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Paper, wrapping, brown or straw, three Tapers, fifteen cents per lb.
cents per lb.
Paper haugings, forty per cent.
Pepper and pimento, eight cents per lb.
Pewter, manufactures of, see Manufactures.
Tar, one dollar and fifty cents per barrel.
Tassels, see Cotton.
Tin, in sheets, pigs or bars, four cts. per lb.
Pork, salted or pickled, in barrels or half Tongues, ten cents per lb.
barrels, two cents per lb.
Porter, see Beer.
Potatoes, twenty cents per bushel.
Preserved meats or fish, in cans or firkins,
Prunes, three cents per lb.
Raisins, three cents per lb.
Razors, forty per cent.
Rice, two cents per lb.
Rifles, contraband of war.
Ringlets, forty per cent.
Rosaries, forty per cent.
Tortoise shell, one dollar per lb.
Turpentine, one dollar and fifty cents per
Turpentine, spirits of, twenty-five cents per gallon.
Twine and pack thread, four cents per lb.
Varnish, four cents per lb.
Rosin, one dollar and fifty cents per barrel. Watches, gold, ten dollars each.
Rye, see Grain.
Rye meal, one ceut per lb.
Saddlery, forty per cent.
Saltpetre, contraband of war.
Salt, fifteen cents per bushel.
Sardines and anchovies, twenty-five cents per lb.
Sausages, ten cents per lb.
Scissors, forty per cent.
Segars, five dollars per thousand.
Shawls of wool or worsted, thirty per cent.
Shirts, leathern, fifty cents each.
Watches, silver, three dollars each.
Wearing apparel, comprising all articles of clothing worn on the person, except those specially enumerated and provided for, on millinery articles, say caps, collars, cuffs, braids, and other ornaments for the hair, curls, ringlets, and all similar articles (except of silk), forty per cent. Bonnets for women and children, of all descriptions, except silk, and on silk caps for women and children, one dollar each. Silk bonnets for women and children, two dollars each. Silk hosiery, three dollars per lb.
Shoes, of whatever material or size, thirty Wheat, see Grain.
Silk, manufactures of, mixed with any other
Soap, except perfumed, five cents per lb.
Spikes, four cents per lb.
Spirits, not otherwise mentioned, six and
Steel, in bars of less than one inch square,
Wheat flour, in barrels or half barrels, two dollars per barrel of one hundred and ninety-six pounds. If flour be imported in other description of package than in barrels and half barrels, or if imported in bags or sacks, the duty shall be one cent per lb.
Whisky, three cents per lb.
Wines of every description, in casks or bottles, twenty-five cents per gallon and twenty-five per cent ad valorem: Provided always, That wine in quart bottles, or those of smaller capacity, shall always be considered as containing two and onehalf gallons to the dozen bottles, and shall pay duty accordingly; if in bottles of larger capacity, or in demijohns, the duty shall be estimated on the quantity con
tained therein, at the rates above named; the bottles containing the wine, in all cases, paying an additional duty; if quarts, or smaller, of three dollars per gross; if of larger size, five dollars per gross; and demijohns, three dollars per dozen. Wings, see Epaulets. Wire, see Cutlery.
ning yard; and for every additional inch in width, one and one-half cents per running yard additional duty. Blankets and counter panes of wool or of wool and cotton mixed, not exceeding six feet square, one dollar each. If over six feet square, and not exceeding ten feet square, two dollars each. If exceeding ten feet, prohibited, to prevent frauds. Flannels, baizes, and bockings, not exceeding sixty inches in width, twenty cents per running yard. Zinc, see Copper.
Wool or worsted, manufactures of, or of wool and worsted combined in the piece, not otherwise specially enumerated and provided for, and not exceeding thirtysix inches in width, fifty cents per run- Zinc, manufactures of, see Manufactures. All articles the sole property of the United States army or navy, in American vessels, owned, chartered, or freighted by the Government of the United States; and all officers' individual stores, introduced for their own actual use, and equipments required by law, are free from duties; and all goods imported by sutlers may have the duties refunded, on proof that the same have been sold to be used by any officer or soldier. The tonnage duty is one dollar per ton (in lieu of all other port charges), registry measurement. Vessels registered and owned in the United States will alone be permitted to trade coastwise. Goods not landed within ten days shall be landed and warehoused. If the duties are not paid within thirty days from arrival, the goods shall be sold for payment thereof. Confiscated goods will be sold within ten days from the seizure. The Commandant of the port, or his substitute, will receive the duties, and report monthly to the Secretary of War or of the Navy. He shall occupy public buildings, when necessary for revenue purposes, without charge to the United States. Clearances, and manifests of cargo, are to be obtained for outward-bound vessels. All moneys collected under these instructions are to be paid as a military contribution, subject to the orders of the War or Navy Department.
