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H. or R.]
[May 28, 1830.
yet, thougb these means of power and influence would be ment. This was a concession, by the majority, to the comat his own command, though he presents the rare exain ple plaints of the minority. It will be but a poor recomienof an Executive Magistrate rejecting the use of that which dation of our system of Government, to be told, that, under would contribute so much to personal aggrandizement, he all circumstances, the caprice of mere numbers must is still charged with courting popularity. If this be the prevail, though there be only a majority of one, and that ovly mode of courting popularity, our country will indeed we are not to hope for the occasional concession which is be happy, and those in puwer who thus seek it will deserve experienced in the Governments even of the old world. our lasting gratitude,
Must this Government, because it has the physical power, Other meu, with other viows, would adopt another like Aaron's serpent, swallow up every thing less strong maxim, " that with mocey we can get men, and with men Is it not the part of wisdon, as well as patriotism, to money;" and they would cling to both as the instruments submit this question to the States in the form of amendof their ambiti'us projects. Sir, I hail this act of the Pre- ment, rather than press on agaiost the knowo will of a sident as ominous of the most auspicious results. Amongst large portion of them! The States feel a deep sense of the many excellent doctrines which have grown out of our loyalty to the Union ; but they feel, too, that they have republican system, is this, that the blessings of freedom rights to demand, as well as duties to perform. Let us dot cannot be enjoyed without a frequent recurrence to funda- place them in a situation where they may be driven to a mental principles. In this instance, we are making that course that would be called patriotism by some, and rebelrecurrenice. It would seem, sir
, that the period of about lion by others; but which, by whatsoever name it might thirty years constitutes a political cycle. Thirty years ago, be called, would endanger the success of our great experiat the opening of the present century, our Government was ment, the benefits of which concern the whole human drawn back to its original principles; the vessel of State, family. The course suggested by the Chief Magistrate is like one at sea, had gotten upon a wrong tack, and the new calculated to avert these dangers. When members on this pilot who was then placed at the belm brought it again flvor maintain any principles, they have no weight but that into the right course, for the purpose of reaching its proper which belonys to them as individuals ; but when a suggesdestination. In the progress of a long voyage, it has again tion comes from the Executive, and especially accompany. declined from its proper course; and I congratulate the ing bis rejection of a bill, it brings with it all the authority whole crew that we bave found another pilot with enough to which the opinion of a branch of the Government is of skill in navigation and firmness again to correct the entitled. An issue is thus made up between him and Coudeclivation. The present Chief Magistrate, sir, has done gress, which will cause the people to deliberate; and thus the State some service” beretofore; but, io my estimation, we may bope that it will be calmly decided by them, so as it was but as dust in the balance, compared with the good to put the subject forever to rest. which he has now done.
Sir, there are other reasons why this course, pursued by Thus far I have heen showing the utter injustice of find- the Executive, should meet our decided approbation. I iog fault with the Chief Magistrate for exercising his con- need only glance at a subject wbich I so recently discussed stitutioual function according to his owu judgment, and on another bill. I allude to the inequality and deinoralizing have taken it for granted that his objections were well tendency of this system. founded. The late period of the session, as well as my A distribution made upon principles of actual inequality, having recently argued this question at large, ioduce nie will produce deep disgust on the one side, and foster corto forbear from entering into the discussion pow at any ruptiou on the other. length. I hope, however, the House will bear with me I mean no offence to any State or individual; the remark whilst I submit a few general remarks. I not only concur applies, without distinctiou, to all States and individuals, with the President, as far as he goes in his views, but I go under all circumstances. Sir, the history of all people, further. He denies the power of Congress to construct nations, topgues, and languages, teaches us the same meroads, with a claim of jurisdiction. So do I. He admits, Inncholy truth, that all Governments, of whatever form, that, as the constitution has beeu long construed, the power have fivally perished by corruption. to appropriate money for such purposes as are really na How much, then, do we owe to him who averts this tional inust be acquiesced in, until the difficulty is removed gangrene from our body politic? How much more do we by an amendment. In this I differ from the President, as owe to bim who does it by a self-devial of those means by he has a right to differ from me, and from both Houwes of which this evil may be produced? Sir, I hope, I believe, Congress. But as I claim the right to follow the lights of that there is not ingratitude enough in this country to remy own judgment, so I am always ready to acknowledge ward such a course by a deprivation of office. that of the President to do the same.
