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is intended to furnish to a member sixty years or more of age and incapacitated for work at the trade an amount which will at least suffce for his actual support. This is exactly what the present pension law does. To increase the amount will be to establish paternalism in its worst sense, to undermine that self-reliance and determination to succeed that should characterize every worker at our trade, to pauperize instead of fairly assist those of our members who may later find it neces. sary, when reaching the age specified, to turn to the pension fund for help and succor.
The executive council touches, in its report, on the pension law, and submits some facts and figures that should have the most serious consideration,
As to Continuous Membership. Since the International Union began the pay. ment of the old age pension, the value of continuous membership has been impressed upon the individual members. Recently a number of persons, who formerly held membership in the organization, but who forfeited their membership rights through suspension or expulsion, or by allowing their traveling cards to expire, have asked as to the manner in which continuous membership could be established. Inquiry was also made as to the right of such members to the old age pension and other beneficial features of the International Union. These points were called to the attention of the executive council by the secretary.treasurer, with the result that the council decided as follows:
The council holds that continuous membership for the specified period must have been established prior to the taking effect of the old age pension law-January 1, 1908-in order to entitle appli. cants to the pension or other beneficial features of the International Typographical Union. In other words, continuous membership can not now be established, by the payment of all arrearages, for the purpose of acquiring a right to the beneficial features of the International Typographical Union.
The correctness of the ruling of the council will be fully appreciated by those members who have at all times been loyal to the parent organization. To permit a suspended or expelled member-or one who has allowed his card to lapse because he did not want to pay dues and assessments-to square himself at this time, merely for the purpose of becoming a beneficiary of an organization to which he has not contributed for years, would be unfair and unjust to those members who have at all times held paid-up cards, and can show a continuous twenty-year membership.
allied printing trades council label, or the typographical label, on all printed matter. It shall be the duty of such label committee, immediately upon organization, to forward to the president of the International Typographical Union the name and address of the secretary of said committee.
The label committee also recommended the appointment by the International president of a label agent to work under the direction of the executive council and carry out the council's instructions. The compensation of the agent to be fixed by the executive council. In pursuance of the recommendation, a member of the International Typographical Union has been placed in charge of the label work at headquarters working under the di. rection of the International president, acting for the council. This development in label work has been of great benefit to the membership of the International Typographical Union and, in fact, to the membership of all of the five international unions of the printing trade. Your president has endeavored to interest these unions and secure the appointment by their locals of label committees so that we might have for the purposes of label agitation one great international organization, alert and watchful, to the end that all work possible to reach should be diverted to union offices. As to our own label committees appointed by our subordi. nate unions, their zeal, sacrifice of time and will. ingness to act under instructions from Interna. tional headquarters have made for great progress in the label movement. And yet, despite all this, we have only begun the label exploitation. Dur. ing the year our reports have shown that the nonunion offices have been much affected by the panic, while the union offices have scarcely felt the panic's business-smothering hand. That this statement is well based is proven by the pension fund receipts, these receipts showing that the membership of the International Typographical Union has earned dur. ing the fiscal year about forty and one-half mil. lions of dollars. Section 15 of the general laws is a most important provision, and has been acceeded to by the great majority of our local unions. Yet there are some locals that have not as yet ap. pointed label committees, and all our letters urging these locals to comply with the law seem to be without effect. Some of the locals allege as an excuse that all offices in their jurisdictions are union, and that there is no need for label committees. Of course,
we have endeavored to disprove this fallacy and point out its danger, not only to the local union, but to the International. In some cases we succeed, and in others no result is as yet apparent. The continuation of the campaign will correct all this. Eventually we hope to have the best-organized, result-producing label movement on the continent. We have one of the best now.
The label campaign, as conducted from headquarters, has very forcibly demonstrated the wis. dom of a systematic and persistent agitation for the use of the union label.
At the beginning of the eight-hour strike several of the large show printing houses were lost to the union. By having our label committees interview the road managers of the theatrical attractions us. ing non-union paper, and by writing the owners
THE LABEL PROPAGANDA.
The Boston convention, adopting the report of its committee on label, amended section 15 of the general laws, this amendment receiving the endorsement of the laws committee and again of the convention, so that the section reads:
Section 15. Subordinate unions shall create a standing label committee, whose duty it shall be, in co-operation with the International president, to encourage, by systematic campaign, the use of the
of these attractions, we have succeeded in having a large quantity of this non-union work trans. ferred to union offices.
