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Boblink, or Ricebird.

Pinnated grouse, Family 17. Fringillidæ.

Family 7. Phalaropodida. or Heath hen, prairie hen,Red Phalarope, Finches.

Spruce grouse. Blue Grosbeak,

Hyperborean lobefoot, or Rose breasted grosbeak,

Sea goose Snowbird,

Order IV. GRALLÆ.

Wilson's Holopode. Fox colored sparrow,

(Waders.) Song

Order V. LOBIPEDES. $ Bay winged,

Family 1. Charadridæ. or grassbird,

Plovers.

(Lobe footed birds.) White throated"

American ring plover,
White crowned"
Piping

Family 1. Podicipide. Black throated bunting, Wilson's

Coot or Dipper tribe.

American coot, Yellow winged

Kill deer Varied Golden

Horned grebe or dipper,
Field
Whistling

Crested grebe,
Chippingbird,
Turnstone

Red necked":
Tree bunting,
American oyster catcher.

Dipper or pied dobchick. Savannah

Family 2. Gruidæ. Blue striped "

Crane tribe.

Order VI. NATATORES. Seaside finch,

American crane,
Quail head,
Great blue heron,

[Swimmers.) Swamp Finch,

Great white
SYellowbird or
S White crested"

Family 1, Alcido. American gold finch, {or White poke,

Puffin tribe.
Pine finch,
Blue heron,

Black Guillemot,
Lesser redpole,
Lousiana

Foolish

or Murre, Mealy Green

Sea Dove,
Crested purple finch, Small bittern,

Arctic Puffin,
Cardinal Grosbeak,
American"

Razor bill,
Chewink or
Black crowned night heron,

Family 2. Colymbida.
Ground robin,
Yellow

Loon tribe.

Great loon or diver, Indigo bird,

Family 3. Tantalidæ. Red

Stork tribe.

Red throated loon Black winged red bird, White ibis,

Family 3. Procellaride. Lapland snow Glossy"

Petrels. White

Family 4. Scolopacidæ,

SLarge shearwater, or

Puffin,
Horned lark,

Curlew tribe.
Pine bull finch,
Long billed

Little

curlew,
American crossbill,
Jack

SWilson's Petrel, or
White winged "
Small Esquimaux "

Mother Carey's chicken,
Family 18. Picidæ.
Long legged sandpiper,

Fork tailed Petrel.

Family 4. Pelicanida.
(Borers.)
Semi-palmated

Pelican tribe.
Woodpecker tribe. Purple
Crested woodpecker Buft breasted

Cormorant,

Double crested cormorant,
Red headed
Curlew

Brown Pelican,
Hairy
Black breasted

American Gannet.
Downy
Schinz's

Family 5. Larida. Yellow billed

Pectoral
Red
Red breasted

Gull tribe.

Black Skimmer,
Arctic
Wilson's

Common
Banded
Sanderling,

tern,

Cayenne, Golden winged "

Spotted sand lark, or High hole.

Black
Grey

Marsh
Family 19. Cuculidae Yellow leg,
Cuckoo tribe.

Arctic

Solitary Tatler Yellow billed cuckoo, or Jack snipe,

Sandwich

Roseate
Black

Varied Tatler,
Family 20. Columbidæ Willet or stone curlew,

Silvery
Pigeon tribe.

Winter gull,
Marlin,
Wild Pigeon,

Great black backed gull,
Ring tailed marlin,

Common American
Carolina turtle dove.

Dowitchee or
Red breasted snipe,

Laughing
Order III.

Bonaparte's
GALLINÆ.
Comnion American snipe,

Fork tailed
American wood cock.
Family 5. Rallidæ.
$ Three toed

or Family 1. Phasianidæ.

Rail tribe.

Killiwake,
Pheasant tribe.
Salt water meadow hen,

Arctic hawk gull,
Wild Turkey.

Pomarine
Fresh
Introduced and domesti.
Mud hen,

Family 6. Anatida.
cated.
New York rail,

Goose and Duck tribes. Peacock, Sora

Buff breasted shelldrake, Guinea fowl,

Red
Florida Gallinule,
Common cock.

Hooded
Family 2. Tetraonidæ. Family 6. Recurvirostridæ.Canvass back duck,
Grouse tribe,

Avoset tribe.

