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INDEX

Adams, J. Q., and Monroe
Doctrine, 30 Adamson Act, 90 Adriatic coast, Italy's claims
on, 311; see also Fiume Aircraft Production Board,
140

Airplanes, production for army,
134-35, 139-42 Alaska purchased from Russia,
31

Albert, King of Belgium, in
Paris, 255

Albert, Dr. H. F., and the
Wilhelmina, 43; and German
plots, 75; loses portfolio,
76

Algeciras Conference (1906),
34

Alien Property Custodian,
179

Alsace-Lorraine returned to
France, 302, 324

American Ambulance in France, 67

American Expeditionary Force,
no provision at first for, 121;
Pershing sent to France,
122; plans for, 124-25; cen-
tralization under Pershing,
148; training in France,
200-02; ports for, 202-03;
supply depots, 203; distri-
bution of supplies, 203-04;
credit due, 225-27; defects,
226; see also Argonne, Cha-
teau-Thierry, St. Mihiel

American Federation of Labor,

delegates aid in formation of
war labor policy, 182 American Protective League,
187

Ancona, torpedoed in Medi-
terranean, 57

Arabia, submarine sinks, 56

Archibald, J. F. J., Dumba
makes use of, 77

Argentine, grain not available
for Europe, 159

Argonne, foreign artillery used
in, 134; plans for advance,
221; defensive importance
for Germans, 222; American
offensive, 222-23; see also
Meuse-Argonne

Arizona offered by Germany as
bribe to Mexico, 106

Armaments, Reduction of,
guarantees not taken at
Paris, 323; League Cove-
nant provides, 324

Armand, Major, discusses
separate peace with Austria,
231

Armenian, submarine attack,
56

Armistice (Nov. 11, 1918),
224, 228; terms, 243

Army, General Staff, 119-20,
157, 188; American Expedi-
tionary Force, 121,122, 124
et seq., 148, 200-04, 225-27;
see also Argonne, Chateau-
Thierry, St. Mihiel; original
programme (1917), 121;
Roosevelt's request to com-

Army—Continued mand volunteers, 122-23;
Selective Service Act, 122,
126-27,133; National Army,
128; training, 128-29, 130-
132; cantonments, 129-30
(note); supplies, 129, 132-
133, 134-43, 152; democracy
of, 134; transportation of
troops, 195, 196-97

Australia, grain not available
for Europe, 159

Austria, Italy's offensive
against, 193; attempts for
separate peace with, 231-32;
treaty, 317, 321-22; denied
right to incorporate with
Germany, 322, 326; tee also
Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary, collapse, 224,
228; offers to negotiate on
basis of Fourteen Points,
241; subject nationalities
receive independence, 324;
see also Austria, Hungary

Ayres, L. P., The War with Ger-
many, cited, 142 (note)

Baker, N. D., Secretary of
War, as pacifist, 85-86, 117-
118; delays approving ma-
chine gun, 137; and Wilson,
153; and coal price agree-
ment, 166-67

Baldwin Locomotive Works,
suspected German plot at,
79

Balfour, A. J., Lloyd George
and, 13; in Council of Ten,
270-71

Baltimore, Democratic con-
vention (1912), 7-8

Banat of Temesvar, "The In-
quiry" gathers facts con-
cerning, 260

Bapaume, capture of, 192

Bartlett, C. L., introduces bill
in House prohibiting sales to
belligerents, 73

Baruch, B. M., appointment
by Wilson, 15; on Council of
National Defense, 155; chair-
man of War Industries
Board, 157; at Peace Con-
ference, 259, 276

Belgium, American sympathy
for, 38, 73, 114; Wilson's
answer to appeal, 40; relief,
67; effect in America of de-
portation of civilians, 97,
99; Germans rank United
States Army with that of,
117; Hoover in, 160; com-
plaint against treaty, 321;
treaty provision regarding,
324

Belleau Woods, attack on, 214,
225

Benes, Edward, Foreign
Minister of Czecho-Slovak
Republic, and Council of
Ten, 274

Benson, Admiral W. S., and
Daniels, 144

Bernstorff, Johann von, Ger-
man Ambassador in Wash-
ington, 41-42, 75, 106; dis-
missed, 108

