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in line--and before morning several policemen were present to see that the line was maintained. The first man at the door was a poor Galician-a man, who, under the pell-mell competitive plan de. manded by some printers who ought to know better, would have been snowed under in the mad crush. Again, at the postoffice general delivery wicket, I noticed order and fairness prevailed only because of the priority principle, even among the unorganized. Priority abolition would only start internal war and would not be a solution for our troubles. There is no mathematician or economist on earth who can fit one hundred men into sev. enty-five jobs-priority or no priority. So long as the rule of capital predominates, the only thing we can do is to shorten the hours of labor and divide the jobs provided by the job owners.

The Daily World publishes a complete wageearners' page every Saturday in its magazine section, conducted by the writer.

The local trades and labor council was the first central body in Canada to initiate, own and publish a monthly journal of its own-the Western Wage Earner. The managing editor is a member of the machinists' union- James H. McVety. It has proved a profitable venture, financially and otherwise.

That the coming convention will be everything but a junketing tour; that the deliberations of the delegates will result in the maintenance and advancement of the best interests in our craft in particular and the working class in general, is the fervent wish of


VANCOUVER, B. C. For the first time in the history of Edmonton, Alberta's capital, the International Typographical Union has an agreement with all the employing printers under the jurisdiction of No. 604. This includes the office of Frank Oliver, M. P., minister of the interior, which has "been out" some four years. The initial work done by Calgary, Edmonton and Lethbridge, in securing pre-election pledges for the use of the union label on all government printing and campaign literature, surely had its effect; and this, combined with the favorable action of a few cabinet officials, made the negotiations, while slow and tedious, almost a cinch from the commencement. In addition to this, the proposed new Alberta government printing bureau will be union from cellar to attic, while the only provincial gove ernment in Canada today which decorates its every scrap of printed matter with our label is sunny Alberta's administration. But the efforts of the typos up to this time must be persistently followed up. This because of the rapid growth and development of newspaperdom and printerdom in Amer. ica's vast Canadian west.

In 1902 Vancouver had less than 35,000 population; today it totals over 100,000. The member ship of No. 266 has trebled and then some; while everywhere the country-office stage is but a memory. News offices are still no higher located than third stories; but this isn't because the employing interests in the oriental gateway city haven't broken into the skyscraper route, for now roof gardens like unto the peaks of Grouse mountain are realities.

Everything that makes a noise like a printshop (white employes) is under the jurisdiction of No. 206; and the money expended by the allied print. ing trades council some months ago in boosting the "little wonder" is in no small measure respon. sible for this happy craft announcement. The sticker campaign gets results.

The local Chinese daily and Japanese shops are still liberally patronized by the same element that hollers its head off about "our" flag.

It used to be Seattle, 1909; it must now be Winnipeg, 1912. The reasons will no doubt be given by Secretary Bleaken, Charley Hawley, Pat Patterson, Swan and other live ones of the “Peg." It's to have the next "big" fair in America. never will forget that last printers' wayzgoose at Winnipeg-the one in which such noted patriots as Maloney, O'Donoghue and Leheney participated. Believe me, Winnipeg printers can take care of a convention all right, all right.

William Brand and George Mearns, No. 206's portion at the Home, are slowly recovering, though the progress of the latter is somewhat doubtful. The former, however, hopes soon to join the active list.

While at Edmonton recently I saw a concrete example of where even the government enforced the unwritten law of priority. A new tract of land had been thrown open for homesteading. From 5 P. M. the evening before the land office opened homesteaders gathered in large numbers. And they instinctively did the right thing-formed


The gardens of the Home institution are in an excellent condition at this date (July 17), despite their fierce threshing by hail, wind and rain in the storm of a month ago, when it was believed by the gardeners, as well as by the non-professional, that it was impossible that they could recover from the effects of the devastation wrought at that time. Seasonable weather and a continuation of the same, without any serious break, renewed the life of all plants and the beautification of the grounds is now complete. Hundreds of strangers to Colorado, as well as its citizens of both sexes, are visiting the institution daily, and, after enter. ing the main building and registering names and addresses, are escorted through that structure and entertained by resident members expressly appointed for that purpose by the management. A majority of these visitors are entirely ignorant with regard to the conduct and management of the work of benevolence carried on by the International Typographical Union of North America, and their entertainers do not permit them to leave the grounds of this magnificent institution except with a perfect knowledge of its conception and fruition.

