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A

GEOGRAPHICAL HISTORY

OF THE STATE OF

NEW YORK:

EMBRACING ITS

HISTORY, GOVERNMENT, PHYSICAL PEATURES, CLIMATE,

GEOLOGY, MINERALOGY, BOTANY, ZOOLOGY,

EDUCATION, INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS, &c

WITH A SEPARATE

MAP OF EACH COUNTY.

THE WHOLE FORMING

A COMPLETE HISTORY OF THE STATE.

BY J. H. MATHER and L. P. BROCKETT, M. D.

UTICA:

PUBLISHED BY H. H. HAWLEY & CO.

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

FROM
THE BEQUEST OF
EVERT JANSEN WENDELL

1918

Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1848, by

H. 11. HAWLEY & Co., in the Clerk's office of the District Court of the Northern District of New York.

olasba

PREFACE.

This Work has been prepared with great care and labor and presents the following claims to the patronage of the people of New York.

It gives historical sketches of the first settlement of the state, and of each County, compiled from the most authentic sources, also the date of the settlement of each town, in chronological order.

It presents the Geography of the State, accompanied by Maps of the State, and of each County,- correctly delireating the county and town lines of boundary, and representing the localities of the most important cities and villages.

These maps are of very great importance to the scholar and reader of this work, aiding him in his knowledge of locality, without which all geographical research is only superficial.

In the absence of a reference map, they serve as a substitute to a good degree, especially in defining the boundaries of counties and towns, being free from names, they are perfectly distinct to the eye.

It also gives all the most valuable particulars of the late Geological Survey, not only in relation to the Geology and Mineralogy, but also to the Botany and Zoology of the State.

To the Politician it is a valuable manual, furnishing him with the new Constitution, the organization of the different departments of the State Government, the history of the land purchases, which have been the source of much controversy in the State, and the Statistics of wealth, manufactures and population in each County.

To the friend of education, this book is valuable on account of its full and accurate statistics of the history, progrees, and present condition of the Public Schools, the Normal School, the Universities, Colleges and Academies in the state, together with the Common School System.*

It is emphatically a book FOR THE FAMILY, and as such we offer it to the people of the State of New York.

*Soon after this work went to press the office of County Euperintendant of Schools was abolished by the Legislature.

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