majority were determined to bring forward the reasons which, in his apprehension, justified him in subject, and submit it to a fair discussion, the 30th of changing his vote. He was vindicating himself to the June would be quite soon enough to adjourn. To the House and to his constituents, for such change. He will of the majority be must submit. He should now vote had stated that he had supposed that all the important for the adjournment on the 30th of June. business before the House might be gone through with Mr. THOMAS said that it was with surprise he learnby the 16th; and that all other matters, which were called that, in his absence, the committee to which he beculated only to produce dissension, and which must all longed had been gravely, and he must say falsely, charge eventually end in smoke, would be deferred. But he led with the intention of forestalling public opinion. This
subject, however, he passed by. He now stood proudly on the time of the House, but bis apology must be the before the House and the country, in relation to the trans- great weight attached to the name of the gentleman from actions referred to in the committee's report, and which Massachusetts, and the effect of his opinions on the minds had been so improperly characterized. What had they of many who bad not considered the subject. seen? There could not a question of adjournment be There had been an attempt to cast ridicule on the idea introduced into the House, but they must have thrown of the Sergeant-at-arms of this House going to arrest fourinto it all the influence of great names connected with teen stout-bodied citizens, and bring them to the bar of the previous history of the country, for the purpose of the House, Surely the gentleman must have forgotten proclaiming before ihe country opinions calculated to in- the character of our institutions, the character of the timidate the members of that House, and preventing peaceable citizens of this republic. That character forthem from performing their public duty with that con- baile the idea that they would attempt to rebel against the sideration, that calmness, and that firmness, which should authority of the laws, and the majesty of their own Goy. distinguish freemen, and the sons of freemen. The gen. ernment. Besides, the character of the community in tleman from Massachusetts bad mistaken the whole char- which these citizens resided, forbade the notion that, acter and genius of our institutions, and of the American when a public officer went armed with the authority of people, if he thought that referring to the respectabili- that House, with the high power conferred upon it for iy of the fourteen distinguished financiers of whom he the preservation of the blessings of free Government to had spoken in terms of so much admiration, would have ourselves and our posterity, came among them to arrest the least influence in determining the course to be pur those who had resisted its command, they would stand sued towards them by that House. He yielded to no gen- tamely by and refuse to support, and to enforce the alla tleman there in his estimation of the character and stand- thority of their own representatives. ing of these individuals. The House bad been told that Mr. T. apologized.He had been unexpectedly called they were men of high attainments, of great financial apon, and had spoken under great constraint. No one learning and skill; but he asked whether that circum- could be more disposed to cherish respect for the honorastance would weigh for one moment in a case where the ble member from Massachusetts than he was; and none House was called to act in the preservation of its own more opposed to a premature discussion of the subject redigniiy. He considered all the citizens of this Union as ferred to. His apology must be found where he had althe constitution considered thenı-strictly equal; he knew ready placed it, in what had been said by a gentleman no difference between them; he would enforce the law whose name commanded so much influence. As to the against the Chief Magistrate himself, when the great in- day of adjournment, he preferred the 30th, and should terests of the country and the dignity and authority of its vote for that day. representatives were involved.