Red head
American quail,
Lawyer,

Broad bill
Common partridge,
American Avoset.

Creek
Ruffed grouse,

Bastard

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Class III. Reptiles.
There are but three orders of reptiles found in the state, viz.

1st, Chelonia. The turtle tribe. Among the animals belonging to this order are the green turtle, which, though a native of warm climates, occasionally makes its appearance in the waters of New York bay, and Long Island sound; the leather turtle, a gigantic species; the soft shell turtle found in the Mohawk, and in the lakes; the snapping turtle; the salt water terrapin, or mud turtle; the smooth terrapin, which resembles the preceding in its appearance and habits; the painted tortoise; the spotted tortoise or speckled turtle; the wood or fresh water terrapin ; the red bellied terrapin; Muhlenburg's tortoise; the geographic, and the pseudo-geographic tortoise, both distinguished by the geometric lines upon their shells; the mud tortoise, found only in the southern counties; the musk tortoise, also called mud turtle, and mud terrapin; the common box, or checkered, tortoise, also called box turtle; and Blanding's box tortoise.

2d, Sauria. The lizard tribe. There are but two species of this tribe, known to exist in this state, viz. the blue tailed skink or lizard, called also the striped lizard, found in the southern counties; and the brown swift, frequenting the woods, in every part of the state.

3d, Ophidia. The serpent tribe. Most of these are harmless, only two species being venomous.

Of the harmless species, we have the common black snake, from three to six feet long; the pilot black snake, or racer, found in the Highlands and Fishkill mountains; the chain snake, also called racer; the milk or chicken snake, also called house snake, checkered adder, &c.; the striped snake; the ring snake, black and red, small; the grass or green snake; the brown water snake, or water adder-this snake has its tail tipped with horn, and is frequently regarded with dread, but without cause ; the striped water, green water, or water garter snake; the yellow bellied snake; the small brown snake: the ribbon snake; the red snake, very small, and found under stones and logs; the hog nosed snake, called also deaf adder, spreading adder, &c

The two venomous species are, the copper head, called also red ad· der, dumb rattlesnake, red viper, &c.; and the northern rattlesnake, The popular belief that the latter add a new rattle every year is erroneous. Instances have been known where there were forty-four of these fibulæ or rattles on the tail of a single snake, and that not of a very large size. They are found abundantly, in the rocky and unsettled portions of the state. The deer and the hog destroy them rapidly—the latter eating them.

Class IV. Amphibia. Animals living both on the land, and in the water. There are but four families of amphibia, in the state.

1st, Ranida. The frog tribe. The following are all the species of this family in the state: The common bull frog; the large northern bull frog, found in lakes George and Champlain, and their tributaries; the spring frog, the kind most usually eaten; the marsh or pickerel frog, used for bait, and called also, from its spots, tiger, and leopard frog ; the shad frog, which makes its appearance in the early spring; the wood frog, a very nimble animal; the hermit spadefoot, a singular animal, between a frog and a toad; the common American toad, a harmless and useful animal ; Pickering's hylodes, a very small toad; the peeper or cricket frog, called in Savannah, the Savannah cricket; the northern, or common tree toad; and the squirrel tree toad.

2d, Salamandride. The salamander tribe. These are usually, though incorrectly, called lizards. Among them are the yellow bellied salamander; the violet colored, the red backed, the painted, the salmon colored, the blotched, the long tailed, the granulated, the striped back, the red, the scarlet, and the blue spotted salamander.

3d, Sirenide. The triton tribe. Of these we have the tiger triton, with a tongue like a fish; the common spotted; the dusky, and the grey triton.

4th, Amphiumide. The proteus tribe. The banded proteus, or great water lizard, a very singular animal, having the body of a lizard, and the gills of a fish; and the Alleghany hell-bender, another curious amphibious animal, very voracious, and from 12 to 24 inches in length, are the only species of this family in New York.

Class V. Fishes. The fishes, belonging to the state, are very numerous. Fishes are divided into two sub-classes, BONY and CARTILAGIN

The first sub-class has six orders, viz. 1st, Pectinibranchi, having gills arranged regularly, like the teeth of a comb. This order embraces many of our common fish, both in fresh and salt water. Those best known are the perch, bass, bullhead, sheepshead, porgee, pilot fish, mullet, black fish or tautaug, cunner, sucker, mackerel, &c. &c. In all the fishes belonging to this order the rays of the fin are bony. The same arrangement of the gills occurs in the three succeeding orders,

2d, Abdominal, those having belly fins and ventrals. This order includes the shad, herring, salmon, trout, catfish, pipe fish, dace, shiner, carp, pike, pickerel, minnow, &c.

