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HI. or R.]

Wayne counly (Ind.) Memoriul.

(JUNE 16, 1854.

sation between Mr. FILLMORE and Mr. Hawes, was laid that it is signed by so large and respectable a number of aside.

the freemen of my district, and that the statements of the The committee then rose and reported all tlic bills to memorialists are uncontradicted by counter memorials; the House.

this, taken in connexion with the time which elapsed The bill to reappropriate an unexpended balance of a since this memorial was transmitted to this place, had much former appropriation for the payment of the Georgia mi-influencc in directing my votes, recently given, upon the litia claims for the years 1792, 1793, and 1794, was order resolutions of the Senate, wlich, by the decision of this ed to a third reading, read a third time immediately, House, now sleep upon your table. passed, and sent to the Senate for concurrence.

The memorial is from ihe most populous, and one of the Mr. POLK gave notice that on Mo:iday he would move oldest comties of the State I have the bonor, in part, to that, instead of receiving petitions and memorials, the represent. It is signed by 1811 of my immediate constitIlouse proceed with the appropriation bills.

uents; a majority, believe, of the legal voters of that The House then arljournell.

county. They are composed of farmers, mechanics, manufacturers, merchants, lawyers, physicians, and of every

profession and pursuit incident to that section of the counMONDAY, JUNE 16.

try, anclare emigrants from almost every State in the Union. Mr. POLK asked the unanimous consent of the flouse 10 looking over the names of the memorialists, I find to take up, for final disposition, the appropriation bills that a large proportion are of that class of citizens who lying on the Speaker's table to be engrossed.

seldom participate in the party conflicts of the day. 10 Mr. GRENNELL said, as this was probably the only they vote at all, which they do not always do, they apday left for the presentation of petitions, he must objeci. proach the pulls silently, vote, and return to their various

Mr. IIARDIN inquired if the honorable chairman of occupations, without meddling with others, or obtruding the Committee of ways and Means did not know that their political sentiments on their neighbors with a view this day was set apart for that purpose?

to influence their suffrages. They are of that denominaMr. POLK replied he knew it very well; but, under tion of citizens called “ Friends," whose .opinions are the state of the public business, and if objections were seldom formed or exercised for party purposes; they promade, he must move a suspension of the rule to enable cced from due deliberation, intelligent, cool heads, and him to take up these bills.

honest hearts, and are therefore entitled to much weight Mr. BURGES. Pray let is not turn a deaf ear to the and consideration. petitions of our constituents, and let us hear the voice of There is another class of citizens whose names are ata suffering people. Their petitions have been lying on tached to this memorial, who are entitled to equal reour table, unacted upon, some of them for nearly five spect; and who, in point of intelligence, integrity, and weeks. Is it not of more consequence to them to hear patriotism, would not lose by a comparison with the peotheir voice, than to undertake to dispose of their money? ple of any section of this Union. Many of these men were

Mr. POLK modified his proposition, so as to move to the first settlers of that region of country, and among have the rule suspended to take up the appropriation them I recognise distinguished names who were associabills at half past one o'clock; which motion, after a de- ted, in times of great peril, with that eminent and gallant sultory discussion, in which Mr. SUTHERLAND, Mr. Polk, general (Wayne) from whom the county of their ressMl. Vixton, Mr. Chilton, Mr. GRENNELL, Mr. WAYNE, dence takes its name. They belong to both political and Mr. Denny, participated, prevailed: Ayes 125, parties. noes 38.

Sir, said Mr. McC., n majority of the memorialists are WAYNE COUNTY (IND.) MEMORIAL.

no political friends of mine; but they are my constituents,

and, although diflering in some degree from me upon "The House procee led to the consideration of the me. This subjeci, i bave thought it due to them to say thus morial of 1841 inhabitants of Wayne county, Indiana, for much is reference to the influence and respect which I the restoration of the deposites and recharter of the claim for their opinions in this Blouse. They remonstrate Bank of the United States, which was the unfinished bu- against the course taken by the Executive in the removal siness.

of the deposites from the Bank of the Unitel States, Mr. MCCARTY roscand addressed the Chair as follows: believing, they say, that it was an assumption of power

Sir, said Mr. McC., when I presented this memorial, not authorized by the constitution, and a violation of the and asked its postponement to a certain day--and which, contract between the Government and the bank; prodıby the business of the Ilouse, has been postponed till now,-- cing, they allege, uncxampled individual distress, and a it was with a view to await other testimonials and expres- total loss of confidence in the circulating medium of the sions of public opinion on this subject, from other coun-country; and that, consequent upon this state of things, ties comprising the district I have ihe honor to represent all the staple coinmodities of the country have undergone on this floor.