But, sir, bad I the honor of filling the Chief Executive But I will not now go into the constitutional questiou. chair, if it were revealed to me from Heaven that such Apart from this, let me ask whether there are not abun- would be the result, I would rather go down to posterity dant reasons for the course which the Pre-ident has pur- upon the historic page as one who, like the present Chief sued. He tells you, the subject has been involved in Magistrate, bad, with the moral courage, the ardent patridoubt, and has produced much diversity of opinion. This otism, and lofty disinterestedness of the ultimus Romanois a part of the political history of the country. A retro- rum, thrown himself into the breach and breasted the spect of the proceedings of Congress will show thai differ- storm in doing his duty, than, by a different course, couent Congresses have entertained and expressed different tinue to be President through a long and protracted life. opinions on the leading questious connected with this sys Mr. VANCE said that the course pursued by the Pretem. We also know that many States of the Union bave sident would not operate on bis mind, either for or against utterly denied to us this power. Now, I put it to the can- that individual. He remiuded the House that he bad himdor, the justice, the liberality of this House, whether the self been always an advocate of the system of internal immere circumstance of great doubt and diversity of opinion provement. He stated that, by that system, the West is not reason enough for the Chief Magistrate to pause, and must stand or fall. Unless it be sustained, the West can for you to pause with bim, in this career. If it be pow said, never have any participation in the appropriations of the as it often has been, that a majority is not to be governed General Government. As soon as the wealth. derived from by a minority, I answer, let that be admitted, and yet 1 emigration shall be exhausted, the West must be drained demand that the majority should pay a just regard to the of every dollar. unless this system be continued. It is only remonstrances and complaints of the minority. Even in the by its continuance that the posterity of those who now monarchies of Europe, this is the case. Witness the recent live in the West can be prevented from becoming bewers emancipation of the Irish catholics by the British Parlia- 1 of wood and drawers of water to the eastern States. He
May 28, 1830.]
[H. OF R. stated that the South bad, during the last year, received hopes are about to be realized, and the fruits of the victory more of the disbursements of the General Government, begin to unfold themselves, the member from Ohio has than had been expended in the whole of the western counshown himself a deserter and a recreant to those principles try on internal improvement. He then defended his col- for which he had formerly contended, and to the banner league from the attack made upon him by the gentleman under which we had stood together in triumph. from Tennessee. His colleague [Mr. STANBERY] was able The member from Ohio has told the House that a majoto sustain himself. That gentleman should bave more rity of its members were dragooned into the passage of the gratitude for his colleague, and for the balance of the Ohio Indian bill by the heads of departments. It is false. I had and Kentucky and Pennsylvania delegation, who would now hoped that we should hear no more upon the subject of that vote against bim on the question. For himself
, be felt no bill upon this floor, in the tone which had been so finely indisappointment, for he had foretold from the stump the dulged by many of the gentlemen who had spoken against it, course which the present administration would take. His particularly as the concluding argument had been waived. colleagues bad, also, from the stump, declared that they It was not enough that, in the discussion of that bill, when well understood the thing, and that General Jaekson was it was directly before the House, every epithet of reproach the firm, steady, and consistent friend of internal improve- had been thrown out against its author: that one member ment. It was clear that he had so far succeeded in con- should say it was perfidious ; another, that it was infamous ; cealing his real feelings on the subject, as to deceive those and a third, that open bribery had found a sanction in the gentlemen. They bad, however, gone hand in hand with officers of the Government; and all these denunciations the gentleman from Tennessee, and had gained the victory, did pass almost unnoticed by the friends of the administraThey had attained the triumph, and now they were receiv- tion. I sat still, and forbore reply, under repeated slanders ing their reward. When this message came into the House, of this kind ; and, at the instance of the friends of the it struck a damp to the feelings of those individuals, who measure, and in consideration of the advanced period of then felt the final destruction of all their fond hopes. the session, permitted the question to be finally taken,
