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H. OF R.]
The Impeachment.-Removal of the Indians.
[May 25, 1830.
Mr. WICKLIFFE objected to the resolution, and banded Mr. PETTIS said, he would like to know some reasons to the Chair a long letter from the Fourth Auditor, explain why the House should attend the Senate during the trial. ing his reasons for the constructivo wbich be bad given to Unless the attendance were absolutely necessary, it would the law; which letter was in part read, and then suspend be better to be employed in the transaction of its ordinary ed, at the request of
business, and let the managers appointed by the House atMr. CARSON, who explained the necessity for the re- teod the Senate, and conduct the prosecution. If the House solution, by referring to the bardships under which the adopted this resolution, [said Mr. P.) the attendance on the officers labored in consequence of the reduction of their Senate would take up the whole time of the next session, pay, by the constructiou of the present Auditor. The Au- and pothing else would be done. ditor himself thought the pay allowed by him was insuffi. Mr. STORRS observed that this resolution was concient, but he conceived he was restrained by the law from formable to the usage of the House on former occasions. allowing more The object of the resolution was to au- The House would receive, at twelve o'clock to-day, a thorize the Auditor to make the same allowance as had message from the Senate, that they are ready to receive been made by his predecessors, until the end of the next the House, and that seals are prepared for them. The session, wben Congress would have time to legislate on the House would only bave to go there to-day, and be present subject, and put the matter on his proper footing: while Judge Peck puts iu bis answer to the impeachment:
Mr. McDUFFIE said, the case wbich the resolution pro- the House will come back, and the Senate will adjourn as posed to relieve, was one of extreme bardsbip aud injus- a court until the second Monday of next session. If the tice. He threw no blame on the Auditor for bis construc- House be not present, the Senate capuot receive the plea tion, but it made a most unjust discrimination between the of the accused. officers in the two branches of the service, wbich it was Mr. PETTIS insisted that the presence of the managers ntended should be put on the same footing. The act or would be sufficient, and that, if the House resolved to atganizing the marine corps, in express ternis says, the colo tend the Senate during the trial, there would be little other nel shall receive the same pay, &c. as a colonel iu the ar- business dope during the next session. my; but the army officers are paid by ope construction, Mr. SUTHERLAND thought it would be wrong to and those of the marine corps by anoiher, and that now adopt the resolution. It would be very proper to go to adopted for the latter has altered the coustruction wbich the Senate to-day, and be present at the opening of the has prevailed for thirty years, and deprived them of a court for the impeachment, and receiving the answer of the third of their pay. The consequence of this suddeu cur accused; but afterwards, unless soine very pressing occatailment (said Mr. McD.] is, that some of the officers will sivu' should require it, the presence of the House would be have to go to jail unless they are relieved by Congress. unnecessary. The object in appointing managers, was to
Mr. WILLIAMS observed that, if the difficulty was a leave it to them to conduct the impeachment. He cited mere matter of construction, the Auditor could returu to Jefferson's Manual to sustain his opinion, and moved to mothe former one, and obviate the grievance; but if the indify the resolution so as to provide that the House would terpretatiou be matter of legal certainty, we cannot change attend this day. it by this resolution, and in ibis puint of view he resisted Mr. STORRS. Then we shall bave to adopt a similar this resolution. A legal provision can only be changed one every day, as the attendance of the House is indispenby the same legal formality that established the law com sable to the continuance of the prosecution. plained of, and this resolution, therefore, could not reach Mr. WILLIAMS said he would like to learn from the the case, as it could not authorize the Auditor to construe SPEAKER what the practice was in such cases. the law differeutly.