Charles M. Carter, formerly of New York city, a well-known printer and newspaper man, is press agent for the Majestic theater in Colorado Springs, and is also proprietor of Xetloc Lodge, a refresh. ment resort at the Broadmoor loop at the base of reaved family's departure for the east. The praiseworthy action by the officials of this road will be a pleasant memory to all persons who were interested in any way in the alleviation of this distressed family.

John Collins died from the effects of a cancerous affliction on July 8 an his remains were interred in one of the International Union burial plots in Evergreen cemetery on the day following his demise, after mortuary services held in St. Mary's church, and which were conducted by the rector, Rev. Father Raber. The officiating pall. bearers on this occasion were Thomas Hartman (San Francisco), Harry Kessler (Easton, Pa.), Samuel J. Pearce (Indianapolis) and Philip Corcoran (Butte, Mont). Deceased survived but four months after his admission as a member of San Francisco Typographical Union No. 21, and had been active in its councils for many years, serv. ing as one of its representatives to the first ses. sion of the International Union held in Colorado Springs in October, 1896.

CHARLES A. GALLAGHER. Colorado Springs, Colo.

Cheyenne mountain and overlooking the beautiful Stratton Park and the entrance to North and South canyons, in Colorado Springs.

Superintendent Deacon returned from Seattle, Wash., on July 1, whither he had gone two weeks previous for the purpose of properly installing the International Union's exhibit on the grounds of the world's fair, and which is now in daily progress.

Oscar Langford, the Home's verse writer, was pleased at the publication of his latest "creation," "An Aerial Prospect”-two metropolitan journals, the Dayton (Ohio) News and the Sunday issue of the Colorado Springs Telegraph considering his latest effort worthy of a place in their papers. Mr. Langford has consented to act as Home correspondent to the Printing Trades Magazine, of St. Louis, Mo., a worthy craft journal and a regular visitor to the library tables of the Home institution.

The American flag was flown from the steel flagstaff over the lawns on the Fourth of July, and the Canadian and American emblems waved side by side on the anniversary of Dominion day - July 1.

William J. Bryan's latest lecture, “The Price of a Soul,” delivered in the First Presbyterian church of Colorado Springs on a Sunday evening in the latter part of June, was listened to by a score of the residents of the main building through the kindly courtesy of Dr. John R. Robinson, a member of the medical staff of the Home institution and also an influential member of that church's congregation. Front pews were reserved for the members on the occasion, and a large audience was assembled to hear the brilliant orator.

Trustee McCaffery is a frequent visitor to the Home institution-the new library addition, stead. ily in course of construction, engaging his attention on these occasions.

Mrs. Charles Deacon, matron of the Home institution, went to Chicago on July 10, when convalescent, after a three weeks' illness from inflaminatory rheumatism, and where, in a suburban portion of that city, she is to remain until recuperated in health. Her daughter, Miss Henrietta, was her companion on her journey to the east.

Walter T. Booth died of a pulmonary affliction in the hospital of the institution on June 30, and his remains were sent to relatives in Virginia on the day following. Deceased entered the Home on March 26 as a member of Richmond Union

He was in the fifty-seventh year of his age. Mr. Booth during his lifetime had been an active trade unionist, was president of the local union, delegate to International Union conventions, and had served as a legislator in the Virginia house of delegates.