Mr. BELL said, when the member from Ohio [Mr. without reply. But all this does not satisfy the opponents STANBERY] took his seat, his feelings had prompted an of the bill. I certainly may be allowed to say a word in immediate reply, not more because of the unprecedented reply to these repeated allusions to that measure, although manner of the attack upon the message which had been pot now before the House. It is proper the Executive the subject of remark, than of the nature of the allusion should be placed in the light and attitude in which they which had been made to a bill not now before the House. do, in which they deserve to stand, in relation to that
The relation in which I stand to that measure, [said Mr. B.] measure. The President, in taking the ground he did seemed to call for some reply from me; but, in an attempt upon the Indian question, knew that he was incurring to get the floor, I found your eye, Mr. Speaker, averted. great responsibility; that he was brooking deeply-wrought Although the first moment of excitement is passed, and I prejudices in various classes of the community ; in many have not now those strong feelings with which the extra-sections strong religious feeling; that he was exposing ordinary conduct of the member from Ohio at first inspir- himself to the arts and misrepresentations of his political ed me, yet I appeal to the House—to every member
, enemies; yet he dared to take the course he did, because whatever may be their political partialities, to say whether he loved his country and its institutions; that country, for that member, in availing himself of the parliamentary pri- which he had hazarded more than mere personal popu. vilege of considering the message as emanating from the larity upon repeated occasions—for which he had offered ministry," not from the President, and in speaking of it to die
. "What had he to gain by his course upon that quesfreely under that pretext, had not assumed the manner of tion! The President had taken a strong interest in the a blackguard.
success of the policy of removing the Indians, because he [Here Mr. B. was remined by the Chair that it was not thought it calculated to preserve the barmony of the rein order to indulge in personal remarks.]
public, and its reputation from a blot which the inherent The gentleman from Ohio, who had just taken his seat, difficulties of our relations with the southern tribes, and [Mr. VĂNCE] had informed the House that, for his part
, the irritations likely to grow out of them, might bring upon he was not surprised to see his colleague desert an admin- it
. But, sir, when he had laid the proposition before conistration which had damped the hopes of the West. The gress, he felt bis conscience free. He had done what duty member from Ohio, before me, cannot plead the impression prompted; the rest was to be decided here. [Here Mr. produced by the message on yesterday in defence of his VANCE called Mr. B. to order, as he was discussing a bill desertion. Before the message was heard of the member not before the House.] Sir
, I refer to this measure, befrom Ohio had shown such symptoms of disaffection, as cause it has been brought into this discussion. The adleft the friends of the administration no room to doubt his ministration has been charged with taking an improper final intentions; and he has only availed himself of this interest in it; and it has been repeatedly referred to as an evasion to unmask himself. There was a time when that instance of the extravagance of this Congress. We have member professed different sentiments upon the great been told in this debate, that while the President scruquestions which divide the country, from those now avow-ples to appropriate money to internal improvement, he ed by him--there was a time when I united with him in a has urged the adoption of another measure, and, by his ingreat political object, and was proud of an associate in the fluence, carried it through the House, involving an expencause, in Ohio. It was not that Andrew Jackson, however diture of half a million of dollars, and that too, to further illustrious in name and services, was to be elevated by that a ruinous and disgraceful policy. I consider everything struggle, that I had stood with feelings of pleasnre by the I have said or shall say upon this subject, strictly in order. side of the member from Ohio, and conquered with him when this measure was directly the subject of discussion, I -it was because I believed that whatever had been said, stated that the extravagance of an administration would or was found to the contrary, that great man, if elected to never be decided merely by the amount expended—that power, would administer the Government with a modera- the intelligence of the country, in making up its verdiet tion and forbearance, in regard to all those great interests upon such a question, would look to the propriety of the which ambitious and desperate men seemed willing to push expenditure-to the necessity which demanded the applito a dangerous and ruinous extreme—that he had the firm- cation of the public treasure ; and that praise or censure ness to look popular opinion in the face, and to oppose it would follow, as the objects to be accomplished were for when it was misied—that he would bring harmony out of good or for evil. I also then stated that the removal of discord—observe the constitution, and revive the hopes of the Indians would bring more money into the treasury, by the desponding. But now, at the very moment when these removing the incumbrance of the Indian title from the
H. OF R.]
(MAY 28, 1830.