In response to a communication sent to the owners of theatrical attractions many of these gentlemen have given their promises that all their future orders will be placed with union concerns.
As a direct result of the efforts of our label committees along this line, two important show printing houses have, during the past year, become union.
Non-Union Printed Matter.
committees have enlisted the co-operation of the retail grocers' associations. The help these associations have given our committees has been inestimable. Posters calling attention to the methods used by the soap company have been distributed throughout the jurisdiction by Buffalo Typographical Union. In localities where the soap company displayed its products local exhibits were arranged by our committees. The members of the soap clubs were interviewed and enlightened as to the attitude of the soap company toward the International Typographical Union. As a result many clubs have disbanded.
The Besse system of haberdashery stores, with branches in thirty large cities, having their print. ing done by the Springfield (Mass.) Printing Company, agreed, after a seven weeks" label campaign, to place future orders for printed matter, amount. ing to $10,000 annually, with union offices. The Freeport (111.) Hook Company, a large user of printing, came to our way of thinking after two weeks' experience with the label sticker. The Springfield (Mass.) Breweries have promised to have their publication, Clover, which has a wide circulation and against which we conducted a campaign, printed under union conditions. In the campaign against music houses whose printed mat. ter was done in non-union offices, we sought the assistance of the American Federation of Musicions. Several of these houses, in response to communications from the locals of the American Federation of Musicians, have promised that their future work will be done by members of the Inter. national Typographical Union.
Space will not permit the mentioning of firms whose printed matter is being gathered by our members and returned with label stickers attached. Almost daily reports are being received narrating the success the label committees are having in the general and local campaigns.
Not only have our efforts against the non-union printing of theatrical attractions been rewarded, but we have been successful beyond expectation in the campaign against the non-union printed mat. ter of individuals and concerns. The results of the label campaign have been stupendous and will never fully be realized. Managers of summer amusement parks have signified their intentions, when interviewed by label committees, of having future orders for printing placed with union concerns. Theater managers, at the suggestion and request of committees, have placed their programs in offices having the use of the union label. Retail grocers' associations and ministerial unions have taken up the question of having the union label appear on all their printed matter. Baseball associations have passed resolutions making the use of the union label compulsory on the part of the different clubs affiliated. Insurance companies have realized that it is easier to talk protection when their printing bears the union label. Much work has been accomplished during the past year, but much remains to be done. The label campaign is yet in its infancy, and when developed will prove of incalculable worth in diverting or. ders for printing to union offices, thus giving em. ployment to our members when non-union printers are looking in vain for work.
A very aggressive and persistent campaign has been and is being carried on against the Wine and Spirit Bulletin and the American Beverage and Food Journal (formerly Bar and Buffet). Trades councils and state federations have taken a hand in the fight against these publications. Bartenders' unions have passed resolutions forbidding their members to subscribe to these papers and urging the publishers to have same printed under union conditions. While these two publications are still being produced in non-union offices, yet I am sure that by a continued agitation we will be successful in having the union label appear on both.
One of the strongest and most stubborn fights of the label campaign is the one that is being waged against Bundle of Sticks, the official organ of the I. O. O. F. of Ohio. This is due to the peculiar laws of the Odd Fellows, which forbid any legislation along the line of having the union label appear on their printed matter. By continued agitation I am sure our efforts will be successful in bringing this publication into the union fold.
The campaign against a Buffalo soap company has been a long one. In this campaign our label
The Members Can Be of Assistance.
As the label propaganda develops and its objects and results are more fully appreciated, we will se. cure more and more support from the membership generally. If each member could be interested in the label campaign, and could be induced to contribute individually toward making it a success, the volume of effort would be replete with results. As we can, we are trying to interest more and more members. This must be proceeded with carefully and slowly, as is true of all union ventures, on the theory that it is better to gradually absorb the attention and interest of the individual rather than overburden him with union requests and thus paralyze or render apathetic his union interest, What is most desired is that our members will call to our attention printed matter of general circulaion that is produced in non-union offices. Many publications containing the names and addresses of firms engaged in some particular line of indus. try and using large amounts of printed matter are issued, and if copies of these publications were sent to us they would be of great aid in the label campaign. This is also true of many other pamphlets, leaflets, booklets, etc., and moment's
thought on the part of the member when these printed volumes come to his attention will show whether the label campaign could be advanced by sending copies to headquarters. If in doubt, send the copies to us and we will determine. Every piece of printed matter diverted from a non-union to a union office means additional employment for union men at fair wages, under fair hours, and to this end surely we can all exert ourselves.