I had expected that inasmuch as the suba decline in value. Business and improvements are at a ject of the currency, always of the deepest importance to stand; and great sacrifices are made in order to fulfil a well-regulated community, had been agitated there in previous engagements. They ask for a recharter of the such a manner as to call forth an expression of public opin. bank, with such modifications as Congress may think ion of so large and respectable a portion of my constitui- proper to make; and also that the deposites be restored ents--of the largest county, not only of the district, but in the Bank of the United States. It is not, said Nir. the State--that the surrounding counties would have McC., my purpose to discuss the merits of this question. manifested some indication of their sentiments or feel-It has been ably, cloquently, and profoundly examined, ings on the subject; but in this anticipation I have been in both branches of Congress, by more experienced heads disappointed. I was the more desirous of obtaining an than mine; and, in my opinion, much has been unneces. expression of something like the sentiments of the ma- sarily said on both sides; nay, the subject has literally jority of my immediate constituents, because this' memo- been exhausted and worn out, until the heart almost sick. rial contains sentiments pot entirely in accordance with ens at the very recital of the question. But justice to my own opinions, and because I stand committed to the myself, from the attitude in which I am placed by this people I represent, to obey their instructions on this very memorial, and those I represent, seem to require that I question. It is true, said 1r. MeC., that this memorial does not relt it my duty to pursue in reference to this subject.

should say something in explanation of the course I have emanate from a majority of my constituents; but the fact I am now, and ever have been, opposed to the Unite:l

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States Bank as at present charterel; though I am clearly administration, and that, for two or three months past, of opinion that a national bank is absolutely necessary, there has been much excitement in that section of the both as a safe and convenient fiscal agent of the Govern country; he had no doubt but that this excitement was, ment, and a salutary regulator of the currency, as also to in some measure, produced by the unexampled exertions afford a sound par circulating medium throughout the fof political partisans, who, no doubt, were anxious to country. Sir, I have never entertaine l any other opinion make the people believe that they were really distressed. upon this subject. Though I always have been and The manner in which he had reason to believe the still am opposed to the present charter, my opposition is names of some of his constituents were obtained, for the not to the system, but to the uncontrollable power it purpose of furnishing them with these political papers possesses, and may improperly exercise, to say nothing of in favor of the bank, he would now state to the House. what has been done, over the politics of the country. By this morning's muil he had received in a letter from a I would, said Mr. McC., greatly prefer a new bank alto gentleman of the first respectability, and in whose stategether; for there cannot be a doubt that great and salı- ments the most implicit confidence may be placed, a tary improvements may be made upon the system, were printed paper or circular, which he would now read to Congress rightly disposedi. But, if it is found to be im-line Hlouse. Here Mr. W. read a paper dated in Februapracticable to create a new bank, I would not hesitate to ry last, at the city of New York, and signed by J. N. vote for a recharter of the present, with proper guards Bolles and two others, requesting the names of the minand modifications; without which I could not, unless in- isters of the gospel, cxhortars, clders, deacons, and of structed by my immediate constituents, which instructions moral, influential, public-spirited, and benevolent perthis memorial does not contain. In reference to the pub- sons, for the purpose of transmitting to them a paper lic deposites, simple justice to the bank might possibly containing a circular which they wished to send through require their restoration to its custody; but I am unable the State. to sce how such a restoration would restore the complain Mr. W. read also an extract from the letter which ened of paralyzed industry, broken confidence, and de- closed the circular, stating that, to the persons whose ranged currency, to their wonted health and vigor. If such names had been furnished agreeably to the request cona state of things really exists; if the bank shall not be re- tained in the circular, there were forwarded from time to chartered, which this House has decided it ought not; and time, and franked by members of Congress, the speeches if the removal of de public moneys from the Bank of the of Mr. Clay and Mr. J. Q. Adams, and the report of Mr. United States has produced this unexampled distress Webster in the Senate, February 5, 1834, from the Comthroughout the country, would not the withdrawal of the mitice on Finance. sume amount from the local banks, merely to be again From these facts gentlemen can draw their own conplaced in the United States Bank for the short period of clusions. He knew nothing of the matter himself. He little more than twenty monthis, the limitation of the pres-only stated the facts as received by him. He could ent charter, when they must again be withdrawn and vouch for the respectability, bigh character, and moral placed somewhere else, have a tendency to augment that i worth of the individual who sent him the circular. All distress? It seems to me that this result cannot be doubt may be right. Doubtless it was, so far as the names of ed. But upon this point, as upon all others not involving members of this House are concerned. constitutional objections, affecting the interest, prosperi. As to distress in his district, he would state that he ty, and bappiness of my constituents and the country, I could say nothing of his own knowledge. lle bad, howshall feel bound to obey their wishes as soon as they shulever, received letters recently, stating that many kinds be fairly made known to me.

