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the contrast was so apparent and the work so good that its advertising man announced that its printing would hereafter go to the good shops. The label committee had a big hand in this transaction and the Stoneman Press will handle the work.

During the month the Cherrington Printing Company turned out a reproduction of the Ameri. can Issue for May, including first page in three colors-a very creditable job for so small a plant.

The Berlin Company has put in a new press of remarkable size, for its increased business.

Primaries of the different parties have been the means of many a stray dollar coming the printers' way.

Job operators have been in demand recently.

State Printer John L. Sullivan has announced his candidacy for the republican nomination for secretary of state. He is a practical printer, and fair and square.


Roanoke, Va., and the other from Spartanburg, S. C. All of the operators here are busy and satisfied with their jobs.

All of the union job shops are doing fairly well, notwithstanding this is the dull season. The "rat" shops-two in number-are as quiet as the grave. One of them employs only one printer, while the other one has one printer and several "near" printers, and it is rumored that the manager of the latter shop has recently cut the pay of his "heroes." In that case, they have no remedy, as they make their own contracts, without the interference of the "meddlesome trade union agree


When a member of a union withdraws for the reason that he does not like the way in which the meetings are conducted, it recalls to the writer the subscriber to a country weekly who did not like the sheet. He said: "I don't know how your old paper will get along without me, but if it dies I can't help it-stop my paper." No. 397 has had such an experience recently. But the union still lives.

W. H. Fisher, for the first few weeks of its existence foreman of the News, has resigned in order to look after his interests in the job printing firm of Kendall & Fisher. F. W. Furlow now has charge of the mechanical department.


TORONTO, CANADA. A large number of our members are still "far from the madding crowd," enjoying holidays at our different summering places, among whom might be mentioned J. T. Edworthy, chairman of the executive committee, who is on a fishing expedition at Blue Rapids, St. Lawrence river, and Bob Elliot, also of the executive committee, who is fishing in Lake Huron.

The committee of No. 91 having in hand the ar. rangements for Labor day sports is drumming up all members of the union who are athletes, and hopes to make the usual good showing and to win the cup donated by the firemen for the union winning the largest number of events. stated last month, there will be no street parade, but there will be a monster celebration on the exhibition grounds. The Toronto exhibition will be in full swing on that day and a large attendance is assured.

State of trade is very good indeed, considering the time of year, as there is generally a slump during the summer months. Hurrah for Minneapolis for 1910.

Fred H. Tuomas.


GREENSBORO, N. C. At the last meeting of No. 397 the dues were raised to $1 per month, which includes the International Typographical Union per capita tax, but not the pension assessment, which "goes on forever.” The salary of the secretary was also cut in half, because, as some of the members say, we are “broke" all the time. An empty treasury is mighty poor asset for any union.

Henry Curtis, who was elected as delegate to St. Joseph, decided at the last moment that he could not afford the expense, which is another ar. gument in favor of a healthy treasury. A11 unions, especially the small ones, should be repre. sented at the conventions of the International Typographical Union.

There have been two calls for Mergenthaler op. erators received in Greensboro recently-one from

SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS. H. B. Johnson, formerly of this city, but now of Houston, attended the last regular meeting of No. 172. He has a fine position as advertising manager of the Magnolia Park Land Company.

C. B. Harris attended the meeting at Dallas which had for its object the organization of a state typographical council.

The stereotypers are just now rejoicing over the signing of a state scale for Texas, which gives them an increase in salary and also arranges a schedule for overtime.

Quite a number of No. 172's members are either sick now or have just recovered. Among them are Otto Bernhart, Gabe Hendon, George Lee and Jack Maron.

E. L. Jarvis, of Plainfield, N. J., is now machinist on the Light.

Barney 0. Kischell has drawn his card and left for Chicago. He was certainly one of the “live wires" during his stay here.

The allied printing trades council suit against the Guessaz & Ferlet Printing Company resulted in a complete victory for the council. The question at issue was the return of the labels loaned to Guessaz & Ferlet by the council because the firm refused to sign up a three-year contract with the typographical union. No undue haste or exactions were made or used, as the firm had been notified under date of May 25, by registered letter, that the firm must either sign up or return the labels. The jury retired just long enough to write the verdict, which was for the plaintiff. The jury was a nonunion one, as each was asked whether he was union man or had any relatives that belonged to


organized labor. All answered in the negative. Readers of THE JOURNAL will remember that this firm not only refused to sign the scale or a label agreement, but insisted it had a right to use the allied label. This court decision will tend to strengthen the council in this city.