public lands, than would be drawn from it; but enough of My political feelings are not such as to prompt me to asthis now. Sir, I repeat, that the President, in bringing sail the feelings or motives of any man, under circumforward the Indian question in the mapper he did, had stances of ordinary provocation. My course, during the dared to do his duty, and from thenceforth the responsi- short time I have had a seat here, I trust, has manifested bility was thrown, where it belonged essentially-upon that I am neither forward por impertinent in vindicating Congress. The spirit in which it was opposed, was such political friends, por in assailing opponents, and I hope as to make the administration indifferent to its success, 80 I shall be permitted to proceed without interruption. far as regarded their standing with the country. Sir, bow It has been said, in the course of the debate, that the ever extraordinary the declaration may appear to gentle- President has uodertaken to decide against the will of the men, I do declare that the previous question, wbich was people, as expressed through their representatives in Conát last successful in bringing that measure to a final vote, gress, that appropriations shall not be made to objects was moved without the approbation of many sincere friends of internal improvement. The constitution allows the of the administration; and had a closing reply been per- veto of the President upon the will of a majority of Conmitted, I was prepared to disavow any interest on the part gress. By the course pursued in the present instance, the of the friends of the administration in the measure, as a subject is recommitted to Congress, and an appeal will party measure, and to let the responsibility of its passage ultimately be carried before the people, wbo will, in their or rejection rest wholly with those who doubted its policy, returns to the next Congress, pronounce upon the motives or opposed it upon party grounds. Sir, I have thought, of the President, and approve or condemn his councils, and I do not hesitate now to state my settled conviction, as they shall think fit. Before that tribunal he will be arthat if no other interests bad been involved in the ques- raigned; and if they shall not see the evils of the present tion, than the mere popularity of the administration, the re- system of appropriation in the light he does, he is willing jection of the Indian bíll was to be desired. As an humble to be prostrated in their esteem. In such a course, he is friend of the administration, I was indifferent to the fate willing to seek the loss of the smiles of his countrymenof the bill; and such I believe to have been the feeling of that they shall account all his past services for Daught; be every member of the administration, so far as their own is willing to offer 'bimself a sacrifice in the discharge of political interests were concerned. But, sir, the principles what he considers & public duty, as be bas often done, involved in, and the interests connected with, the Indian But, sir, I do not understand the President to be opposed question, rose above the party conflicts of the day. They to internal improvement. It is the present unequal and addressed themselves to higher and dobler feelings. It distracting mode of appropriating ibe public treasure, was upon the disinterested ground of the welfare of the wbich he has set his face against. A patriotic system of Iodiaps themselves, and the honor of the country, that the dispensing the general funds for the improvement of the question was placed in the opening argument, and by the country, a system which, wbile it professes to act for advocates of the measure generally. Upon such grounds the general good, and to become a cement to the Union, we might have expected the generous feeling and co-ope shall be so in fact ; one which shall be secured against ration of all parties--but what response did we find in the abuses by an amendment of the constitution, is decidedly leaders of the opposition ! Let the spirit of their argu- approved by the message. The expediency of proceeding ments tell. No, sir, though the bill involved the fate of a in the sys-em, as at preseut practised, is, it is true, as dewhole race of men—a race generally supposed to bave cidedly devied; but it is not proposed to dam up, forever, been barshly treated by their white brothers, and the mea- the stream from the treasury for the beneficent purposes sure was itself a great experiment for their relief, and of internal improvement ; this I do not believe the people some kindred sympathy might have been expected from will consent to; but it is proposed to check its How in political oppouents, we found done. It was denounced as its present wild and unrestricted channel. It is believed an electioneering scheme. How could it be so ! The Pre- that the present burdens of the country may be greatly sident was already strong in the South. He knew that diminished; that manufactures may be duly encouraged, strong feelings were opposed to it in the North and East. and still have a surplus in the treasury, ample enough for He could have had no hopes of strengthening bis own in the accomplishment of every desirable object of internal terest. He threw himself on the side of the weak, and improvement braved the opposition of the strong; and in that measure, The gentleman from Obio, last up, (Mr. VANCE] bas as well as in the one under consideration, be bad indicated spoken in an improper mander of the fading prospeets of the desting to which he was born--to rescue his country the West; and deprecated the idea of diminished expendifrom the midst of dangers which threatened to overwhelm tures for its benefit
. I claim also to be a friend to the init.