In such a cause, he Mr. SUTHERLAND now moved the previous queswould arrest any one but the great God that made him. tion, but withdrew his motion; which being renewed by Why did gentlemen seek to alarm the country with the Mr. HIESTER was negatived. dread of some act of arbitrary power about to be perpe- The resolution as amended, fixing the 30th of June for trated by the House of Representatives? The honora- the day of adjournment, was then carried by yeas and ble gentleman would find the community not quite so nays, as follows: forgetful as he seemed to think. Mr. T. had had the YEAS--Messrs. John Q. Adams, Heman Allen, Wil. bonor of a seat on that floor, and he was very sure the liam Allen, Anthony, Archer, Ashley, Barnitz, Barringer, gentleman from Massachusetts could not forget it, when Bates, Beaumont, John Bell, Jas. M. Bell, Blair, Bouldin, a precepl was issued against the late Governor of Ten- Bull, Buncli, Burd, Burges, Bynum, Cambreleng, Carminessee, (General Houston,) and when that individual was chael, Chambers, Chaney, Wm. Clark, Claytoil, Clowbrought to the bar of the House. What had been bisney, Coffee, Connor, Amos Davis, Day, Deberry, Dencase? Was there any resistance to the process of the ny, Duncan, Dunlap, Evans, Horace Everett, Ewing, House any obstruction to the execution of its precept? Forester, P. C. Fuller, Fulton, Galbraith, Gillet, GilNo such thing had been pretended. An assault had been mer, Gordon, Graham, Grayson, Joseph Hall, Hamer, committed on one of its members. And did the gentle- Hannegan, Hard, Hardin, J. M. Harper, James Harper, man, at that time, require a long deliberation and dis- Harrison, Heath, Henderson, Howell, Abel Huntington, cussion? or did he not promptly yield his assent to the Jarvis, Cave Johnson, Seaborn Jones, Benjamin Jones, issuing of the summons?
Kavanagh, King, Kinnard, Lane, Laporte, Lea, Leavitt, Mr. T. believed there were but about thirty-five votes Lewis, Loyal, Lucas, Lyon, Lytle, Abijah Mann, J. K. in the negative on that question; although the alleged of. Mann, Martindale, Marshall, Moses Mason, McCarty, fence was only an assault. There was nothing very sin. McIntire, McKay, McKennan, McKim, McLene, gular in the request of the bank committee. They bad McVean, Mercer, Miller, Robert Mitchell, Moore, Mura been directed to make an inquiry into the affairs of the phy, Osgood, Parks, Patton, Patterson, Dutee J. Pearce, Bank of the United States; they had attempted to do so, Peyton, F. Pierce, Pinckney, Plummer, Polk, Potts, and had failed. They returned to the House, reported Selden, W. B. Shepard, Shinn, William Slade, Charles the failure; assigned the cause of it; and asked that the Slade, Sloane, Standefer, Stoddert, Sutherland, Francis obstacle might be removed. This was all they had done. Thomas, P. Thomas, Thomson, Tompkins, Turner, Let the House (lischarge the committee; let them retrace Vance, Vanderpoel, Van Houten, Vinton, Watmough, their steps; let the comunittee be exonerated from the Wayne, Webster, Whallon, E. D. White, Elisha Whittrust imposed on Urem, and they had no desire to arrest tlesey, Wilde, Wilson, Wise–129. these or any other individuals. They had not gone to NÄYS-Messrs. John Adams, John J. Allen, C. Allan, Philadelphia under any ill feelings towards any one. Banks, Barber, Baylies, Bean, Beardsley, Bealy, Bockee, They harbored no such feelings now. The attempt to Bodle, Boon, Briggs, Brown, Burns, Cage, Campbel', alarm the public mind would prove vain. There was Carr, Casey, Chilton, Choate, S. Clark, Clay, Corwin, nothug novel asked or intended. No man who had Coulter, Cramer, Crockett, Davenport, Derning, Dickserved as a juror in our courts could fail to have witness- son, Dickerson, Dickinson, Ellsworth, Edward Everett, ed the attachment of whole files of men, free citizens of Felder, Fowler, William K. Fuller, Gamble, Garland, this Union, a dozen at a time, for the resistance of pro. Gholson, Gorham, Grennell, Griffin, Hiland Hall, Halcess. Nothing was more common. There was nothing sey, Hathaway, Hazeltine, Hiester, Ilubbard, Jabez W. to alarm any body.
Huntington, Jackson, W. C. Johnson, Richard M. Joline Mr. T. said he was conscious that he was trespassing/son, N. Johnson, Lansing, Lee, Lincoln, Love, Mardis,
H. OF R.)
Resignation of the Speaker--- Kentucky Election--New York and New Jersey Boundary. (Mar 31, 1834.