of property sold by farmers had not brought a better Sir, said Mr. McC., I am no advocate of the local price since the year 1817. He would state further, that, banks as a depository of the public revenue, nor of the at the last session of the Legislature of the State of New absolute control of the Secretary of the Treasury over York, a bank was incorporated and located at Sackett's them. I believe the power legitimately belongs to Con- Harbor, in his district, with a capital of $200,000; and gress, and that they owe it to their country, their con such was the eagerness to obtain stock, that nearly satuents, and themselves, to dispose of this subject speed- $600,000 were subscribed. This shows, most concluily by positive enactment. I will not, said Mr. McC., sively, that there is some money left in the district, notdetain the flouse at this protracted period of the session, withstanding the removal of the deposites. to say as much as I had intended to say upon this subject. Mr. P. C. FULLER said that, in the present condition I move you lint the memorial, with ile names, be print- of the business of the House, (the rules having been just ed and referred to the committee to which the bill regu- suspended two hours only, for the presentation of petilating the deposites is referred.

tions,) he certainly should not occupy much time either Mr. WARDWELL, observed that he had nut, during in giving or requiring explanations. this protracted session, occupied the time of the flouse In reference to the charge of having forwarded docuby sazing a word upon the subject of the bank and of the ments and speeches to persons in the district of his coldistresses of the country; and he would not, at this time, league, he would only say he had done so; but to an extrouble the House with any remarks, were it not for a teil by no means commensurate with his own wishes, or, most singular communication which he bad received from he believed, with the wishes of no inconsiderable portion a highly respectable constituent.

of the gentleman's constituents. How he had been furThis memorial from the State of Indiana states, in sub- nished with names he would cheerfully, explain to his stance, that there is an unexampled distress throughout colleague; but he felt neither called upon nor at liberty the country, in consequence of the removal of the public to detain thic llouse with details so unimportant and pers deposites from the Bank of the United States. If this be sonal. For what purpose, (said Mr. F.,) or on what preibe case, the people which he had the honor to repre- cise evidence, my colleague is inclined to connect letters sent must be subject to the same calamity. But they had and packages I may have sent to Jefferson county with not sent their complaints here the district gave a majori- the operations of gentlemen in New York whom I know ly of votes against General Jackson at the last presidential not, and of whom I never have before heard, I am unable election; yet he had not received a single petition or me- to determine. It is sufficient for me at this time to dismorial complaining of the removal of the deposites, or in avow, as I do, all knowledge of the circular commented favor of the bank. He had, it is true, received letters upon--its object, its authors, or its connexion with any stating that the district was liberally supplied with transaction whatever, of a political or any other character. *peeches and reports in favor of the bank and against the Mr. GRENNELL saiil, as the controversy was chang

H. Or R.] Franklin county (Mass.) Memorial - Rhode Island Resolutions--Cumberland Road. (JUNE 16, 1834. ed from State to church affairs, he would move to lay the church," it was as well to arrest the debate and proceed memorial on the table; but withdrew it at the request of to other business. With this view he moved to lay the

Mr. SELDEN, who observed that, as his name had memorial on the table, and that’it should be printed, with been alluded to by the honorable member from New the names; which motion prevailed. York, (Mr. WARDWELL,] he would say a word in answer.

FRANKLIN COUNTY (MASS.) MEMORIAL. It was intended to be insinuated that the circular read by

The memorial from the inhabitants of Franklin county, iz gentleman (which appeared to be a circular by some religious association) had some connexion with the dis- Massachusetts, for renewing the charter of the Bank of tribution of documents in the county of Jefferson.

the United States, and for the restoration of the deposites,

Mr. S. said that, unfortunately for himself, he had very little baving been taken up, to do with the church; less, no doubt, than he ought to alists at length. [His remarks have been given in prece

Mr. GRENNELL supported the views of the memorihare. With the circular, however, he had nothing to do, either directly or indirectly. Now, for the first time, ding pages.]