LOUISVILLE, KY. On my way to the fifty-fifth convention of the International Typographical Union, I, with about fifty other delegates, had the pleasure of stopping over, by invitation of St. Louis Union, and being the guest of that organization, and entertained far beyond expectations. Charles Hertenstein, president of No. 8, and his good "scouts” are on to the job when it comes to entertaining. We left St. Louis at 11:30 o'clock P. M., August 6, on our way to Kansas City, where we were to spend a couple of hours, but the Kansas City boys would not stand for it, as they had something to show us, and could not show us inside of eight hours. So we were glad we stayed, as the delegates and visitors were treated handsomely. The entertainment furnished by these unions to delegates and visitors while passing through their city is to be commended, and unions in other cities should do the same, as it is greatly appreciated and helps to cement the membership closer together. We arrived in St. Joseph, Saturday, August 7. All the ex-delegates who did not go to St. Joseph missed the time of their lives. “Pet" Clayton, the mayor, gave everybody a warm welcome, and was as near being one of the "boys" as any one could possibly be, and is now an honorary member of the typographical union. The members of St. Joseph Union entertained with a lavish hand, and Minne. apolis will have to wake up to beat them.

But from the way the “boosting committee" from Minneapolis entertained, the delegates in 1910 will not suffer for anything.

The principal feature of the convention was the passage of the mortuary benefit proposition, which provides on the death of a member in good standing a death benefit of $75 for a continuous membership of one year or less; one year and not more than five, $125; five years and not more than ten, $175; ten years and not more than fifteen, $275; fifteen years and over, $400.

This is a good proposition and when presented for a referendum vote should be adopted.

J. C. Shaffer, of Chicago, Ill., has bought a con. trolling interest in the Louisville Herald. The negotiations that have been pending for some time were concluded on a basis entirely satisfactory to all interests. Beginning with the issue of August 1, the paper will be published under the direction and control of Mr. Shaffer. Mr. Shaffer has had wide experience in the newspaper field. He is owner of the Chicago Evening Post, the Indianapolis Star, Muncie Star, and Terre Haute Star. In national affairs, I understand, the Herald will support the policies of the Taft administration. In local matters, so I am informed, the editor will take time to advise himself, it being the purpose

of Mr. Shaffer to support those men and measures that will best serve the people's interests.

At the installation of officers of No. 10, on August 1, President Stack appointed the following members to constitute our label committee for the year: Robert Irick, Secretary Traut, W. R. Hickman, H. D. Herrington and Theodore Engelhardt. Robert Irick was elected chairman of the commit. tee for the third consecutive year. A new business committee was also appointed, which committee elected C. N. Jacques, chairman of last year's committee, chairman.

Recently one of our union employers was caught having a poster printed in Bradley & Gilbert's nonunion joint and putting the label on the work at his own office. In view of the fact that this was a very grave offense against the laws, the allied printing trades council fined the office $25 and directed that the labels be taken up unless the fine was paid. A check for the full amount settled the matter.

The Wine and Spirit Bulletin case is still unsettled. Our label committee is now renewing the negotiations to get the Bulletin into a union shop. It will be remembered that Editor Washburne promised to place the Bulletin in a union shop after May 1, 1909, the date of the expiration of his contract with the non-union Fetter house, on condition that he could get about equal or satisfactory bids against Fetter's price. Our label committee now has indirect information that two of our union shops have put up the right kind of bids, and is working to get Mr. Washburne to do as he promised.

Well, it's Minneapolis in 1910. And won't the delegates have a time if they stop off en route at Milwaukee? Pabst! Schlitz!! a la AnheuserBusch!!!


NEWARK, N. J. Once again the hand of death has visited the ranks of No. 103, and removed from our midst our fellow member, James H. Reeve. Mr. Reeve's death occurred on August 5, at the city hospital, and was the final outcome of a stroke of apoplexy with which he was stricken about two years ago. Mr. Reeve, who was a charter member of No. 103 and its delegate to the Chicago convention in 1893, was born in Michigan 67 years ago, but came to Newark at an early age. Here he learned the printing trade and worked at it until the outbreak of the civil war, when he was among the first to enlist in the New Jersey volunteers. He served through the entire conflict and was mustered out with the rank of corporal. Since that time he has been connected with, in various capacities, the newspaper business in and near this city. In the death of Mr. Reeve, No. 103 loses one whose ef. forts in its behalf in its infancy are reflected in its present prosperity and strength. The burial took place on August 8, interment in the soldiers' plot, Fairmount Cemetery. A delegation from No. 103 was in attendance, five of whom acted as pall. bearers.