1 terests of the West—that West to which I belong by birth; A word in reply to what has been said of the denuncia- and I promise that gentleman to go along with bim, side tions, alleged to have been made, of those friends of the by side, in asserting its claim to be regarded in the distribuadministration who did not support the Indian bill. Sir, I tion of the favors of this Government—ito claim to a fair know there are many gentlemen in this House who have portion of whatever funds shall be appropriated to internal supported, and will contioue in the support of the admin- improvement; but I differ with him as to the mode of apistration of the present Chief Magistrate, wbo have confi- plying them. I contend that the half a million which it dence in his patriotism, and are grateful for bis splendid would require to extend the Zanesville road through Kedservices, and who yet cannot agree with him in all 'bis potucky, and to make it permanent, applied, under the direclitical opinions. I know there are many such who voted tion of the Legislature of that State, to various roads of against the Indian bill-there are doubtless many such who smaller extent, leading from her interior secluded and ferwill oppose the doctrines of the message of yesterday; tile districts to the great outlets which nature has already but, sir, there are others who will not fail
, as they have provided for carrying off the productions of the whole not failed, to make those measures a pretext for open op- West, would secure a greater actual amelioration of the position, whey, in fact, they had been long since secretly condition and prospects of the people of that State, than false and recreant to their profession. Nope, however, two millions expended upon any free great road, extendwho observed the movements of individual members du- ing quite through the State, and belonging to any great ring the progress of a recept measure, would fail to see system of national improvemen, executed under the wastethat the line was distinctly drawn between the false and ful superintendence of the General Government. I affirm the real friends of the administration, who united to that the same increased proportion of actual advantage and oppose that measure.
amelioration would attend the application of a small amount (Here Mr. DODDRIDGE called Mr. B. to order.] to similar objects in Ohio, or in any other western States,
1 May 28, 1830.)
(H. OF R.
| under the direction of the local authorities, over a larger, he or I stand committed for this bill; but for myself, I will
sum administered by the General Government. Sir, I had say that, under the influence of opinions formed during the I intended, when I rose, to pursue this part of the subject period in which those bills were discussed, and which opi| much further, but neither my own feelings nor the temper nions have never since been changed or shaken, I did, upon
of the House, will, at this time, permit ihe subject to be mature reflection, vote for this bill when it was here bediscussed in an argumentative storm.
fore; my opinion, potwithstanding the arguments by wbich Mr. SUTHERLAND said he should vote in favor of the the President's objections are so powerfully urged, rebill. He said Pennsylvania was the friend of internal im. main the same ; and if I live, I will vote for it ngain. And provements, and also the friend of General Jackson, and do I expect by that to offend the President! Not so. If she would abide by both, waiting with confidence for the I were to do it, it would but prove that I am what I am,
slow but certain process by which the system of improve and he is not Andrew Jackson! I think I know the mau I ments would universally prevail, The President had, in who now fills the executive chair well enough to be con
vetoing the bill, exercised only bis constitutional power, vinced that if, without a change of opinion, I should feel and he [Mr. 8.) and his constituents, in supporting it, so strongly the influence of the message as to change my were only exercising the power which the constitution vote on this bill
, he would think me a villain. I am cerI granted to them. He represented a State which was taip be ought, under such circumstances, to despise me, as
friendly to both; for, in fact, Pennsylvania was the first I should myself, and am sure he would. But suppose we State, which had given the present Chief Magistrate an un- had a Chief Magistrate capable of taking offence, and divided support, and which was also, whilst it had lost no feeling resentment for bonest consistency in others, I would
confidence in his first object, being the general good of his say to him, I cannot help it ; to you, Mr. President, I owe 1 country, friendly to the great principle of internal improve no responsibilities; to none but God and my constituents do
ment. That such would, sooner or later, be the universal I acknowledge responsibility, and these I will discharge sentiment of the nation, he bad no doubt the course of as I may. time, and the progress of human affairs, would render ap My colleague [Mr. BELL) anticipates the final settlement parent.