The SPEAKER observed that every member was as Mr. MILLER remarked that this war a case of a some competent to inform himself and judge as the Chair; but wbat extraordinary character. The Auditor bad, by his there was no doubt the uniform practice had been for the construction, reduced the pay of the officers of the corps House to be present at the trial, as the accusers and probelow what they could possibly subsist on, and, bad it not secutors, been for the unfortunate illness of the chairman of the Mr. STORRS then entered into a somewhat detailed Naval Committee, a bill would have been reported to examination of the subject, in reply to Messrs. PETTIs and remedy tbe difficulty; but, as that bad not been done, o SUTHERLAND, to show that the presence of the House was was thought this joint resolution would auswer the pur. necessary. The appointment of managers was not.intendpose until Congress could legislate formally on the subject. ed to dispense with the presence of the House, but merely
Mr. DRAYTON would not undertake to ceusure the to act for the House, as it would be inconvenient for so Auditor ; bis constructivin might be correct, but the officers large a body to act for itself, and the mavagers could take of the corps suffered great hardship by it, and be thought no step without consulting the House, which must, therehe could, in a few minutes, satisfy the House tbat such was fore, be present. not the intention of the law, wbatever interpretation its Mr. McDUFFIE hoped his friend from New York would language might admit. Mr. D. then proceeded to show remove the present difficulty by accepting the modificaby argument, and by a reference to the laws, that the tion of Mr. SUTHERLAND, and order for future arrangements marine corps was included in all the provisions of the acts could be taken bereafter. relating to the pay of the army, and that something ought After a few remarks by Messrs. MERCER and SUTHto be done to obviate what he conceived to be the miscon LAND, Mr. STORRS accepted the modification, and the struction of the Auditor. He bad not coucluded his re. resolution was agreed to as follows: marks, when the expiration of the hour arrested the debate Resolved, That this House will, this day, at such hour as for to-day,
the Senate shall appoint, resolve itself into Committee of THE 'IMPEACHMENT.
the Whole, and attend in the Senate on the trial of tbe im
peachment ibere pending of James H. Peck, judge of the Mr. STORRS, of New York, observed, that, as the district court of the United States for the district of Missouri. Senate would meet to-day as a court of impeachment, for
REMOVAL OF THE INDIANS. the purpose of receiving the answer of the respondent, Judge Peck, it was indispensable that the House come to The House having, co mo:ion of Mr. BELL, postponed some order immediately on the subject. He therefore the intervening orders, resumed the bill of the Sevale, promoved a resolution that the House would, iu Committee viding for the removal of the Indians west of the Missisof the whole, attend the Senate during the trial of James sippi; wben H. Peck.
M. HEMPHILL rose, and moved that the bill be re
MAY 26, 1830.)
The Marine Corps.-Removal of the Indians.
[H. OF R.
committed to the Committee of the Whole House, with | Affairs, in relation to the compensation of officers of the instructions to amend the same in the manner proposed marine corps ; and, last evening by Mr. H.
After further debate thereon, the previous question was Mr. BELL was decidedly opposed to the recommitment, moved by Mr. CARSON, and, being seconded by a majority, and deprecated re-opening the general discussion of the the previous question was put and carried; and the main ques. bill
, wbich must grow out of the motion. Full opportunity tion, on ordering the resolution to be engrossed for a third had been given [said Mr. B.) for debating the measure, readivg, was decided in the affirmative by yeas and every one must have come to the conclusion that the
REMOVAL OF THE INDIANS. adoption of the amendment would be a rejection of the bill. He opposed the amendment on various grounds, as. The House resumed the consideration of the bill to proserting that no three living men could perform the duties vide for the removal of the Indian tribes west of the Migproposed by the amendment in twenty-four months, much sissippi-the motion of Mr. HEMPHILL to recommit the bill, less in six months, as was required and was proceeding still pending, with his argument; when
Mr. GILMORE, of Pennsylvania, made a remark or A message was received from the Senate, announcing two expressive of his approbation of the bill, and read that it was now sitting as a court of impeachment, and a letter from the late Mayor of Pittsburgh, commending the was ready to receive the House of Representatives for the report of the Committee of this House on Indian Affairs! purpose of having the plea and answer of James H. Peck, Mr. G. then moved the previous question. in answer to the articles of impeachment preferred by the Mr. CONDICT moved a call of the House ; and the yeas House.
and vays being required by Mr. BURGES, the motion for Oo motion of Mr. STORRS, of New York, the House a call was carried-134 to 67. tben resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole, Mr. The roll was accordingly called, and it appeared that P. P. BARBOUR being called to the chair, and proceeded two members (Messrs. Ford and' Ramsey) were absent to the Senate chamber, and, after being absent two hours from the House. and a balf, returned, and
Mr. MILLER stated that his colleague [Mr. RAMSEY] The SPEAKER having resumed the chair, the House was indisposed. proceeded to the business which bad been suspended. On motion of Mr. EVERETT, it was ordered that the
Mr. BELL made a few additional remarks against the Sergeant-at arms notify the absent members to attend, and recommitment of the bill, and concluded by moving the that the House, in the meantime, suspend business. previous question. (the effect of which, if sustained, would In a short time Mr. Ford came in ; and, after waiting be to put aside the motion to recommit, and take the nearly an hour, question on the passage of the bill.)