This, and the four succeeding orders, have soft rayed fins.

3d, Jugular, having shoulder fins, and ventrals attached to the bones of the shoulder. It includes the cod, haddock, hake, halibut, flatfish, flounder, turbot, sole, lumpfish, &c.

4th, Apodal, without fins. This order includes the eel and conger.

5th, Lophobranchi, those having tufted gills. This order is small, comprising two species of pipe fish and the Hudson river sea horse.

6th, Plectognathi, those having the gills concealed under the

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skin. The balloon fish, puffer, and globe fish are examples of this order.

Sub-class II. CARTILAGINOUS Fishes. These are divided into three orders, viz. 1st. Eleutheropomi, those having free gills.

This order is represented in the state only by the sturgeon.

2d, Plagiostoma, those having the gills attached. This includes the shark and ray tribes.

3d, Cyclostomi, those having circular openings on each side of the neck for respiration. This includes the lamprey, frequently called lamper eel.

Fossil FISHES. Twenty-five species of these have been enumerated by the Messrs. Redfield. A number of them are extinct species.

The following catalogue contains the names of all the fishes as yet discovered in the waters of this state:

Sub-class I. Bony Fishes.
Order I. PECTINIBRANCHI. Four spined stickleback, Spotted caranx,
Many spined

Hair finned blepharis, or (Spine rayed.)

Family 3. Scienidæ. Hair finned dory,
Family 1. Percida.

Sheepshead family. (Rostrate argyreiose or
Perch family.
Lafayette,

Dory,
American yellow

Hair finned
Weakfish,

perch,
Rough
Lake sheepshead,

S Blunt nosed shiner, or
Rough headed"
Silvery Corvina,

Bristly dory,
Sharp nosed"
Branded

Banded seriole,
Slender
Sharpfinned"

Blue fish,
Striped sea bass,
Black sheepshead,

Bottle headed dolphin,
Ruddy
King fish,

Spotted lampugas,
Little white
Big drum,

Long finned harvest fish,
Small black
Banded

Short finned
White lake
Banded Corvina,

Family 7. Teuthida. Black Huron or black bass, Speckled redmouth,

Surgeon. Champlain pickering,

Yellow finned “ Yellow pike perch, Squirrel fish,

Family 8. Atherinidæ. Grey Banded pristipoma,

Dotted silverside,

Slender Tesselated darter,

Black triple tail. Groper,

Family 4. Sparidæ.

Family 9. Mugilide. Black sea bass,

Porgee family.

Müllet family.
Growler,
Sheepshead,

Striped mullet,

White
Fresh water bass,
Sand porgee,

Rock
Black do.

Rhomboidal “
Obscure do.
Aculeated gilthead,

Spotted
Common pond fish,
Big porgee, or

Family 10. Gobidæ.
Black eared“
Scup.

Goby family,
Coachman,

Family 5. Chetodontidæ. Sea weed blenny,
Spineless perch,
Banded Ephippus, or

Radiated shanny,
Unarmed Uranoscope,
Three tailed porgee,

Six banded chasmodes,
Northern Barracuta,
Moon fish,

American butter fish,
Cirrous Lepisoma.
Razor fisb.

Thick lipped eel pout,
Family 2.

Bordered
Triglidæ. Family 6. Scombride.
Gurnard family.

Mackerel tribe.

Sea wolf,
Web fingered gurnard,
Spring Mackerel,

Variegated goby.
Red
Fall

Family 11. Lophide.
Banded
Spanish

Toad tish family.
Spinous
Common tunny,

American angler,
Sea swallow,
Striped bonito,

Gibbous mouse fish,
Common bullhead, Spotted cybium,

Smooth
Brazen

Silvery hair tail, or Short nosed malthea,
Smooth browed "
Ribbon fish.