J. Y. Mason, McComas, McKinley, Muhlenberg, Page, said that he rested his hopes of final success upon the Parker, Pierson, Pope, Ramsay, Schenck, Schley, Aug confidence which he had in their honor and integrity, to II. Shepperd, Smith, Spangler, Speight, William Taylor, come, as he believed they would, to a decision, uninflu. William P. Taylor, Turrill, Tweedy, Wagener, Ward, enced by party: a course they are bound to take, if, Wardwell, Fred. Whittlesey, Williams--83.
from no other consideration than that, what was his case And then the House adjourned.
to-day might be their own hereafter, by the revolving of the political wheel. After which, he proceeded to con
trovert, at length, the arguments of the majority of the FRIDAY, May 30.
committee, and the evidence adduced in opposition to
his claim to the seat for the 5th congressional district of RESIGNATION OF THE SPEAKER.
Kentucky. After the reading of the Journal-
Mr. L. continued to speak till after three o'clock; and Mr. Speaker STEVENSON rose and informed the closed with expressing his thanks to the Committee of llouse that he had taken the chair this morning, though Elections for the good feeling toward him which had still laboring under severe and continued indisposition, dictated the insertion of that resolution in their report for the purpose of opening the House, and preventing which recommended a pecuniary allowance to himself, any delay in its business; and likewise for the purpose in the shape of pay and mileage; but expressed his unalof announcing his determination of resigning the Speak. terable determination not to accept any thing, unless the er's Chair and his seat in Congress. This he proposed seat in this House should, by the decision of the House, doing on Monday next at 11 o'clock. He had formed be adjudged to belong to him. If the seat should be de this resolution under a deep sense of duty, and because clared rightfully to pertain to Mr. Moore, the pay was his state of health rendered it impossible for him (as must his also. be apparent to the House) to discharge in person the Mr. HAMER, observing that Mr. LETCHER had, in his laborious duties of the Chair; and he had therefore deem- address to the House, referred extensively to the testied it respectful and proper to give this early notice of his mony, and had presented a number of points of arguintention to retire.
ment, said it would hardly be fair to require of Mr. The House then resumed the consideration of the re- Moone, who was in feeble health, to reply without some ports of the committee on
interval of further preparation; and be therefore moved THE KENTUCKY CONTESTED ELECTION.
that the House do now adjourn. The motion prevailing,
The House thereupon adjourned. Mr. HUBBARD (Speaker pro tem.) having stated the question thereupon, before the House, to be the amend. ment offered by Mr. Jones to that of Mr. Banks, as here.
SATURDAY, May 31. tofore stated-
NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY BOUNDARY LINE. Mr. BANKS said that, as it did not essentially alter Mr. BELL, from the Committee on the Judiciary, rethe amendment submitted by him, he would accept the ported a bill, giving the assent of Congress to a treaty or amendment of Mr. Jones as a modification thereof. He compact entered into between the State of New York now wished to modify the resolution so as to make it read and the State of New Jersey, respecting the territorial as follows:
limits and jurisdiction of said States; which was read “ Resolved, That all the votes given by qualified voters, twice and committed. After which, he said, as it was of which were received in Lancaster, Garrard county, importance to those States to have it passed as soon whilst Moses Grant, Esq. acted as one of the judges on possible, he hoped there would not be any objections to the first morning of the election in August last, and those its being now read, that it might be ordered to be enof a like character given on the second day of the elec- grossed for its third reading: tion in the absence of the sheriff, ought to be estimated The bill having been readin ascertaining the result of the election.
Mr. J. Q. ADAMS remarked that, as this bill involved That the votes of David McKee, Alfred W. Buford, some questions of importance to the rights of the United Elijah Mount, Clayton Fitzpatrick, William R. Preston, States, he should wish there was some time allowed to R. L. Berry, Blackburne Leffler, Robert McKeown, examine it. He presumed it had been duly considered Giles M. Ormond, and Lewis L. Mason, given in Mercer by the Committee on the Judiciary, but he desired to county, be counted; the first nine for R. P. Lelcher, state, that the particular ground to which he had referand the last one for T. P. Moore.