It is understood that the May Manton Publishmer translations, diligently compared and revised. By his Majestie's Special Command. Appointed to be read in churches." A signature of John Miller, 1703, appears on one page of the cover. The book is in a good state of preservation.

The Observer, morning, and Reporter, evening, published by the Observer Publishing Company, will now raiat ten-page papers, giving out more work to our members.

Your scribe appreciated the courtesy of Wheeling Union No. 79, upon a call to address them, which he did. They stood for it.

Ob. Turner, Guy McWilliams, ex-Hot Springs, 'o7, and William Clark Black, attended the reunion of the Spanish War Veterans, held at Greensburg, this state, last month.


ing Company, publishers of women's periodicals, now located in New York, will open a plant here in the immediate future.

At the July meeting it was decided to extend No. 103's jurisdiction into West Hudson, and as a result the allied label has been granted the Kearny Record, of Harrison.

At the August meeting-which by the way was very slimly attended, owing to the excessive heatthree members were expelled for ratting in the Baker plant. These three were taken in under the amnesty clause when they came out of the plant where they are at present located, but it's hard to teach an old dog new tricks, so after drifting around a while they again returned to their old runways, with the above results.

“Si” has gone. He won first prize in the Star pool, and the minute he got his hands on that hundred "plunks" he could see every town on the map but Newark, so Mr. Hall is no longer among those present.

Newark's label committee is ever on the job, and in order that the interest in gathering unlabeled matter will not lag, has inaugurated another contest, which begins with the first of this month and will continue until February 1, 1910.

This new contest will be divided into two sections. In the first, three prizes are offered, of $15, $10 and $5, to the labor organization, outside of No. 103, turning in the greatest amount of unlabeled mat. ter; the second section, for members of No. 103, contains fifteen prizes, among which are the I. T. U. Course, the Inland Printer, the Progressive Printer, and all manner of necessary implements of the trade.

The label directory, which is being issued by Essex Trades Council, is fast becoming a reality, and in all probability will be ready for distribution on Labor day.

The following cards were deposited at the last meeting. D. M. Westcott, J. S. Smith, H. P. Barrang, M. P. Schwartz, E. L. May, B. F. Taylor, T. F. Kiernan, E. R. Seymour, William Hubert, A. A. Lapier, A. G. Dennis. W. J. KEEGAN.

GALVESTON, TEXAS. Since my last letter to Tue JOURNAL Galveston has been visited by another great storm, the fourth since I first landed in Galveston in 1875. It occurred on July 21, the wind reaching a velocity of sixty-nine miles an hour, according to the weather bureau. The great sea wall, constructed since the storm of 1900, received a severe test, and proved its ability to resist the destructive waves of the Gulf of Mexico in even the severest storms. It probably paid for itself on July 21 in the property it saved from destruction. This wall is over three miles long, and is, properly speaking, one huge concrete rock, being cast in sections, every other section being cast between sections already cast with matrices in the ends, and the concrete from the filling-in sections so firmly uniting with the sections already cast as to make it one solid rock for its entire length. Should Galveston ever be so unfortunate as to be bombarded by big marine guns, the wall might be battered down in places, but I doubt if the joining of the different sections could be traced where the embrasures were made. Not a life was lost in the city, and the destruction to property was no more than would occur in any city where the wind attained the velocity it did here. Two fishing piers and two bath houses on the outside of the wall were destroyed, and the debris cast up on the wall and the boulevard behind it, but with no loss of life. On the north government jetty two fishing piers were destroyed, the occupants of one being rescued, but four persons on the other pier perished, the victims being Capt. R. L. Bettison and wife, owners of the pier; C. H. Dailey, circulator of the Evening Tribune, and a colored woman. W. Davies, a legless man, but with a life preserver on, was cast upon the bay shore thirty-five miles from the pier, crawled up and into the woods some distance, where he met some men and appealed to them for relief, but they took him for a ghost and Aled. fortunate enough to find people less superstitious and was sent on to Houston. He recovered from his injuries. As indicating the fury of the storm, there were a large number of lives lost and muchi damage done in the bay, along bayous and in


WASHINGTON, PA. Now for a new local union at Waynesburg, the county seat of Greene county, this state, twentyeight miles from this city. The papers are the Daily Times and Weekly Independent, with one chine; the Democrat, Messenger and Republican, weeklies, at present handset, and two job shopsprobably twenty-five eligibles.

Harry Hartsock and James ("Jim") Curtin have taken up their residence here, both working. Mr. Curtin says, “Since leaving the Home, I've been in no better physical state for years."

The Morning Record has now established a business office on our main thoroughfare. William R. Evans, of Pittsburg No. 7, is the business manager.

