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A new scale was put into effect at the government printing office at Ottawa, Canada. Hand compositors received an increase of $1 per week and machine operators of $1.15 per week.

Tulsa (Okla.) Typographical Union put a new scale into effect; $1 per week increase.

A new scale providing for an increase of $1 to $3 per week was put into effect by Charleston (W. Va.) Typographical Union.

A new agreement entered into between the proprietors and Easton Typographical Union provides for a graduated increase of 50 cents per week each year for three years and affects all branches of the trade.

Waterbury Typographical Union secured a substantial increase in scale.

Contracts covering a period of five years were entered into between the employing printers of Waterloo, Iowa, and the typographical union of that city, the new scale providing for an increase of from $2 to $5.50 per week.

A scale increase of $1 to $2.50 per week was secured by Murphysboro Typographical Union.

Poplar Bluffs Typographical Union secured a scale increase.

The new scale put into effect by Lake Charles Typographical Union provides for an increase of $1.50 per week.

Three-year contracts have been signed by Hunt. ington (W. Va.) Typographical Union and the employing printers of that jurisdiction, the new scale providing for an increase of $2 to $4 per week.

Chicago Mailers' Union secured an agreement with the Drovers' Journal and Live Stock World providing for an increase of $1 per week, with a further increase of 50 cents per week on July 1

A five-year contract was signed by the publishers of St. Joseph, Mo. Under the agreement an immediate increase of 60 cents per week was granted to all employes of the composing room. January 1, 1910, to January 1, 1911, the increase is to be go cents per week additional, making the final advance $1.50 for the last three years of the contract. Day foremen were increased from $24 to $27 and night foremen from $27 to $30 per week.

All offices of Olympia (Wash.) Typographical Union that had contracts prior to January 1, 1909, signed a new scale contract, which makes the capital city of Washington state a seven-and-a-halfhour union town for both newspaper and job printers. The book and job men received an in. crease of from $3.50 to $4 per week.

The new scale put into effect by Manchester Typographical Union provides for an increase of $1.50 per week for all composing room employes.

Henderson Typographical Union put into effect a new scale providing for an increase of from $1 to $2 per week.

An increase in scale of from $1 to $3 per week was secured by Grand Forks Typographical Union.

Coffeyville Typographical Union secured a scale increase.

A new scale was secured by Indianapolis Mail. ers' Union No. 10 providing for a substantial increase over the old scale.

Contracts covering a period of three years were signed with both the newspaper and book and job employers of Paterson and Passaic, N. J. The agreements provide for an increase of $1.50 per week, which places these two New Jersey cities well up in the list of first-class printing centers as regards wages.

Walla Walla Typographical Union put a new scale into effect, providing for a general increase of $3 per week.

The new scale put into effect by Lowell Typographical Union provides for an increase of $1.50

In ten years Lowell Union has increased the wages of its members from as low as $10 per week for day work to $18 per week, and in like proportion for night work, besides reducing the working hours from ten to eight. The

scale for Princeton (Ind.) Typographical Union provides for an increase of from $1 to $4 per week.

Of Typographical Unions. An agreement was secured with the newspaper publishers of Ottawa, Canada, whereby Typographical Union No. 102 secured an increase over the old scale as follows: An immediate advance of $1 per week until January 1, 1910, 50 cents per week for 1910, 50 cents per week for 1911 and another 50 cents per week for 1912 and 1913.

Akron Typographical Union increased its newspaper scale from $16.80 to $19 per week, and raised the scale for book and job work from $15 to $16.50 per week.

Hamilton (Ont.) Typographical Union secured

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Illustrate the Effectiveness German Typographia No. 21, Detroit, Mich., secured a scale increase of 25 cents per day.

The members of both English and French Typographical Unions at Montreal-No. 176 comprising the English-speaking printers and Jacques Cartier No. 145 the French branch-secured an increase of wages of $1 per week for both the newspaper and book and job branch.

Every printing plant in both the newspaper and job branch in Muskogee, Okla,, is now operating under a two-year contract with No. 484, the new agreement providing for an increase of $1.50 per week for handmen and a raise of $2 per week for machine operators.

A substantial scale increase secured by Yonkers Typographical Union. A

scale for Steubenville Typographical



an increase in scale both for newspaper and book and job members. The new book and job scale is as follows: For the year 1909, $15 per week; 1910 and 1911, $15.50 per week; 1912, $16 per week. The old scale was $14 per week. For the newspaper branch the scale is as follows: Admen, floormen, proofreaders and operators for the year 1909, $16 per week; 1910, $16.50 per week; 1911, $17 per week. The old scale was $14.25 per week for operators and $14.50 for other journeymen.

