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to a pinch, an ounce of sincerity is worth a ton and nearly always select the lawyer with the best of bluff. If you must misrepresent, truckle, bully attitude. This often determines a case at law. and disparage, do not hire men or ask them to buy You can not afford to give the impression that your goods—become a social outcast and then vilify you are giving way to either court or counsel on to your heart's content. But I pray you, as long the opposite side. When you do that you lose as you are a part of the human family, be human the faith of the jury. I sometimes think a law-do not condemn it. Not that you will injure the yer should be 50 per cent better than the court. family as much as yourself--for you are a used-to- “Study the style and mannerisms of the profes. was. But when you disparage the man who makes sion and ask yourself, 'How do I stand with this the wealth upon which you fatten, you do not dis- juror or with the jury?' Story books have much parage yourself, for that time has long gone by; to do with framing the attitude of the lawyer, but you simply awaken pity and regret for degenerated you can never afford to be too much of a gentletalent.

man or too deferential in court."

We are told that Judge McEwen has been McEwen's Amazing Doctrine.

a successful lawyer, and is now an eminent President Taft and a host of others lose

jurist. He is assuredly frank, for his adno opportunity to tell us about the dignity vice to the budding Blackstones confirms the of the legal profession, and what honest, nastiest and ugliest popular conceptions of self-sacrificing, unprejudiced personages the the real ethics of the legal profession. judges are. It may be the popular concep- Boiled down in plain English, he tells them tion of the legal profession does it great in- to “Lie, cheat, deceive, and, above all, look justice, and it is possible judges "lean the

out for No. 1.” His honor-how inapt the other way” when trying cases in which their term appears in the face of that advicefriends and acquaintances are involved, but probably made a bullseye, for though there we notice litigants avoid unfriendly judges. were several other speakers, not one is reA judge may be cold, uninfluenced by his

ported as having protested against Judge feelings, contemptuous of financial consid- McEwen's dictum. That

lawyers erations, but those qualities are not what an should plan their lives along such lines is eminent jurist says are necessary to become not very important—it is solely an affair of a successful lawyer. Listen to this from the the individual. When lawyers come to serve Chicago Record-Herald:

the public in various capacities it is differ"You must run many a cold, nervy bluff and ent. We have a right to know if it is their can not afford to be numbered in the down-and

religion to "run cold, nervy bluffs" and out class. "You can not afford to be too much of a gen

"first of all look out for No. 1,” which is tleman to the opposing counsel nor too deferential

the excuse of grafters and boodlers of all in a courtroom.

degrees. More important still, how can a These were among the “Do's and Dont's" given

man making a lifelong practice of such tacby Judge Willard M. McEwen to the graduating

tics fill the office of judge in an honest, disclass of 1909 of the Chicago Law School at a banquet held in their honor in the Egyptian room of

passionate, unselfish manner? Probably no the Auditorium Hotel last night:

habits are harder to overcome than those "The lawyer occupies a vested position probably

which comprehend bluffing and “looking out higher than in any other profession," the jurist

for No. 1"-getting money at all hazards. said, “and in this position he has himself first to maintain and should first of all look out for No. 1,

The enormity of Judge McEwen's sugges"Why is it that you will be given business tion will be better understood if the reader against the older practitioner? Because your client will endeavor to imagine what a judge thinks he is getting the service at a smaller cost or

would say if a labor official gave like advice fee. Take it and be thankful, but ma

to trade unionists. nerve and dignity.

"You must have experience and perhaps a little money, and you must run a cold, nervy bluff, for

The last quarterly bulletin of the New you can not afford to be numbered in the downand-out class. People believe in you and that you York State Department of Labor devotes are just a little better than others, and you must ten pages to old age pensions for union play the part. You can not play the part of the printers, declaring that "the progress of country church mouse, but must reach out for

this effort will be viewed with interest by what's in sight. "Juries are often impressed with the counsel,

national unions of other trades, and, if the and all juries desire to have some one to lean on, plan be successful, the movement to pro

1

tain your

vide a stipulated allowance for members last half of the year was most notable in in their declining years, thus obviating the the transportation, metal and printing dread of future penury, will doubtless be- trades. come general among associations of labor The figures herewith presented were comin the United States.” It is conceded on piled by Charles M. Maxwell, secretaryall sides that the pension scheme adopted treasurer of New York Typographical by the International Typographical Union Union No. 6, showing the amount that is the most ambitious that has been pro- union printers, in regularly organized chapposed by any American trade union.

els, earned each month from October 16,

1908, to May 15, 1909 : We Protect Our Members.