Your correspondent has in his possession a Bible printed at Dublin, Ireland, in 1614, A. D. (MDCXIV), stating that it was “Newly translated out of the original Greek, and, with the for

He was a newsy twenty-page paper by 7 or 8 o'clock each Sunday morning. That the job department is booming is evident. A new linotype of the latest model lias been ordered, which is believed to be the only one of its kind in western New York, as it casts a slug thirty-six ems long. The specialty of the Times is law work, and as its business requires larger and more convenient quarters, the entire plant will be moved to another building.

The News is building a large brick addition to its block, in order to give more room to the job department. William H. Rogers, from the factory, a former Batavian, has been overhauling and repairing the linotype machines.

The members of Batavia Union No. 511 celebrated its anniversary, June 20, by an afternoon trip up the creek, taking provisions for a supper and plenty of refreshments with them.

Labor day will be celebrated at home. The union has ordered red, white and blue umbrellas for each member to carry in the parade. There is to be no speaking, but the afternoon will be given over to sports, which have been planned, and prizes provided for, by the central body.


interior towns for more than a hundred miles inward. Even at present finding of dead bodies on the coast is being almost daily reported. In portions of the bay and vicinity the water is reported as being higher than in 1900.

Galveston had a cotton carnival scheduled for July 30 to August 8, and there was no letup in preparations. By Saturday evening the debris had been cleared from the beach, a building known as the Crab pavilion, behind the sea wall, transformed into a bath house, and on Sunday 1,500 people went in bathing from it.

The car. nival proved a success. Quite a number of state associations met in the city during the week, among them the Texas Farmers' Union. This latter body was largely entertained by workingmen, between whom and the farmers' union the most cordial relations exist.

Typographical Union No. 28 has been waging an active label campaign for some months past. Blotters were issued in June, July, August and September. A circular for distribution to members of the farmers' union was issued, and during carnival week blue ribbons were printed bearing the allied printing trades label and a request to the wearers to patronize the label.

The August meeting of the union elected C. J. Herman as delegate to the printers' state council. The delegates met in Dallas and elected J. A. Paddleford, of Austin, president and Z. M. Duckworth, of Dallas, secretary. Organization work was gone into and some discussion on topics of interest had. The convention adjourned to meet in Galveston in April next.

Houston put in a late bid, through J. R. Cheek, for the 1910 convention of the International Typographical Union. Mr. Cheek learned his trade in Galveston, and was at one time business manager of the Evening Tribune, leaving that paper on a change in ownership and engaging in the real estate business, in which he has been eminently successful. It is said he has already entered upon a campaign to have the 1911 con. vention held in Houston, and thinks he will suc. ceed, as Texas has never entertained an annual session of the International Typographical Union.

The storm made work for every ablebodied man who desired to work. In the printing line business has been good and there have been no complaints of lack

of work among

the craft. Several regulars have been off on their annual vacations, which has helped out the subs to a considerable extent.



In response to a call recently issued by author. ity of the unions represented, a state conference of union printers was formed in Dallas on August 10, about eight hundred members in Texas being represented by the delegates in attendance. Considerable work of importance was accomplished and a permanent organization effected. Arrangements were made to establish a bureau for the proper filing of all the scales and agreements in force in Texas and all other information which will prove of value to unions in negotiating new scales. It is also contemplated that the secretary will keep as correct a list as possible of printers working in unorganized towns.

The "one-man shop" caused a good deal of dis. cussion and argument. The following resolution was finally passed:

Resolved, That it is the opinion of the Texas Printers' Council that the so-called one-man shop has a tendency to lower the wages of the actual wage earner.

The proposition to recommend to the Interna. tional Typographical Union a uniform system of bookkeeping for local unions which would meet all requirements was endorsed, it being the sentiment of a number of delegates who were secretaries of local unions that the present books which are furnished by headquarters are not adapted to the uses intended.

Delegates Hermann of Galveston, Smith of Houston, and Harris of San Antonio, submitted a constitution and by-laws which, with a few slight changes, were adopted.

J. A. Paddleford, of Austin, was elected presi. dent and Z. M. Duckworth, of Dallas, secretarytreasurer.

The council will meet next year at Galveston.
Dallas, Texas.


BATAVIA, N. Y. During the summer months work has been unusually brisk here. The city has been visited by several traveling printers, who failed to find work, but the regular forces have been agreeably surprised in the scarcity of lay-offs, there being practically none.