XXVI. LAWS OF THE SEVERAL STATES *
Alabama.-Arrest for debt exists; but every person confined on mesne or final process, for debt, may go before the court issuing the execution or process, or any one judge thereof, after ten days' notice to creditors; or, if neither they nor their agents live in the county, without notice; and, after giving a list of his creditors and surrendering his property as an insolvent, shall be liberated. Debtors may also be liberated on giving bonds to file a list, &c., as above. No person neglecting this provision for sixty days shall have the benefit of prison limits, which are the limits of the county. No female is imprisonable for debt.
Arkansas. The debtor may be arrested on the creditor's affidavit, "that he has reason to believe that the defendant is secreting, or putting his property out of his hands, in order to cheat and defraud his just creditors; or that he is about to leave the country; or that the plaintiff will be in danger of losing his just debt, unless the body of the defendant is taken." debtor may present a petition, &c., in insolvency, and be liberated, on his discharge thereon; or, on giving bond to surrender himself, if he be not discharged. Twenty days' notice shall be given to the creditors of the hearing on the petition.
Connecticut.- Arrest of the defendant is allowed in actions alleging fraud, fraudulent obtaining of credit, fraudulent removing, concealing, conveying,
*The following abstract is not supposed to be perfect, the latest statutes of some states not being at hand; but it is more complete than any with which the compiler is acquainted.
or withholding of property, &c.; but not "upon process mesne or final, founded upon contract merely." No female is imprisonable for debt incurred since A.D. 1826. Liberties of the jail (which are assigned by the county courts) are allowed to all prisoners in civil action, on their giving bond. By act June 24, 1847, homesteads not exceeding in value $300, with the necessary repairs and additions, though above that sum, are a part of the property exempted from execution.
Delaware. The debtor, if a free white citizen, can be arrested only on the creditor's affidavit, that the debt amounts to $50 (or, if before a justice of the peace, $5); that he has secreted, conveyed away, disposed of, assigned, &c., property above $50 in value, or, if before a justice, $25, with intent to defraud, and specifying the fraud. Persons imprisoned on mesne or final process, if resident for the last year in the state, may petition in insolvency, presenting a schedule and inventory, and offering to assign for the benefit of their creditors. Summons to show cause, issue thereupon to the creditors; and any or all of them claiming $50 may allege fraud, specifying the particulars, and demand a trial by jury. If this be not done, and the examining court or magistrate be satisfied, the debtor shall be discharged, unless he be a colored man; in which case he may, if the creditor insist, and the court deem it equitable, be remanded, unless he consent to serve the creditor for wages to be fixed by the court.
Florida. - Imprisonment for debt does not exist
Georgia.- Execution may issue against the body or the estate of the debtor, as the plaintiff elects. Prisoners on execution, or mesne process, may petition the court in insolvency. Thirty days' notice of the hearing thereon shall be given to creditors, or two months' notice, by public advertisement, if they be out of the state. Fraud may be suggested, and a jury shall try the issue. If not guilty, the debtor shall deliver his schedule, &c., and be discharged. Prison bounds (ten acres) may be refused to prisoners on civil process, after six months, at the instance of the creditor. Debtors taken on execution may tender a bond conditioned to apply to the court for a discharge in insolvency. Ten days' notice of intention to take the oath must be given to creditors; and an issue of fraud may be made up at their request, and tried by a jury.
Illinois. - Any debtor arrested on mesne or final process may be taken forthwith before the judge of probate, and render a sworn inventory and schedule; and, if they be not disproved, and if the debtor assign his property, he shall be discharged. If he be charged with fraud, this issue shall be tried by a jury of seven householders; and, if found guilty, he shall be imprisoned, until he surrender his effects. If charged with a refusal to surrender, this fact shall be tried in the same manner.
Indiana. No female, or revolutionary soldier, can be imprisoned for debt. Any debtor may be arrested on execution, if the creditor file an affidavit charging him with fraudulently concealing, conveying, transferring, or removing his property. A scire facias then issues why the body should not
be arrested; and, after ten days' notice to the debtor, or two returns of non est inventus, the court may hear the affidavit. A jury may be summoned at the desire of either party, and, if they find against the debtor, he shall be imprisoned until he surrender his property. If the creditor allege in his affidavit, that the debtor was not held to special bail, or has been surrendered, or that he has reason to fear that he will escape before the trial of the affidavit, the debtor may be held to bail to appear thereat. The prison limits are the bounds of the county.
Iowa. The constitution abolishes imprisonment for debt on mesne or final process, except in cases of fraud.