The newspaper scale for San Francisco Typographical Union No. 21 was referred to the National Board of Arbitration. The decision of the board resulted in an award providing for an increase of $2 per week over the old scale. This makes the scale $32 per week for night work and $29 per week for day work for all journeymen members except proofreaders; the latter will draw $35 and $29 per week for night and day work, respectively, the hours being seven and one-half per day or night. The San Francisco mailers were also given an increase of $1 per week. The increase in both instances dates from December 1, 1908, thus giving the members about four months' back pay at the advanced scale.

The Fresno Typographical Union scale was also referred to the National . Board of Arbitration. The board gave an award of an increase of $1.50 per week.

The new newspaper scale negotiated by Grand Rapids Typographical Union provides for a general increase of $1 per week for machine operators, hand and floormen, and $3 per week for proofreaders.

A scale increase of from $1 to $2 per week was secured by Cheyenne Typographical Union.

A new book and job scale providing for a substantial increase was negotiated by Jersey City Typographical Union.

The book and job scale of Orange Typographical Union was increased $1.50 per week.

A scale increase of $1 to $1.50 per week was secured by Centralia Typographical Union.

Anderson Typographical Union secured a scale increase.

A new and increased scale was put into effect by Regina Typographical Union.

Bay City Typographical Union increased its book and job scale from $13 to $15 per week; the newspaper scale was advanced $2 per week.

Union, and especially the delegates, should read the declaration by the board of trustees of the Union Printers Home, appearing on page 378 of THE JOURNAL for October, 1908. It is declared by the board that members are admitted to the Home, remaining from two to three months, and then vacating, and the board is reluctantly forced to the conclusion that in many of these instances the desire for a vacation at the expense of the International Typographical Union is the real cause for seeking admission to the Home, a short residence therein and then vacating the institution.

i Continuing in its declaration, the board asserts that members in the last degree of tuberculosis, commonly known as the third stage, should not go to Colorado Springs. The altitude is too great, and the afflicted member's death is hastened by the trip to Colorado. But, says the board, not. withstanding this, local unions entirely overlook the great peril to the applicant in the third stage of tuberculosis, and, in some instances, there seems to be collusion with the local physician in order that the member's application for admission to the Home may set up a physical condition that may result favorably to the applicant. The board believes that this is a distinct injustice to the applicant and unfair to the institution. The board then declares:

The board of trustees of the Union Printers Home is doing, everything it can to promote the best interests of the institution, but this effort will not be successful unless the board of trustees has the co-operation and assistance of the local unions that go to make up the International Typographical Union.

The tuberculosis sanatorium, a part of the Union Printers Home, is, as its name indicates, a hospital for the care and cure of those afflicted with the white plague. Our members who are so unfortunate as to contract tuberculosis should go to the Union Printers Home in the early stages of the disease. A cure is then not only possible, but almost assured. Members who go to the Union Printers Home in the latter part of the second stage, or in the third stage of the dread disease, in nearly every instance hasten death.

It is almost inconceivable that a tuberculosis patient will violate rules made for his well-being and speedy recovery, but it is with regret it is stated that this does occur, in some instances, altogether too frequent. In

a case coming to the board during the month of April, wherein a tuber. culosis patient, in an intoxicated condition when admitted to the Home, frequently violated the rules, and after a residence of about a month made application for transportation in order to avoid expulsion for continued violation of the rule relative to indulgence in alcoholic beverages, the evil complained of is vividly illustrated.

In yet another case a member was admitted as suffering with dyspepsia. The Home physician found that the dyspepsia gave the patient "inconvenience" at times, “otherwise he is an able-bodied man.” This was another case of apparent imposition on the Home, but the patient's voluntary application for transportation relieved the superin.


The Union Printers Home continues to improve with the passing of each year. It is confidently believed that the Home has been taken out of union politics, and that the institution is now looked upon as essentially a business proposition and not to be made the sport of candidates for office or to further the political ambitions or plans of those who may be interested in overthrowing an administration or placing new men in power. There are some matters which it is believed can well be emphasized in this report.

The members of the International Typographical

tendent of the necessity of recommending his discharge.