The memorial was laid on the table, and ordered to be he had heard of it. And the attempt made by the gentleman to form any alliance between him and the authors of printed. this circular is wholly unfounded; there is not a shadow of

RHODE ISLAND RESOLUTIONS. truth in it; there is no evidence of any description in the The resolutions of the Legislature of Rhode Island on possession of the gentleman or any other person, which the subject of the Bank of the United States, presented could justify him in making the suggestion. It is untrue on a former day, being taken up, throughout. A bookseller of the county of Jefferson, Mr. BURGES addressed the House in support of them, who visited Washington in February or January last, and in condemnation of the ruinous course of the adminand with whom, if he recollects, the honorable member istration. is acquainted, requested him to send documents to dif. Mr. PEARCE obtained the floor, in reply; but the ferent individuals

, contained in a list which he prepared hour appointed Por passing to the orders of the day havand handed to Mr. S. He had sent some, and was very ing arrived, his remarks were postponed. sorry that he could not send more. He would, with pleas

CUMBERLAND ROAD. uue, furnish the gentlemen with a list of names of his constituents, if he would undertake to supply them with The House then took up the bill from the Senate for information; and if the gentleman was unwilling or afraid the continuance and repair of the Cumberland road, from to trust his own constituents with the truth, he would also Cumberland, through Ohio, Indiana, and Minois. furnish them with information, so far as it might be in his Mr. POLK said he felt no hostility to the passage of power.

this bill, but could not consent to the large amount of Mr. $. said he had no fear to trust his constituents with appropriation it contained. It exceeded the appropriaany document or speech. They were able to ascertain tion of last year by six hundred and seventy-seven thouand understand the truth. Was it to be understood that sand dollars; and he was assured by the chief engineer the honorable gentleman was unwilling to do the same? that, whatever sum might be appropriated, not more than Were not his constituents to be trusted with information three hundred thousand dollars could advantageously be Did he fear that they could not understand it? or, under- applied by the department during the present season. standing it, did he fear the consequences? Is this the The War Department had submitted three plans for the ground upon which the representative under our Gov. repair of the road east of the Ohio. The first was the ernment hopes to preserve our institutions? Is it neces- construction of a clay road, which would cost one hundred sary, for this purpose, to keep the people in ignorance, and forty-seven thousand dollars. A second plan propo

Mr. WARDWELL replied that he had not complained sed to cover the road with stone taken from the immedithat the gentleman had sent documents into his district, ate vicinity, which would cost two hundred thousand but of the manner in which it was done. He had read a dollars. A third plan was to take up the stone foundacircular issued from the city of New York, requesting the tion which had been laid for the road on the old plan, and names of the religious people in his district, and had then to grade and Macadamize the whole in the best stated the fact that the documents were sent to them manner; this would cost six hundred and fifty-two thouunder the frank of “D. Selden” and “P. C. Fuller." sand one bundred and thirty dollars. This was for the The franks might be forgeries, for ought he knew; but one hundred and thirty-two miles between Cumberland the documents were sent in the manner he had men- and Wheeling; and would amount to about five thousand tioned. He was perfectly willing that the gentlemen dollars a mile. Mr. P. deprecated the latter plan, as should send information into his district, but be (Mr. W.) profligate and extravagant. He thought that it would was unable to furnish documents to the gentleman's con- be sufficient to cover the old foundation with a coat of stituents. He would furnish them, with pleasure, if he stone, such as was found on the spot by the road side; could get them without paying for them, as he presumed and, under this persuasion, he moved to amend the bill the gentleman did.

by striking from it the appropriation of six hundred and Mr. SELDEN now understood the gentleman, he said, fifty-two thousand one hundred and twenty dollars, and to convey the charge further than he did at first.