October 16 to November 15...

. $548,710 November 16 to December 15.

482,058 A few months ago our Boston corre- December 16 to January 15..

535,728 spondent gave an account of the death of January 16 to February 15..

549,418 Richard F. Mitchell, a popular member of

February 16 to March 15.

496,020 March 16 to April 15.....

494,506 Typographical Union No. 13, which oc

April 16 to May 15.....

582,278 curred at the state insane hospital. Circum

If the average for the next three months stances in connection with the case were of

shows the same improvement over last sumsuch a suspicious nature that Boston Union

mer, the printers at least will have no cause compelled an investigation. On May 24 two

for complaint. attendants were sentenced to the Massachusetts House of Correction-one for three

An International Affair. years and the other for two and one-halfhaving been convicted of manslaughter in

The contention between the typographical beating their patient to death. Mr. Mitchell

union and the Butterick Publishing Comhad been suffering with paralysis of the

pany is unique, inasmuch as it is, perhaps,

the first time that a trade union has atbrain. While the sentence in no way fits the crime, it is gratifying to know that the

tempted anything so international in chartypographical union at all times is ready to

acter. The Butterick Publishing Company protect its members. Had the murdered

(which is known as the pattern trust) sends man been a non-unionist the crime would

its products all over the world. In Gerhave gone unpunished, and the brutal at

many its magazines are known as Moden tendants would still be pursuing their fiend

Revue, Butterick's Moden Album and Butish tactics on other helpless inmates.

terick's Moden der Hauptstadte, which publications are circulated to advertise and

help sell the Butterick dress patterns. New York Printers' Earnings.

While the printers of the United States After every business depression statisti- were fighting for three years to establish the cians try to show by figures when prosperity eight-hour workday all the commercial returns. In the New York Labor Bulletin printing establishments, the bitterestenfor March it is shown that the excessive un- emy of the typographical union was the Butemployment which prevailed in 1908, as a terick company. This concern felt that it result of the panic of October, 1907, stead- could afford to suffer losses in America so ily declined in amount after March, and long as its profits in other countries were up to the end of November the percentage

The labor organizations in the of idleness in the representative organized United States have been active in the contrades decreasing in that period from 37.5 test, but so long as the Butterick business to 21.5. The returns as to causes of idle- abroad flourished, the company could afford ness indicate that improving trade condi- to laugh at the American workingmen's eftions account for the diminishing idleness in forts to bring it to a settlement. 1908, there having been only the usual In July, 1908, legal proceedings were instiamount of disability (sickness, etc.), and tuted against Typographical Union No. 6, less than the usual amount of idleness due of New York city, in which the Butterick to labor disputes. Improvement during the company sought to place the officers and

secure.

many of the members in jail for criminal contempt of court. This case is still pending, and judging from recent decisions handed down by some of the courts, the union men may receive a setback.

The time has arrived when the true international spirit of labor should be manifested. When a corporation, which does a business that is world-wide, shows so malignant a spirit toward the workingmen in one country, it is safe to assume that it would treat the workingmen in another country in the same manner.

Typographical Union No. 6 has asked the women of Germany to lend their assistance in this work by refusing to buy the Butterick patterns and fashion magazines. Remember that they are Moden Revue, Butterick's Moden Album, Butterick's Moden der Hauptstadte and the Butterick dress patterns.

"the hundreds of thousands of men, women and children whose livelihood, happiness and prosperity depend on this great industry are as dear to me as are the interests of other people in other sections to the senators who represent them." And again, "I believe in charity that begins at home."

Reference to the census statistics of 1905 shows that the employes in the manufacturing industries of West Virginia which were reported upon received an

average of $483.40. This is more than $16 less a year than the senator quoted as the average wage for the West Virginia coal digger.

A Comparison of Miners' Wages.

A few weeks ago Senator Scott, of West Virginia, delivered a speech in the United States senate in which he attempted to throw some light on the mining industry of his state. He attempted to draw a favorable comparison between conditions in 1870 and the present time. An analysis of his own figures, however, discloses several disagreeable facts. While there is fairly good reason to question the accuracy of Mr. Scott's figures from the viewpoint of the toiler, still, taking him at his own word, he proves a poor case for the prosperity of the West Virginia producer of wealth.