Free transportation from Denver to New York city for the Brockman family, consisting of the widow and seven children of Thomas 1. Brock. man, who died last May in the Home institution, was obtained through the generosity of the Rock Island railroad officials, and their action was the subject of a column article published in the Denver Post on the day following the be

LOUISVILLE, KY. A foreman of a non-union office in this city said to me that "he did not see how it was that the union offices are all busy and the non-union offices have scarcely anything to do, as the union offices were working eight hours, and the nonunion ones nine, and can bid lower on work in consequence, but they can not get any work." There are a great many reasons why they can not get work, and the principal reason is they can not put the union label of the printers on their work.

Business in the non-union offices the past month has been very dull, while the union offices have been fairly busy, especially the C. T. Dearing Printing Company, which has had four extra men at work for the last two months, which runs its force up to twelve book and job printers.

Walter D. Binford, a former president and secretary of No. 10, was made general foreman of the Courier-Journal and the Times on July 1. Mr. Binford has had charge of the ad department of these two papers (both under the same management, one a morning and one an evening) for the last fifteen years, and is fully competent to hold the job down, on account of his long experience with the office.

There will be nine or more to leave Louisville to attend the convention at St. Joseph, as follows: Ex-Delegate Jack O'Connor and wife; Mrs. H. A. Meckbach, delegate from the woman's auxiliary; Mrs. E. Bohon, president, and Mrs. J. D. Kane, secretary-treasurer of the woman's auxiliary; Max Traut, secretary-treasurer of No. 10; J. O. Ames and wife, and the undersigned, if he don't break a leg. It was suggested that the delegates have printed on their cards “What prohibition would do in Kentucky!” and have a cut made of demolished distilleries, breweries and saloons in a scrap pile. But the suggestion will not be acted upon.

Among the delegates and visitors to the Louis

No. 90.

ville convention of the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf, during the second week in July, were several printers holding paid-up cards in the International Typographical Union. They were: Messrs. Kane, of the Brooklyn Eagle chapel; Bagar, of Little Rock, Ark.; Todd, of Martin, Tenn., and Boyd, of the Chattanooga Times chapel, now serving the last six months of his apprenticeship. Mr. Kane was honored by being made one of the laws committee, which had charge of the revision of all the society's laws and insurance rates. With the exception of Mr. Todd, they all called at the office of No. 10 and met Secretary Traut. Among the delegates also were two or three former members of the union, and a very amusing incident happened at the Willard Hotel. One of the mutes holding a situation in a certain non-union house here was telling how high class the Louisville contingent of "dummy rats” were, when a delegate from New Haven, Conn., who was formerly a member of Atlanta Typographical Union, put irr: "You are mistaken; all competent deaf printers are in the union. I know from my own experience in the south and east." After that little was seen of the braggart.

George S. Lindsay, delegate from Dayton (Ohio) Union to St. Joseph, Mo., was in the city attending the festivities of the Mystic Shriners. George joined No. 10 about five years ago, and left for Dayton about a year afterward.


two small ones, is a union shop. Eight new job shops have been started within the last six weeks, and all have employed union men from the start.

Still growing. One hundred and fifty-three members last month. How's that?

Secretary O. S. Wilson was compelled to take a layoff during July. He is in bad health and took a trip to Hot Springs. It is hoped by his many friends that his vacation will put him in good shape again.

The Times “moved” to its new quarters, 119 West Second street, July 10. As for the mechanical department, there was nothing to move except the force, but it did not need any brass band to escort it to the new quarters, for the old place, where the Oklahoman and Times have been for several months, was the most insanitary place for a white man to work in the country. It is quite a change for a force of men to go out of a place where conditions were so bad, and no system prevailing, into a spink-spanking new office, from business department to the pressroom. Five Mergs. are now in and the sixth will be installed inside of six weeks. The machines will be piped, taking off all odor, and everything to make it a strictly sanitary office will be done. Great credit it due H. G. Eastman, business manager, for his unsparing efforts to make conditions as pleasant as has been done. May the Times live long and prosper.