He inserting three hundred thousand dollars. bad insinuated that he sent blank franks to New York or He called for the reading of the report from the Comleft them there, which he unequivocally denied. So far mittee of Ways and Means; which having been read, as the House has any interest in the question, it was right Mr. STEWART called for the reading of the report of to say that all the documents franked under his name the Secretary of War. He said it was now too late to were franked by him and from this city, and not else. deliberate on which of the plans should be adopted, as where. His colleague, who had also been charged in the Department had already acted on the last plan. The like manner, had made the same denial. The gentleman | old four.dation had been taken up, and broken stone had ought to be cautious in making suggestions, to go out been laid down upon the Macadam plari; it would be to the public, without any reasonable foundation. If the useless to cover the road with sandstone, which, in a gentleman intended to raise this insinuation, it was a short time, would be ground to powder by the immense matter between him and the gentleman. He would ask him travel constantly passing over the road. The reduction to point out any proof of any kind in support of the charge. now proposed had been inoved in the Senate, and reject

Mr. GRENNELL said, as he perceived the honorable ed; should the bill now be reduced, it would probably members were passing from the State” to “the share the same fate. The money appropriaaed last year

June 16, 1834.]

Cumberland Roud.

[H. or R.

had been expended in November, and nothing having lieve it to be nugatory, as was intimated. Those who since been done to the road, all that was then done was, gave it would stand by it; nor had he any doubt that the for the most part, lost by the effect of rains, frost, and States would act honorably, and fulfil, to the letter, what travel. The States were ready to receive the road as they had promised. soon as it should be put in good repair. The sum now Mr. THOMAS corrected the statement of Mr. POLK, asked would put it in complete repair; the Government from which he thought an impression had been left on the would be entirely relieved, and the friends of the road House that the proposed reduction would be in conforwould pledge themselves never to ask for another dollar. mity with the views of the Secretary of War. The bill,

Mr. DAVIS, of South Carolina, inquired how often the as it came from the Senate, had received the approbation same pledge had been given?

of that officer, having, in fact, been founded on estimates Mr. STEWART replied never, by himself, or by any furnished by him. Mr. T. quoted the report of the War one he knew of, because they had never been in a situa. Department in support of this position; dwelt upon the tion to give such a pledge.

waste of public money which had been occasioned by Mr. DAVIS scouted the idea of gentlemen thus giving partial and insufficient appropriations, and insisted, at & pledge which they could not enforce. The same prom-large, and with much earnestness, on the propriety of ise had been repeated on every new demand for money. granting the whole sum proposed by the Senate. As to He hoped the chairman of the Committee of Ways and the condition of the treasury, to which the chairman had Means would persevere.

alluded, there was good grounds to justify the belief that Mr. MCKENNAN inquired of Mr. Polk, whether he the receipts for the next year would exceed, by three or meant to include in his amendment the striking out of the four millions, the estimate submitted by the Secretary of limitation in the last section of the bill, which provided the Treasury. that no more money should hereafter be appropriated for Mr. SUTHERLAND pressed for a decision. this object, and that, when this money had been expend. Mr. WHITTLESEY believed 300,000 dollars would be ed, the road should be ceded to the States?

enough. He was opposed to taking up the foundation of Mr. POLK said that he did not. He thought two hun- the old road. dred thousand dollars was sufficient to put the road in Mr. SUTHERLAND moved to amend Mr. POLK's such a state of repair that it should be fit to be ceded. amendment, by substituting for the striking out of the He referred to the large sums of money which had suc- 652,000 dollars, a proviso, that no more than 300,000 dolcessively been appropriated to this work. He inveighed lars of the money should be drawn from the treasury, duagainst ihe extravagance of the sum proposed in the bill, ring the present year, for the repair of said road. and went into estimates to show that this road had al Mr. ARCHER supported this amendment, and ridiready cost the Government from eighteen to nineteen culed the idea of giving pledges, which should bind thousand dollars a mile.

their successors, No guaranty of that kind was of any Mr. McKENNAN signified his willingness to assent to value. the amendment.

Mr. STEWART expressed his surprise that this motion Mr. WHITELESEY pressed Mr. STEWART to do the should come from the chairman of the Committee of Ways same.

and Means, [Mr. Polk,] who, he understood, would interMr. STEWART said that he could not, until he knew pose no obstacle to the passage of this bill, though from whether the chairman would bimself vote for the bill, if constitutional doubts he would be constrained to vole reduced as proposed.

against it. But as that gentleman had, notwithstanding, Mr. POLK, without directly answering this question, thought proper to move the reduction of the sum from said that, if Mr. STEWART was willing to risk the bill as 652,000 dollars to 300,000 dollars, he would not object to it now stood, he had no objections; but if the gentleman it, provided the gentleman would modify so as to strike out insisted upon the whole six hundred thousand dollars, he the provision in the bill which made this appropriation was ready to meet him.