Mr.STERIGERE stated that the messenger sent to Mr. Mr. VINTON moved a call of the House, which was or- Ramsey's lodgings had returned, and brought word that he dered : : yeas, 86-oaye, 76; aud
was not there. The roll being accordingly called over, and one hundred Mr. LUMPKIN moved that Mr. RAMSEY be excused from and eighty-six members answering,
attending, and that the House resume its proceedings. A motion was made to suspend further proceedings in Mr.BÜRGES demanded the yeas and pays on this motion. the call, on wbich the yeas were demanded and ordered ; Mr. MILLER then came in, and said be was obliged to and, being taken, the call was suspended—110 to 85. state to the House that Mr. RAMSEY could not be found.
Mr. PEARCE then moved that the House adjourn ; al Mr. WAYNE said, it would be uoprecedented, if a leging, as his reason, that a member was absent, who was member who, it was stated, was sick, should not be exkoown to be in the city. On the motion for adjournment. cosed. Ought the House to remain longer idle, after susthe yeas and nays were required and taked, and the motion pending its business nearly an bour, because of the anxiety was negatived: yeas, 19—Days, 177.
of gentlemen to get an individual member here, who was [While the yeas and days were calling, the absent mem- said, too, to be sick? He thought, if the member was sick, ber returned to the House.]
as stated, tenderness to his family ought to prevent his Tellers were then appointed to count the House, with friends from urging bis attendance. a view to ascertain whether the motion for the previous Mr. BELL hoped the friends of the bill would wait a question was seconded, who reported ninety-six in favor short time longer for the arrival of the absent member, as of seconding the motion, and Dinety-six against it. The gentleinen opposed to the bili desired it-Bu that the ques. Chair voted with the affirmative, and the previous question tion, when decided, should be decided by the full voice of was ordered.
the House. While Mr. B. was speaking, Mr. SUTHERLAND inquired of the Chair whether it Mr. RAMSEY entered the Hall, and the House prowas competent for the presiding officer to give a casting ceeded to business. vote on seconding a motion; wbich the SPEAKER re Tellers were then appointed to ascertain the sense of plied to in the affirmative.
the House on seconding the previous question, and, on Mr. EVERETT, of Massachusetts, inquired whether countiog the members, reported ninety-eight for, and every member present was not bound by the rules to vote ninety-six against it. So the motion was seconded. on every question, [it being obvious that all the members The previous question, i. e. “Shall the main question be in the House had not voted in the division just taken.]. now put ?" was then put, and decided in the affirmative by
The previous question, “Shall the main question be the following vote : yeas, 101-Days, 07. now put t” was then put and decided in the negative by So the House determined that the main question should the following vote: yeas, 98--Days, 99.
now be put. So the House decided that the main question should not The question, "Shall the bill pass ?" was accordingly now be put; and the effect of this decision, according to put, and decided in the affirmative: yeas, 103-Days, 97, tbe rules of the House, was to remove the bill from before So the bill was passed, and ordered to be returned to the the House for the day.
Senate for concurrence in the amendments.
[The bill, ns it passed the House, was as follows :) WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 1830.
“Be it enacted, &c. That it shall and may be lawful for
the President of the United States to cause so much of THE MARINE CORPS.
any territory belonging to the United States west of the The House resumed the consideration of the resolution river Mississippi, not included in any State or organized reported by Mr. CARSON, from the Committee on Naval Territory, and to which the lodian title has been extin
H. of R.)
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
guished, as he may judge necessary, to be divided into a day, with a view to go into Committee of the Whole on suitable number of districts, for the reception of such the bill authorizing a subscription to the Baltimore and tribes or nations of Indians as may choose to exchange the Ohio railroad. lands wbere they now reside, and remove there; aud to cause Mr. H. said, that no member of the House was less diseach of said districts to be so described, by paturul or artiti- posed to be importunate tbau bimself; but he felt himself cial marks, as to be easily distinguished from every other. bound to act, from the deep interest felt in the matter by
"Seo. 2. And be it further enacted, That it eball and those whom he had the honor to represent; and he trusted may be lawful for the President to exchange any or all that the House would sustain the motion, The bill to of such districts, so to be laid off and described, with which he alluded, stood upon different grounds, be beany tribe or pation of Indians now residing within the limits lieved, from every other bill upon the subject of internal of any of the States or Territories, and with which the l improvement now before the House. The State of MaryUnited States have existing treaties, for the whole or any land bad exerted its fiscal powers in promoting the system part or portion of the territory claimed and occupied by to a great extent, by the subscription of a million of dollars such tribe or nation, withiu the bouuds of any one or more to this and another object, and, of course, bad contracted of the States or Territories where the land claimed and oc- a debt to that amount. For many years past, she bad foscupied by the Indians is owned by the United States, or tered in provements by legislative aid; and the capital to the United States are bound to the State withio which it make them bad been drawn chiefly from the city of Balti. lies to extinguish the Indiau claim thereto.