The Oklahoman, with a battery of seven chines, will shortly add three more. When this paper moves to its new quarters twelve machines will be in the composing room, besides a monotype, which

installed several months ago. This is undoubtedly the best printing town in the United States for its size. Good machine operators are in constant demand.

The writer leaves August i for the state federation convention, which will be held at Tulsa, lasting three days, after which he will journey to the big one at St. Joe to meet "the gang." Will say for the benefit of my friend, Murphy, of San Antonio, that I am still boosting for Minneapolis, 1910.





OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA. It is not often a printer gets more than his weekly stipend for the work he performs in printing office. The Holmes Commerce Company, of this city, recently got out a large catalog. It was printed in the office of the Times. Journal Printing Company, and Frank Layton had entire charge of the job. When the catalog was fin. ished the firm was so well pleased with it that Mr. Layton was presented with a fine water set, val. ued at $25.

According to Charles Fear's Joplin labor paper, a great deal of printing is being sent to Kansas City and Oklahoma City and does not bear the label. Will say for the benefit of Mr. Fear that if any printing is being done in this city for Joplin merchants it comes from union shops, and if the label is not used it is because it has been ordered off by the firm having the printing done. We would suggest that Charles come down and look over a well-organized town in printing lines.

A statistical report is being compiled by the label committee of No. 283 for presentation to business men of the city. The report will be issued in printed form, and it will show interesting facts concerning the strength and growth of the local typographical union. Here are some of the figures: About 231 members form the allied printing trades council, which is composed of printers, pressmen, stereotypers and bookbinders. The average monthly pay roll of the organization is $14.000, or $168.000 per year. Every printing establishment in the city, with the exception of

GALT, ONTARIO. The Reporter and Reformer ball teams clashed on June 24, the latter winning 9 to 1. This is the first time in

some years that the "down south" bunch has been able to make a showing against President Dorschell's aggregation of ball tossers.

Another convention will have passed into his. tory with Galt, Brantford, St. Thomas, Windsor and Guelph among those not represented. Next year these unions should get together and send at least one delegate to represent them.

Isn't it about time Berlin and Woodstock chopped the Rip l'an Winkle stunt and awoke to the fact that in this day and age $8 and $9 is considered mighty poor remuneration for fiftyfour hours' labor? There are a few other towns in this province that would be none the worse for being organized.





SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. A request from President Tracy to "sub" for him on the eve of his departure to attend the ses. sions of the National Board of Arbitration, at Indianapolis, met with immediate compliance, for it was the writer's pleasure, at one time, to serve as No. 21's correspondent, and in that capacity be. came acquainted with the pen doings of scribes for affiliated unions.

The trade sensation of these mid-July days is the controversy between the photo-engravers and the newspaper publishers. With the exception of

or two small commercial shops, the photo. engravers are out on the street. Illustrations in the papers are of the “stock” variety, and advertising men are wondering in blue streaks when the trouble will be settled. The original contention

between the printers and photo-engravers, over the new furniture-like bases for cuts. It appears that efforts to have the International of. ficers arrange the differences were futile. The blocks were placed in composing rooms. Hence the disturbance. One newspaper

ordered blueprints sent into the type department. The photo. engravers refused, and the men were discharged. This course was followed on other papers, and the job shops soon became involved. The engrayers naturally took umbrage at the method selected of settling a jurisdiction dispute, claiming that

for the organizations concerned to handle, and the violence to the arbitration agreement has been pointed out. President Matthew Woll is in town. He is optimistic in the midst of turmoil. Negotiations are pending with the commercial houses, and when they are concluded the newspaper situation will be faced. Jurisdictional contro. versies are, comparatively speaking, rare in the printing industry, and he will be a wise man who devises ways and means of preventing them alto. gether.