final, and thus make it conform to the bill reported by Mr. MCKENNAN was willing to accept the bill with the Committee of Ways and Means; but if it was the obthe reduction, provided the restriction should be stricken ject of the gentleman to reduce the sum more than oneout. The enlargement of the sum in the Senate had been half, and still retain the restriction which made the apthe work, not of the friends, but of the opponents of the propriation final, he would be obliged to resist it; and he road, who had proposed this large sum, as a final grant, to now wished to know distinctly from the honorable chairget rid of the subject. The restriction declared that no man whether he would so modify his motion of not? more money should be appropriated. Supposing, then, (Mr. Polk signified his unwillingness so to modify, that the three hundred thousand dollars should not be and said that his purpose was to reduce the sum and quite sufficient to complete the repairs, was the road to make it final, as he thought it sufficient, and the estimate be left to go to ruin?

extravagant.] Mr. BEATY proposed, as a compromise, that the sum Mr. STEWART said he would be glad to know upon be divided, one-half to be expended tIris year, and the resi- what ground the gentleman undertook thus to condemn dae next.

the estimates of the War Department as extravagant. The Mr. McKAY, after quoting the several acts of Virginia, Secretary of War, the Chief Engineer, and the officers of Pennsylvania, and Maryland, assenting (the last two con- the engineer corps, who made this estimate, had no interditionally) to the cession of the road, proposed to amend the est in making it extravagant; besides, it was made after bill by reducing the sum appropriated to 500,000 dollars, two years' operations on the road, when the precise cost with the proviso that no more than 100,000 dollars should of labor and materials was accurately ascertained. This be expended until Pennsylvania and Maryland should estimate was printed, and placed, more than two months change the form of their acts, assenting to the cession, by ago, on the gentleman's table, giving, in detail, the exact dispensing with the condition now therein contained. quantity of work required to be done; every perch of

Mr. WILSON was willing to accept the bill, if the re- stone; every drain, culvert, side-wall, and bridge; every striction should be taken out of it. Supposing the sum, thing required to complete the road from one end to the as reduced, should fail to put the road in such a state of other, with the precise cost of each item. Now, let the repair as was contemplated in the act of Pennsylvania and honorable chairman take up this estimate-no doubt he Maryland, how could the General Government require of had examined it-let him point out a single item that is those States, in that case, to take the road off of its hands? unnecessary, or too high; a single thing that is extravaAs to what had been said of the pledge, he did not be. Igant; let him put his finger on it, and I will consent to

II. OF R.]

Cumberland Road.

(JUNE 16, 1834.

strike it out. This he has not attempted. Why, then, Jecutive department, it has been sanctioned by Congress, shall the gentleman, without knowledge or examination, and has been two years in progress; and now, after the rise in his place, and, with his eyes shut, pronounce at whole road! (except about forty miles) has been taken up, random this minute and detailed estimate, made after two and is partly completed on the plan adopted, the gentleyears' experience, by practical, disinterested, and scien- man talks about a new system. It is too late, sir. Surely, tific engineers, absured and extravagant? Why ask this the gentleman would not himself consent to put broken House to adopt his mere dictum in opposition to the en- sandstone on the fine limestone already put down. To lightened opinions of the War Department, communica- do so would, indeed, be a wanton waste of public moncy; ted to this House by the President himself. To do so it would not last six months; it would all be ground into would be equivalent to a vole of censure, which he sand before the next meeting of Congress, when a fur. hoped the House was not prepared to give. It is an easy (ther appropriation would be required 10 place the road matter, sir, for gentlemen to talk bere about extravagance in a condition to receive gates; the State laws requiring, and prodigality; it is easy to say, as has been said, that as a condition precedent, the "complete and thorough this road has cost 50,000 dollars á mile; and that the peo- repair of the road," preliminary to the erection of gates, ple upon it have made fortunes, by getting contracts at The question, therefore, as to the plan and the amount extravagant rates; this is mere declamation.