Bethlehem Steel Company,
suspected German plots in
plant of, 79

Bethmann-Hollweg and sub-
marine warfare, 106

"Big Four," see Council of
Four

Bliss, General T. H., on Su-
preme Military Council, 205-
206; on Peace Commission,
249

Blockade, British blockade of
foodstuffs, 45; as justi-
fication of submarine war-
fare, 53; effect of submarine
warfare upon American
ports, 110 Bolshevik revolution, 193 Borah, W. E., against treaty
and League of Nations, 330-

Borah, W. E.—Continued
331, 342; speech-making
tour, 339-40

Bordeaux, port allotted Ameri-
can Expeditionary Force,
202, 203

Bosch Magneto Company,
German intrigue and, 75

Bourgeois, Leon, on committee
to draft plan for League of
Nations, 289

Boy-Ed, Karl, German naval
attache, 75; and Mexico, 76;
dismissed, 78

Brandegee, F. B., against
treaty and League of
Nations, 342

Bratiano, J. J. C, of Rumania,
and Council of Ten, 274

Brest, destroyer base at, 199;
port allotted American Ex-
peditionary Force, 202-03;
George Washington reaches,
254

Brest-Litovsk treaty, 239

Bridgeport, German manu-
facturing company at, 75;
strikes at, 79

British Grand Fleet, American
battleships join, 199

Brockdorff-Rantzau, U. K. C,
graf von, German Minister
for Foreign Affairs, 317

Browningmachinegun, 137,138 Brusilov attack, 193 Bryan, W. J., leader in Demo-
cratic convention (1912), 7,
8; resigns as Secretary of
State, 53-54; pacifist sug-
gestion, 59; popular with
pacifists, 70 Bryn Mawr College, Wilson
professor at, 3 Bucharest treaty, 239 Bulgaria, collapse, 224, 228,
241; treaty term regarding,
327 Burleson, A. S., and Wilson,
18; Postmaster-General, 154

Byng, General, at Cambrai,
193

Caine, Hall, quoted, 105

California and election of Wil-
son (1916), 92

Cambon, Jules, 276

Cambrai, German lines broken
at, 193, 224

Canada, Americans in forces
of, 67

Cantigny, engagement at, 211-
212

Caporetto, Italian collapse at,
193; Foch commands French
forces in Italy after, 207

Carl, Emperor of Austria,
desire for separate peace,
232

Carranza, Venustiano, Wilson
recognizes, 86; protests
American expedition, 87

Carrizal, attack by Carranza's
troops at, 87

Cecil, Lord Robert, on com-
mittee to draft plan for
League of Nations, 289,
290

Chamberlain, G. E., and pre-
paredness, 82

Chateau-Thierry, 212-13, 216,
225

Chauchat automatic rifles,
137

Chemical Warfare Service,
143

Chemin des Dames, 210, 212 Chicago, Wilson speaks at, 83 China, American policy to-
ward, 31; accepts Japan's
Shantung claim, 315; dele-
gates refuse to sign treaty,
321

Civil War, relations with Great
Britain during, 29 Clark, Champ, candidate for
Presidential nomination

(1912), 8; and conscription,
126

Clayton Act, 90
Clemenceau, Georges, treat-
ment of other French dele-
gates at Paris, 13; signs plea
for American troops, 210;
and question of indemnity,
281, 300, 301; opposition to
Fourteen Points, 251, 252;
in Council of Ten, 264-67;
languages, 272; on Council
of Premiers, 277; helps for-
mulate armistice policy, 278;
wounded, 278; and League
of Nations, 286-87, 288, 303;
ability to conduct plenary
sessions, 289; change in atti-
tude toward Wilson, 295;
and Fiume, 313

Cleveland, Wilson speaks at,
83

Coal, see Fuel Administration

Coffin, H. E., chairman Air-
craft Production Board, 140;
on Council of National De-
fense, 155

Colleges, Students' Army
Training Corps, 131; straw
vote on treaty in, 345
(note)

Colt machine gun, 137

Commerce, British Orders in
Council to control, 42-43;
see also Submarine warfare,
United States Shipping
Board, War Trade Board

Committee on Engineering and
Education, 155-56

Congress, Wilson and, 17, 21,
191; Wilson's appeal for
Democratic, 18, 246-47; and
arming of merchant vessels,
58-59, 60, 110-11; and note
to Germany (April 19, 1916),
61; pacifically-minded, 82;
preparedness, 85; Wilson's
speech in Senate (Jan. 22,
1917),103-05; announcement
of severance of diplomatic
relations with Germany to.