J. L. Russell, sr., died in San Jose on July 8, aged 87 years.

He had claimed the honor of be. ing the oldest typesetter, who had worked longest at the business in the United States, or elsewhere. Mr. Russell was a kindly old gentleman, whose faculties were unimpaired, and whose interest in the "art preservative” was unusually keen. During his affiliation with the stick and rule, for Mr. Russell never became accustomed to the keyboard, he was a consistent unionist. The deceased was born in England, learned the trade in New York state, and came to California in 1856.

John Collins died in the Union Printers Home on July 8. He left San Francisco a few months ago, although his friends believed the end was near.

Mr. Collins worked for some time in Stockton, and was known to the oldtimers as "Stockton John." He was a delegate from No. 21 to the Colorado Springs convention of thirteen years ago, and he served the local organization in different capacities. Mr. Collins was a past president of the Union Printers' Mutual Aid Society, and a member of the Veteran Volunteer Firemen of Stockton.

There will be a joint parade of the unions af

filiated with the labor council and the building trades council on the sixth day of next September. No. 21 will fall in line, although there was opposition to turning out, for the situation is so intertwined with the wiles of numerous politicians that it is somewhat bewildering at times to ascer. tain where the labor movement is. We are rarely in doubt as to where the politicians stand. If there was

some principle back of the efforts of those who wish to gain power on the backs of the voters, it would be different. After advocating a primary law for years, a number of “union labor" party men met for the purpose of selecting a ticket, thus, it appeared to many, violating the spirit that should actuate a primary method orig. inally designed to eliminate convention evils.

C. C. Powning, ex-president of Oakland Typographical l'nion and well known on the San Fran. cisco side, is connected with the Mariposa Gold Mining and Milling Company of Coulterville, Cal., and is trying to interest capitalists in what he is convinced is an excellent investment. Another linotyper, Henry L. Hubbell, is secretary of the company.

While we are enjoying beautiful weather at this writing, business is not in a condition warranting an encouraging word for the tourist scanning the horizon for signs. Some of the “subs" are catching a little extra work, owing to the inbred desire of the average citizen to enjoy a vacation while the sun shines and the mountains cast their lure over the cityite.

The picnic of the Union Printers' Mutual Aid Society was a social success, and officers were elected at the semi-annual election on July 11. J. J. Chaudet, of St. Louis and a few other places, was chosen president; W. Lyle Slocum, first vicepresident, and W. D. Davis, second vice-president. Of course, George Branch, John W. Kelly and J. A. Anell were re-elected financial secretary, treasurer and recording secretary, respectively.

The Rincon Publishing Company, proprietor of the Recorder, has erected a home for the paper that meets the requirements of the to-be-blessed agitator for proper sanitary conditions, Besides a place for machines and presses and type, the Recorder management has recognized the necessity of men to do the work, and that to provide for their comfort and convenience is an asset for good health.

Joseph Springer, of No. 21, has invented an actuating mechanism for footpower printing press throwoff. The invention has been patented, and local printers are interested in the device that saves time and stock, is simple and reliable, and enables the feeder to avoid the laborious task of using the hand throwoff.

Soon the delegates to the 1909 convention will assemble to deliberate. To the writer, it seems that the life insurance proposition is not feasible —at least at the present time.

There is danger in trying too much at the same moment. The old age pension law can be strengthened with the experience available. The correspondent from Pueblo, Colo., who advocates biennial conventions, touches a major key. The extra money could be as independents. He that enters the primary will have to pay pretty steep for the privilege of “running.”

The fight against Ware & Kramer, manufacturers of the White Rolls cigarettes, is still on, with no hope, so far as the writer can see, of its ending in favor of the union side. The manufacturers have declared for the “open shop," and refuse to treat any further with their old employes who walked out. One of the firm has asked for the privilege of being heard by the central labor union, which request was granted, and the floor will be held by him on the 26th of the present monththe regular meeting night of the central body.