Farmers' Convention Endorses Label.
At the national convention of the farmers' union, which was held in New Orleans, the fol. lowing resolutions were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, The principles of the Farmers' Co-Operative Union, wherever made effective, tend toward the elevation of not only the members of the union, but of the wage-earners generally; and
Whereas, The International Typographical Union has ever been a supporter of organized movements such as that we now have under way; therefore, be it
Resolved, That all printed matter issued by this national union, together with all printed matter issued by subordinate bodies, shall bear the allied printing trades council label or the typographical union label.
Resolved, That we further recommend to our members that no publication, daily, weekly or monthly, be subscribed for or supported in any way unless these publications are printed in union offices.
The resolutions were prepared and placed in the hands of J. E. Boden hamer, of Atlanta, Ga., a member of Typographical Union No. 48, at the direction of the International executive council. Mr. Bodenhamer presented the resolutions, was granted the privileges of the floor by the New Orleans convention, and, after he had explained what the resolutions meant to the farmer as well as the printer, there was not a dissenting voice raised against their passage.
29. The International Typographical Union was represented by President Lynch, Sec. retary-Treasurer Hays and T. C. Parsons, acting for Vice-President Miller, who was unable to at. tend. We quote the resolutions adopted by the American Federation of Labor executive council, and the action taken thereon by the special label committee at its January meeting:
Whereas, It is apparent that the present moment offers an unusual opportunity to advance and further the sale, and consequently the pro. duction, of union-made products; and
Whereas,. Under the present method of cach label organization pursuing its own way, without co-operation with other organizations and without system, confusion follows, and necessarily the best results are not secured; therefore, be it
Resolved, That in order to establish cohesion and co-operation and systemization among the va. rious label organizations affiliated with the American Federation of Labor, the president of the American Federation of Labor be, and hereby is, instructed to invite the executive officers of the various label organizations to attend a conference in the city of Washington, at the earliest date practicable, to consider the formation of a label department of the American Federation of Labor, and to devise means for the economical, effective and comprehensive distribution of products, bear. ing the union label; the expense of such depart. ment to be borne by each label organization in proportion to its membership. And be it further
Resolved, That the president of the American Federation of Labor be authorized to invite such members of the executive council as he may deem necessary to participate in the conference above mentioned.
The resolutions were discussed from every viewpoint, and the following resolutions, offered by Mr. Parsons, were adopted:
Whereas, It being the opinion of the union label conference committee that the scope and purpose of the union label embraces such a large field, and affects so many different trades and interests, we deem it of the utmost importance that as representative a gathering as it is possible to secure from trades using union labels should be assembled as early as practicable, to devise, ways and means for the advancement of the labels' interests; therefore, be it
Resolved, That this committee endorses the above resolution of the American Federation of Labor executive council inviting the executive offi. cers of the various label organizations to attend a conference in Washington, "to consider the formation of a label department of the American Federation of Labor,” etc.
Resolved, further, That all suggestions and documents bearing upon the of union labels which have been presented to this committee be referred to the proposed conference of executive officers of label organizations for their consideration.
The International Typographical Union, International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union, International Brotherhood of Bookbinders, International Stereotypers' and Electrotypers' Union and the International Photo-Engravers' Union were all represented at the conference.
This conference was participated in by a large number of unions having labels and card and button organizations, the latter using cards and buttons to designate their members and to secure patronage for these members. The label conference adopted a constitution and elected officers. The office of the label department is in Washington and connected with the offices of the American Federation of Labor. The tax is one-eighth of a
Label Department of A. F. of L.
At the January session of the executive council of the American Federation of Labor that body adopted a resolution favoring the creation of a label branch, or bureau, of the main body, with permanent headquarters and a secretary in charge. The resolution also provided for the assembling in Washington, as early as practicable, of representatives from all of the label trades to discuss the ad. visability of such a move and to provide for its regulation and future, in the event of favorable action. The third session of the special label committee, authorized by the Norfolk convention of the American Federation of Labor, and whose continuance was recommended by the Denver convention, was held in Washington on January 22
T. C. Parsons represented the International Typographical Union. The resolution, as adopted by the executive council of the American Federation of Labor, was referred to this special committee, which endorsed it, and the time set for the assembling of the label trades representatives was March 3, the basis of representation to be not more than three delegates from each organization. Just prior to March 3 the officers of the American Federation of Labor postponed the conference to
cent per member per month on all affiliated national or international unions.
