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DEBATES OF CONGRESS,
FROM 1789 TO 1856.
FROM GALES AND SEATON'S ANNALS OF CONGRESS; FROM THEIR
REGISTER OF DEBATES; AND FROM THE OFFICIAL
REPORTED DEBATES, BY JOHN C. RIVES.
THE AUTHOR OF THE THIRTY YEARS' VIEW.
ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1858, by
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.
EIGHTEENTH CONGRESS. FIRST SESSION.
PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
CONTINUED FROM VOL VII.
THURSDAY, April 15, 1824.
gether, might be able to bring into the field, from Decupation of Columbia River.
twenty to thirty thousand warriors. Most of those
nations communicate, either with the British to the Mr. Floyd, from the committee appointed on north and west, or the Spaniards to the south. In the 29th of December last, to inquire into the the event of war, that force, with a few hundred forExpediency of occupying the mouth of the Ore- eign troops, or under the influence of foreign compagon or Columbia River ; made a report thereon, nies, might be made more formidable to us than any which was read, and laid on the table. The re- force which Europe combined could oppose to us. On port is as follows:
the other hand, if such measures be adopted as to seThe committee to which was referred the resolu-cure a proper influence over them, and, in the ovent tion of the 29th day of December last, instructing aid of a few small garrisons, would not only afford
of war, to command their co-operation, they, with the them to inquire into the expediency of occupying the mouth of the Oregon or Columbia River, have had ample protection for that entire line, but would bethe same under consideration, and ask leave further
come the scourge of our enemies. to report: That they have considered the subject re- by proper military establishments; and whether the
The dangers to be apprehended, can only be averted ferred to them, and are persuaded, that, both in a post at the mouth of Columbia be intended to secure military and commercial point of view, tion of that Territory is of great importance to the our territory, protect our traders, or to cut off all Repablic; but, as much has been submitted to the I should consider a line of posts extending from the
communication between the Indians and foreigners, House on these points
, by former committees, they Council Bluffs entirely across the continent necessary. bate now deemed it necessary only to present a view Those posts should be situated, as well with a view to of the difficulties which would probably present command the avenues through which the Indians themselves in accomplishing that object, and the master in which they can be overcome.
pass from the north to the south, as to keep open To obtain information, a letter to this end was ad communication with the establishment at the mouth dressed to an officer of the Army, whose integrity in
of the Columbia, the pablic service is well known to the House, and lages, because, there the Missouri approaches within
A post should be established at the Mandan vilwhose military knowledge is entitled to the highest respect; that officer, Brigadier General Thomas S. have the effect of holding in check the Hudson's Bay
a short distance of the British territory, and it would Jesus, answered so satisfactorily to the committee, and Northwest Companies, and controlling the Rickathat they have presented the answer, in its entire form, to the House , and adopt it as a part of this report. Indians, who either reside or range on the territory
rees, Mandans, Minnatarees, Assiniboins, and other QUARTERMASTER GENERAL'S OFFICE, east, north, and west of that point. Washington, April 26, 1824.
A post at, or near, the head of navigation on the Ste: In reply to your letter, dated the 30th ultimo, Missouri, would control the Blackfoot Indians, protect requesting me to communicate "
any facts, views, or our traders, enable us to remove those of the British opinions, which may have presented themselves to companies from our territory, and serve as a depot
, e relative to the probable difficulty of making an at which detachments
moved towards the Columbia establishment at the mouth of Columbia River, and might either be supplied, or leave such stores as they the military advantages of that establishment,"
I have should find it difficult to carry with them through the the honor to remark, that, ever since my attention mountains. It might also be made a depot of trade, was first directed to the subject, I have considered the and of the Indian Department. possession and military command of the Columbia To keep open the communication through the mounperisiary not only to the protection of the trade, but tains, there should be at least one small post at some of our country, extending from the Lakes to the Gulf lumbia, and on the latter river and its tributaries of Mexico, is everywhere in contact with numerous
, there should be at least three posts. They would afpowerful
, and warlike Indian nations ; who, alto- ford present protection to our traders, and, on the ex