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which the applicant shall have studied law, his residence within the territory, and the term of time which he shall have practised as an attorney at law, before he can be admitted to the degree of a counsellor at law.
Sect. 5. The Governor of the State shall make use of his private stal, until a State seal be procured.
Sect. 6. The President of the Convention shall issue writs of election to the Sheriffs of the several counties, requiring them to proceed to the election of a Governor, Members of the General Assembly, sheriffs and coroners, at the respective election districts in each county, on the second Tuesday of January next, which elections shall be conducted in the manner prescribed by the existing election laws of this territory ; and the members of the General Assembly, sheriffs and coroners, then elected, shall continue to exercise the duties of their respective offices, until the next annual or biennial election thereafter, as prescribed in this Constitution, and no longer,
SECT. 7. Until the first enumeration shall be made, as directed in the second section of the first article of this Constitution, the county of Hamilton shall be entitled to four Senators and eight Representatives. The county of Clermont, one Senator and two Representatives. The county of Adams, one Senator and three Representatives. The county of Ross, two Senators and four Representatives. The county of Fairfield; one Senator and two Representatives. The county of Washington, two Senators and three Representatives. The county of Belmont, one Senator and two Representatives. The county of Jefferson, two Senators and four Representarives ; and the county of Trumbull, one Senator and two Representatives. Done in Convention at Chillicothe, the 29th day of
November, in the year of our Lord 1802, and of the Independence of the United States of America
the 27th. In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed nur names.
EDW. TIFFIN, President, and Representative from the County of Ross.
Adams County Jof. Darlington, Ifrael Donaldson, Tho. Kirker.
Belmont County. James Caldwell, Elijah Woods.
Clermont County. Philip Gatch, James Sargent.
Fairfield County Henry Abrams, Em. Carpenter.
Hamilton County. John W. Browne,
Charles W. Byrd,
THO, SCOTT, Sec. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
An ACT concerning the District of Columbia.
E it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives That the laws of the State of Virginia, as they now exist, shall be and continue in force, in that part of the district of Columbia which was ceded by the said State to the United States, and by them accepted for the perma. nent seat of government: and that the laws of the State of Maryland as they now exist, shall be and continue in force in that part of the said district which was ceded by that State to the United States, and by them ac, cepted as aforesaid.
SECT. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said district of Columbia shall be formed into two counties, one county shall contain all that part of said district which lies on the east side of the river Potomack, together with the Islands therein, and shall be called the county of WASHINGTON-the other county shall contain all that part of said district which lies on the west side of said river, and shall be called the county of ALEXANDRIA and the said river, in its whole course through said district, shall be taken and deemed, to all intents and purposes, to be within both of said counties.
Sect. 3. Be it further enacted, That there shall be a Court in said district which shall be called the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia—and the said Court and the judges thereof, shall have all the powers by law vested in the circuit Courts (and the judges of the circuit Courts of the United States). Said Court shall consist of one Chief Judge, and two Assistant Judges resident within said district, to hold their respective offices during good behaviour, any two of whom shall constitute a quorum : and each of the said Judges shal}, before he enter on his office, take the oath or affirmation
provided by law to be taken by the judges of the circuit Courts of the United States ; and the said Court shall have power to appoint a Clerk of the Court in each of said counties, who shall take the oath, and give a bond with sureties, in the manner directed for Clerks of the district Courts, in the act to establish the Judiciary of the United States.
SECT. 4. Be it further enacted, That said Court shall annually hold four sessions in each of said counties, to commence as follows, to wit: for the county of Washington, at the city of Washington, in the fourth Mondays of March, June, September, and December: for the county of Alexandria, at Alexandria, on the second Mondays of January, April, July, and the first Monday of October.
Sect. 5. Be it further enacted, That said Court shall have cognizance of all crimes and offences committed within said district; and of all cases in law and equity between parties, both or either of which shall be resident, or be found, within said district-and also of all actions, or suits, of a civil nature, at common law or in equity, in which the United States shall be plaintiffs or complainants; and of all seizures on land or water, and of all penalties and forfeitures made, arising, or accrua ing, under the laws of the United States.
Sect. 6. PROVIDED, And be it further enacted, That all local actions shall be commenced in their proper counties, and that no action or suit shall be brought before said Court by any original process against any person who shall not be an inhabitant of, or found within, said district at the time of serving the writ.
Sect. 7. Be it further enacted, That there shall be a Marshal for the said District, who shall have the custody of the jails of said counties, and be accountable for the safe keeping of all prisoners legally committed therein--and he shall be appointed for the same term, shall take the same oath, give a bond with sureties in the same manner, shall have generally within said district the same powers, and perform the same duties, as is by law directed and provided in case of Marshals of the United States.
Secr. 8. Be it further enacted, That any final judg. ment, order or decree, in said circuit, wherein the matter in dispute, exclusive of costs, shall exceed the value of one hundred dollars, may be re-examined, and reversed or affirmed, in the Supreme Court of the United States, by writ of error or appeal, which shall be prosecuted in the same manner under the same regulations, and the same proceedings shall be had therein, as is, or shall be provided, in the case of writs of error on judgments, or appeals upon orders or decrees, rendered in the CircuitCourts of the United States.
Sect. 9. Be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed an attorney of the United States for said district, who shall take the oath, and perform all the duties required of the district attornies of the United States and the said attorney, marshal, and clerks, shall be entitled to receive for their respective services, the same fees, perquisites and emoluments which are by law allowed respectively to the attorney, marshal, and clerk of the United States for the district of Maryland.
Sect: 10. Be it further enacted, That the Chief Judge to be appointed by virtue of this act, shall receive an annual salary of two thousand dollars, and the two assistant Judges of sixteen hundred dollars each, to be paid quarterly at the treasury of the United States.
SECT. NI. Be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed in and for each of the said counties such number of discreet persons to be Justices of the Peace, as the President of the United States shall, from time think expedient, to continue in office five years ; and such justices having taken an oath for the faithful and impartial discharge of the duties of the office, shall in all matters civil and criminal, and in whatever relates to the conservation of the Peace, have all the powers usually vested in Justices, and shall perform all the duties required of Justices of the Peace, as individual magistrates, by the laws herein before continued in force in those parts of said district, for which they shall have been respectively appointed, and they shall have cognizance in all personal demands to the value of twenty dollars, exclusive of costs, which sum