Look at required, Mr. S. regarded as definitively settled by the the records in the Department, and you will find that the concurrent action of the Department and of Congress; most difficult portion of ihis road-made during the late and the only question remaining to be decided was, whe: war, in the midst of mountains, overcoming difficulties ther the whole, or a part only, of the sum required should considered insurmountable, at a time when ihe price of now be appropriated. This was a question about which labor and provision was at the highest, passing sisty he felt very little solicitude, and should be perfectly satmiles over mountains-cost less thať 10,000 dollars per isfied with any decision the blouse might think proper lo mile; the next portion, from Uniontown to Washington, make. He would, however, suggest a few considerations cost only 6,400 dollars per mile, including bridges. A which seemed to him to favor the appropriation of the cheaper road, under similar circumstances, he contended, whole sum. had never been constructed; and, so far form making In the first place, the Department, having the certainty fortunes, the fact was notorious that there were more of funds, could regulate their operations accordingly; honest and industrious men ruined on this road, by taking The whole road would at once be put under contract, and contracts too low, than bad made fortunes by getting the work continued throughout the year, without the inthem too high.

jurious delays which occur here in the passage of approBut how, it is asked, is the repair of this road now so priation bills, by which the work has now been suspendexpensive? By attending to a very brief statement of the ed for nearly eight months. And a considerable portion facts, this would be

adily understood. This road was of the work done last summer bad, during the winter and originally constructed by laying down a substratum or spring, been entirely destroyed by the combined action pavement of loose stone, one foot in thickness, and super of the frost, rain, and travel, and must again be repaired adding six inches of fine stone, to give it a smooth sur-at additional expense. face; and thus it was left, without any system for its Again: Congress, by making a final appropriation, preservation, exposed to the uncontrolled action of the would be relieved from all further trouble with this most travel and the clementa, for more than fifteen years, du- troublesome subject; and those interested in the road ring ali wliich time only three appropriations were made would find it their interest to hasten the erection of gates, sir its repair, amounting, together, to one hundred and and promote an economical and profitable expenditure of seventy-eight thousand dollars. The road was, therefore, lof vie money, it being the last appropriation. But while in a most ruinous condition; the whole of the six inches Congress appropriate partially, from time to time, they of fine stone gone, and much of the rouglı pavement cut have no such interest. llence, he thought, every considerthrough and destroyed.

ation of economy and sound policy favored the appropriIn this condition, the States of Pennsylvania, Marylanı, lation of the entire sum at once. The gates would be and Virginia, look it up, and passed the laws referred to sooner up, it would cost less, and be in every way better in the bill, providing for the erection of gates and collec- than to continue to encounter the delays and enbarasstion of dolls, whenever Congress should appropriate a ments which attended partial appropriations. sum sufficient to put the road in "a complete state of The objection arged against appropriating the whole repair.". To these acts Congress has assented; and two sum by the chairman of the Committee of Ways and appropriations, one in 1832 and the other in 1833, have Mcans, on the ground that it would lock up this large sum been made to carry these acts into effect, and thereby in the treasury till the road was finished, was altogether throw the burden of repairs, from the national treasury, unfounded. Surely, that gentleman knows that the money on those who have the lise and benefit of the road. The would be drawn from the treasury only as wanted, and condition of the road was inspected personally by the that, till required, it would remain blended with the othSecretary of War, and also by General Gratiot, ihe chief er funds, and applicable to the other wants of the Gore engineer, who were satisfied, from its dilapidated and ru-ernment. Bit die gentleman has also endeavored to inous condition, that a complete and thorough repair, alarm the House with the idea of a deficiency of revenue; such as was expressly required by the State laws, could and standing as he did, in the attitude of chancellor of the only be effected by taking up the road from its founda- exchequer,' his opinions were entitled, on that accouni, tions, and reconstructing it on Macadam's plan, for which to some weight. But here the gentleman again comes limestone (very scarce and expensive in the mountains) in direct collision with the Secretary of the Treasury, was the only suitable material; and it is mainly attributa- who says, in his annual report, communicated early in the ble to this fact that the expense of the repairs has been so session, that, after satisfying all the estimates for the sergreat. In pursuance of inis plan, more than two-thirds vice of the year, and discharging the last dollar of the of the whole road has been taken up, and the first stra- public debt, there would still remain, exclusive of untum of four and a half inches of fine broken limestone put available funds, in the treasury on the 31st December down, and on much ofit the second stratum, making nine next, $2,981,796 05, nearly three millions of dollars. inchies of metal. It is, therefore, too late for the gentle. And a few days since, in answer to a call from the Senman from Tennessee (Mr. Polk] to talk about a different ate, the Secretary says the revenue has so far overrun plan; it is too late to rake ip estimates made seven or this estimate, that the actual surplus, at the end of the eight years ago

The plan has been adopted by the Ex-lycar, after satisfying all demands, will exceed four mil

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