ence, for desiring an opportunity to examine the bill, was, That the votes of Job M. Hall, Reuben Young, Vin- whether there were not some rights, pertaining to the cent Inge, Jacob Coffman, William Jenkins, and the United States, concerned in the treaty and convention Reverend David Robertson, be taken from the number entered into between these respective States, and wheof votes allowed by the majority of the committee to ther those rights were duly guarded by the present bill. Moore, in Mercer county, and added to those counted He rose to ask of the honorable chairman whether, when for Letcher.
this bill and convention were under the consideration of That the votes of Eli Williams and W. Dawson, of the committee, there had been any reference to the right Anderson couty, and that those of William Connor, of jurisdiction of the United States over this very boun. Charles Welslı, Thomas Harris, Montgomery Vanland- dary. He understood the bill was framed in pursuance ingliam, Joseph Murrain, Levi Nunnery, Richard Curd, of an agreement about the jurisdiction that should be Anderson Hulet, Hickman Evans, Henry Wood, Richard possessed by them. In the treaty or compact which had White, of Jessamine county, be counted for Robert P. I just been read, the exclusive jurisdiction of New York Letcher."
and of New Jersey was spoken of, with frequent repeti. Mr. Banks said that it was his intention to have sub- tion, but without any reservation of the rights of the mitted some remarks in support of his amendment, but, United States, who, he believed, had the most important understanding that it was the wish of the gentlemen who jurisdiction over the waters in question. He had no inwere personally interested in this case to avail themselves tention to interpose any obstacle to the consunimation of of the privilege granted by the House, he would give way his agreement between the two States. On the contrary, to them for that purpose.
le rejoiced to find that this long-standing controversy beMr. LETCHER thereupon rose, and addressed the tween them bad at length been adjusted to their mutual House in an animated and energetic appeal, in which he satisfaction, but this was a subject in which the whole
Mar 31, 1834.]
[H. OF R.
Union had a deep interest, and rights not to be neglected substance, but a repetition of what has been better said or lost sight of. The bill had but just now been reported by others. Nor can I promise to enliven my argument by the committee. The first knowledge he had of the pur. by a single flash of wit. I have no talent of that kind, port of the convention was by hearing it now read. He and, if I had, I should deem this an unfit occasion to exhoped the chairman of the committee would consent to ercise it. The subject is too grave, the principles and postpone the final action of the House upon the bill for a consequences involved too serious, to be made the occafew days, and that, in the mean time, it should be printed. sion of levity and jest. If I cannot satisfy the House by
Mr. BELL, in reply, said that the committee, in con- the facts of the case, and arguments fairly deducible from sidering this matter, could not perceive that any rights them, that I am entitled to a seat among them, it would vesting in the United States would be infringed or en- be disrespectful in me to attempt to laugh them into a dedangered by the assent of Congress to the agreement cision in my favor. It is on their sober judgment only made between these States. However, he would sag- that i rely, and to that only shall I appeal. gest to the honorable member from Massachusetts, that My competitor vehemently deprecates the influence of every objection of the kind he alluded to, could be obvi- party considerations in the settlement of this question. ated by the insertion of a proviso in the bill to this effect, Mr. Speaker, he cannot desire mere earnestly than I do viz: " that nothing therein should derogate from the that the question should be settled upon its merits. If rights of the United States.” He considered that the each individual member of this House, forgetting the inassent of Congress was only implied to such jurisdiction dividuals claiming the seat in this case, and the political as the States themselves possessed. But he had no ob parties to which they belong, could find time to examine jection to let the bill lie over.
dispassionately the evidence in relation to every contest. Mr. B. then moved that the consideration of the bill ed vote, they would find it would require no party feelshould be postponed until Thursday next, and that it ing to give me the seat by a respectable majority of the should be printed.