E. W. Gaines.

well saved-and the transportation companies could stand it. If any budding delegate is anxious to propose beneficial legislation, the writer urges a study of the methods of the cigarmakers, for these sterling unionists have served their apprenticeship at the game. Why not endeavor to im. prove the law under which charges are preferred? Some of our larger unions are kept in a state of turmoil by the man with a grievance, and by the man minus that requirement. If it were necessary to follow a regular mode of procedure-first the chairman, then the chapel, next the executive committee and finally the union-then frequently an adjustment could be reached before the organization is plunged into bitter divisions of opinion, and the International officers would have more time for upbuilding work and less for appeals. Think it over.

Frank K. Foster's death removes from scenes of activity a union printer who was signally gifted with oratorical power and the art of wielding a pen successfully. San Francisco pays her meed of tribute to his worth.

George J. Knott's retirement as Chicago's representative will be regretted by THE JOURNAL readers. Although some of his paragraphs were long, yet they were always readable, and he was recognized as deserving a niche in the temple of correspondents.

The pen wants to express itself on the priority law and a few other absorbing topics in printing circles, but patience and Editor Hays' space are twin virtues that must not be abused. Be tolerant. Don't forget the label.

Will J. French.

WASHINGTON, PA. The Observer Publishing Company, of this city, printing the Morning Observer and Evening Reporter, has installed a new perfecting press and sterotyping plant, making two such in the city, and opening a field for an allied trades council.

The new label committee of No. 456 is composed of F. B. Gaul and W. C. Black, of this city, and W. R. Herbert, of the Canonsburg Notes.

A picture slide of the Home will be run in one of our local vaudeville houses.

William Ebling, one of our members, superintended the issuing of a fine souvenir number of the Morganza reform school, gotten out last month by the boy scholars.

No. 456 has donated to the State Patriotic Order Sons of America's convention, to be held in this city August 25, 26, 27 and 28.

The matter of No. 456 joining the state printers' league will come up at our next meeting. The question of joining the state federation of labor is also to come up.

Charles C. Boyer's picture in the July JOURNAL shows him to be no older than in the days of the old Chicago Globe, when he “refused red apples," but not from Patsy Williamson, Page, “Bill" Ir. win, “Georgie" Loucke, Todd, “Bow Wow” Fos. ter, “Gig" Martin, and others, all “pirates.”

Notwithstanding all reports, your correspondent wishes to state that he is not a candidate for any political office in Washington county. “Senator" Black, of “P. 0.," would not look good to "Sen. ator" Murray, now of Chicago, late of Scranton, "P. 0."


NORFOLK, VA. Matters typographically in the "City by the Sea" are moving along so smoothly that no items of stirring interest can be furnished the readers of THE JOURNAL. The meetings of the union, No. 32, are, as a general thing, well attended, and business is gotten through with in time for those members who so desire to take a run and a "dip" in the salty waves.

The committee having the matter in charge has about completed all arrangements for Labor day exercises. Both candidates for governor of Vir. ginia (democrats) have accepted invitations to make speeches. To an observer, however, we can not see why this should be so, as the Labor day exercises occur in September, while the primary occurs on August 5.

Before this letter appears our delegate will be en route to St. Joe. Harry Anderson is not large in stature, but if given a chance he will be heard, with force, which will make those around think he is No. 32's giant.

Since the list of officers of No. 32 was sent The JOURNAL the vice-president-elect has left the city, and the union at its last meeting elected T. F. Lassiter to fill the vacancy.

There is some talk among the unionists of this city of nominating one, or probably two, candidates for the state legislature--either in the primary or

GIRARD, KAN. No. 348 will have a delegate in the St. Joe convention in the person of W. T. Nelson, our able president. “Bill” is an old St. Joe boy, having worked there many years ago, and it is hoped by the boys here that he will renew many old ac. quaintances. This is the first time, to the writer's knowledge, No. 348 ever sent a delegate to an In. ternational Typographical Union convention. This being a small union, it is quite a hardship on the treasury, but this time we happened to have the "cush."

Andy ("Muskogee Red") Redmond surprised

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