The Batavia Times Publishing Company is demonstrating in several ways that it is a growing concern. Its issue of a Sunday paper, now over a year old, is a success, and it gives the people

ALBANY, N. Y. About fifty members of No. 4 were present at the regular monthly meeting, August 1, which, by the way, is really our annual meeting, as our of. ficial year begins with the month of August. The officers elected last May for the ensuing year were sworn in at this meeting and the record for the year 1909-10 begun. President Campion, who succeeds himself, reviewed his first year's work, in a short speech, and made some pledges of what he desired to do for the coming year. Along some lines of action he said he felt that his work was not yet complete, but he hoped ere the end of his second term he would be able to say that the work was finished. He believed that the position of the union regarding better sanitary conditions had been met cordially by the employers in nearly every instance, and, as a result, the workrooms of the city printing offices were better than ever be. fore.

Machines had been piped to carry off the injurious gases, toilets had been looked after, rooms whitened and in many ways made more healthful to labor in. The apprenticeship question that had come to be so much of a trouble to the union was in a fair way to become a satisfactory factor in our progress. All present duly recog. nized apprentices had been given a certificate signed by the chairman and employer, and the president and secretary of the union, setting forth the date of entry, age and other necessary information, and this certificate numbered and recorded in a book kept for that purpose by the union. This certificate must hereafter be presented at the time application is made to join the union. This course makes the standing of the apprentice so clear that there will be little danger hereafter of boys being employed in any of our offices under the impression that they are serving an apprenticeship at the printing trade, when they are not, which has been so fruitful in the past for a condition of violations regarding the number of apprentices allowed, especially in the larger chapels. The president's remarks were listened to attentively and enthusiastically applauded. Nearly all of the officers elect were present and took the oath. The only change in the personnel of the principal offices was that of treasurer, John E. Moench being the new incumbent, in place of Mr. Crowley, who retired to go as delegate to the International Typographical Union convention at St. Joseph.

Our two delegates, James H. Crowley and John A. Boyle, left the city early Monday morning, August 2, en route for St. Joseph, and were bidden a pleasant journey by many of their personal friends, who waited their departure at the station. On their return they were entertained by the exdelegates' association with the usual banquet that has come to be a part of the annual program.

The interest that is being taken in the work of the recent International Typographical Union convention has never before been equaled here in Albany. The important features that are bound to mean so much for the future welfare of the members have only been equaled in the past by the

action on the shorter workday, and are a direct result of the successful termination of that long. sought-for and contested object. Pensions for the old and larger mortuary benefits to the beneficia. ries of those dying in the harness are live wires in the present economic forces of the union, and the printers are, as usual, in the vanguard of the procession. The pension system provided by the convention of two years ago is now a strong and healthy infant of more than a year's age. Many feel that it is doing very nicely as it is, and until actual experience shall dictate needed changes, will it be wise to undertake to do much in the way of making improvements, though there are not a few who seem to believe that, if they could have their way, it could surely be improved.

In accordance with a resolution that was passed at a meeting during the early summer, President Campion has appointed a large committee to lay plans for the proper celebration, next March, of the sixtieth anniversary of the founding of Albany Typographical Union No. 4. This committee embraces the names of all past presidents still members of No. 4, fifteen in number, and other repre. sentative members of the union who have not been president, besides many of the young men who have not been long in the union. The proposed celebration should be a popular expression of all interested in the work of No. 4, either past, present or future, and is capable of producing much to the credit of old No. 4. Just what the commit. tee will propose is yet a question, but whatever it is, every member should feel it a duty-a pleasant duty--to do all he or she can to advance it. In my next correspondence the details will be presented as fully as possible. Sixty years is a long time and is a record envied by nearly all present labor organizations. No. 4 can afford and should make the most of this opportunity. As a good start Patrick J. Doyle was made chairman of this committee.

Nelson Doggett, whose death on June 26 at Newark, N. J., was noted in the August issue of THE JOURNAL in the correspondence from that city, was quite well known here in Albany. His last appearance in this city was in 1902, when he made a short stop here, depositing a Troy card.

The appointment of our past presidents to the sixtieth anniversary celebration committee revealed the fact that besides the fifteen past presidents still members of No. 4. there are at least ten others living, who are either affiliated with other unions, are in other lines of activity or retired from active work. The dean of our past presidents still lives in Albany, and is ex-chief of police, Thomas Willard, who was president of No. 4 in 1865-6. He was first vice-president of the International Typographical Union in 1870, and nearly made president at the same International Typograpical Union convention. Next in seniority comes George F. Nelson, who is now located, I believe, either in Newark or Jersey City, N. J.; Charles C. Morehouse, who lives in Cohoes, this state, and who was president two years later than Mr. Nelson, in 1872-3. Then came Walter S. Van Wie, located

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