It had suited the purposes of Congress, for the “Seo. 3. And be it further enacted, That, in the making benefit of the West, to make the Cumberland road ; but of any such exchange or exchanges, it shall and may be of what avail (Mr. H. asked] would bave been that imlawful for the President solemnly to assure the tribe or mense expenditure, unless Maryland bad, out of ber own nation wiih which the exchange is made, that the United resources, continued the road from Cumberland to tide States will forever secure and guarauty to them, and wejr water, at the cost of considerably upwards of a million beirs or successors, the country so exchanged with them; of dollars, drawn also chiefly from the capital of the peoand, if they prefer it, that the United States will cause a pa-ple of Baltimore? lo no part of the United States could tent or grant to be made and executed to them for the same: a spot be selected where the inhabitants had employed a Provided always, That such ladds shall revert to the United greater proportion of their resources in the formation of States, if the lodiaus become extinct, or abandon the same. roads than that city-the benefit of which enures to other
“Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, is upon any parts of the Univu as well as to themselves. The enterof the lands now occupied by the Indians, and to be ex. prise in which they are now embarked, was one of a vast changed for, there should be such improvements as add and clearly national character, and eminently deserving value the land claimed by any individual or individuals of the support of Congress. By acceiling to the çonfedeof such tribes or nations, it shall and may be lawful for the racy, Maryland bad yielded up the power of collecting President to cause such value to be ascertained by appraise. taxes by imposts ; and baving laid as heavy burdeos upon ment or otherwise, and to cause such ascertained value to her citizens as the reserved power of taxation will justify, be paid to the person or persons rightfully claiming such baving, besides expending large sums of movey, conimprovements; and, upon the payment of such yaluation, tracted a million of dollars, she has certainly a right the improvements so valued and paid for shall pass to the to call upon the General Government for a portion of United States, and possession shall not afterwards be per- those funds which her own citizens pay into the pational mitted to any of the same tribe.
treasury. Mr. H. said that be knew that every moment “ Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, upon the mak- of the time of the House was precious, and he would not, ing of any such exchange as is contemplated by this act, therefore, allow bimself to say any thing further upon the it shall and may be lawful for the President to cause such topic, however interesting to himself. aid and assistance to be furnished to the emigrants as may Mr. SPENCER and Mr. WILLIAMS opposed the mobe necessary and proper to enable them to remove to, and tion. · setie in, the country for which they may have exchanged; Mr. BROWN observed that he had not intended saying and, also, to give them such aid and assistance as may be a single word on the motion now pendivg before the necessary for their support and subsistence for the first House, because he bad heretofore urged, when a similar year after their removal.
motion was made, what he thought sufficient reasons to " Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall and induce the House to consider tbis bill; but he could not may be lnwful for the President to cause such tribe or ua- agree to let the remarks of the gentleman from New York tion to be protected, at their new residence, against all in- (Mr. SPENCER] go unanswered. That gentleman bad terruption or disturbance from any other tribe or vation of thought proper to travel out of this House into the other Indians, or from any other person or persons whatever. branch of the Legislature, to hunt up somethiog wbich be
* Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, Tbal it shall and may could bring to bear on this question. Sir, the gentleman be lawful for the President to have the same superintend- has told this House, that the bill authorizing a subscription ence and care over any tribe or nation in the country to op the part of the Government to the Baltimore and 'obio which they may remove, as contemplated by this act, that | railroad, in the other branch of the Legislutore, bad been be is now authorized to bave over them at their present indefinitely postponed, or laid on the table, with the explaces of residence: Provided, That nothing in this act press understanding that it should not be called up again contained shall be construed as authorizing or directing the this session. Now, sir, the gentlemap is mistake in bis violation of any existing treaty between the United States whole statement. The bill in the Sevate bas neither been and any of the Indian tribes.
indefinitely postponed, nor laid on the table, with the un“Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That, for the pur- derstanding stated by him; tbe bill bas simply been laid pose of giving effect to the provisions of this act, the sum on the table, and can be called up again at any time when of five hundred thousand dollars is bereby appropriated, the Senate may thiuk proper to do so. to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise The gentleman urged another reason why the motion appropriated.”
now pending should not prevail. He bas told us that we The Senate subsequently concurred in the amendments have a number of bills on our table, which have passed made by the House.)
the Senate, and must pass the House to become laws. BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD.