The object of the new department is to promote a greater demand for products bearing the union label and all labor performed by union workers; to investigate into and devise, recommend, and, within the limit of its authority, carry into effect methods for the advertisement of union-labeled products; to educate the members of trade unions, their families and the general public, upon the economic, social and moral uplift furthered by the trade union movement; to further the general wel. fare of all affiliated organizations, and to aid in the work of organization among all the toilers for the common good. Each affiliated union is to retain autonomy and control over the laws and trade regulations governing the issuance and use of its label, card or button. Conventions will be held yearly at about the same time and place the American Federation of Labor convention is held, and the basis of representation is the same as that of the parent organization.
It is confidently expected that the new label department will systematize label propaganda, and will bring out of present confusion a workable plan that will be of great benefit to all organizations using labels.
The conference was opposed to the universal label idea, nearly all of the delegates so expressing themselves. No resolutions bearing on the subject were, however, considered.
AT THE PUBLISHERS' CONVENTION.
not be a feeling of entire satisfaction as a result of the awards made by the National Board of Arbitration in the disputes concerning hours and wages, that feeling does not begin to approach the rancor, hatred and venom engendered by a strike. It makes no difference which side wins, there has been a rupture of friendly relations, the creation of personal hatreds, and the sundering of industrial agreements, that make for the damage of both parties to the strike, no matter which party may be victorious. In making this assertion, I want to be understood as opposed to the strike where it can be avoided under agreements such as ours, but in absolute favor of a strike when it is the only weapon left the wage-earner for the safeguarding of his rights. Under the three agreements that have existed between our organizations, friction with the newspapers has been reduced to the minimum. These
have appeared on time, and disputes have been adjusted, whether satisfactorily to the local parties at interest or not. I sincerely trust that the remaining three years of the agreement may be as peaceable as the two years that have passed, and I am sure that in that expression I voice the entire membership.
“I take this opportunity to acknowledge the patience and courtesy of the members of your special standing committee, and especially of Mr. Kellogg, your official representative.
“In addition to what I formally put on paper, it was my intention to refer at length to a most remarkable speech made by the president of this association before the meeting of the National Civic Federation held in New York some months ago. The meeting was held for the purpose of further. ing the trade agreement as a means toward industrial peace in all avocations. I am usually lamblike, although in appearance I may not suggest it, and I went up to the meeting and boosted our agreement, and told the audience what a nice thing we had, and how perfectly in harmony we were in matters that affected our industry; and then the president of your association told the assembled auditors what a terrible aggregation of individuals made up these international unions of the printing trade, and how we had lured your association into an agreement that had not worked out as satisfactorily as we had assured you it would work out. I was somewhat surprised-very much sur. prised. Mr. Ridder followed me, and I had been spreading the peace and harmony idea, and he broke it all up. And, as I said, it was my inten. tion to come here and reply to some of the specific accusations he made, but, in thinking it over, I finally came to the conclusion that Mr. Ridder didn't mean what he told the people up there, and that we really had such a good agreement, and were getting along so nicely, that he was afraid some other industry would get in, and, through inability to work out its provisions, spoil the thing. Our agreement makes to the benefit of both of us, and, with that afterthought of what he did really mean and what he really intended, I decided to say nothing at all about that very remarkable speech he delivered. And when he got through, by the way, he shot right out of the door, and went
Your president appeared before the convention of the American Newspaper Publishers' Association, held in New York city in April, and made the following address:
"Mr. ChairMAN AND GENTLEMEN-It is my pleas. ure to again appear before a convention of your association, not that I have anything to say that will in any way affect our relations, inasmuch as these relations are definitely determined in the contract that exists between us, but for the opportunity it affords me to express my appreciation of the friendly feeling that exists between these two great organizations of employers and employes, the American Newspaper Publishers' Association and the International Typographical Union.
"I think that we have demonstrated conclusively the value of the arbitration agreement as a means to industrial peace, even though decisions under that agreement have not at all times been satisfactory to the local parties at interest. ! "Indeed, we can hardly hope for any agreement along arbitration lines that will produce satisfaction in any given case where the dispute concerns hours and wages.