of the great question of internal improvemect, wben the Mr. WAYNE made some observations in reply to the people shall decide, and their will is represented. I hear. remarks of Mr. VANCE.
tily join him in that appeal to the people, and, so far as I Mr. A. H. SHEPPERD spoke for a short time, in re can, will cheerfully stake the fate of internal improvement, ference to some remarks made on the preceding-day, which yes, and my own fate, politically, upon that issue. Will be conceived to be intended for him.
my colleague do likewise ? An explanation took place between that gentleman and [As Mr. Isacks concluded, Mr. BELL said, thatid nothing the member by whom the remarks had been made. he had said bad he the remotest allusion to the course of Mr. ISACKS said, be was sincerely sorry to feel it a Mr. I. He had no doubt that on this question bis colduty be owed to bimself to say a few words on this subject. league fairly represented his constituents.] From what had of late fallen from different members, and Mr. KENNON observed, that, being perfectly satisfied in other indications, he scarcely knew whether even be was bis own mind that all the arguments which could be adregarded as the friend or enemy of this administration. To duced would not change a single vote upon the subject, he such as might wish to monopolize the entire support of felt himself
bound to move
the previous question. the administration, he bad but little to say. This he The question was agreedoto by a vote of yeas 85, Daya might say, perbaps, without offence, that he was an older 67. So the previous question was carried. (not a better) soldier" than those who had, on tbis day, 80 The yeas and pays were called for, ordered, and taken, much to his satisfaction, pronounced their eulogies upon on the putting of the main question. It was carried by a the President. He had been longer in the service of that vote of 105 to 76. cause which brought the present exeuutive into power, The main question, which was the passage of the bill, than many who were now far ahead of him, at least in the objections of the President notwithstanding, was then their own estimation.
put. The vote was as follows: Mr. I said, when he came hero, some seven years ago,
YEAS.—Messrs. Armstrong, Noyes Barber, Bartley, & colleague of the President's, if members of different Bates, Baylor, Beekman. Jobo Blair, Boon, Brown, BurHouses can be called so, the Tennessee, delegation, with ges, Cahoon, Childs, Chilton, Clay, Clark, Coleman, Conone exception, old George Kremer, and perhaps half a dict, Cooper, Crane, Crawford, Crockett, Creighton, dozen others were all the political friends that could then Crowninshield, John Davis
, Denny, Doddridge, Dorsey, be pumbered for him in Congreso. Nothing could be more Duncan, Dwight, Ellsworth, George Evans, Edward Evegrateful to him than the multiplicatjon since. He was now, rett, Horace Everett
, Fiudlay, Finch, Ford, Forward, and had been ever since, to this moment, no less the de. Grennell
, Hawkins, Hemphill
, Hodges, Howard, Hughes, voted personal and political friend of the President, than Hunt, Huntington, Ingersoll
, Irvin, Isacks, Johns, Kenhe was then and had been before. And, in vindication of dall, Kennon, Kincaid, Lecompte, Letcher, Lyon, Mallabis bopor, his bonesty, patriotism, and firmness of pur- ry, Martindale, L. Maxwell, McCreery, Mercer, Miller, pose, he would, on any proper occasion, “ go as far as Mitchell, Norton, Pearce, Pettis, Pierson, Ramsey, Ranbe that goes furthest;" and be trusted that his acts, in and dolph, Reed, Richardson, Rose, Russel, Scott
, William B. out fof this House, during the two last struggles for the Shepard, Semmes, Sill, Ambrose Spencer, Sprigg, StanPresidency, would be taken as a sufficient guaranty for bery, Standifer, Stephens, H. R. Storrs, W. L. Storrs, that pledge. But on the present question he differed Strong, Sutherland, Swaon, Swift, Test, Jobo Thompsou, from the President and wbat of that? We have said Vance, Vinton, Washington, Whittlesey, Edward D. White, Ar 1] differed before. During the Congress that we Wickliffe, Yancey, Young.–96. were representatives of Tennessee, we often differed : but NAYS.-Messrs. Alexander, Allen, Alston, Anderson, there was then a class of subjects we did not differ upon. Angel, Archer, Arnold, Bailey, J. 8. Barbour, Philip, P. We voted together (I speak from memory, not records) Barbour, Barnwell
, Barringer, Bell, James Blair, Bockee, on the survey bill, on the bill to subscribe stock to thé Borst, Bouldin, Brodhead, Cambreleng, Campbell, CarChesapeake and Delaware canal, on the bill for the con- son, Chandler, Claiborne, Coke, Copper, Cowles, Hector struction of the road from Canton to Zanesville, in Obio, Craig, Robert Craig, Crocheron, Daniel, Davenport, W. and on the bill appropriating fifty thousand dollars to re- R. Davis, Deberry, Desha, De Witt, Drayton, Dudley, . nove obstructions in the Mississippi river. I do not say, and Earll, Foster, Fry, Gaither, Gordon, Gorham, Hall
, Hammust not be understood to mean, that by those votes either mods, Harvey, Haynes, Hinds, Hoffman, Hubbard, Jeb