legal votes actually given, without regard to the irregulari. Mr. PARKER rose to explain, that the object of the ties which affect the polls of Garrard county. If I am bill was to settle a dispute between these two States, of elected, it was not by a party yote. I made no appeal to more than thirty years' standing, and it originally arose party at home, and hundreds voted for me who differed from claims set up by the State of New York to the ex. with me on some of the leading topics which divide the clusive jurisdiction over the waters of the Hudson river. parties of the day, and gave me their support from higher, They made this claim as having been in possession of this and, to myself, more flattering considerations. jurisdiction. The House, then, would perceive that the Much has been said about the sacred right of suffrage; agreement did not, and could not, conflict with any rights and the intimation has been broadly, if not directly, given possessed by the General Government. The obvious by a gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. MARSHALI,] that I meaning of it, he said, was only to give to each State am atiempting to violate it by the ground assumed by me, power to exercise jurisdiction, subject, of course, to that and sustained by a majority of the committee, in relation rightfully pertaining to the United States. The commis. to this contest. This imputation I repel. The people of sioners appointed by the States to settle this vexed busi- Kentucky, who know us both, and the parts we have re. ness, with perfect unanimity had made the compromise, spectively acted, will not believe that I am less devoted and with which, the respective Legislature of the States to free suffrage than the gentleman. I am too much one being satisfied, the assent of Congress was now all that of the people myself, to wish them deprived of any of was wanting to dispose of the controversy. As the agree their rights, or in the least degree restricted in their exment was one made between the parties, on a matter be. ercise, beyond what is absolutely necessary to guard its longing solely to themselves, he hoped no objections purity and make it efficient. I owe all that I am, or ever would be raised to it.
expect to be in political life, to ihe partiality and suffrages Mr. BELL said he would not object to the desire for of my equals—the common people of the county, and dispostponing the consideration of the subject; but as Thurs- trict of country, where I have the pleasure to reside. day was, he now understood, set apart for Territorial In reference to the votes excluded by a majority of the business, he moved to have it postponed until Wednesday, committee, on the ground of the illegal manner in which withdrawing his first motion.
a portion of the election was conducted in Garrard Mr. GILLET suggested that it should be made the county, my competitor introduces the decision of the special order for that day, which was finally agreed to. House in the case of Pryor Lea, as analogous. In the
first place, the analogy of the cases is not perceived. KENTUCKY ELECTION.
Pryor Lea was elected by a majority of 217 votes over The consideration of the report and counter-report Thomas D. Arnold. Mr. Arnold contested his election from the Committee on the Kentucky Election having on the ground of certain irregularities in the mode of been resumed
conducting it; and proved that at one place the ballots Mr. MOORE rose and addressed the Chair as follows: had been deposited and kept in a large gourd-shell, in
Mr. Speaker: It was not my intention to have troubled stead of a ballot-box, as required by law. It was not preyour bonorable body with any further remarks upon the tended that the proper judges and other officers of elecsubject under discussion, either orally or in writing; nor tion were not present, or that the votes had not been kept should I have deviated from my deterinination from any just as safely in the gourd-shell as they would have been consideration merely personal. But, after permission in a ballot-box. But there were some members who given by the House, and the address made by my compet- thought otherwise, and insisted that a compliance with the itor, I might seem to be wanting in a proper respect for very letter of the law ought to be exacted in all such them, and for bim, if not in duty to the people of the cases, as appears by the negative votes attached to the fifth congressional district of Kentucky, who have honor- following resolution, viz: ed me with their support, were I to be silent.
“ Resolved, That Pryor Lea is entitled to retain his seat It would be extreme vanity in me to expect to throw in the twenty-first Congress of the United States, as the any new light upon the subject, which has been investi- representative of the second congressional district in the gated by the committee with so much industry and pa- State of Tennessee." Cience, and has been discussed in this House with so much Those who voted in the negative, are Messrs. John learning, eloquence, and talent. The principles on which 1 Bailey, John Campbell, James Clark of Kentucky, Richrely have been so clearly elucidated, and the facts so plain- ard Coke, jun., Josepu H. CRANE, B. W. Crowninshield, ly set forth, that any thing I may gay must necessarily be, in James L. Hodges, Thomas H. Hughes, J. W. Hunting
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