It is only natural that the union should believe it was entitled to all it asked, and the employer to maintain that he was entitled to something less than the actual award. Each party may rely on his supposed strength, and that feeling of security may foster the idea that a different result might have been arrived at in actual warfare. I submit, however, that while there may
away quick, very quick, too, for a big man. 'I can only add, in supplementing what my colleagues have said, that we appreciate very much the relations that exist between our associations and your association, but we don't want-I don't want--any of the publishers here to run away with the idea that our members are all enamored with arbitration, and cry for it the first thing in the morning; because they don't do anything of the kind; and, if some of your people object to arbitration, we can assure you we have a whole lot who object to it, and perhaps we have some of the problems in satisfying our members that you have, Mr. President. But it is the principle that counts, and I believe it is the principle that will win in the long run."
Arbitration affairs are covered in full in the report of the executive council. The report is accompanied by the usual exhibits.
BETTERMENTS OF THE YEAR.
ing that time wages have been increased $4 per week.
A scale increase of $2 per week was secured by Mount Vernon (N. Y.) Typographical Union.
Quincy (111.) Typographical Union put a new scale into effect. The pay of operators and hand
on newspapers was advanced from $18 to $19.20 for day work, and from $20 to $21.60 for night work; foremen from $18 to $22 for day work, and from $20 to $25 for night work. Book and job printers received an increase of $i per week--making the new scale $16 per week.
A substantial scale increase was secured by Salina Typographical Union.
Topeka Typographical Union increased its news. paper scale $1.50 per week for both night and day work.
Chicago Mailers' Union secured an agreement with the Chicago Inter Ocean which provides for an increase in wages, the advance including back pay for thirty-three and one-half weeks. The increase in pay secured was from $1 to $4 per week.
Fort Worth Typographical Union secured an agreement with the book and job proprietors providing for an immediate increase of $1 per week, with another advance of $1 per week in the future, which will ultimately make the scale $20 per week.
Barre (Vt.) Typographical Union secured scale increase.
Boise Typographical Union increased its book and job scale $3 per week, making the scale $24 per week.
The scale for operators and handmen was increased from $24 to $27 for day work, and from $27 to $30 for night work. The newspaper publishers of Omaha agreed to
advance of wages for composing room ployes of 25 cents a day for the ensuing year and 25 cents a day additional thereafter. The old scale provided for $21 per week for day work and $24 a week for night work. The increase, there. fore, will make the new wage $24 and $27 per week at the end of the year.
A new scale was put into effect by Independence (Kan.) Typographical Union and a substantial increase over the old scale was secured.
The book and job scale of Indianapolis Typographical Union was increased from $17.40 to $19
We give here some of the betterments secured by our subordinate unions during the fiscal year just closed. They tell the tale of progress more succinctly and more convincingly than could be expressed in any other language, however eloquent. Every one of these reports that contained this feature has indicated through it wonderful progress. A careful reading of the brief paragraphs and consideration of their full import will illume and increase the faith as to the value and efficacy of our great trade union.
San Francisco Typographical Union No. 21 put into effect a book and job scale providing for $24 per week and an eight-hour day. An increase of $2 per week.
Moose Jaw Typographical Union secured an increase of $1 per week for hand compositors and $2 per week for machine operators.
Saskatoon Typographical Union increased its wage scale from $15.50 per week to $17 per week.
A new agreement was negotiated by Minneapolis Typographical Union with the newspaper publishers of that city providing for an increase in scale for time hands.
New Albany Typographical Union secured scale increase.
A new scale was put into effect by Lansing Typographical Union providing for an increase of $2 per week for hand compositors and $3 per week in the machine scale.
Fort Wayne Typographical Union secured scale increase of $1, $1.50 and $2 per week.
Hazleton Typographical Union secured an increase of $1 per week.
An increase in wages averaging $3 a week was secured by New York Hungarian Typographical Union.
An increase of $2 per week for floormen and machine operators was provided in the new scale put into effect by Frankfort (Ind.) Typographical Union.
Sapulpa (Okla.) Typographical Union has been in existence but about a year and one-half. Dur.
These Terse Paragraphs On January Bowling Green (Ky.) Typographical Union put a new scale into effect which provided for an increase of $2 per week.
New scale for Salem (Ore.) Typographical Union calls for a flat rate for all classes of work-$3.25 for day work and $3.75 for night work or the year 1909, and $3.50 for day work and $4 for night work for the years 1910, 1911 and 1912.
An increase in scale of $2 per week was secured by San Bernardino Typographical Union.
A new book and job scale providing for an increase over the old scale was put into effect by Erie Typographical Union.
Newark (N. J.) Typographical Union increased its book and job scare. The scale is now $21 per week of forty-eight hours.