H. OF R.)
Graduation Bill. The Light-house, &c. Bill.
[May 28, 29, 31, 1830.
nings, Cave Johnson, Perkins, King, Adam, King, Lamar, ! the stock of the Washington and Frederick Road Compe-
, Richard Spencer, Coleman, Cooper, Crane, Crawford, Crockett, CreighSterigere, Taliaferro, Taylor, Wiley Thompson, Trezvant, top, Joba Davis, Deony, Doddridge, Duncan, Dwight, Tucker, Vardum, Verplanck, Wayne, Weeks, Campbell P. George Evans, Edward Everett, Horace Everett, FindWhite, Wild, Williams-90.
lay, Hawkins, Hemphill, Hodges Howard, Hughes, Hunt, So the bill , not being supported by two-thirds of the Huntington, Ingersol, W. W. Irvin, Jennings, Kendall
, House, was rejected.
Kennon, Kincaid, Lecompte, Leiper, Magee, Martindale,
Ramsey, Reed, Richardson, Russel, Semmes, Sprigg,
Stapbery, Standifer, Sterigere, William L Storrt, Strong, GRADUATION BILL.
Sutherland, Swapn, Taylor, Test, Thonison, Vance, Var The bill from the Senate to graduate, or reduce, the Wickliffe, Wingate, Yancy, Young: 14.
num, Vinton, Washington, Whittlesey, Edward D. White, price of the public lands, being next taken up,
NAYS.-Messrs. Alexander, Anderson, Bell, James Mr. IRVIN, of Obio, moved to lay the bill on the table, Blair, Borst, Cambreleng, Chandler, Claiborbe, Conner, as there was no time at this late period of the session, he Hector Craig, Crocheron, Deberry, Desha, Earll, Foster, thought, to go into the discussion of a subject of sueh mag. Gordon, Gorbam, Haynes, Hinds, Ihrie, Cave Johnson, nitude, Mr. DUNCAN requested Mr. I to withdraw bis motion Potter, Powers, Rencher, Roane, Augustine H. Shepperd,
Lea, Loyall, Thomas Maxwell, McCoy, Nuckolls, Polk, for a short time, to allow some explanation for the bill; but Samuel Á. Smith, Speight, Taliaferro, Verplanck, Camp, Mr. I. declined.
bell P. White87. Mr. BOON called for the yeas and naye, and Mr. LEWIS. made an unsuccessful motion for a call of the House ; the claim offthe State of Massachusetts for certain services
The bill from the Senate, to authorize the payment of when The question was taken, and the bill was laid on the ta- following vote:
of the militia during the late war, was finally past by the ble: yeas, 82-Days, 68.
YEAŠ.Messrs. Alexander, Anderson, Armstrong, BaiTHE LIGHT-HOUSE, &c. BILL? ley, Barber, Bates, Baylor, Bell, Burges, Caboon, OamThe amendments of the Senate to the bill making ap: bert Craig, Crane, Crawford, Creighton, John Davis, De
breleng, Claiborde, Clark, Coleman, Hector Craig, Romittee on Commerce, were taken up. On these amend-berty, Dendy, Desba, Doddridge, Duncan, Dwight, Earl], ments a debate arose, wbich continued til ten o'clock. A George Evans, Edward Everett, Horace Everett, Findlay, Targe number of members participated in the debate; but Gorham, Grennell, Hawkins, Hemphill
, Hinds, Hodges, such were the confusion and indistinctness of the proceed. W. Irvin, Kendall, Kennon, Kincaid, Leiper, Magee, Mar
Howard, Hughes, Hunt, Huntington, Ibrie, Ingersoll, w. ings to spectators, during seveoal hours of the evening, in consequence of the immense crowd of spectators, male and tipdale, Mercer, Miller, Mitchell, Mahlenberg, Norton, female, which filled the Hall, even to the seats of the Pearce, Pettis, Pierson, Powers, Ramsey, Reed, Richardmembers, that it was impossible for reporters to under- sod, Semmes, Smith, Sprigg, William 8. Storrs, Strong, stand the questions correctly.