Dotted
Greenland

Common sword fish,
American sea raven,
New York pilot fish,

non toad fish,
Small sea scorpion,
Northern crab-eater,

Two spined toad fish. Spotted Carolina lichia,

Family 12. Labridæ. Northern sebastes, Silvery trachinote,

Common bergall, or Little star gazer,

Spinous or

Cunner,
American å spidophore, Spinous dory,

Spotted do.
Spotted wrymouth,
Black pilot,

New York tautaug, or
Two spined stickleback,
Southern caranx,

Black fish. New York

Yellow

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Order ft. ÅBDOMINAL. Spotted pipe fish,

Rusty flat fish, (Soft rayed fishes.)

Family 5. Salmonidæ. Toothed,

Salmon Family, Oblong Flounder,
Famlly 1: Siluridæ. Brook trout,

Long toothed
Catfish family.
Red bellied

Spotted Turbot;
Oceanic catfish,
Lake

New York sole.
Milbert's arius,
Mackinaw Balmon,

Family 3. Cyclopteridos
Great lake catfish;
Common sea

Lump fish.
Common

or
American smelt;

Family 4. Echineide
Horn pout-minister;
Spotted Troutlets

White tailed remora,
Brown catfish,
Argentine,

Indian
Black
Lake white fish,

Common
Family 2. Cyprinidæ Common shad salmon,
Čarp family.
Otsego

Order IV. APODAL

Family 6. Clupidce.
Gold

Herring family.
Variegated Bream,
Common herring,

Family 1. Anguillida
New York chubsucker,
Striped

Eel family,
Brilliant
Green

Common eel,
Long finned
Little

New York
Gibbous
Satin striped

Beaked
Round backed
Blue

Sea
Common
gucker,
Brit,

Bullhead
Oneida
American shad,

American conger,
Horned
American Alewife,

New York ophidiunt;
Pale
Mossbonker,

American sand launce
Mullet

Autumnal Herring, Banded Black

Slender
Large scaled

Spotted shadine,
New York shiner,
Spotted thread herring,

Order V. LOPHOBRANCHI, Black nosed dace,

River moon eye,
Spawn cater,
Lake

Family 1. Syngnathide.
Redfin,
Saury,

Banded pipe fish,
Roach
Western Mudfish.

Green
Bhining

Family 7. Sauride.

Hudson river sea horse. Black headed "

Bony Pikes.
Silvery

Buffalo bony pike,
Banded
Flat nosed"

Order VI. PLÉCTOGNATH),
Pigmy
Bay shiner,

Order III. JUGULAR. Family 1. Chymnodontide, Corporaalen,

Balloon fish family. Sheepshead lebiag,

Family 1. Gadida. Spot-striped balloon fish, Striped killifish,

Cod family

Unspotted
Barred
American cod,

Warty
Big
Power

Hairy
Transparent minnow,

Common puffer;
Barred
Haddock;

Curved
Champlain
Americati hake,

Lineated
Family 3. Esoeida. Plain bürbot

Small globe fish,
Pickerel family. Spotted

Bhort head fish,
Muskellunge,
Compressed"

Family 2. Balistida. Common pickerel, New York Pollack,

File fish family,
Varied
Green

Orange file fish;
Federation pike,
Coal fish,

Long finned
Banded Garfish,
Cusk,

Massachusetts “
Bill fish,
American Codling,

Thread
New York flying fish,
Spotted

Long tailed unicorn fish; Single bearded "

Family 2. Planidæ. Dusky balistes. Double

Flatfish family. Family 3. Ostraceonido. Family 4. Fistularidæ. Halibut,

Dromedary,
Pipe fish family. New York flat fish,

Yale's trunk fish.
American pipe fish. Pigmy

Sub-class II. Cartilaginous Fishes.
Order I. ELEUTHEROPOMA. Mackerel porbeagle,
Long tailed

Cow nose
Family Sturionidæ. American houndfish, Hedge hog".
Lake
sturgeon,
Basking shark,

Whip
Bhort nosed
Spinous dog fish,

Smooth skate,
Bharp
Nurse,

Sea devil.
Hammer head shark,
Order. II. PLAGIOSTOMA.

American angel fish, or Order III. Cyclostomi.

Sea devil,

Common saw fish.
Family 1. Squalidæ.

Family Petronyzido:
Shark Family.
Family 2. Raiadce.

American sea lamprey,
Threshing shark,

Ray family. Bluish
Small blue
Clear nosed ray,

Small lamprey,
Dusky
Spotted sting

Colored mud lamprey,
Ground
Prickly

Plain

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