On the question as to what constitutes an invalid member, the board of trustees, some time ago, decided that an applicant, to be eligible to admission to the Home, must be at least 60 years of age, except where he is physically unable to earn a livelihood at any occupation or is afflicted with tuberculosis.

Applications for Admission. The number of applications for admission to the Union Printers Home do not diminish. At the time of the inauguration of the old age pension it was believed that the volume of applications from the older members would considerably lessen, and that the number of residents in the main building of the institution would gradually grow smaller. But the experience thus far is that the applications continue at the usual average per month, and that the main building is generally close to capacity as to inmates. Of course, if the number of residents diminished in any material degree, the expense would also become less. However, the expense has kept pace with the growth of the institution and is now about eighty thousand dollars per year. The tuberculosis sanatorium is, of course, an exo pensive part of the institution, but if we can restore our members who come to the Home afflicted with tuberculosis to a physical condition that will permit their working at the trade, then the ex. pense is fully justified. Perhaps even as a haven of refuge for the tuberculosis sufferer, the ex. pense is justified, anyway.

If the number of residents increases to capacity, or if in the immediate future additional accommodations are provided by the completion of the new addition to the permanent roof, then the expense of conducting the Home will also materially increase. It may be that it will be well to consider, either at the present time or at some future convention, the consolidation of the pension and Home funds under some appropriate name, and conduct the Home and the pension feature from the combined receipts. Under such a plan the executive council could be authorized to make such appropriations for the board of trustees from the joint fund as might be necessary in order to properly finance the Union Printers Home.

Another development that has caused some apprehension on the part of the board of trustees during recent years is the number of applications received from members who are below the age of sixty, and who state that they are unable to earn a livelihood at the trade, or at any other avocation. As is pointed out in this report, the board has endeavored to lay down a rule which applies to applicants under sixty years of age, but in a majority of instances these applicants secure ad. mission, as the claim that is set up that they are unable to secure a livelihood at the printing trade or at any other calling is difficult to disprove, and indeed it is questionable if a member unable to work as a compositor is not by reason of that fact entitled to admission to the Union Printers Home.

These are some of the problems that must be solved in the future, and the present is none too early to begin to give them consideration.

Christmas Donation for the Home. The membership of the International Typo. graphical Union will recall the effort that was made prior to the eight-hour crusade to collect money with which to crect an addition to the Union Printers Home to accommodate additional residents, provide for a commodious and wellappointed library room, and to also permit of increased and up-to-date kitchen facilities in the basement. The task of collecting the amount needed made satisfactory progress un‘il the eight. hour difficulty arose, and then don' ions to the fund practically ceased.

At the Boston convention the Cummings memo. rial committee submitted its final report and was relieved from further duty. The report said that “the sum now in the Amos J. Cummings memorial fund was raised for the betterment and enlargement of the Union Printers Home; that this convention take such action that will place the amount in the Cummings memorial fund in the Union Printers Home fund, under the control of the board of trustees of that institution, and to be used by them in such manner as will appeal to their judgment as being the most beneficial and nearest meeting the wishes of the donors of a magnificent sum so raised."

At the annual meeting of the board of trustees of the Union Printers Home, held at Colorado Springs the week of September 7, 1908, in connection with the action taken by the Boston convention the following was adopted:

“Noting the crowded condition of the assembly room and the superintendent's recommendations relative to lavatory facilities on the first floor, the board then investigated present conditions and arrived at the conclusion that the most practicable proposition was to extend the east wing by constructing an addition consisting of basement and one story, and also installing a new lavatory. It was therefore decided that the proposition to extend the east wing of the main building-basement and one story-so as to provide additional room for library purposes and also the installation of a new lavatory and constructing necessary porches, should be referred to the resident trustee and superintendent for investigation as to cost and feasibility, it being understood that should the plan be carried out the expense on this account was to be met from the Cummings memorial fund."

During the sessions of the American Federation of Labor convention, held in Denver, Colo., the International president visited the Home, and, together with Resident Trustee McCaffery and Superintendent Deacon, examined the plans and specifications submitted by Douglas & Hethering. ton, architects, for the new addition. The result of this examination and of a subsequent conference held by Messrs. McCaffery, Deacon and Lynch are embodied in the following proposition that was thereupon submitted to the board of trustees:


ni ' Thes Conditions: Outlined

advisable to complete the addition by the erection “I bao Husa dexaroined, with Architect Hether.

of two additional stories, this can be done with

out in any way disturbing the work as completed ington Trustee, 19 McCaffery and Superintendent


under present plans and intentions. Deacon, the plans for the library extension.