Sutherland, Swann, Swift, Taliaferro, Taylor, Test, Joho. One of the principal points of contestation was, an ap- ton, Whittlesey, Campbell P. White, Edward D. White,
Thomson, Vance, Varnum, Verplanck, Vinton, Washingpropriation made the Senate, of forty thousand dollars for the examination and improvement of Black creek, in
Wilson, Wingate, Young.--83. Maryland, (connected with the Chesapeake and Delaware Conner, Warren R. Davis, Gordon, Haynes, Jennings,
NAYS.-Messrs. James Blair, Jobo Blair, Chandler, canal) which was ultimately concurred in: yeas, 91
Lea, Lecompte, Loyall, McCoy, Polk, Roane, Augustine The bill from the Senate to authorize a subscription to Williams, Yancey.—21.
H. Sbepperd, Speight, Stanbery, Standifer, Wiekliffe, the stock of the Louisville and Portland Canal Company, was finally passed by the following vote :
Fatigued to complete exhaustion, it became impossible YEAS-Messrs. Armstrong, Noyes Barber, Bates, Bay. longer to keep a quorum. For want of which, the House lor, John Blair, Brown, Burges, Cahoon, Chilton, Clark,
at length adjourned. Cooper, Crane, Crawford, Crockett, Creighton, Jobo Davis, Deberry, Denny, Doddridge, Duncan, Dwight,
MONDAY, MAY $1, 1890. George Evans, Edward Everett, Horace Everett, Findlay, The bills which originated in this House, last presented Grennell
, Hawkins, Hemphill, Hodges, Howard, Hughes, to the Presideut for his approbation, were returned for his Hunt, Huntington, Ihrie, Ingersoll, Irvin, Jennings, Ken signature. dall, Kennon, Kincaid, Lecompte, Leiper, Lyon, Martin The following message accompanied one of these bills : dale, Mercer, Miller, Mitchell, Muhlenberg, Pearce, Pet-To the House of Representatives : tis, Pierson, Ramsey, Reed, Richardson, Russel, Shields, Gentlemen : I have approved and signed the bill entitled " An act Semmes, Smith, Sprigg, Stanberry, Standifer, Sterigere, making appropriations for examinations and surveys, and also for cerWilliam L. Storrs, Strong, Sutherland, Swann, Taylor, section which appropriates the sum of eight thousand dollars for the Test, Thompson, Vance, Varnum, Vinton, Washington, road from Detroit to Chicago, may be construed to authorize the appli. Whittlesey, Edward D. White, Wickliffe, Wingate, Yan. cation of the appropriation for the continuance of the road beyond the cey. Young—79.
limits of the Territory of Michigan, I desire to be understood as having NAYS-Messrs. Cambreleng, Claiborne, Copper, Hec- this section is not to be extended beyond the limits of the said territory.
approved this bill with the understanding that the road authorized by tor Craig, Robert Craig, Crocheron, Warren R. Davis, May 31, 1930,
ANDREW JACKSON. Desha, Earll, Foster, Gordon, Gorham, Haynes, Hinds, The business of the session being finished, the usual Cave Johnson, Lea, Loyall, Magee, McCoy, Nuckolls, committee was appointed to wait upon the President of the Polk, Potter, Powers, Rencher, Roane, Augustine H, United States to inform him that the House was ready to Shepperd, Speight, Taliaferro, Campbell P, White, Wil- adjourn. liamns-35.
The committee having reported, the Speaker adjournThe bill from the Senate authorizing & subscription to led the House sine die.