Kentucky.— Any debtor may be arrested, on mesne process, upon the creditor's affidavit charging that he is about to remove his person or property out of the state. He may give notice and assign his property as an insolvent, or may take the poor debtor's oath and be discharged. No imprisonment on execution is allowed. Prison limits are the boundaries of the state. Louisiana. By act March 28, 1840, no execution can issue against the body. A debtor may be arrested on the creditor's affidavit, that the debtor is, in his belief, about to depart permanently from the state, without leaving in it sufficient property to satisfy the demand, and that this affidavit is not for the purpose of vexing him. No debtor shall be kept in prison more than three months, provided that he surrender his property in insolvency, if a resident of Louisiana. Any debtor against whom execution has issued and been returned "no property found," may be imprisoned on petition of two or more creditors, whose separate claims exceed $300, setting forth on oath that he withholds property; provided the debtor have ten days' notice of the hearing on the petition, and the court be satisfied of its truth, and order a surrender of his property, with which he refuses to comply. No non-resident debtor can be arrested at the suit of a non-resident creditor, unless he be shown to have absconded. Any debtor who conceals, removes, assigns, or disposes of his property, or prefers any creditors, shall be deemed primâ facie guilty of fraud, and shall be arrested at the creditor's application, until he give bond to appear to answer the final judgment of the court. The bond given under this last provision shall be conditioned to pay the debt, in case the debtor be found guilty and have left the state. The condition of the bond given on arrest under the ordinary affidavit is broken, if the debtor leave the state within three months. *
Maine. Any debtor may be arrested on mesne process, on the creditor's affidavit, that the debt amounts to $10, that the debtor is about to leave the state, with "means exceeding the amount required for his own immediate support." The debtor, on giving one day's notice to the creditor for every twenty miles' travel, may be examined before two justices of the peace, and,
* A bill passed the House of Representatives of Louisiana at the last session, which had previously passed the Senate, providing that no arrest shall hereafter be made in that state at the suit of a resident or non-resident creditor, except in cases where it shall be made to appear, by the oath of the creditor, that the debtor has absconded from his residence. Nat. Intelligencer.
if they be satisfied, he may take the poor debtor's oath, and be discharged; or he may give a bond to notify the creditor within fifteen days after judgment (if by a justice of the peace), or after the end of the term of the court, and then to be examined. If the creditor swear to his belief that the debtor swore or was silent falsely at his examination, he shall be held to bail, and, if found guilty, execution shall issue for twice the debt and costs. Any debtor may be arrested on execution for a debt of $100, and may be discharged on giving bond to take the poor debtor's oath, or to surrender his person, within six months, giving the creditor fifteen days' notice thereof.
Maryland. No female is imprisonable, except on a writ of ne exeat. Other debtors may be imprisoned, on mesne process or on execution, and may file a petition, &c. in insolvency. Fraud may be alleged, and the creditor has his election to try the issue by a jury. If fraud be not established, and the property be surrendered, the debtor is discharged; or he may be discharged on giving bond to appear and be examined. Three months' notice of the examination must be given to creditors.
Massachusetts. -No person may be imprisoned, on mesne or final process, for a debt less than $5, nor less than $10, if contracted since July 1, 1831. No female can be imprisoned for a debt contracted since July 1, 1831, except as trustee for an amount above $10. Arrest on mesne process is allowed only on the creditor's affidavit, that he believes $10 to be due on the demand, and that the debtor is about to leave the state, and will not be in it at the issuing of the first execution. The debtor may obtain the prison limits (which are the limits of the county, except as to debts contracted before April 2d, 1834, or between April 2d, 1834, and May 1, 1836, in which latter case they are the town boundaries), on giving bond to pay the debt, to take the poor debtor's oath, or to go back to jail, within ninety days. After twenty-four hours' notice to the creditor, and one day additional for every twenty-four miles' travel, he may be examined as to taking the poor debtor's oath. Other evidence may be adduced by either party; and the creditor may exhibit written charges of fraud, which being sworn to, either party may elect a trial by jury. If the magistrates be satisfied, the oath is administered, and the debtor discharged.
Michigan. No female can be imprisoned, except as garnishee or trustee. No person can be arrested except on affidavit of creditor, or other evidence, that he withholds, is about to remove, has assigned, or is about to assign, his property; or that he fraudulently contracted the debt. The debtor may deny the charges, and they shall be fully inquired into; and if proved, he shall be committed, unless he pay the debt, or give security to pay it, if less than $25, within three months; if between $25 and $50, within six months; if between $50 and $75, within nine months; if between $75 and $100, within twelve months; and if above $100, within fifteen months. Or he may give bond not to remove his property, until three months after final judgment; or to go into insolvency within thirty days. Residents of the state may have the benefit of prison limits (the limits of the county)