The new

addition will contain a magnificent library room members of the board will recall that the im.

and necessary kitchen space. provement was to include a lavatory on the main

In his report to the Boston convention the Interfloor and the library room completed. The base. ment or new kitchen portion was to be left in an

national president said: “The expense of conduct.


ing the Home has already been touched upon. unfinished state. As originally prepared, the plans

is believed that it is neither necessary nor advisa. of Architect Hetherington did not include the lavatory, but did include the library extension

ble at this time to provide for an addition to the

Home. completed with the exception of the finished

Certainly, an important addition, with kitchen. In order to include the lavatory it was

the attendant increase in expenses, is not justified necessary for the architect to cut out temporarily

by the present revenue of the institution, or by a large amount of outside work, amounting to

its present needs." some three thousand dollars,

The president does not deviate in any way from “As orginally prepared, with the lavatory addi

the opinion expressed in his last annual report, but tion, the cost will be about seventeen thousand

advocates the erection of the addition as outlined

above, believing the new addition will not matedollars. We have trifle more than thirteen thousand dollars in the Cummings fund.

rially add to the expense of maintaining the Home;

heat and light will be the main requirements. "Let me recall to the memories of the members

Space for the accommodation of a larger number of the board the mutilation that occurred when

of residents is not necessary or advisable just now. the hospital annex was built. I refer to the

The Home library now contains some eight thou. mutilation of plans in order to make the building

sand volumes in use, and for lack of room three come, within a certain amount then on hand. This

thousand volumes are stored. The new library will included the omission of a proper ventilation sys

accommodate all of the books we have at present, tem, which was a fatal error in the construction

both in use and stored, and there will be plenty of of a hospital.

room for books that may be received in the future. I believe now, after talking with Architect Hetherington, the resident trustee and Superin.

The Home Addition. tendent Deacon, that we can enlarge the main

Work is now in progress on the addition. It is dining room by including the present kitchen space,

expected that, up to the temporary roof, it will be finish the new addition as originally planned and

completed by September 1. The board of trustees also finish the kitchen ready for installation of

undertook the much-needed improvement in the kitchen necessities, such as ranges, steam tables, conviction that the membership will respond with etc., but not including the cost of these neces.

the balance of the money needed to finance the sities, for twenty-five thousand dollars. What I

venture. Five thousand dollars of the $12,000 believe should be done is to complete the addition

necessary have been contributed, and there remain to the temporary roof, so that we will not in the

$7,000 to be raised. Many things have interfered future have to go back and tear out and remodel

with the success of the campaign for funds. Other and make changes in order to finish the job. I

ventures of a financial nature distracted the attenbelieve that if this proposition is put to the mem

tion of the membership, or at least absorbed that bership the additional ten or eleven thousand dol.

portion of its revenues which could reasonably be lars necessary will be forthcoming through dona- devoted to charitable purposes.

Now that these tions that will be arranged for by the local unions.

matters are practically out of the way, it is hoped "Now, then, this is what I have in mind: If the that the membership will see the necessity for board will authorize me, as president of the board making up the balance of the fund for the addition of trustees, and the executive council will also

to the Home. Seven thousand dollars is neces. give me authorization, as president of the Inter

sary. The board of trustees has contracted the national Typographical Union, I will make an obligation, and of course it must be met. An upappeal to the membership for a Christmas dona- to-date and commodious library is absolute tion to the Home of the amount that may be necessity. Material needs always take precedence necessary to carry out the improvement in all of over intellectual requirements, and on this theory its details, excepting the necessary furnishings." the new kitchen must be constructed.

The board of trustees, acting on the foregoing document, authorized your president to make an

Featuring the Union Printers Home. appeal to the membership of the International In connection with its publicity work, the ColoTypographical Union for a Christmas donation to rado Springs Chamber of Commerce is featuring the Union Printers Home to the amount of twelve the Union Printers Home. Secretary Henderson thousand dollars, and the executive council took informs us that 500 leading dailies throughout the like action; this amount, together with the $13,- country have been furnished with "write-ups" of 203.43 in the fund available for building purposes, the Home, offering free either photos or matrices will, it is believed, permit of the erection and of any of the views of Colorado Springs and finishing of the new addition-basement and one vicinity accompanying the reading matter. The story. If at any time in the future it is deemed

secretary declares that the

cut of the Union


Printers Home proved most popular, requests for more than one hundred photos and matrices being supplied. Many of these went to some of the country's most prominent papers. This scheme has been followed up by offering the same inducements to the labor papers of the country, number. ing about two hundred and fifty. The chamber of commerce asserts that the Home is one of the most valuable assets of Colorado Springs and believes that publicity of this nature not only is beneficial to the city and region, but also to workingmen throughout the country, who thus become better acquainted with the printers' great institution and learn of the work it is doing and the way in which it is maintained through a small monthly assessment on every member of the International Typographical Union.