Now, sir, it is well known that, during the three last days
of the session, no bill can be taken up in either House of Mr. HOWARD moved to suspend the orders of the Cougress that has not passed the other House ; this I un
MAY 26, 1830.]
The British Colonial Trade.
(H. OF R.
derstand to be the operation of the rules of this House, but it had been the uniform practice [he said] to refer such duriog those three days. The House will perceive there subjects to the Committee on Commerce. will be sufficient time to act upon the bill from the Senate; Mr. RAMSEY was iodifferent what committee the mesand anless the railroad bill is acted on either to-day or to- suge was referred to, so that it did not go to the Committee morrow, it must lay over with other unfinished business. on Commerce or the Committee of Ways and Means, With these remarks, he submitted the question to the Those committees were in the habit of taking cognizance House, with the hope that the motion of his colleague of subjects not committed to them, and reporting bills conwill prevail.
cerning the revenue, without instruction-one tapping the Mr. BELL said, he lind never supported any measure of treasury at one end, and the other at the other." He had this kind, nor did be expect to support this one; but he seen the Committee on Commerce and the Committee of would say, that if any measure of internal improvement Ways and Means reporting bills, the effect of which would deserved the patronage of the Government, it was the have been to empty the treasury instead of filling it—to Baltimore and Ohio railroad. It was a great and patriotic throw the country at the mercy of foreign nations, and undertaking; a bold experimeut entered upon-Dot upon compel us in the interior even to send abroad to have our the faith of the resources of a great State-oot with the horses shod. expectation of assistance from the General Government Mr. DRAYTON referred to the rules to show that the but it was planned ard proceeded in, and upheld by the message might go, with propriety, to either of the compublie spirit and enterprise of a single public spirited and mittees moved; but the practice had been to refer such patriotic city. The work, if accomplistred, was likely to communications to the Committee on Commerce. As the benefit greatly many other parts of the country besides present message related exclusively to our commercial reBaltimore and the State of Maryland. The Company have lations with a foreign country, Mr. D. thought it came pro thought that a part of the common treasure of the country perly within the province of that committee, and he made might as well be bestowed for the accomplishment of their a number of remarks to sustain this opinion. great work as upon any other; and those who represented Mr. McDUFFIE said he felt no sort of interest in this Them upon this floor, had been compelled, by the vote of contest between the two committees, and cured not how it the House, to yield their claim to be heard, from month to was decided. But he saw no necessity for the gratuitous month, and from week to week, during the grenter part of charge against the Committee of Ways and Means, which the session, because measures of more general interest and the gentleman had gone out of his way to make, which was inportance continued to engross the time of Congress. utterly false, and could be founded only in gross ignorance. But, (said Mr. B.] would it be any thing more than common He would defy any old woman in this House or out of it, courtesy, did not a spirit of justice and generosity require whether scolding or not scolding, to fix on that committee that the rule of the House should be suspended, that the the charge which had been alleged against it by the gentlegentlemen from Maryland should have an opportunity of man from Pepusylvania. He thought that every member laying their claims to an appropriatiou before Congress ? in this House, however ignorant be might be, must know He thought so, and earnestly hoped the House, for reasons that every branch of the revenue of the country was, by he bad assigned, would sanction the motion.