107-08; Wilson's speech
(April 2, 1917), 111-13; de-
clares war, 116; and the
army, 119,133; and conscrip-
tion, 126; appropriation for
airplanes, 140; Overman Act,
149, 157, 189, 190; Lever
Act, 161, 167; proposes con-
trol of military affairs, 188;
attacks on Wilson's war poli-
cies by Senate, 188-89; Sen-
ate and the treaty, 330et seq.;
Foreign Relations Committee
meets Wilson at White
House, 336-37 Conscientious objectors, 133 Conscription, see Draft Contraband, British interpre-
tation of, 42 Council of Foreign Ministers,
277 Council of Four, 277-80 Council of National Defense,
154 et seq.; War Industries
Board, 156-59; food con-
servation, 159-66; fuel con-
servation, 166-71; Labor
Committee, 181; publicity,
186; influence lessened, 187 Council of Premiers, 277 Council of Ten, experts at
meetings of, 261; organi-
zation of, 262-64; Supreme
Council called, 264; meet-
ings, 264, 272-74; personnel,
264-72; and commissions,
275; becomes unwieldy, 278;
Wilson leaves League com-
mittee to attend, 290 Crillon, Hotel, home of Ameri-
can Commission at Paris,
258 Crowe, Sir Eyre, on territorial
commission, 276 Crowell, Benedict, Assistant
Secretary of War, quoted,
135 Cuba, interest of United States
in, 29; Pershing in, 123

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Cunliffe, British financial ex-
pert, 300

Cushing attacked by German
aeroplane, 49

Czechoslovakia, question of
autonomy for Czechs, 232;
nationalistic ambitions
aroused by treaty, 322; Ger-
mans and Magyars in, 327;
and the League, 328

Czernin von Chudenitz, Otto-
kar, count, Austrian Chan-
cellor, 239

Daniels, Josephus, Secretary of
Navy, 144

Danzig, "The Inquiry"
gathers facts concerning,
260; treaty provision, 326

Davis, Norman, financial ad-
visor to Peace Commission,
259, 276

"Daylight saving," 169

Democratic party, Wilson and,
5, 6; convention (1912),
7-8; Wilson makes plea for
Democratic Congress, 18,
246-47; foreign policy, 25-
26, 35; Wilson and machine
leaders, 88

Denman, William, chairman of
United States Shipping
Board, 175

Dent, S. H., and conscription,
126

Dernburg, Dr. Bernhard, and
German propaganda, 44, 72

Dillon, E. J., on Wilson, 9-10

Disarmament, see Armaments,
Reduction of

Draft, Wilson and, 122, 126;
Selective Service Act, 122,
127; National Army, 128;
success of, 133; General
Staff prepares plans for,
148

Dulles, J. F., proposes Repa-
rations Commission, 306
(note)

Dumba, Dr. Constantin, Aus-
trian Ambassador at Wash-
ington, 77; recall requested,
77-78

Durazzo, navy at, 200

East, Far, American policy

regarding, 31-32; see also

China, Japan
Embargo, question of embargo

on munitions, 43-45, 73
Emergency Fleet Corporation,

175, 176, 178
Emery, H. C, on German

pessimism in June, 1918,

240
Enfield rifles, 139
Entente, American opinion

favors, 38; see also Allies,

names of countries
Erzberger, Matthias, leader of

Reichstag revolt, 229-30
Expeditionary Force, see

American Expeditionary

Force

Faisal, Emir, Arabian repre-
sentative at Peace Confer-
ence, 261

Falaba sunk by submarine,
49

Fayolle, General, French
leader, 206; supports Foch,
208

Fiume, "The Inquiry" gathers
facts concerning, 260; ques-
tion of Italian claim, 261,
312-14, 315-16

Foch, General Ferdinand, Per-
shing compared with, 123;
on gasoline conservation,
170; and American troops,
196, 227; made commander-
in-chief of Allied armies,
207; Chemin des Dames,
210; launches counter-offen-
sive (July 18, 1918), 215-
216; political movements
supplement victories of, 228;

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