A close inspection of the senator's figures reveals the fact that the average wage of the West Virginia miner in 1870 was $523.91, while in 1909 the same average had fallen to an even $500. Later in his speech the senator said: "In making this amount of coal over 60,000 miners are employed, and on their labors depend directly over 300,000 people.” That is a total of 360,000 people, which means that six people on an average must live on a daily income of $1.37, or 23 cents a day apiece. Out of this pitiful sum the mining inhabitants of the little mountain state must feed, clothe and shelter themselves. In the light of these facts it sounds like irony to hear Scott say,

Autocratic Lake Carriers. The flat refusal of the Lake Carriers' Association to meet representatives of the striking seamen, direct or indirect, for the purpose of reasoning over the matters in dispute and trying to arrive at some sort of compromise, has received the severe condemnation of many influential newspapers. Instance the following from the Detroit News:

This autocratic attitude reflects no credit upon the Lake Carriers' Association. Although that body is composed of men of great means, who operate large investments in shipping, it is not an imperial interest, which would belittle itself by listening to the complaints of its employes. A similar attitude was assumed, and with more reason, by the min. istry of Russia not long ago. A people oppressed by taxation, deprived of free access to the soil, and subjected to the domination of district overlords, complained because their needs were ignored in legislation. They asked for a constitution, and for representation in a parliament in which their needs could be formally submitted as subjects for legis. lation. A formal procession was arranged. It proceeded, unarmed and in good order, to the palace grounds, but the ministry, acting in behalf of the czar, decided that the people were unfit for representation in parliament; that a parliament would derogate the dignity of the crown, and, therefore, there was nothing to arbitrate. To impress fully this fact upon the petitioners, the answer given in the form of powder and ball, and several hundred subjects who came to petition were fully "impressed" with the policy of the govern. ment that they will never protest or petition again. But enough of those rude commoners of Russia survived the crashing volleys to persist in the as. sertion of their rights, and the lake carriers will notice, perhaps, that Russia now has a douma, and thereby a device for submitting the needs of the people to the government by petition, without incurring a reply in the form of bullets.

The peremptory attitude of the Lake Carriers'

was

SO

Association is contrary to established practice. All regulation in private and public life is a matter of compromise, just as all the ancient law is the result of the representatives of the governors and the governed meeting in conference and reasoning togther. The imniortal Coke laid down an axiom when he said: “Reason is the life of the law; nay, the common law itself is nothing else but reason." The attitude of the Lake Carriers' Associ. ation is that of the typical overlord, and that type is out of place in a government of the people. They have but to look back to the refusal of the coal barons to confer with their employes, and to the results that followed, to appreciate that they are in error. The marine interest of the great lakes is largely the gift of the people, who have poured millions into rivers, harbors and channel improve

The striking seamen are a part of the people, and they are entitled to a fair hearing.

ments.

Henry T. Ogden. The Cincinnati correspondent of The TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL last month noted the death of Henry T. Ogden, one of the oldest members of the International Typographical Union, having been president of the old Franklin Society at Cincinnati, and a delegate to the conference at Baltimore, Md., in 1851, which adjourned to Cincinnati for the convention of 1852, at which time the National Typographical Union was organized. Our revered and departed member drew the figure "3" for Cincinnati in the drawing for numbers of charter unions.

Henry T. Ogden was born March 31, 1824, at Milford, Bracken county, Kentucky, and learned the printers' trade in the office of the Kentucky Observer and Reporter. From 1842 to 1846 he was connected with the American Fur Company. He served in the Mexican war in Colonel Doniphan's command, attaining the rank of first lieutenant. While campaigning in the land of the Aztecs he carried alone through the enemy's country the message to General Scott which resulted in the juncture of the American forces. For this feat, and bravery displayed in action on the fields of Churubusco, Chapultepec, Palo Alto, Buena Vista and Cerro Gordo, he was promoted, and was mustered out with the brevet of colonel at the end of hostilities. Mr. Ogden was seriously wounded in the charge on the fortress of Chapultepec.

At the close of the Mexican war Mr. Ogden visited his Kentucky home, afterward settling in Cincinnati. He married Anna

Ross, a member of one of the pioneer families of the Ohio valley, three children resulting from the union--Harry M., of Memphis, Tenn.; William B., now deceased, and Lucy B., now Mrs. E. P. Tingley, of Charlotte, N. C. Mr. Ogden was the last president of the old Franklin Society and the first president of Cincinnati Typographical Union No. 3. He was active in politics and prominent in church work of his home city, being a member of the Central Christian church. He was a coadjutor of Francis Murphy in the temperance cause, and was often in the field as an advocate of political action for furthering that cause.

Mr. Ogden was a member of the Masonic fraternity, having been master of the military lodge with the Doniphan voltigeurs in Mexico.