the rules of the House, given in charge to the Committee Mr. IRVIN, of Ohio, moved to include in the motion of Ways and Means, and was always before that committhe Senate's amendments to the bill providing for surveys, tee, and that it would be perfectly competent for that com&c.; and
mittee tomorrow to bring in a bill to revise the whole Mr. INGERSOLL moved to include the bill authorizing revenue system of the country, without any special instruca subscription to the Farmington and Hampshire canal-a tion from the House. Nothing but the grossest ignorance work which he said was of great importance to a large por: could have given rise to the charge which had been made tion of the Union ; one on which between eight hundred by the member from Pennsylvavia against the committee. and pipe hundred thousand dollars have been expended by Mr. RAMSEY said he was not ignorant of the rules of private subscription, and which needed only a trifling nid the House, or the duties of the Committee of Ways and from the Government to ensure its completion, de. Means; but the chairman of that committee was ignorant
Mr. DUNCAN observed, that there were a great many of the true policy of the nation, and had evinced that ig. bills wbich it was equally important to act on; and if the norance by the bills which he had reported during the seg- • House commenced taking bills up out of their order, it sion, affecting the revenue. That geotleman bas called me would be fatal to others. He was in favor of proceeding an old woman; but—[the Speaker admonished Mr. R. that with the business in regular order, and therefore moved to the question was on tbe reference of the message.] Sir, lay Mr. Howard's motion on the table; which motion pre. [continued Mr. R.] be bas called me an old woman, and it vailed : : yeas, 91-Days, 74.
is my duty to repel it. I have always understood that the THE BRITISH COLONIAL TRADE.
duty of the Committee of Ways and Means was to take
measures to fill the treasury, not empty it, That gentleThe SPEAKER laid before the House the message of man bas shown his sense of this duty, by just voting for a the President, respecting the anticipated information from bill (the Indian bill) which tapped the treasury at one end, England, relative to our cominercial relations with that while he professed to fill it at the other. I will tell that country; wbich being read,
gentlemau that I was in the field of politics before himMr. CAMBRELENG, chairman of the Committee on but I will not use the expression I was about to do—and Commerce, moved to refer the message to that committee. now to stand up and be told that I am an old woman. Sir, (Some gentleman around observing that it ought to go to whatever that gentleman may think of my knowledge of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.]
his duties, he sbows but little knowledge of them himself, Mr. CAMBRELENG added, that the message related to when he is seen day after day, and time after time, doing the commerce of the country, and ought to go to that com- all he can to empty the treasury, instead of filling it. Sir, mittee; another reason for moving which, was, that be bad I can say no more. for some time given his attention to the subject, and bad Mr. EVERETT, of Massachusetts, thought the mesalready prepared a bill to meet the object of the message. sage was certainly of a kind to require the action of the
Mr, ARCHER, chairman of the Committee on Foreign Committee on Foreign Affairs, and that it could go, with Affairs, moved to refer the message to that committee. propriety, to no other. If the message should be found to
Mr. WILLIAMS expressed the opinion that such mes. contaiu any thing requiring the action of the Committee on sages were always sent to the Committee on Foreigo Affairs. Commerce, thai part of it could be sent to that committee. . Mr. CAMBRELENG was not apxiona ubout the matter. The reason assigned by the chairman of that committee for
moving the reference of the message to it, namely, that be, that the Government of Great Britain will open the ports had prepared a bill in anticipation, was a reason with bim in its colonial possessions in the West Indies, ou the conti[Mr. E.) for preferring another committee. He would nent of South America, the Bahama Islands, the Caicos, rather that a committee should take up the subject that and the Bermuda or Somer Islands, to the vessels of the hud made up po opinion on it, &c.
United States, for an indefinite or for a limited term, that Mr. CAMBRELENG replied. He did not she observed] the vessels of the United States and their cargoes, on enwish to detain the committee on a mere question of refer- tering the colonial ports aforesaid, shall not be subject to ence, but he rose for the purpose of noticing a use wbich other or higher duties of toupage or impost, or charges of had been made by the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. any other description, than would be imposed on British Everett) of a remark which had fallen from him. That vessels or their cargoes arriving iu snid colonial possessions gentleman had seized on it with avidity, and spoke of the from the United States ; that the vessels of the United "draught of a bill," which be bad referred to. Mr. c. States may import into the said colonial possessions from said he had the draught of many bills; he bad the draught the United States any article or articles which could be imof one which was rejected by that gentleman and his friends. porred in a British vessel into the said possessions from ibe at half past two o'clock in the nording, in 1827. If that United States; and tbat the vessels of the United States gentleman's friends had not labored so zealously to defent may export from the British colonies aforementioned, to the very bill which was substantially a copy of the one any couutry whatever other than the dominions or posseswhich would probably now be required—if they had not sivns of Great Britain, any article or articles that can be defeated that measure, the commerce with the British exported therefrom in a British vessel, to any countı y other West Indian colonies would never have been interdicted. than the British dominions or possessions as afuresaid ; that The draught" of that bill, which the geutleman and his then, and in such case, the President of the United States frievds rejected then, will answer our purpose now. The shall be, and he is hereby, authorized to issue his proclasame commitiee that reported the measure in 1827, were mation, declaring that he bas received such evidence ; and, probably more familiar with the commercial regulations thereupon, from the date of such proclamation, the ports which would become necessary in case the trade should be of the United States shall be opened, indefinitely or for a opened duriug the recess. He was not solicitous about it, term fixed, as the case may be, to British vessels coming but wished to facilitate the business of the House. from the said British colonial possessions, and their cargoes,
After some further debate on the part of Messrs. P. P. subject to no other or bigher duty of tonnage or impost, BARBOUR and McDUFFIE, the question was taken, and or charge of any description whatever, thau would be lethe message referred to the Committee on Commerce : vied on the vessels of the United States, or their cargoes, yeas, 86-Days, 81.