visitors than that of our own Union Printers Home. Dr. Livingston Farrand, executive secretary of the National Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis, regards the Home tent as the best he has ever seen. He has obtained Superintendent Deacon's consent to exhibit this model tent in the various cities of the country in connection with the traveling exhibit of the national association. The well-conducted efforts and splendid results of this institution in its war against consumption was a general topic of conversation, and has given the Home a name and a fame which will be carried to all quarters of the civilized world by the representative men who composed the International Tuberculosis Congress.

“Union printers may well be proud of what they have accomplished in their efforts to check the ravages of the white plague. And these efforts have redounded, not to their own benefit alone, but quite as much to the benefit of the whole community. Everything that the enlightened medical science of the world says should be done to stamp out this fell destroyer has been continuously and persistently urged and demanded by the typographical union, and organized labor generally, ever since its first organization. They have demanded, and have established, eight hours as the maximum of a day's work; a higher minimum wage scale to enable the workers and their families to live more healthful lives in more wholesome dwellings; the suppression of sweat holes and insanitary shops; open spaces in cities, and playgrounds for children; sanitary dwellings, more cleanliness and pure air for the poor wage earner, and the abolition of child labor, a great consumption breeder."


The fifty-fourth session of the International Typographical Union, held in Boston last year, in the adoption of the report of its committee on promotion of health, said that it was the sense of the convention that our International body should send an exhibit from the Home at Colorado Springs and of the work of the International Typographical Union in fighting tuberculosis to the International Congress on Tuberculosis, to be held in Washington, D. C., September 21 to October 12, 1908, and the International president was authorized to appoint a committee to have charge of the exhibit, as well as for the purpose of presenting such literature to the congress as would treat of the methods employed for the care and cure of members afflicted with tuberculosis, and all other information which the committee deemed advisable. The direction of the convention was carried out and the exhibit was arranged by Superintendent Deacon, of the Union Printers Home. This exhibit received much attention from the daily press and from the scientists from all parts of the world who were in attendance at the congress. The exhibit consisted of printed matter outlining the methods used at the Home in deal. ing with tuberculosis, literature and photographs of the Home and tuberculosis sanatorium and a model of the tents furnished tubercular patients. Superintendent Deacon was in personal charge of the Home exhibit, and the committee in charge of the interests of the International Typographical Union was composed of Dr. DeWitt C. Chadwick, Dr. John F. Atkinson and Jason Waterman, all members of Columbia Typographical Union No.

At that time the Washington correspondent of the official magazine said:

"It was interesting and instructive to take a turn through the new museum building, where the congress held its sessions, and look at the exhibits from all parts of the civilized world, which show what the enlightened nations are doing in the battle against the great white plague. Among the many hundreds of these exhibits—which I can not even touch upon here-none attracted more atten. tion or received greater praise from delegates and


Two Additional Exhibits. Since the exhibition at Washington, two additional model tents have been manufactured, together with the necessary appurtenances for a tuberculosis exhibit by the International Typo. graphical Union. One of these exhibits is in use in the east, traveling from city to city, as quests are received from local unions, and under direction of the International President. The third exhibit is at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition. This exhibit was arranged for by the International president under instructions from the executive council, Superintendent Deacon of the Union Printers' Home attending to the manufacture of the model tent and the assembling of the appurtenances. The exhibit was installed at the Alaska. Yukon-Pacific Exposition by Superintendent Deacon, under leave of absence granted by the Board of Trustees of the Union Printers' Home and sub. sequent direct authorization from the executive council of the International Typographical Union. Our exhibit at the Seattle Exposition is attracting marked attention, and, aside from its ethical value in the war against the white plague, it has a very large advertising value for the International Typographical Union and is one of those features which we are continually exploiting and which aids in securing favorable opinion for the International Typographical Union, such as is quite general


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