The deceased retired from active business in 1903, at the time of the destruction by fire of the plant of the Robert Clarke Publishing Company, of Cincinnati, being a silent partner in that concern. It was at this time that he removed with his wife to Charlotte, to make his home with his daughter. Mrs. Ogden passed away on June 18, 1906, just three years to a day prior to the death of her husband.

At the time of the death of Henry T. Ogden there were three generations of the family represented on the membership rolls of the International Typographical Union. In his pockets during his last illness were found three badges—that of the Mexican war veterans, a confederate veteran badge, presented to him by Mrs. Stonewall Jackson on account of his friendship for her deceased husband, and a golden jubilee badge of the Cincinnati convention of 1903.

The name of Henry T. Ogden will ever live in the annals of the International Typographical Union as one of its progenitors and strongest advocates.

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Max Morris, fourth vice-president of the American Federation of Labor and secretary of the International Association of Retail Clerks, died in his home city, Denver, Colo., June 7, age 43 years. Max Morris was considered one of the best organizers in the federation, and his loss will be greatly felt in the councils of that body.

ings, and after a thorough examination, they reported their convictions as follows:

1. The objects of the act are most commendable, and, so far as it is availed of, it will prove of great value, not only to the insured, but to the whole community.

2. It will immediately benefit the worker, the employer, the taxpayer, and the citizen.

3. It is thoroughly in line with those policies which have placed Massachusetts at the head of the list of states in guarding the welfare of her work

ers.

Label Goods Preferred. At a meeting held in Memphis, Tenn., the latter part of May, the purchasing agents of the Farmers' Educational and Co-Operative Union adopted resolutions recommending to the membership that union label goods be given the preference. The agents agreed individually to use the label on all printed matter. Organizer Hill, of Nashville, who represented the International Typographical Union at the gathering, asserts that the agents would have taken a stronger stand for union label goods but for the fact that in a number of southern penitentiaries stoves are manufactured, and they did not desire at this time to pledge themselves absolutely to refuse to use the product of convict labor. They gave as a reason that they did not think the members of their organization would endorse such action. Organizer Hill made arrangements for the official paper of the Farmers' Union of Tennessee to carry the union label.

4. It encourages thrift and economy, and discourages waste and extravagance.

The association unanimously endorsed the report of the committee, and voted to support, with a liberal appropriation, an active propaganda in behalf of this method of in

surance.

Altogether, the friends of the movement are much encouraged by the results so far achieved, and their efforts will not be relaxed until this opportunity is brought home to all the wage-earners of the commonwealth. With this system in good working order, it is believed the problem of old age pensions will be solved in large measure.

More than 300 delegates were elected to represent their various unions at the coming convention at St. Joseph. All indications point to one of the largest and most interesting sessions in the history of the International Typographical Union.

The astounding fact has been disclosed by a government report recently issued, that in forty-five occupations coming under the heading of "dusty trades," one-third of the deaths result from consumption.

Insurance and Old Age Annuities.

The progress made in Massachusetts in behalf of savings bank insurance and old age annuities has so encouraged the friends of the movement in New York that a bill drawn on the lines of the Massachusetts act was introduced into the senate and passed by the New York legislature before its recent adjournment.

Up to May 1 $660,000 worth of insurance was written, and applications were being received at the rate of about $40,000 or $50,000 a week. Agencies for the Whitman Savings Bank and the People's Savings Bank, of Brockton, the two banks doing this kind of business, have multiplied rapidly, until they now number more than sixty, and an effort is being made to have a third bank do business along the same lines.

Active in the propaganda have been the trade union auxiliary committee of the Massachusetts Savings Insurance League, officials of the state actuary's department, and agents of the Boston Merchants' Ass). ciation, who have addressed employers and workingmen on the advantages offered by the act. The merchants' association appointed a committee to investigate its work

THE HOME BUILDING FUND. The following donations have been received at headquarters since last report to be applied to the fund for erecting an addition to the Union Printers Home: Previously acknowledged....... . $5,569 78

INDIVIDUALS. B. F. Swigart, St. Louis, Mo...

3 00 E. K. Downer, Downieville, Cal...

I 00 CHAPELS. Junior Typographical l'nion No. 1, Denver, Colo...

2 50 Express Chapel, Los Angeles, Cal...

23 00 Daily News Joint Chapel, Chicago, Ill... 100 00 Navy Branch Chapel, Washington, D. C..

4 50 Tulsa Auxiliary No. 62, Tulsa, Okla... Total

- $5,708 78

5 00

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