arriving from the said British possessions; and it shall be
lawful for the said British vessels to import into the United THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1830.
States, and to export therefrom, any article or articles which
may be imported or exported iu vessels of the United States: THE VETO.
and the act entitled "An act concerning navigation,” passA message was received from the President of the United ed on the 18th day of April, 1818: an act supplementary States, by Mr. Donelson, bis private secretary, returung thereto, passed the 15th day of May, 1820 ; and an act the bill which originated in this House, and which had pass- vititled " An act to regulate the commercial intercourse ed both Houses, for authorizing a subscription to ibe stock between the United States and certain British ports," passof the Maysville and Washington Turupike Road Company el on the 1st day of March, 1823, are. in such case, hereby in Kentucky, with his l'ensous ut large for refusing to sign declared to be suspended, or absolutely repealed, as may the same. (See Appendix.)
be agreed upon with the British Government. The message was read through by the Clerk, and heard "SeC 2. And be it further enacted, That, whenever the with great attention.
ports of the United States shall have been opened, under When the reading was concluded, there arose a hurried the authority given in the first section of this act, British and apxious debate, involving no principle of the bill, but vessels and their cargoes shull be admitted to an entry in merely the question whether the bill should be recousi- the ports of the United States from the islands, provinces, dered instanter, or whether the consideration should be or colonies of Great Britain, on or near the North Ameripostponed until to morrow. During the whole of this pro- can continent, and worth or east of the United States." ceeding, there was a constant tendency to debate the The bill baving been read, main question, and an effort on the part of the Chair to Mr. CAMBRELENG said, he would state, for the entis. confine the debate to the question of postponement. In fuction of gentlemen on all sides of the House, that there this skirmishing: Mr. IRVIN, of Ohio, Mr. DANIEL. Mr. was no new principle contained in this bill. The principle VANCE, Mr. INGERSOLL, Mr. BROWN, Mr. POTTER, of it (he said] was precisely that contained in the instrucMr. P. P. BARBOUR, Mr. WICKLIFFE, Mr. POLK, tions from Mr. Clay to Mr. Gallatin, under the late adminMr. BELL, Mr. COLEMAN, Mr. LETCHER, Mr. BUR-istrati 1, and the friends of that administration would
ярGES, Mr. YANCEY, and Mr. BARRINGER took some prove of it, as well as others. When its object was fully part.
uuderstood, he believed that there would be no difference Finally, as by common consent, it was agreed that the of opinion in the House upon it. Under the unanimous reconsideration should be postponed until tomorrow, by direction of the committee, he should move for the conwbich time the message. it was supposed, would be printed, sideration of this bill in the course of the day, giving time and in the hands of every member.
only to have it priuted for the information of the House. The question of printing the report gave rise to some The bill was twice read, and referred to a Committee of debate, by reason of the intervention of the rule requiring the Whole. one day's notice for an order for an extra number of copies Mr. CAMBRELENG then, by unanimous consent, unof any document. For the present, under that ruie, the der the instruction of the Committee on Commerce, moved usual number only was ordered to be printed.
the following resolution :
Resolved, That the President of the United States be THE COLONIAL TRADE.
requested to communicate to this House such information Mr. OAMBRELENG, from the Committee on Com- in relation to the negotiatious with Great Britain, concernmerce, reported the following bill:
ing the colonial trade, as he may deem it pot incompatible “ Be it enacted, dc. That whenever the President with the public interest to communicate. of the United States shall receive satisfactory evidence The resolution was agreed to.